For those asking for an update… I’m still in the hospital. Most likely moving to a rehabilitation center or skilled nursing facility in the near future. Not making much improvement except for my lack of faith in medicine - I’m getting better at not believing in that. Thanks everyone SO MUCH for your support, it’s honestly the only thing saving my sanity right now. Kind of hitting a wall the last couple days… I need to be in nature or I may really lose my shit soon. PHOTO BY the talented Amicia Siwik @gobldeegoook in the meditation room here at Providence.
#upthechronicillnesspunx #sickwitch #hospitalglam #medicine #meditation #grumpypants #waste #hope
“We often hear in Japan the expression ‘mottainai,’ which loosely means 'wasteful’ but in its full sense conveys a feeling of awe and appreciation for the gifts of nature or the sincere conduct of other people.” —
Hitoshi Chiba, Look Japan, “Restyling Japan: Revival of the 'Mottainai’ Spirit”, 2002
Our mothers in Syria. Our brothers in Palestine. Our sisters in Iraq. Our family in Kashmir and everywhere else. Most of them go to bed hungry every night without even a bite of stale bread to chew upon. So the next time you’re throwing away that last plate or that morsel of food, remember that somewhere around the world a mother is trying to put her starving children to sleep.
We need to be more considerate about others and the environment, and encourage our family & friends to do the same. When you see someone wasting food, speak against it.
“And eat and drink but waste not by extravagance, certainly He (Allâh) likes not Al-Musrifûn (those who waste by extravagance)”
The fourth rule – buy local foods – is somewhat of a surprise because the notion of buying local seems like a modern idea. But in WWI, the U.S. government encouraged the local production of food, in part, to free trains to more effectively ship troops and war materiel.
In a bid to cut waste, France’s National Assembly unanimously voted in new laws that make it illegal for French supermarkets to destroy edible food; they will now be required to donate it to charity or have it recycled and turned into animal feed, compost, or energy.
How we waste different kinds of food, in one graphic
Over the past week on It’s Okay To Be Smart, I’ve been posting a series of videos all about energy: What it is, how we harness it, and how we use it, and what exactly Doc Brown meant when he screamed “1.21 jig-a-watts!!” The third video in the series looks at a huge and often-ignored energy problem: energy waste.
It’s a well-accepted rule in physics that energy can not be created or destroyed, but it can definitely be thrown away. As it happens, food is one of the main energy waste culprits: what we toss in the trashcan, what we don’t eat, what spoils, there’s a multitude of reasons that much of the food we produce never goes into nourishing any human bodies. But we never seem to think about the wasted water, fertilizer, transportation, processing, packaging, and storage that we’re throwing away with it.
We throw away a whopping 40% of our food in the US. All in all we’re throwing away about 2% of our annual energy budget in the form of food. That should leave a bad taste in your mouth.
The infographic above (you can view it larger here) details the places where different food types get wasted. Grains, for instance, have a long shelf life, but they are relatively cheap, so we tend to throw what we don’t away without much thought. Meat and dairy, on the other hand, are thrown away slightly less because of their higher cost, but far more energy and water goes into producing them, so those losses are amplified.
Given that metamorphic rock can be formed by pressure and heat, what might happen in a few epochs if a landfill gets buried under the crust? What minerals might form? What would this vein look like?
Talking… Trash (literally)
When it comes to garbage, metamorphism is not the geological process that worries and interest us.
Metamorphism is the set of processes through which rocks’ mineralogy and structure are modified mainly in response to changes in temperature and pressure, but all these processes take place at the solid state. Moreover, it is a isochemical process, the chemical composition of the original rock (protolith) is maintained, which is why it is possible to determine the protolith’s composition based on the chemical composition of the metamorphosed rock. These processes are active in a variable range of temperature and pressure. The temperature, for instance, goes from 200 °C to 800/900 °C. Below 200 °C, we are in the field of diagenesis (processes that affect sedimentary rocks), above 800/900 °C, rocks melt and then we are in the liquid state.
Millions of years must pass (epochs, in fact) in order that a landfill is placed in the right position to be involved in regional metamorphism (relative to the pressure) and municipal solid waste, at that point, has been degraded by microorganisms or chemical-physical processes and its products incorporated into diagenesis. (This is in theory. In practice, we have methane formed by the anaerobic decomposition of organic matter and toxic leachate, and if they aren’t managed in the near future with better solutions than the current state of the art, everything will become a gargantuan mess… now it is only big).
Anyway, even if an unexpected, catastrophic event happens, like the eruption of a quiescent volcano, a deep rift in the ground, or the impact of a meteorite (phenomena involving contact and dynamic metamorphism), most of the waste (except certain materials such as metals and glass which is composed mainly of silica) would melt, burn, or change their chemical composition before 200 °C, that is, even before they enter the field of metamorphism.
This Ramadan let’s aim at replacing our negative addictions with new positive ones and work our way to gradually unwind/withdraw from the negative addictions until they disappear from our lives, insha’Allah.
Since addiction is such a powerful force that sometimes is hard to resist, can we harness this propensity to be addicted & get ourselves addicted to positive things?
Can we get addicted to Salah for example? Or to the Quran? Or to giving Charity? or performing Hajj/Umrah? Or even get addicted to doing something positive in the community or to what we passionately believe in?
Let’s try to eliminate all those evil addictions and keep at least one positive addiction from this Ramadan till the end of our lives Insha’Allah!
“One animal generates as much waste as fifty humans, meaning that a single mega-dairy of around 10.000 cows creates as much waste as a fair sized UK city such as Bristol. According to the CMAB, as of November 2011 there were 1620 dairy farms in California, housing a total of 1.75 million cows. Together they generate more excrement than the entire human population of the UK”