wall frieze


The fortress of Kuelap or Cuélap (Chachapoyas, Amazonas, Perú), is a walled city associated with the Chachapoyas culture built in 6th century AD. It consists of more than four hundred buildings surrounded by massive exterior stone walls. The complex is situated on a ridge overlooking the Utcubamba Valley in northern Peru and roughly 600 meters long and 110 meters wide. It could have been built to defend against the Huari or others, but evidence of hostile groups at the site is minimal.

Judging from its sheer size, Kuelap’s construction required considerable effort, rivaling or surpassing in size other archaeological structures in the Americas. The structure is almost 600 metres in length and its walls rise up to 19 metres in height.

There are multiple levels or platforms within the complex. Because of its extension, these flat elevations support about 400 constructions, most of them cylindrical. Of them, only bases remain. In some cases, there are decorated walls with friezes of symbolic content that, in general, seem to evoke eyes and birds that take the form of a letter V in a chain.




Oh, what a charming plant this is, and so very hardy as well. It makes a great backdrop to a garden scheme as its colour works well with anything, but especially so with green. It flowers over a long period. A hedge of this as a background to pale blue agapanthus would look good as both have overlapping flowering periods. At the Palacio Frontiera in Lisbon, plumbago has been used as a hedge to complement a low wall frieze of decorative tiles depicting cats and other animals and it looks fabulous. I have another plumbago plant growing within a wire tower like this one nearby but it is only a few years old and will need at least two more years to make its mark. I am thinking of a third tower. We will see if I can fit it in the long garden.