Old Babylonian Lama Figurine, 2000-1750 BC

Copper alloy figurine of a deity, probably lama, with original stone inlays.

Lama was a Sumerian name for a female protective deity. In Neo-Sumerian, Old Babylonian, Kassite and Neo-Babylonian art, lama was depicted as a woman in a long flounced robe with one or both hands raised in supplication to a major god. They were supposed to protect temples and palaces against evil and chaos. They were invoked to intercede with the gods and provide protection to those who asked for it. They often appear on cylinder seals from Mesopotamia.


Greek Bronze Figure of Hephaistos, God of Fire, 5th-3rd Century BC

Hephaistos is shown seated, nude apart from a pointed craftsman’s cap on his head. He rests with his weight on his left foot, his left arm extended to the front and once holding a pair of tongs; presumably in turn holding a piece of red hot metal, which the god is about to strike with a hammer in his raised right hand.