west-viriginia

me, sitting bolt upright in bed at 1.30am: neil’s mother was british and his father was american but he’s lived in multiple countries in europe so what does his default accent sound like?  does he even have a default accent?  does nicky have a southern accent?  what about the twins?  does riko speak english with a japanese accent or an american one? how strong is jean’s french accent after years in west viriginia?  did kevin get an irish accent from his mother?  has it faded since her death? [climbing out of bed, shaking my dog] wake up this is important-

mattykinsel  asked:

So I'm Canadian n i wanna make sure I got this right: the civil war was about slavery but in a roundabout way both sides are correct but the anti confederate side is a bit more so.Because wasn't it about states rights, when the feds wanted to outlaw slavery and the state's were like like lol that's our job. So they fought over it but it was an awful hill to die on bc obvi slavery and rich folk who ran the state's (not everyone else) wanted to keep slavery. And nuance bc Lincoln was sketch too

Nah, it was pretty firmly about slavery and the expansion of it. The Confederate narrative about “state’s rights” is completely ahistorical. It only gained ground years after the war, when Jim Crow laws (laws specifically targeting black people) were getting passed all over the South. It’s part of a “lost cause” myth that was basically crafted from whole cloth to make neo-confederates feel better about themselves. Here’s a very basic rundown of what actually happened:

In the United States Constitution, slavery was explicitly protected and defended, but the slave trade was scheduled to be stopped in 1808. Some of the Constitution signers that were morally opposed to slavery thought it was a good enough compromise, and they figured that ending the slave trade would end slavery. The Southern plantation owners knew otherwise, since the slave population was large enough to replicate itself by that time (plus slave owners notoriously raped their own slaves and then enslaved their own children). So the Atlantic slave trade “officially” stopped in 1808, but slavery persisted, especially in the Southern States.

In 1820, the US congress passed a law called the “Missouri Compromise,” that basically said that for every new free state added to the Union, a slave state also had to be added. This persisted for a while, until you had a flood of new states and territories coming in after the (genocidal and expansionist) Mexican-American war, which ended in 1848.

Many northern white settlers wanted those new states and territories free of slavery, because they didn’t want to compete with plantation owners, and the abolitionist movement was gaining ground in the North. Southern states wanted the Missouri compromise to continue unabated. This resulted in the Kansas-Nebraska act of 1854, which basically said that the people moving into the new territories get to decide whether or not those territories allow slavery. This resulted in bloody contests between free states and slave states sending people to the new territories in an attempt to vote them “free” or “slave,” resulting in events like what is called “Bleeding Kansas,” where tons of people killed each other over whether or not Kansas would be a free or slave state.

All of these events became marquee issues for the 1860 presidential election, which was ultimately won by Abraham Lincoln, who advocated for the entire newly acquired west to be free states and to stop the expansion of slavery entirely. He won the election without a single southern vote (in most cases, he didn’t even appear on the ballot in the south.) So after Abraham Lincoln’s inauguration, South Carolina seceded from the Union, followed by a bunch of other states, with the sole purpose of maintaining the expansion of slavery. (Remember - at this point, Abraham Lincoln only vowed to stop the expansion of slavery - he didn’t campaign on ending slavery all together. In his first inaugural address, he even says that the slave states are protected under the constitution and that slavery, where it exists, should be protected).

But Lincoln’s attempts to reunify by promising he’d protect slavery where it already existed weren’t good enough, because the Southern states didn’t think slavery could survive unless it expanded west. So that’s what started the Civil War. After 2 years of fighting ended in something of a stalemate, Lincoln realized that if he made the war about ENDING slavery all together, he would get a flood of newly freed slaves ready to fight for the Union. Many slaves had already done heroic and badass acts against the confederacy (like Robert Smalls, a slave that hijacked a confederate ship and sailed it behind Union lines and gave it to the Union navy), so Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 that said that any new state captured by the Union would become a free state automatically. This led to a bunch of new excitement on the ground for the Union, and tons of black people joined Union lines and fought for their own freedom. (the Emancipation Proclamation remains controversial, however, because there were still states loyal to the Union that maintained slavery (namely Maryland and West Viriginia), and the Emancipation Proclamation didn’t free those slaves. It was a military strategy of Lincoln’s, not a moral statement, which makes it controversial).

In 1865, the Confederacy surrendered to the Union, and the 13th Amendment to the Constitution was passed, which finally outlawed chattel slavery in the United States (but noticeably not for prison labor, which is what makes this amendment so controversial today).  This started a period known as Reconstruction, where the North basically occupied the South militarily, and for the first time, black people could vote and run for political office. Many black people were elected into Congress during this time (including Robert Smalls). But the military occupation of the South turned a ton of white southerners off, and the KKK also started at this time as basically a militant anti-North rebellion force that terrorized black people and tried to get the US military out of the south. This came to a head in 1877, when Rutherford B. Hayes lost the popular vote in the presidential election, but neither candidate won enough electoral votes, and the opposing party, which didn’t have good enough representation in Congress, occupied the White House. This group promised Rutherford B. Hayes they would stand down and allow him to assume the office of the presidency if he promised to take the military out of the South, which he did, and that allowed for the KKK to basically take over the South.

During this time, tons of anti-black laws started getting passed all over the south, and a new myth about the Civil War started getting spread as well. The myth basically said that the war was actually about “state’s rights,” and that the south was trying to preserve their “heritage” from “northern aggression.” They avoided talking about slavery as much as possible. That myth still persists in the United States - but it’s total and complete bullshit. If you went back in time and asked a confederate general what he was fighting for, he’d say “the preservation of slavery” without blinking an eye. That’s just the historical facts.

2

It’s awful enough for a family to go through the horror of their child going missing, but in this case, five children of George and Jennie Sodder went missing on Christmas Eve in 1945. Their home in Fayetteville, West Viriginia, burned to the ground but mysteriously during this fire, five of their children - Betty, Jennie, Louis, Martha, and Maurice, disappeared. The immediate thought was that the children perished in the fire, but no remains of the children were found within the house. In a bizarre twist, remains were found but they showed no signs of fire damage, as if the remains were stolen from a cemetery and planted inside the house. One theory is that the children were abducted and the fire was set on purpose as a cover up and there is evidence to back this theory up - in 1968, a photograph was mailed to the Sodder family; on the back was a message “Louis Sodder, I love brother, Frankie. Ilil boys A90132 (or 90135)”. Regardless of this, the case was not investigated and the children were declared legally dead. Sadly, both George  and Jennie passed away without knowing the truth of what happened to their children.

Sports Recap - Thursday, January 5th

Lots of NBA Action last night, but first we’ll touch on College Football.

Absolute domination by West Virginia against Clemson last night. They had a bowl record 49 points at HALF TIME and finished with 70 points. Classic ACC move on Clemson’s part. First Virginia Tech loses a game they should have won against Michigan, and now Clemson gets demolished by WVU. It’s amazing how the ACC can produce solid NFL talent, but every year their teams are pathetic. Looking at you, Miami. 

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The Miami Heat are in just their own world right now. Without Dwayne Wade, the Heat cruised against a young Indiana Pacers team. The Pacers have a young dynamic team with Danny Granger, Darren Collison, and Roy Hibbert (appeared on Parks and Recreation, amazing show), but the Miami Heat are in another world this year. The playoffs and finals should be great with Miami, Chicago, Portland, Oklahoma City and maybe a few sleepers along the way.

The Knicks brought in Mike Woodson and Tyson Chandler to improve their defense. Well my friends, they still have a long way to go…Boris Diaw and the Bobcats torched the Knicks at the Garden. You can admit that they were making some ridiculous shots, but the Knicks could not stop their penetration and left wide open jumpers for the Cats. Iman Schumpert and Kemba Walker both played extremely well. 

Wasn’t the 2010 Draft supposed to be the talented one and 2011 was supposed to be weak. Well with players like Kyrie Irving, Iman Schumpert, Kemba Walker, MarShon Brooks, Ricky Rubio, and Brandon Knight. There are some really solid NBA players in this group. 

In the NFL apparently everyone hates Santonio Holmes. Not too surprised there.

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I’m waiting for Tebow-mania to hit the NFL Playoffs and I can’t wait. Although Pittsburgh will probably win by 35 points, it sure would be amazing if Tebow pulled out a ridiculous win.

 

“Recreational swim in the Greenbrier river for campers, who are children of miners…The campers come from various mines of Koppers Coal Division. Koppers Recreation Camps, Inc. Camp Thomas E. Lightfoot, Hinton, Summers County, West Virginia., 8/21/1946″

Lee, Russell, 1903-1986, Photographer. Series: Photographs of the Medical Survey of the Bituminous Coal Industry, 1946 - 1947. Record Group 245: Records of the Solid Fuels Administration for War, 1937 - 1948

In 1946 the Department of Interior and the United Mine Workers agreed to a joint survey of medical, health and housing conditions in coal communities to be conducted by Navy personnel. Under the direction of Rear Admiral Joel T. Boone, survey teams went into mining areas to collect data and photographs on the conditions of these regions, later compiled into a published report. The bulk of the photographs were taken by Russell W. Lee, a professional photographer hired by the Department of Interior for this project.

There are currently 1,300 digitized photos from the project now available in the National Archives Catalog.