wallenberg

Wallenberg is one of the most hyped up gaps of all time. Since there’s so much history it’s hard to caption it without giving everyone their due credit, but here’s my summarized version of what I’ve gotten out of it.

Gonz set it off in 90, a couple dudes 180d it, and since Thrasher doesn’t fuck with Danny Gonzales, Frank Gerwer is everyone’s kickflip hero. Some of the basics got done, including Tony Manfre’s switch bomb attacks, but then the fence got built, preventing people from skating it by bombing the mellow hill above it.

I was never big on the contests despite how gnarly they were. When over a dozen tricks get done on two combined separate occasions, it makes the tricks less memorable to me than someone going out and doing it themselves, (Lindsey Robertson did backside heel it like a G though.)

Reynolds got an instant classic cover here, Forrest Edwards and DJ Gaudin battled for a switch flip but both ended up winners, and Zach Wallin recently became the first dude to attack it from the nose with a nollie bs 180.

Wires and supercapacitors constructed inside living plants

In November 2015, the research group presented results showing that they had caused roses to absorb a conducting polymer solution. Conducting hydrogel formed in the rose’s stem in the form of wires. With an electrode at each end and a gate in the middle, a fully functional transistor was created. The results were recently presented in Science Advances.

One member of the group, Assistant Professor Roger Gabrielsson, has now developed a material specially designed for this application. The material polymerizes inside the rose without any external trigger. The innate fluid that flows inside the rose contributes to create long, conducting threads, not only in the stem but also throughout the plant, out into the leaves and petals.

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I’m seeing a lot of people mentioning the St. Louis and the dozens and dozens of countries that blocked entrance to Jewish Refugees before and during the Holocaust. Honestly, I’m in favor of absorbing Syrian refugees for exactly that reason. My family had nowhere to escape to when the Holocaust happened and, as a result, my grandmother and grandfather were the only survivors of their families outside of a recently discovered second cousin on my grandmother’s side. They were finally admitted to the United States in 1949.

My point here is that if you are going to use the historical treatment of Jewish Refugees as a parellel, you are obligated to understand what happened to them. They didn’t all die. A great many of them fled to British Mandate Palestine between 1933 and 1939, more than doubling the Jewish Population in less than a decade. Some welcomed the refugees, others rioted. To keep the peace, the British created the White Paper of 1939 which effectively blocked all Jewish immigration to Palestine. 

At the same time Jews were blocked from entering virtually every other Nazi-free country in the world, with few exceptions. We revere the names of those who helped Jews escape, Wallenberg, Sugihara, Winton, Roncalli. But they were rare exceptions. History remembers the Six Million who could not escape.

The survivors found themselves homeless, their money, property and businesses stolen. Many who attempted to return faced pogroms by their former neighbors who were hoping that the Jews were gone for good. And so they lived in Displaced Persons camps for years, petitioning for opportunities to simply make new lives for themselves along with whoever remained. Some, like my grandparents, had distant relatives in countries like the United States and could successfully petition to bring them there. But even then the numbers of immigrants allowed was limited. Ultimately, many of these displaced survivors ended up in Palestine and what would eventually become the State of Israel.

My point is this. So much rhetoric around Israel comes by comparing it to imperialist powers like Britain, Spain and Belgium. But those were countries sending their people out into other parts of the world to exploit them and expand the power and influence of the home country to whom they remained loyal. Jews who fled to British Mandate Palestine had nowhere else to go. 

The reality is that a majority of Israeli Jews are refugees and their descendants. Refugees from Europe, Africa, the MIddle East and the Soviet Union. They were fleeing persecution to go to the one place on Earth that promised to never turn them away when, historically, so many places had.

So if you are moved to sympathy by the plight of the Syrians I share your feelings. But if you are going to use Jewish refugees as a basis for comparison, you need to recognize that in the absence of countries willing to take them in, Jewish Refugees really had only one choice to make.

I’m not asking you not to criticize the Israeli Government. I do it all the time. I’m asking you to recognize the humanity of the Jewish People, both Israeli and diasporic. I’m asking you to acknowledge that conflating Imperial Power Grabs with a need for a place to simply survive is disingenuous at best and is ultimately anti-semitic. You can question the circumstances of Israel’s founding. You can fight for justice for the Palestinians. I don’t care if you support a one-state or a two-state solution. All I want you to do is acknowledge that Jews have a right to live somewhere and that it’s rank cruelty to displace us as if we had a safe mother country to go back to.

I read a metaphor, I forget where, that said that Jewish Immigration to Israel was similar to a situation where a man flees a burning house and has no choice but to jump off a roof and land on another person, breaking their arms and legs. We need to acknowledge the harm Israel’s creation and actions have done. At the same time, we also need to recognize that too many Israel critics believe that the Jews should’ve burned. 

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… non perché non ci sia bisogno della memoria solida, classica ed importante del messaggio storico e civile generale né perché io mi illuda che tutti sappiano davvero quanto orribile è stato ciò che ricordiamo oggi, ma perché voglio ricordare che chi era nei campi erano a tutti gli effetti persone. E, come tutte le persone, avevano dei lavori, delle passioni, dei talenti. Alcuni di loro erano artisti.

Ho pensato in questo post di proporvi alcune opere ed artisti legati ai campi di concentramento, che li hanno vissutiQuesto post ha delle biografie brevissime e non dà un commento artistico che probabilmente lo renderebbe troppo esteso per il sito e l’attention span generale, ho voluto lasciare solo degli spunti. Magari vedendo una di queste opere e leggendo una breve storia vi verrà voglia di approfondire uno o due di questi artisti… questa è la mia speranza.

Chi volesse una versione più estesa, può chiederla in privato. 

Zoran Mušič

Sloveno, deportato nel novembre 1944 a Dachau. Riuscì a ritrarre segretamente la vita del campo in circostanze estremamente difficili e pericolose, continuando a disegnare durante la prigionia; tra il 1970 e il 1976, cominciò la serie Noi non siamo gli ultimi (Nous ne sommes pas les derniers), in cui trasformò il terrore e l'inferno della prigionia nel campo di concentramento di Dachau in documenti di una tragedia universale.


David Olère

Arrestato nel 1943, Olère fu portato prima a Drancy e poi deportato ad Auschwitz con circa altri 1000 ebrei, di cui solo 120 selezionati abili al lavoro. Registrato nel Sonderkommando di Birkenau, ne fu sempre tormentato nei sensi di colpa, pur sapendo di non avere alcuna scelta. Fu anche forzato a lavorare come illustratore, scrittore e decoratore di lettere per le SS. Fu coinvolto nella marcia della morte, raggiungendo Mauthausen e Ebensee, dove rimase fino alla liberazione. 

Cominciò a disegnare negli ultimi giorni nel campo e il suo lavoro è una testimonianza unica, non essendoci foto di ciò che succedesse all’interno delle camere a gas ed essendo l’unico artista del Sonderkommando sopravvissuto.


Aldo Carpi

Su delazione di un collega, è arrestato nel 44 e deportato a Mauthausen e poi a Gusen: riesce a documentare la vita e la morte nel campo di concentramento tramite moltissimi disegni. Rientrato in Italia l’anno successivo, viene acclamato direttore dell'Accademia di Brera.


Alice Lok Cahana

Ungherese, arrivò ad Auschwitz-Birkenau appena adolescente e vide anche Begen-Belsen e Guben. Parte della sua famiglia sopravvisse grazie al diplomatico svedese Raoul Wallenberg, cui Alice dedicò moltissimi lavori. Fu liberata nel 1945 insieme alla sorella Edit e da allora scrisse e dipinse dell’Olocausto senza sosta.


Shelomo Selinger

Ebreo polacco, fu deportato nel 1943 a Faulbruck con suo padre. Sua madre e le sorelle morirono, mentre lui sopravvisse a ben nove campi e due marce della morte. Fu scoperto vivo in una pila di cadaveri quando l’armata rossa liberò Terezin. Recuperò la salute ma perse la memoria per sette anni per il trauma. E’ opera sua il monumento nell’ex campo di Drancy.


Alfred Tibor

Ungherese, gli fu negato il sogno di diventare un ginnasta per via della fede ebraica, che lo portò all’espulsione dalla olimpiadi estive negli anni 30. Nel 40 fu mandato ai lavori forzati in un campo dell’esercito ungherese, ma fu catturato e mandato nei campi di prigionia per più di sei anni e uno dei due uomini sopravvissuti dei 270 del suo battaglione.


Dina Babbitt

Imprigionata ad Auschwitz, fu costretta per salvare la vita della madre ad obbedire al dottor Mengele, che le commissionò disegni dei prigionieri Rom e dei suoi atroci esperimenti. Fuggita in America nel dopoguerra e diventata un’animatrice, Dina avrebbe voluto i disegni distrutti, ma ottenne sempre un secco rifiuto. La sua storia fu raccontata nel documentario Eyewitness (1999) e in una graphic novel scritta per perorare la sua cause nel riavere i dipinti.


Alina Szapocznikow

Nata a Kalisz da una famiglia di medici, crebbe nella Polonia occupata e spese la maggior parte dell’adolescenza nei ghetti, lavorando come infermiera. Vide morire il padre nel 38 e il ghetto liquidato nel 42. Insieme a sua madre, fu deportata ad Auschwitz, Bergen-Belsen e Terezin.

Storing electricity in paper

Researchers at Linköping University’s Laboratory of Organic Electronics, Sweden, have developed power paper – a new material with an outstanding ability to store energy. The material consists of nanocellulose and a conductive polymer. The results have been published in Advanced Science.

One sheet, 15 centimetres in diameter and a few tenths of a millimetre thick can store as much as 1 F, which is similar to the supercapacitors currently on the market. The material can be recharged hundreds of times and each charge only takes a few seconds.

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Wallenberg’s syndrome is a rare syndrome involving part of the medulla oblongata with consequent cross-loss of pain and temperature sensation in the ipsilateral orofacial region and counter-lateral body, loss of taste, palatal palsy and loss of gag reflex, in the majority of cases Wallenberg syndrome is caused by an arteriosclerotic-thrombotic occlusion of the homolateral intracranial vertebral artery or posterior inferior cerebellar artery.
Other clinical symptoms and signs are dysphagia, slurred speech, ataxia, vertigo, nystagmus, Horner’s syndrome, diplopia and possibly palatal myoclonus; the affected persons have dysphagia resulting from involvement of the nucleus ambigus as well as dysarthria, the damage to the spinal trigeminal nucleus causes absence of pain on the ipsilateral side of the face as well as absence corneal reflex.