vita merlini



“Morgan Le Fay’s first appearence is in Geoffrey of Monmouth’s Vita Merlini where she is introduced as the most beautiful of nine sisters, a kind and magically talented being who can change her shape. After the battle of Camlann, Arthur voyages to Morgan’s residence on the Isle of Avalon to be healed of his wounds by her special arts. In Chrétien de Troyes and elsewhere, it is suggested that Morgaan is Arthur’s sister. (…) It is thus an ancient and withered Morgan who controls events in the 14th century English poem Sir Gawain and the Green Knight ” - Thelma S. Fenster


  1. The Vita Merlini – Geoffrey of Monmouth
  2. Romans de la Table Ronde – Chrétien de Troyes              
  3. Le Mort D’Arthur – sir Thomas Malory
  4. Sir Gawain and the Green Knight – Pearl Poet

Morgan in Modern Literature

  1. The Whispering Knights (1971) – Penelope Lively
  2. Excalibur! (1980) – Gil Kane and John Jakes
  3. The Mists of Avalon (1982) – Marion Zimmer Bradley
  4. The High King (1987) – Joy Chant
  5. The Third Magic (1998) Welwyn Winton Katz
  6. The Road to Avalon (1988) – Joan Wolf
  7. Daughter of Tintagel  (1992)– Fay simpson

            Book 1 : Wise Woman’s Telling
            Book 2: White Nun’s Telling
            Book 3: Black Smith’s Telling
            Book 4: Taliesin’s Telling
            Book 5: Herself: Daughter of Tintagel

     8. I, Morgain  (1995) –Harry Robin
     9. I am Morgan Le Fay (2002) – Nancy Springer
    10. Twilight of Avalon (2009) - Anna Elliott
    11. The Circle Cast: The Lost Years of Morgan Le fay (2011) –Alex Epstein
    12. Morgen of Avalon - Carol J Weakland

            Book 1: Dremspell
            Book 2: Child of Destiny

     13. Tintagel (2014) – Adele Jones
     14. Le Fay series (2014) – Realm Lovejoy

            Book 1: Henge
            Book 2: Sword
            Book 3: Grail      

     15. King Arthur’s Sister in Washington’s Court - Kim Headlee
     16. Morgan (2015) – Deborah C. Foulkes 
     17. Camelot Lost  – Jessica Bonito 
     18. Morgana – Michel Rio 
     19. Idylls of the Queen – Phyllis Ann Karr
     20. Morgana Trilogy –  Alessa Ellefson

            Book 1: Blood of the Fay (2013)
            Book 2: Rise of the Fay (2015)
            Book 3: (to be released) 


  1. Celtic Myth and Arthurian Romance (1927) – Roger Sherman
  2. Loomis Arthuriam Women (1996) – Thelma S. Fenster (ed.)
  3. Arthurian and Courtly Cultures: Morgan le Fay, Shapeshifter (2013) – Jill M. Hebert 
  4. The Myth of Morgan le Fay (2014) – Kristina Pérez 
Nerd Moment: A quick guide to King Arthur.

With filming starting soon I thought I would do a Nerd Moment based on the spoiler on King Arthur. According to the cast/spoiler on Arthur this is what we know.

ARTHUR is described as someone who came from low birth and now is king, a “good and just ruler” who, beneath the surface, “is a master manipulator who can carry a grudge to the grave, and maybe beyond.” He harbors an “eternal burning love” for Guinevere that can lean toward being a bit… controlling. For this role, Once aims to cast a gent in his mid-30s to early 40s, and again a British accent is mandatory.

Let’s start with OUAT Arthur coming from low birth. I love this great spin on Arthur’s birth. Having Arthur born of low birth is very Disney Sword and the Stone and gives Arthur a parallel to Charming. It also shows Arthur as a very determined man or a true king. That we won’t know until we encounter Merlin and Excalibur. 

In legend Arthur’s father, Uther Pendragon, has Merlin help him sleep with Ygraine, Arthur’s mother. Merlin disguise’s him as Gorlois, Ygraine’s first husband. That night they conceive Arthur. The next day Gorlois dies in battle against and Uther marries Ygraine. They later have a daughter at first in legend named Anna later changed to Morgause, the wife of King Lot, mother of Gwaine and Mordred. This actually has changed many time because Morgause is sometimes the oldest daughter of Gorlois and Ygraine and has 4 to 5 sons, Gawain, Agravain, Garheris and Gareth. At times Mordred is not mentioned as her son. 

While on the subject of sisters some legend says that Morgan Le Fay is said to be the half sister of Arthur. She is thought to be the daughter of Gorlois and Ygraine in some legend. The Vita Merlini suggests that Morgan was the eldest of 9 sisters living in Avalon and had great healing powers. There is SSSSOOOO MUCH on Morgan Le Fay I would love to say but she needs a Nerd Moment of her own and confirmed in OUAT.

Before I leave the family talk I would like to say one last thing. Arthur IS NOT PENDRAGON. Pendragon is an epithet that he adds to his name after winning a battle that he somewhat knew he would win. On the way to a battle, he sees a comet in the shape of a dragon, Merlin interprets as a sign of Aurelius’s death and Uther’s future. Pendragon roughly translates to Chief-Dragon. Thanks to the media many have added the Pendragon to Arthur’s name when it’s not suppose to be. Not even Arthur’s coat of arms has a dragon on it. Normally it is three gold crown or 3 gold leopards on an azure background. 

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I was carried away from myself and like a spirit I knew the acts of past peoples and predicted the future. Then since I knew the secrets of things and the flight of birds and the wandering motions of the stars and the gliding of the fishes, all this vexed me and denied a natural rest to my human mind by a severe law.
—  Merlin, Vita Merlini