war 1992 1995


Faith, history and community in Bosnia

Bosnia’s religious leaders say politicians are standing in the way of peaceful coexistence between Muslim, Jewish and Christian communities trying to forgive and forget after the atrocities of a devastating 1990s war.

Hundreds of churches, mosques and synagogues bear witness to more than five centuries of Bosnia’s pluralistic past, and the capital Sarajevo is known locally as a “small Jerusalem” with its main ethnic groups — Orthodox Serbs, Catholic Croats and Muslim Bosniaks — all worshipping within yards of each other. But Mufti Husein Kavazovic, head of the Islamic community in Bosnia, says people of faith cannot achieve peace alone.

“It is up to political elites to do more. For a start, it would be good that they stop their ideological manipulation of religion for their own political goals. It is up to us, of course, not to allow them to do that,” he said.

Even though nationalists from all three ethnic groups still insist on exclusivity for their own groups, religious leaders are keen to heal rifts after the 1992 – 1995 war in which about 100,000 civilians were killed and millions displaced. Friar Zeljko Brkic at Kraljeva Sutjeska — among the oldest Franciscan monasteries in Bosnia and dating from 1385 — said: “Bosnia can only survive as a multi-ethnic state, no matter how much politicians try to convince us that this is not possible.”

His Orthodox Christian, Jewish and Muslim peers agree. “It is very important that we have here different cultures and religions, and that based on that we can easily build and verify our own identities,” said Nektarije, a deacon at the Orthodox monastery Zitomislici in what is now the Catholic Croat-dominated southern part of the country.

Jakob Finci, the president of the Jewish community in Bosnia, gives Sarajevo as an example of close cooperation, citing Muslims there helping Jews to hide during World War II and Jews providing food for people of all faiths in the three-year siege by Bosnian Serb forces.

“Sarajevo is the best proof that living together is possible and that it represents the only way of life for us,” he said. This week, about 120 leaders from 27 countries arrived in Sarajevo to take part in a meeting of the youth-led Muslim-Jewish Conference, founded by Ilja Sichrovski in Vienna in 2010.

“We feel at home here,” Sichrovski said. (Reuters)

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onesorryloser  asked:

I love your taste in music, art, books; it's really different from most people I know. Would you recommend some books to me? I'm trying to get back into the habit of reading again and all my friends have read pretty much the same stuff as I have so it's sort of difficult to find new stuff. I like fiction, non-fiction, whatever, as long as it's different and interesting.

ah well thanks. thank you, that’s really very nice of you to say.

these are just a few books i recommend to people in the store pretty often that they usually seem to like


the halfway house - guerillmo rosales. brief but poignant and powerful- i love this book, a must for anyone whose ever experienced substance abuse or institutionalization. if u read it and like it you like it also read rosales’ “leapfrog” which further expands on his upbringing in havana

loving/ living / party going – henry green. i’m a huge henry green fan. his prose is brilliant and this book is remarkable

the collected stories of lydia davis - lydia davis. good introduction 2 her work, she’s a treasure of a modern female voice. not sure how she doesn’t have like, jennifer egan or miranda july levels of appreciation

the rings of saturn – WG sebald (the best of sebalds, he tends to be a crowd pleaser. i’ve got a soft spot for him.)

the question of bruno: stories - alexsander hemon (also a crowdpleaser)

century of clouds“ and “my walk with bob” – bruce boone. these books are what got me back into reading awhile ago, classic & brilliant stuff

not my taste but 20 something vice reading/ tumblr using/ prozac taking kind of readers usually like anything by arthur neresian. “the fuck up” is his classic but “chinese takeout” is probably his best. i think i saw someone describe him as a “po-mo damon runyon” once which is pretty on target if that means anything to you

the hour of the star - clarice lispector, at times a really odd approach to prose but folks usually receive this one well. the best introduction to lispector

cruddy – lynda barry. a very good likeable graphic novel for people into like, alison bechdel or phoebe gloeckner. (see also: “potential” by ariel schrag or “skim” by mariko tamak, among sooo many others i can’t even think of rn)

edmund white’s infamous trilogy, “the beautiful room is empty” being my favorite

waiting: stories - dumitru tsepeneag 

bluets – maggie nelson

locus solus – raymond roussel

woodcuts of women: stories - dagoberto gilb

magnificent joe - james wheatley 

three apples fell from heaven - micheline aharonian marcom

non fiction: 

women of the left bank, paris - 1900- 1940 - recently finished this and it’s fantastic. i kind of obsess over books about women in art movements neglected by history.

safe area gorazde: the war in eastern bosnia: 1992 - 1995 - joe sacco. one of the greatest graphic novels that deals w/ the subject of war

the penguin dictionary of literary terms and literary theory - JA cuddon. honestly just really helpful to have around if you read a lot or want a starting place on how to approach lit with a place of contextualization, penguins guides to critical theory are usually pretty palatable 

violence girl: east LA rage to hollywood stage, a chicana punk story – alice bag. good book about punk that isn’t all about straight white guys so heyy. believe it was published by feral house and amok books- their catalog is worth sifting through

all of camus’ notebooks (volume 1volume 2volume 3) are a total must if you’re a fan of his work. i have a thing for reading people’s notebooks and diaries.

film as a subversive art - amos vogel. if you’re into film you’ve probably already read this but it’s a classic for a reason and i always love getting people into it.

an episode in the life of a landscape painter - cesar aira. aira was one of my first favorite authors so i’m pretty quick to rec most of his work

dreadful: the short life and gay times of john horne burns - david marholick

the tender tyrant, nadia boulanger: a life devoted to music - alan kendall. i’m currently a little obsessed with everything written about boulanger so i thoroughly enjoyed this

osumane sembene: the making of a militant artist - samba gadilgo


anything by charles simic. hotel insomnia / the world does not end being personal favorites

anything by mina loy (lost lunear breakdown poems being essential cause she doesn’t have much else but i adore adore adore her)

anything by andre breton. probably “the collected poems” - i’m a nut for french surrealist lit but it’s not for everyone- i think his poetry is more approachable than something like “nadja” offhandedly 

anything by harryette mullen. “sleeping with the dictionary” being her best

anything by aime cesaire – “notebook of a return to the native land” being my favorite and his seminal work

on the imperial highway – jayne cortez

collected poems (1912-1944) - hilda doolittle. a must if you like voices akin to mina loy’s

i’ve been a woman: new and selected poems – sonia sanchez

the book of frank – CA conrad 

eunoia – christian bok (i’m a big fan of almost all bok’s work)

a coney island of the mind – lawrence ferlinghetti

outlandish blues – honoree fanonne jeffers

the unfortunates – BS Johnson

nets – jen bervin (jen also helped compile the wonderful release of rare emily dickinson notes in ‘the gorgeous nothings’ which is 100% worth checking out if you’re a fan)

completed field notes: long poems of robbery kroetsch

the arab apocalypse - etel adnan

the complete short prose of samuel beckett, 1929-1989 - samuel beckett


so yeah that’s probably wildly incomplete (i should really start using goodreads or something) but i hope that gave you at least something. and if you have any recs please let me know- specifically lit by writers of color, women, queer people, trans people… i’m always interested in anything outside yr standard old white guy fare. like i can appreciate a foster wallace novel as much as the next guy but having your world limited to only that perspective gets soooo tired zzzZZZ


“The word reconciliation hurts me. There is no reconciliation while the war criminals are free.” - Bakira Hasečić from the eastern Bosnian town of Višegrad was a victim of systematic rape of Bosnian women during the 1992-1995 war and genocide in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Today she is the president of the Association of Women Victims of War and a human rights activist. 

From the documentary Bosnia Divided Peace 

BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA. Kalesija. June 1, 2016. A Bosnian Muslim woman walks among gravestones during a mass funeral for 27 identified victims from the area of the Bosnian town of Zvornik. The 27 victims were killed at the beginning of Bosnia’s 1992-1995 war. 

Photograph: Amel Emric/AP

Bosnian Serb authorities backed by police officials have removed the word “genocide” from a memorial plaque erected in the eastern Bosnian town of Visegrad for the Bosniaks killed during the 1992-1995 war. The mayor of Visegrad, Slavisa Miskovic, said the word genocide was offensive to local people because there “is no proof of verdict about genocide in Visegrad”. The Bosnian town is the site of one of the most horrendous war atrocities committed by Serb paramilitaries, led by Milan and Sredoje Lukic in 1992. Fifty-nine Bosniak elderly and women were detained in a house, along with 17 children, and burnt alive. 

The memorial, erected in the Straziste Muslim cemetery, reads: “To all killed and missing Bosniaks, children, women and men, victims of genocide in Visegrad”. However, authorities described the memorial as “illegally erected” and previously attempted to remove the word “genocide” last December. The move was postponed after Bosniaks’ protests.

A 1991 census showed that the population of the town was 25,000 – 63% were Bosnian Muslims. According to documents of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), some 3,000 Bosniaks were murdered during the 1992-1995 violence, including 600 women and 119 children. Visegrad was subjected to “one of the most comprehensive and ruthless campaigns of ethnic cleansing in the Bosnian conflict”, according to the ICTY. 


109shibuya  asked:

I do not want to start a fight, but just because on the past some men degraded women doesn't mean that ALL men are sexist or rapists. And I don't know where you live, but in my country (Spain) women can wear whatever they fucking want and are not called sluts. Also a 39% of the politicians in the government are women. Of course there are sexist men, like there are racists, homophobic... but this is not the majority of us and i feel insulted when someone says every boy is a rapist. Peace.

Oh my gosh, I am so sorry. You feel insulted by it? That must be so hard for you to deal with huh. You feel insulted when people say every man is a rapist? Is that just too hard for you to deal with?

Well let me share some things with you,. Let me try to address every fucking point you have attempted to make. 

  • “on the past some men degarded women”. In the past some men?? In America itself, it has been less than 100 years since women have been allowed to vote as individuals. Out of the billions of years that we humans have been on earth, only a mere 100 years ago were we actually counted as higher than slaves at the time. Only 60 years ago “It was not unusual for companies to have a written policy that stated that women should be paid less than men. On average, women earned only 60 percent of what men did. In addition, many women faced pressure from their families to stay home and not work at all outside the home. By 1960 only 3.5 percent of lawyers and 2 percent of business executives were women.” Some men? Although things have gotten better, women still make 23% less than men doing the same fucking job.
  • “just because on the past some men degraded women doesn’t mean that ALL men are sexist or rapists” Okay, but consider this. Not all men are rapists, you are right, but 99.8% of rapists are men. 
  • “in my country (Spain) women can wear whatever they fucking want and are not called sluts.”  Here are some worldwide statistics about sexual assault and rape against women to prove that this isn;t something “that just happens in certain areas” 
    • Worldwide, up to 50 percent of sexual assaults are committed against girls under 16.

    • An estimated 150 million girls under the age of 18 suffered some form of sexual violence in 2002 alone.

    • The first sexual experience of some 30 percent of women was forced. The percentage is even higher among those who were under 15 at the time of their sexual initiation, with up to 45 percent reporting that the experience was forced.

      • Conservative estimates suggest that 20,000 to 50,000 women were raped during the 1992-1995 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, while approximately 250,000 to 500,000 women and girls were targeted in the 1994 Rwandan genocide.

      • Between 50,000 and 64,000 women in camps for internally displaced people in Sierra Leone were sexually assaulted by combatants between 1991 and 2001.

      • In eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, at least 200,000 cases of sexual violence, mostly involving women and girls, have been documented since 1996: the actual numbers are believed to be far higher.

    • In Guatemala, two women are murdered, on average, each day.

    • In India, 8,093 cases of dowry-related death were reported in 2007; an unknown number of murders of women and young girls were falsely labeled ‘suicides’ or ‘accidents’.

    • In Australia, Canada, Israel, South Africa and the United States, between 40 and 70 percent of female murder victims were killed by their intimate partners.

    • In the State of Chihuahua, Mexico, 66 percent of murders of women were committed by husbands, boyfriends or other family members.

  • “39% of the politicians in the government are women." It is correct to say European countries have higher representation in government. But, in Spain itself, an average of 51% of the population is female. If the population’s amount of males and females is basically the same, then how come 61% of their representation is male? 
  • "Of course there are sexist men, like there are racists, homophobic… but this is not the majority of us and i feel insulted when someone says every boy is a rapist"  25,000 followers. For example, if they were all girls,  average, 5,000 of these women will be sexually assaulted in their lifetime. 5,000. That is way more than what should everrr be okay. Rape isn’t okay. You are right when you say no every man is a rapist. But ALMOST ALL RAPISTS ARE MEN. DO YOU UNDERSTAND THIS. Women are highly susceptible to rape and sexual assault and playing this fucking victim card is beyond pathetic. Instead of whining over the internet about your lack of male representation, how about you learn your fucking facts and help to prevent these rates from rising? 

In case you still feel I don’t know what I am talking about, here are quite a few links I highly recommend you check out. There are some articles, statistics and some simple videos in case your small brain can’t process simple information :) 
Also, please fuck yourself.