visual temperature

LIBER DE SATANAS TEXT 10 . . . Regarding The Summoning Of Demons

There is a strong belief within some Occult Circles that unless the Conjured Spirit appears within Invocation or Evocation Rites then the Working has failed on some level ~ I say now with utter conviction that this is a nonsense utilized by the Sorcerers of the Right Hand Path to deter those who seek to summon Demons and do not manifest them on their initial attempts.
After over thirty years of Practice within both the Arts of Evocation and Invocation I can say without any doubt that successful Conjurings manifest in many ways and on many levels ~ visual manifestation, changes in temperature and atmosphere within the Ritual Chamber, upon the vista of the Subconscious mindscape, through Automatic Writing, scent, sounds, within dreams and other less noticeable gestations.
Many of the Old Occult Texts were written with conditions and observations in mind to put off the less scholarly or educated persons of the time from following a path into the Occult Arts or Magickal practice.
This is one of the reasons the persecution of Witches has been so excessive in times past as Witchcraft is found upon a far more raw and earthy form of Magickal practice easily learnt and perfected by even those who could not read or write and of lower class.
Occultists such as the likes of  Agrippa, Dee, Mathers, Waite, Crowley and others I believe deliberately added pedantic tasks prior to Ritual Workings, endless Magickal observations even stretching at times to length or Ritual Candles and the favoured Cardinal points etc to deter those lacking in education, knowledge and literary ability from delving into the Magickal Arts! This matter shall be touched upon again later in Liber de Satanas but for now it is suffice to say that Spirits from other realms - at least in the case of Demons - are not interested whether your Altar is set up in the East or the North, the mathematical calculations of the size of the Ritual Circle, days of the week or hours of the day.
These are human made creations and hold no power in the realms beyond our own mortal dominion.
But on the topic of Conjuring Demons it must be said with great clarity that when Evocations and Invocations fail to produce a physical or visual manifestation this does not mean that the Rite of Conjuring itself has failed.
Over the years I have worked extensively on the practice of Demonic Evocation and found that the most potent of these Workings are carried out with the Demon manifesting on the realms of Communion that reside within the subconscious but also on spheres between our mortal world and the realms of Hell.
This is a stygian plane which in many ways is the subconscious of the Abyss, the Subconscious mind of Satan Himself.
There have also been Evocations however which have produced no immediate result but have later produced vivid and at times prophetic dreams and waking dreams or resulted in the Conjured Demon gaining temporary control of the mind to dictate messages through Automatic Writing or directly within the mind itself. Other Rites have only shown manifest results through temperature changes, burning hot residue left where the Ritual Pentacle has been placed or even visions and sounds, but all of these Workings whatever the level of Demonic manifestation have proven successful in their outcome.
Do not be deterred by the lack of visual manifestation in your Rites of Evocation or Invocation, it is not necessary to a successful Working, no particular one sign is ~ you will, through time and experience, discover the signs that indicate to you that a Working has been successful or not.
Magickal rules - like moral and ethical rules - are for the consideration of the Right Hand Path Occultist, not the Left Hand Path Sorcerer and Satanist who answer only to the primal laws of Our Father Satan!

fatherbalthasar©copyright2017 

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9

Turbojet and Turbofan Jet Engine Overview

Part of a series of Jet Engine Overviews

Turbojet/Turbofan engines are the most common type of jet engines in use today. From commercial airliners to jet fighters, the vast majority of production jet aircraft utilize at least one of these types of engines. These engines are relatively simple air breathing designs which follow the basic layout of a jet engine.

Turbojet Engines

The turbojet engine is considered to be the most basic jet engine design.  It consists of an intake, a compression chamber, a combustion chamber, a turbine and an exhaust nozzle.

Air enters the intake and immediately passes into the compression chamber. In the compression chamber air is compressed by spinning fans as it passes through a narrowing duct into the combustion chamber. Just before the air reaches the combustion chamber, it is mixed with fuel. Inside the combustion chamber, the fuel/air mixture is ignited. The hot, high-pressure air expands out of the combustion chamber where it passes through a set of turbines. The passing air spins these turbines which, in turn, spin the compressive fans at the fore of the engine, sustaining the flow of air. After passing the turbines, the air exits the back of the engine through the exhaust nozzle. In engines with an afterburner, air is reheated between the turbine and the exhaust nozzle. Afterburners are typically about 4 times less efficient than the primary combustion chamber due to the decreased air pressure aft of the turbine.


The following graphs allow an easier visualization of the air temperature, pressure and velocity during the operation of a turbojet engine.


Turbofan Engines
The turbofan engine is an augmentation of the turbojet engine. As the name would imply, the turbo fan adds a fan which functions similarly to a prop on a propeller driven plane. The turbofan engine contains a standard turbojet engine at its core but adds a duct around the outside of this engine for some air to pass through.

The flow that passes through the integral turbojet is called core airflow while the air that moves through the outer duct is called bypass flow.
In General, there are 2 different types of turbofan engines, they are…

  1. Low Bypass Turbofan Engines
    In low bypass engines, a relatively large portion of the air that passes through the engine is core airflow. To put it another way, there is a lower amount of bypass flow. The ratio of bypass airflow to core airflow is usually around 2:1 or less, with low bypass engines being optimized for efficient flight at higher Mach numbers. Most modern fighter jets utilize low bypass engines. Fighters like the F-16 and F/A-18 have bypass ratios of around .35:1.
  2. High Bypass Turbofan Engines
    Conversely, high bypass engines allow lots of air to bypass the integral turbojet. High bypass engines usually have ratios between 5:1 and 10:1. These engines are optimized for efficient subsonic flight, usually around Mach .8. Most modern commercial airliners and some military transports use this type of engine.

Turbojet/Turbofan History

  • In 1939, the He 178 was the first turbojet aircraft to fly. 
  • Shortly thereafter, in 1944, the Me 262 became the first operational jet fighter, followed closely by the Gloster Meteor in the same year.
  • By the 1950s, jet engines were nearly ubiquitous on military aircraft, and some had even been approved for civilian use, such as those mounted on the de Havilland Comet.
  • By the 1970s, jet engines had become all but ubiquitous in the commercial air industry due to the introduction of the high bypass turbofan.
  • In 2003, the Concord makes its last flight, marking the end of the turbojet engine in the commercial airline industry.
  • As of writing, all current production fighter planes use some form of turbofan engine, along with most bombers and most commercial airliners.

Turbojet/Turbofan pros and cons

Turbojet Pros

  • Smaller engine circumference means more compact engine
  • Capable of attaining high speeds
  • Good specific impulse at lower Mach numbers

Turbojet Cons

  • Misses many improvements in power and efficiency when compared with turbofan
  • Loud

Turbofan Pros

  • Excellent specific impulse at useful range of speeds
  • Quieter than turbojet and many other jet engines

Turbofan Cons

  • Larger diameter
  • More complexity
  • More vulnerable to ice damage

PSA
Thanks for reading. It’s always nice to hear feedback, questions and/or suggestions. Tell me what you liked, what you didn’t like, and don’t forget to smash that mf follow button. If you suggest a topic that I end up covering I will make sure to tag you in the post so you don’t miss it. Stand by for more jet engine overviews.

anonymous asked:

Does autism still exist in the always human world? It would probably be easy to like genetically prevent it, but as an autistic person in pretty sure I'd not want that to happen :3 (this is for the oc contest too, I wanna make an autistic character)

Firstly, a reminder that nothing I say outside the comic is 100% canon, everything I’m saying here is flexible and subject to change :)

Okay, so there are strict rules about designer babies, as it’s believed that by modifiying a fetus too much you’re making it harder for them to choose what they want when they’re grown and choosing their own mods. It is illegal (in Australia at least) to genetically prevent autism.

So autistic people are born. Some autistic people choose to use mind mods to essentially give themselves neurotypical brains, some autistic people choose to use these mods some of the time (eg. at school or at work) but not all of the time, and some people are happy just the way they are and choose not to use these mind mods ever. It’s ultimately up to the individual.

In general, naturalist communities tend to be more accepting of autistic people, seeing it as a natural and valid way of being. Some naturalist towns have large communities of autistic people and their friends/families. Mainstream society can be ableistic and schools etc. are generally not well equipped to support autistic children (who aren’t using mind mods) as there’s an expectation that if you can use a mod to achieve a certain goal, then why wouldn’t you use that mod?

You can definitely make an autistic characer for the OC contest :)
(Though please keep in mind that the cameos will be only a panel or two - like the previous cameos - so while I’m really enjoying reading all the details that people are writing up about the OCs, these details are unlikely to make it into the comic. Sorry!)

Anonymous said to alwayshumancomic:Are there mods that can respond to stimuli? Like hair that changes to the beat of music you listen to or eyes that respond visually to temperature changes or skin that changes color when certain chemicals touch it or something?

This sounds awesome! If you’re asking for the contest, please go for it :D