volcanic minerals


Rogue One planets: Lah’mu

Lah'mu was an out-of-the-way planet in the Outer Rim Territories, far from hyperspace routes. The planet itself was lush and dark green in colour. It was home to mountain peaks, plateaus, black sand beaches, saline seas, geysers, and sometimes volcanic activity. Minerals were abundant in the soil, due to the planet’s crust splitting during its early development. While providing the planet with verdant, lush farmland, these minerals made the water unsuitable for human consumption. Settlers were forced to distill water vapor from the air using condensers. Lah'mu had one moon as well as rings of silica, which formed from the remains of a second moon that had been pulverized.

Mimikyu is a Diglett
  • Mimikyu and Diglett have the same eyes
  • Mimikyu and Diglett are both 8 inches tall according to the pokedex
  • Mimikyu and Diglett both learn claw attacks but keep their limbs hidden at all times
  • According to the pokedex, digletts are sensitive to sunlight and need to be covered to keep cool
  • Despite the poor quality of Mimikyu’s disguse, their pokedex entry says they work through the night to repair their costumes, implying they need it during the day
  • That black stuff under Mimikyu’s disguise could be volcanic silt: black, mineral rich soil found on volcanic islands like Alola

Diglett has been living in Pikachu’s shadow since generation 1, both metaphorically and literally. We’ve spent too long ignoring the most mysterious pokemon. Give Diglett your love folks, because this little nugget fooled us all!


Bumblebee Agate skull  - Java

Bumblebee Agate (sometimes called Bumblebee Jasper) has been known only since the late 1990s and has been found only on the Indonesian island of Java. It is not really agate or jasper but a mix of minerals in a matrix of a volcanic material mined from sulfur vents. It is composed of anhydrite (gypsum), sulfur and hematite in a matrix of volcanic tuff (welded ash). It may also contain plumose calcite and ilmenite.

5 MAC Products Every Brown Babe Needs In Their Makeup Stash

Senior MAC Artist, Ashley Rudder, knows all about crafting beautiful, unique makeup looks on a variety of complexions. She has traveled around the world with fellow artists, teaching and educating others on how to do the same. I had the privilege of seeing her create in person and got some tips and tricks about working with deeper complexions. Here are five MAC products she recommends for skin tones with a ‘lil melanin. 

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1. Lightful C Marine-Bright Formula Essence

Ashley says, “It has so much Vitamin C and Vitamin C affects melanin in a beautiful way. It helps balance the tone, so if you’ve had a break out that develops a dark scar, it helps reverse that.”

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2. Mineralize Volcanic Ash Exfoliator

Ashley says, “ The Volcanic Ash Exfoliator is super important for brown skin to really glow. You gotta have a physical exfoliator to take the dead skin off of the surface. This product also has actual active volcanic ash in it, so it helps remove impurities and control oil. It really will help refine your skin in the best way possible. You mask with it first; you leave it on the skin for about 10 minutes. You can use this mask once or twice a week, depending on your skin type. At least once a week, but if you are oily, definitely not more than that. The exfoliator ingredient is sugar, so it is very gentle and very effective.”

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3. Prep and Prime Fix +

Ashley says, “This is another essential because to truly moisturize the skin it has to be hydrated. Spraying Fix + on your skin first, before you apply your moisturizer will give you a longer lasting moisturizing moment. ”

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4. Matchmaster Foundation

Ashley says, “I love the Matchmaster foundation, especially for deeper skin because it basically takes on your undertone and so it magically matches you, so its the coolest. That’s why it only goes by number, there’s no NC or NW, because the number takes on your undertone.”

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5. Lipstick in “Touch”

Ashley says, “It’s my favorite lipstick because you don’t have to wear a lip pencil with it (depending on how deep your skintone is.) It’s a great nude brown.”

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Creepypasta #1014: I Lost Contact With Our Arctic Research Team

Length: Super long

I’m sharing details of a confidential exploration of the southern ice cap. I was the radio point of contact back on the mainland, I can’t disclose which country our contact point was in because it might give enough clue to identify which group this was linked to and trace this back to me.

Let me start at the beginning. Our organization’s goal was to research the effects of global warming and global climate change on the southern ice cap. We mostly focused on satellite images, tracking the shrinking of glaciers on the outermost edges. We used these to document the speed of changes, predict time lines and compare with the temperature averages globally. Generally, pretty boring stuff.

While going over the satellite data we found an anomalous glacier, it was a strange color, darker than most, almost ashy. This glacier was also shrinking more rapidly than ones along the same latitude. The most likely explanation was that it must be located near some sort of volcanic activity, but the area was not one where one would expect to find volcanic activity. There were no fault lines around it, no seismic activity reported in the region.

A few months went by and this drifted around a bit until it went up the command chain to the head of operations who managed to get grant money approved to send an expedition to the glacier to harvest samples.

A research crew was sent out and returned with samples of the dark ice and some interesting pictures. Sure enough, the ice was ashy grey. It was as if there was a heavy sediment embedded in the ice, but the ice on the surface had to be very old, frozen for a very long time.

Cores were collected at regular intervals from the southern most tip of the glacier all the way to the point where it reached the ocean.

Upon looking into the contents of the ice we were quite shocked. We expected to find volcanic mineral deposits, rich in sulfur and hydrogen sulfide but instead what we found seemed more like organic matter. It looked like frozen cells, but not plant cells like a plankton or algae. There was no cell wall on these, they were very unusual.

It was decided that a more extensive investigation including a remote submarine should be sent to further explore the area and take cores from below the surface, as well as see if any kind of ecosystem exists in the water.

It was almost a year before enough grant money could be gathered to launch this extremely expensive expedition. During this time the glacier continued to erode away at an unnatural rate.

When our expedition team arrived they reported a darkening of the water in the immediate vicinity of the glacier. It was a cloudy grey, much like one would expect from volcanic activity near the surface, but the bottom should be deep enough that any normal volcanic sediment would have dispersed at this point. There shouldn’t be enough sediment to cover that large an area with such a heavy film.

Water samples were collected, and early on-site examination found more of the cell-like structures within the water.

The boat was anchored onto a nearby icy plane that was receding much slower than dark ice and a base camp was established. They still wanted to launch the remote submersible, but there was worry that the visibility would be too poor to allow for much visual data collection, they would have to use sonar to navigate beneath the glacier and collect samples carefully.

During the first few nights the crew reported on some fascinating noises coming from the dark glacier in the distance. They said it sounded sort of like normal sounds of fracturing or moving ice, but somehow different.

The first three days were spent scouting the surface of the glacier with surface penetrating radar to identify where the shallowest sections of ice were in order to send the submersible to the center-most region that could be reached.

During these three days they reported the noises continued to get louder and more frequent, but they couldn’t explain why, the temperature had not shifted significantly in the past six months, so there shouldn’t be any unusual amount of melting occurring.

The surface penetrating radar was capable of determining the depth of the ice, but not how deep the water below the ice was. It had to be assumed that the shallowest of areas were channels and waterways beneath the ice and not simply raised land geometry or sand bars due to the assumed depth of this location.

There were some promising channels leading roughly just shy of the center point of the glacier, which was promising enough for the team. They began preparations and test runs of the submersible in the surrounding waters to prepare for its launch beneath the glacier.

Since their arrival the glacier had seen considerably more melting along its northern boundary. They still had no theories for the rapid melting occurring in this specific region despite stable, low temperatures, but assumed there was an answer in the smokey waters around the ice shelf.

The day came for the submersible mission, the goal was to take it slow and steady to conserve energy and carefully navigate through the widest channel. While it wasn’t the deepest, it had the lowest chance of the underwater unit becoming trapped beneath the ice, a 1.3 million dollar piece of equipment lost. It would surely cost us our funding if such a thing were to happen.

Upon lowering it into the water, it was clear the visibility remained poor throughout, so we could rule out sediment that had simply risen to the surface. It seemed to be suspended throughout the water, whether it was dispersed through the melting of the glacier, or coming from some underwater vent beneath it was what intrigued us.

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It looks a little different now for I have a bigger display cabinet. I have also moved some stuff around and added wall shelves, so will get pictures up soon(ish) of what it looks like. :-)

Passion Orange Cooler + Drink Good Do Good!

This post is sponsored by Naked Juice and the #DrinkGoodDoGood campaign.

I grew up in the opposite of a food desert, a place so abundant that friends visiting for the first time would often call it the Garden of Eden. This oasis, nestled into the slopes of Haleakala Crater on an island filled with mineral-rich volcanic soil, shaped the way I see the world.

Here in LA, I pluck plumeria flowers from the streets in Silverlake and rosemary from the winding roads in the Hollywood Hills. No matter how far I am from Maui, I always have my eyes open to what’s growing on the land nearby. Which is why I got super excited when I found out about Naked Juice’s Drink Good Do Good campaign.

Drink Good Do Good is working to raise awareness about America’s food deserts—urban areas and rural towns with little to no access to fresh, affordable food. Almost 24 million Americans live in areas deemed food deserts—in south LA alone, there is only one grocery store for every 22,000 residents.

Help shift the balance this week using the #DrinkGoodDoGood hashtag this week, and get the recipe for this summery Passion Orange Cooler, here

2013 Royal Tokaji “The Oddity” Furmint

Furmint from Hungary is an awesome grape, especially when it’s in Tokaji dessert wines, but it’s quite wonderful on its own as well. Tons of green apple, pear, light herbs, white flowers, lemon, and volcanic minerality on the nose. Flinty on the palate with lemon and green apple. Racy acidity zings you at the end. Crisp minerality keeps it fresh. Yum!

4/5 bones



13% abv