weight of objects

Requested by august-sycamore

Jet aircrafts typically cruise at speeds of around 600 miles per hour. According to the pokédex, so does Garchomp! If that’s true, this land-shark dragon pokémon flies more than twice as fast as the speediest bird in our world, the Peregrine Falcon. 

Everyone knows that planes fly faster than birds. But have you ever stopped to consider why? Let’s start by talking about the forces involved in any kind of flight. There are four main ones that we have to work with.

Gravity is a downward force due to the weight of the object. Lift is the upward force generated by the wings (see Latios). Drag is the air resistance and friction which slows the object down, and thrust is the force that pushes an object forward.

Thrust, then, is the force that controls the speed of the flight. In airplanes, thrust is created through their engines. Engines work through understanding Newton’s Third Law: for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. In the sake of an airplane, the engines or propellers push the air backwards, which in turn pushes the airplane forwards.

But how do birds create thrust? Bird wings work in the same way that airplane wings do when it comes to creating lift, but birds don’t have engines to create thrust. They obviously move forward when they fly so they must make thrust somehow. Birds actually create thrust by flapping their wings. Their wings don’t flap straight up and down, but rather at an angle. This angle is what creates not just an upward lift, but a forward thrust. Depending on whether a bird is taking off, cruising, or landing, the angle they flap at (and the resulting thrust) change accordingly.

So birds don’t fly as fast as airplanes do because they don’t have engines. Their wing muscles aren’t powerful or efficient enough to create large thrust forces. Garchomp, in order to fly as fast as a jet plane, must use something other than his wings to create enough thrust. It’s pretty obvious where this thrust comes from: they even look like airplane engines.

Garchomp flies at speeds of 600 mph, which is possible because its wings aren’t the only thing generating thrust. Garchomp’s ear-things act like an airplane’s engines, which push Garchomp forward in its flight.

How to Work & Calibrate Your Pendulum

This is by no means an official guide. If anything this is just a way of letting you all know how I go about using my pendulum. I’m going to talk about calibration/establishing how I worked out what-means-what before I go into any methodology (I gathered my information from myriad sources and will list them if I can remember what/where they are).

Calibration/Figuring Out What Your Pendulum is Telling You:

Alright, so you might have a totally different way of doing this, but here’s mine!
Firstly, you need a pendulum. This may be obvious, but I’m just putting it out there. A pendulum can be any weighted object that is suspended from a chain or string or some kind. You’ll find that lots of people use crystals for pendulums as they work particularly well. I did not with my first pendulum (tragic side story: my Mama accidentally threw my guide sheet and pendulum away when cleaning - absolutely devastating). 
That being said, you do not have to use a crystal. As I mentioned, my first pendulum was in fact a small silver pendant that held a white and black pearl inside. It was hung on a slim silver chain that was 7″ in length. An effective pendulum should be something that is connected to you and only you as it will be imbued with your energies. Take care - do not allow others to handle your pendulum as it may alter the energies and therefore the accuracy and effectiveness of your tool.

Onto the actual subject of this post (I digress often, as you’ve probably noticed). “But, Rowan how do I even get started!?” I hear you cry. Well, my darlings, this is how I did it:

First things first, you’ll need a piece of paper, a pen, and a ruler (if you like your lines straight) and of course, your pendulum.
On the piece of paper, draw a circle as best as you can. It doesn’t have to be perfect but you can draw around a cup or mug if you like to get a nice round circle. Make sure the circle is big enough; I would recommend something akin to the size of the palm of your hand or bigger. 

Next, use a ruler to find the centre of your circle and mark it with a dot. Now draw a line horizontally through the dot. Do this vertically and diagonally so that you have a diagram like the one below. 

Once you’ve done this, sit down and breathe in and out deeply and calmly. It is time to prepare yourself for divining. 
Before every use of the pendulum, it is imperative (for me!) to be in a calm and serene state and to do this, I sit comfortably and close my eyes. I envision an aura of protective white light surrounding my body. Starting from my toes I let it envelope me and bathe me in warmth and spiritual energy. I visualize it travelling up through the crown chakra and into the third eye. This increases psychic and spiritual power.

The next thing you must do is a little strange sounding but important in this sort of work. You must tap a small circle counter-clockwise (the opposite direction in which a clock moves) around your thymus with your index finger (your thymus is just over an inch below the hollow between your collar bones on your chest). Doing this helps balance the energies within you.

This next part you will only have to do once, unless like me you lose your guide papers in an unfortunate cleaning mishap:

Now you need to establish the directions and what they mean. For example, which swing means yes? Which means no? Who knows? You will, in a minute.
Sit with the soles of your feet planted firmly on the ground and place the paper between your legs/feet and take the chain/thong/rope between your thumb and finger, or two fingers; have a loose but secure grip. Let the pendulum hang and make sure the point of it is above the centre of your circle - this is why the dot in the centre helps because it’s a larger focal point. 

To find your directions, you have to ask! Simple!
Say aloud: “Show me the ‘yes’ signal/sign”, and take note of the direction of the pendulum’s movement. Does it move clockwise? Counter clockwise? Swing side-to-side? Diagonally? Up and down? 
If the pendulum does not move, repeat your question. If, after say 5-10 minutes it shows no intention of going anywhere, move onto your next enquiry. Once you have identified your signal, claim it and confirm it by saying something along the lines of, “this is my signal for yes”.

Repeat this exact process for ‘no’, and then, ‘do not know’, ‘ask later’, ‘cannot say’ and ‘maybe’ or ‘sort of’. 

To further confirm that these are correct, test the pendulum by using statements that you know the answer to, for example, ‘my hair colour is ______’, or ‘my name is ______’. If your signals are right, the pendulum’s response will be yes or no depending on the statement you have made.

Once you are sure that you have calibrated your pendulum, make a note on your piece of paper regarding the directional signals. Note their meanings down. 

Once this is all done, you’re done! You can begin divining to your heart’s content! You can keep using your guiding circle for as long as you like, there is no harm or shame in it! I used mine for a while afterwards to keep myself calm and confident as I am still a baby at this sort of thing.

Good luck and happy witchcrafting!

tetryx  asked:

There's no such thing as 'density of gravity'. Gravity isn't an object. And there's also no 'gravity around an object'. What I meant is, I think Chuuya can pick a point or a core where he exerts gravitational force. If he wants to stick to the ceiling, the small area of gravitational pull will be on the ceiling, keeping him up there as if he's standing on solid ground. Also, by manipulating the gravitational acceleration, he's changing the weight of a person or object.

Okay roll back the attitude a bit dude I definitely typed it wrong and meant to say acceleration of gravity which is why three seconds later I went back and fixed it. 

This is not that serious and I’m sensing a bit of hostility that I’m not about. You asked my theories, and I gave them, because in all honesty I have not thought that in depth about Chuuya’s ability on the technical side mainly because this is a fantasy type of setting. While I understand there is definitely science behind it I’m literally just basing shit off of what I vaguely remember from high school. 

So I’m just going to cut this off right here because I’m not attempting to prove my scientific knowledge of gravity because it is barely existent as it is. 

Nobody drew clutter quite like Julie Doucet. The “stuff scattered on every possible surface” lifestyle never looked so appealing as in her drawings!

I’d call her drawing style “equalizing”—the eye may still be drawn to her face or the word balloon first, but everything in view gets similar visual weight and emphasis: people and objects, foreground and background, all parts of the panel. This example is from her New York Diary, originally published in 1996.


“Mass in physics is very different from mass in sculpture. In sculpture it is communicated as a function of the visual weight within a particular object.”

Herbert George.

“the relation of masses and planes is that which gives sculptural life.”

Barbara Hepworth.

Recently, I’ve been working on designs for a few large animals (a polar bear, an elephant, a gorilla). The polar bear was fun to design, but I felt somehow didn’t really capture the subject. When I thought about why, I started thinking about mass. In origami we often think about the planes, the edges and the angles where they interact - people have worked out rules for those. But the masses?

If you want to depict something big and heavy why use paper - one of the lightest materials around? Let alone thin, shiny origami paper. What’s more, paper folders don’t even have solid masses to work with in the way that sculptors normally do. We can only try to make something that is hollow or even flat suggest that it has mass - “visual weight.”

Maybe this is one reason why some of the most successful origami models are lighter subjects that are suited to a smaller scale- it is easier to make a paper bird or insect feel right. Butterflies are just about perfect for paper (and probably quite tricky to carve out of stone). Even if realism isn’t your aim, a lot of the character of large animals is bound up in their power and weight.

So why do large animals remain among the most popular origami subjects, attracting designers and folders time after time? Is this just because elephants and rhinos are iconic animals, or because of the technical challenges to include all the different points? Has Or does their bulk also mean there is an extra difficulty that, consciously or not, draws in designers and folders? I am starting to think what you choose to emphasise - even exaggerate - may be just as important as which features you include or omit. Especially if you want to imply the thing you are making weighs more than a few grams.

Next time you see an origami model - or fold one or design one - give a thought to mass.


1. ‘Elements of Sculpture.’ Herbert George. Publisher: Phaidon Press

2. ‘Contemporary English Sculptors’, The Architectural Association Journal, London, vol. XLV, no. 518, April 1930

Elephants designed and folded by me.


Get better results from glute bridges by adding weights.

Don’t have any weights at home? Use everyday objects from around your house. ♡

Made with Instagram
Sweet patatoes can make miracles

Sweet potatoes have been a typical fixing in a best’s percentage tasting suppers and pastries – and things being what they are they are really solid. They are normally sweet, not containing overabundance sugar, and have a calorie number. Sweet potatoes are sound, moderate, and could counteract visual deficiency and help with your weight reduction objectives.

How Sweet Potatoes Can Help Prevent Blindness

In what capacity can such a delicious nourishment anticipate visual impairment? Things being what they are, vitamin A lack is really the essential driver of preventable visual impairment.

As per the WHO (World Health Organization), vitamin A lack can likewise bring about an expanded danger of death from different contaminations and around 250 million youthful kids, over the whole world, have a vitamin An inadequacy.

Since a vitamin insufficiency is preventable, different organizations have been chipping away at methods for helping districts where an extensive segment of the populace has an absence of vitamin An and other nourishment. One of the strides being taken is bio-stronghold, which is the procedure of making create that is normally supplement rich.

The bio-fortress of sweet potatoes is now in progress in South Africa, where sweet potatoes are a locale’s staple. This sound vegetable has a lot of beta-carotene, which is then changed over to vitamin A by our bodies.

Giving less demanding access to crisp sweet potatoes rather than having the transported in has inhabited in specific areas get the nourishment they require. Furthermore, the bio-stronghold procedure has permitted individuals in South Africa to have their sweet potatoes the way they like them, high in dry substance and with a firm composition.

How Sweet Potatoes Can Help You Lose Weight

As stunning as it is that sweet potatoes can forestall visual impairment, the fervor over this vegetable does not stop there. Sweet potatoes can likewise assist you with getting thinner. They control glucose and don’t contain an abnormal state of refined sugar.

“Seven years ago, when I co-curated an exhibition of works by Dionne Simpson, I was also recovering from Hodgkin’s disease. After the exhibition was over, Simpson gave me the most minimal of the works, and my favourite of her deconstructed canvases. Now, this piece hangs in my bedroom, and I wake up to it every morning - a daily reminder of the generosity of the human spirit, and the gems that await you after life’s struggles.”

Patricia Ritacca was photographed in Toronto on May 16th. You can follow her just-launched curatorial collective on Instagram.

Oh wow, they really think of everything - not only can I weight out all my little objects, I can put them in baggies too. Keep all my small indigestible knickknacks safe, all my precious non-edible little objects.

Got some questions about Navi! So here’s some Navi info! :D

Yep! She lives in the castle! She avoids Zelda because she scares her though. (Zelda thinks Navi is a bit of a bad influence on the child because she supports and aids in mischief) She and Rinku are great friends and play around in the castle a ton.

Navi is also Rinku’s number one partner in crime when pranks are concerned. (Being a lookout, flying into windows and unlocking doors for her, picking up light weight objects like kitchen knives or small magic items so that Rinku my “borrow” them and return them before they are missed.)

And since Ganondorf thinks thar Rinku is Link’s daughter, he just assumes that Link asked Navi to watch over the girl while he was gone.

And Navi freaking loves honey. Like a ton. Favorite thing ever.