History Fact 7/100 - Admiral Nelson
Viscount Horatio Nelson, the First Duke of Bronté, was a flag officer in the British Navy. He was born in Norfolk, the son of a clergyman, and one of eleven children. He joined the Royal Navy at twelve, and ascended to the rank of Captain by the time he was twenty.
During the French Revolution, Nelson was in command of the Agamemnon, a 64 gun third rate ship of the line.
Nelson became known as a bold, rational man, with occasional disregard for his senior officers. During the Battle of Copenhagen, in order to avoid withdrawing his ship, he put his telescope to his blind eye and claimed he couldn’t see the signal.
Nelson’s strategic excellence was crucial at the Battle of the Nile, where the English fleet successfully destroyed the fleet of Napoleon. His most famous battle is Cape Trafalgar, where he led the English against a combined fleet of the Spanish and French, protecting England from invasion. Nelson was killed during this battle as he paced the quarterdeck, shot by a French sniper.
The body of Admiral Nelson was transported back to England, and he was given a state funeral.