weimar republic

16.11.17 // Winter has come and long (and dark) study days will follow.    
Reading the novel “the poisoning ” by Maria Lazar for a Seminar on women writers of the Weimarer Republic. It´s an expressionist novel of 1920, full of obscure metaphors, pathos, and angst.
It´s about a teenage girl rebelling to her suffocating bourgeois family and the novel is from her pov (in the 3. person, though), which makes everything very complicated since objects and descriptions are expressing her feelings. Her writing is deformed from her huge feelings in such a Romantik-style that sometimes is hardly comprehensible and almost annoying. 
I don´t know if I would recommend it, (still have to decide), but it´s particular in its genre. 


Bergmann-Haenel MP18.1

Designed by Hugo Schmeisser c.1916, manufactured by Bergmann Waffenfabrik c.1918-20′s, modified by C.C.Haenel afterward - serial number 5279.
9x19mm Parabellum 20-round removable box magazine, open bolt blowback full automatic.

The Haenel modification gave the MP18 a new double-stack single-feed magazine to replace the complex and heavy Trommel magazine originally designed for Luger P08 pistols.
Despite common belief, this weapon wasn’t immediately banned in the Treaty of Versailles.

Atelier Leopold :: Valeska Gert, 1918. German card (Munich). Collection: Didier Hanson. / source: Flickr

“Jewish cabaret artist Waleska Gert (1892-1978) and her dark, aquiline features became famous in Berlin with her radical modern dances. She was also active as an artists’ model and appeared in several classics of the Weimar Cinema. After a comeback in Fellini’s Giulietta degli spiriti / Juliet of the Spirits (1965), she worked with the film makers of the New German Cinema of the 1970′s.” (quoted from source)


Eve’s Glory series by A. Tamboly

A hundred years after the First World War, modern women demonstrate military prestige by donning vintage uniforms historically exclusive to men. Highlighting uniforms from the Second Industrial Revolution until the end of the Weimar Republic, Eve’s Glory compares the ceremonial attitudes historically associated with the military to the proud independence of modern women.

Military uniforms are symbols of heroic and elite social status. The authentic uniforms belong to officers from several countries, symbolizing the strict value system of the period from 1868 to the 1930s. If women had been granted the same status as men, how would they have been perceived? Would society focus on delicate femininity or strength? Melting away the barriers by integrating women into this masculine world, this project questions the gender divide.

I am interested in challenging the conventional ways in which females are visually presented. Women in fashion magazines, TV commercials, and mainstream films are usually dressed in a way that speaks to a structure of social expectations. Characterized by a sharp division between masculinity and femininity, dominance and passivity, toughness and delicacy, women are narrowly defined. A woman in uniform is a visual impossibility.

Showing the contrast between two different worlds—the masculine and the feminine—Eve’s Glory deals with unique characters regardless of age, health, and origin to show women who fought their way through life and the young women who strive for their own path.

—A. Tamboly


The Karabiner 98B,

After being defeated in World War I Germany was forced to except a wide array of arms and military limitations designed to reduce the Germany military into a small defensive force that could be controlled by the Allied Powers.  For example, the German Navy could have only a handful of small warships and submarines were forbidden, the German Army could have no tanks, or large artillery, and was limited to 100,000 men, while a German air force was forbidden completely.  While these were strict regulations, often the German government found loopholes or used outright deceit to circumvent the provisions of the treaty.  One result of this was the German Karabiner 98B bolt action rifle.  

One provision of the treaty was that Germany was forbidden from producing any full length military rifles. At the time, the length of military rifles were almost as long as military muskets from the 19th century.  Carbines were seen as inferior, as rigid old military officers still believed in an outdated view of warfare and tactic, despite lessons learned from the previous war.  Thus, the Allied Powers sought to restrict rifle length in the Germany Army.  The Germans, however, conducted a simple deception to circumvent the rules by producing the Karabiner 98B.  The Karabiner (carbine) 98B was not a carbine, even though it was named so.  Rather it was a full sized Gewehr 98 bolt action rifle with a few minor modifications.  It was labeled as a carbine merely to confuse Versailles Treaty arms inspectors.  The K98B differed from the Gew 98 only in that it  had a tangent rear sight as opposed to the original “Lange” ramp sight, a wider lower band with side sling attachment bar, a side butt attachment point for a sling, and a turned down bolt handle. Most were merely re-arsenals of older Gewehr 98 rifles, or produced from surplus parts.

The K98B was first introduced in 1923, and became the common arm of the Weimar era German Army.  By the 1930s, military doctrine began to change, and what was once carbine length during World War I, became standard rifle length during World War II.  Thus in 1935 the German Army phased out the K98B for the Karabiner 98K.  Most K98B’s would be disassembled, the parts salvaged for use in the manufacture of newer rifles. As a result the Karabiner 98B is a very rare rifle today, and highly sought by collectors.


Erma EMP submachine gun

Designed by Heinrich Vollmer and manufactured by the Erma Werke Waffenfabrik in Erfurt, Germany c.~1930 - serial number 13311.
9x19mm Parabellum 32-round removable box magazine, blowback select fire.

One of the intermediary firearms developed from the Bergmann MP18 to the MP40 series in Weimar Germany.

anonymous asked:

In the most respective way possible, why are you a socialist? If you aren't sorry, it just seems like it. I understand why someone likes socialism and we NEED some aspects of socialism, but it doesn't work. My Opinion: I think in idea, socialism is a wonderful thing, but in the real world (Venezuela) it doesn't work. Thanks for reading this btw!

I think as an idea, Capitalism is a wonderful thing, but in the real world (Weimar Germany) it doesn’t work.

See how cherry picking a single example to support your thoughts leads to no actual analysis of the issues present and can be very misleading. There are several reasons the Weimar Republic and Venezuela have failed. But using those singular examples to shout down an economic system is disingenuous at best and a purposeful distortion at worst. 

If you want to point to ways that the systems are failing, I would be glad to listen and debate but I refuse to play into the premise you put forth because it is bullshit. But if you want to have a reasoned debate without Hasty Generalization’s I would gladly hear you out and debate the point. 

- @theliberaltony

BTW, the major problem with Venezuela is called Dutch Disease (which I discuss in more detail here), it affects both socialist and capitalistic countries. Authoritarianism and Cronyism in Venezuela are other issues which have contributed to the country going down this path.