weimar period

My Drawings expressed my despair, hate and disillusionment, I drew drunkards; puking men; men with clenched fists cursing at the moon. … I drew a man, face filled with fright, washing blood from his hands … I drew lonely little men fleeing madly through empty streets. I drew a cross-section of tenement house: through one window could be seen a man attacking his wife; through another, two people making love; from a third hung a suicide with body covered by swarming flies. I drew soldiers without noses; war cripples with crustacean-like steel arms; two medical soldiers putting a violent infantryman into a strait-jacket made of a horse blanket … I drew a skeleton dressed as a recruit being examined for military duty. I also wrote poetry. —Grosz

Die Gummibärchen are a popular candy in Germany, along with licorice and other gummy candies. The bears originated in Germany. Hans Riegel, a confectioner from Bonn in Nordrhein-Westfalen, Northwestern Germany, started the Haribo company in 1920, and started producing gummy bears in 1922. Even during Weimar Germany’s hyperinflation period that wreaked havoc on the country, their gummy bears remained affordably-priced for a mere 1 Pfennig, in pairs, at kiosks. In 1967 they took the shape they have now and were called Goldbären. Haribo is one of the biggest manufacturers of gummy and jelly sweets in the world. The company has 5 factories in Germany, 13 throughout the rest of Europe, and sales offices in almost every country in Europe, as well as in the USA and Australia.