About the Cheroenhaka Nottoway Indian Tribe

The English colonists arrived in 1607, but they didn’t meet the Nottoway until 1650, when merchant Edward Bland came upon a village of some 400 people. Their distance from Jamestown – about 40 miles – limited contact with the English.

Still, the Nottoway, along with several other tribes, signed a peace treaty in 1677, which called for a yearly tribute to the governor.

After the Tuscarora of North Carolina lost their war against white settlers in 1713, some of the Nottoway joined their Iroquois cousins in a great migration back to the vicinity of New York.

Those who remained in Virginia were met in 1728 by William Byrd, who found them living around a palisaded fort on what is now Kello’s farm. “The young men had painted themselves in a hideous manner,” Byrd wrote, while “the ladies had arrayed themselves in all their finery. They were wrapped in their red and blue matchcoats, thrown so negligently about them that their mahogany skins appeared in several parts.” Byrd speculated that their dark skin would breed out in two generations.

For some context. These are people who were living just 40 miles from Jamestown, and it took the colonists that long to have much dealings with them. Then the stubborn people who hadn’t already fled needed to build a fort.

They also got state recognition in 2010. Still have not managed to get federal recognition, though a few other coastal tribes finally have over the past few years.

A long history of documentary genocide (even before the eugenics era) has been a big problem there, as has honestly been the fact that they adopted and married a lot of Africans.

orfs asked:

Why are electoral votes winner take all, instead of distributed according to popular vote per state?

It wasn’t always this way! In the early days of Presidential elections, states were experimenting with a lot of different methods of appointing their electoral votes. Some states assigned them based on their legislature, rather than a popular vote. Some assigned them by Congressional District, like Nebraska and Maine do today. The shift to winner-take-all (also called “first-past-the-post”) was gradual, and occurred mainly in the first half of the 19th century.

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‘Mercy Street’ Star Shalita Grant Says ‘We Are Still Entrenched in Systemic Racism’ (Video)

Shalita Grant, one of the stars of the PBS Civil War miniseries “Mercy Street,” thinks it’s still important to tell Civil War stories more than 150 years after the event.

“I’ve always understood that time period of the Civil War as the foundation for where we are right now,” Grant told TheWrap’s Stuart Brazell. “We are still entrenched in systemic racism…So it was really important for me to inhabit that role and be as simple and as subtle and as truthful as possible.”

Grant plays Aurelia Johnson on “Mercy Street,” an escaped slave working as a laundress in the hospital at the center of the series. She experienced untold horrors at the hands of her former owners.

Also Read: ‘Mercy Street’ Star Hannah James on Hoop Skirts and Sci-Fi Aspirations

Grant is herself a native a Virginia and spoke about the experience of growing up in a former Confederate state as a black woman.

“Virginia is one of three states that has Confederate History Month,” she said. “So as a black child coloring in pictures of Robert E. Lee and ‘Stonewall’ Jackson with titles like ‘Gentleman of the South,’ it’s a very disorienting thing to do.”

“Mercy Street” airs Sundays on PBS at 10 p.m./9c.

Related stories from TheWrap:

'Mercy Street’ Sneak Peek: Mary Gets a New Rival (Exclusive Video)

'Mercy Street’ Premieres to 3.3 Million Viewers on PBS

Why 'Mercy Street’ Could Be the New 'Downton Abbey’


Name: Karen Potter, M.D.
Age: 27
Occupation: Surgical Resident
FC: Hilarie Burton


Karen Potter comes from a not so average kind of family. After her father died when she was five of a heart attack, her mother remarried a couple of years later, and that man became Karen’s father as much as her dad had been. He’d taken on the title and had always been there for her, making her daddy’s little girl. She was very close to her mother, until she too, died of breast cancer. She’d always wanted to become a doctor, and having lost both parents to health issues made it an even stronger dream of hers. She not only wanted to become a doctor, she would become one. She didn’t care about how hard it might be, she only cared about the destination.

Native of Virginia, she had to leave home to attend med school. Her father being a marine, it wasn’t like he was home a lot, and her friends were all going to different schools, anyways. She had a dream of the life she wanted, and she had all the courage and determination to do it. Once out of med school, she got into John Hopkins’ program, doing her internship and first year of residency there. Halfway through her second year, she was offered the opportunity of working at the famous Seattle Grace Hospital, an offer she couldn’t pass on. And so she hopped on a plane, ready for this new life.



On the mythology front, an appalling (if not surprising) piece of propaganda I only learned about recently.

Pocahontas: Icon at the Crossroads of Race and Gender in America

John Chapman’s Baptism of Pocahontas at Jamestown, Virginia, completed in 1840, hangs in the Rotunda of the United States Capitol. The meaning of this image in its physical and historical context provide the key to understanding Pocahontas’ appeal as an American cultural icon. Why, in 1840, would legislators choose to place this picture of a Native American woman in its pantheon of national heroes? The answer lies in the national self-image of the time in which it was painted and first displayed. In short, this is a flattering treatment of the “Indian Problem.” …

Three figures form the focal point of the picture. The minister, Pocahontas, and John Rolfe seem bathed in divine light, a tradition of European Renaissance painting indicating holy benediction. Pocahontas herself is dressed in a simple white gown, suggestive of earlier icons of the Virgin Mary with bowed head, and the colors of her clothing, shawl, and hair are repeated in the renderings of the other two men, further associating her with the Europeans and their culture. Her features are Anglicized and she is contrasted dramatically with the other natives, who appear wearing garishly ornamented costumes.

Most interesting are the figures of Opechankanough, her uncle, and Nantequaus, the infamous warrior who would later break the peace brokered with Pocahontas’ help and massacre the Jamestown settlement. Opechankanough sits in shadow, glumly ignoring the ceremony, while Nantequaus proudly turns away, his plumed head-dress rising defiantly over the heads of those assembled. The contrast carries an unambiguous judgment: Pocahontas is noble in her acceptance of English religion and culture, while the others are shown to be savage ingrates for rejecting the scene of obvious grace before them.

A government pamphlet appeared at the time of the painting’s unveiling in order to underscore this point. Titled “The Picture of the Baptism of Pocahontas”, the explanation first identifies the figures in the painting, emphasizing the historical accuracy of the work. Identifying Pocahontas as one of the “children of the forest” who has been “snatched from the fangs of barbarous idolatry”, the pamphlet congratulates the Jamestown settlers for spreading “the blessings of Christianity among the heathen savages.” They did more than “exterminate the ancient proprietors of the soil, and usurp their possessions”, the pamphlet continues. Even as the painting seems to celebrate the peaceful Christian conversion and assimilation of Native Americans, it also points to the recalcitrant heathens who reject such an offer, bent on conflict.

In this way The Baptism of Pocahontas both highlights the lofty intentions of the Jamestown settlers and condemns the obstinance of those who can be understood as ignoble savages. It propagates the idea of the noble savage in Pocahontas, one who is said repeatedly in the literature of the 19th century to have embodied Christian virtues even before she was converted. The painting also appears to make a case for the harsh treatment of antagonistic, unassimilated Indians. The policy of “removal” had begun seven years earlier, and it was apparent at the time Chapman’s work appeared that the entire continent would soon be invaded by ambitious American settlers.

Not surprisingly, the official story usually ignores the part where a teenage girl is kidnapped, held hostage, and coercively if not forcibly converted to Christianity, only escaping that captivity by marrying an Englishman (shown standing behind her in the painting). John Rolfe himself wrote that he was “motivated not by the unbridled desire of carnal affection, but for the good of this plantation, for the honor of our country, for the Glory of God”#, while being deeply conflicted about marrying one of those heathen savages. He also claimed to love her, if anything adding insult to injury. She died from disease in England at about 22. And the poor woman has been denied humanity and used as a mythologized pawn ever since.

An important bit of the mythology: the consistent (and not-so-subtle) association of Matoaka with the very European Lady Sovereignty, used to justify/legitimize all kinds of destructive and just plain evilminded behavior.

Yeah, this stuff still hurts people.

G-Taylor Is Preparing To Share His Full Perspective & Sonically Master His Reality. #ArtistBio

Coming from a small city with limited recourses, this 25 year-old, Virginia native has paid his dues. Working behind the scenes for years as a producer, drummer, and audio engineer, George Taylor is finally ready for people to hear him. 

Mixing, mastering, and assisting others find their sound, has only sharpened his production. Its been a long journey, years of development and patience, but now we get to watch his come-up story. It’s the one we all love to hear about because it’s so familiar. Addressing internal issues with faith, racism, and the lure of beautiful, wicked women, and the battle we all fight with ourselves to make the right decision… he’s laying it all out. All the stories you loved to hear Drake talk about on his earlier albums; relationships, breakups, bad situations-gone-worse, fucking around with the girl you know is trouble, and the age old theme; Getting Rich or Die Trying.

Most will relate, some will hate, but none will be able to deny the truth being told. On this upcoming EP, G-Taylor will set the stage for what’s to come on his full feature project, which will be releasing later this year. 


See some older projects from the early stages of development, watch the transformation from behind-the-scenes, to frontman.

Words by: Wes Jones

Exposing The Unexposed

House of Cards will lose creator Beau Willimon for fifth season

Netflix’s flagship original series House of Cards has lost creator Beau Willimon, who won’t return as showrunner for the series’ fifth season due out in 2017, according to reports from Deadline and The Hollywood Reporter. House of Cards’ fourth season is set to premiere on March 4th, and Netflix and production house MRC announced the fifth season renewal today alongside Willimon’s departure. There is no replacement yet for the screenwriter and Virginia native, who for the last five years has helped steer the adaptation of the British mini-series as it’s grown to become one of Netflix’s most critically acclaimed and award-winning properties.

“Netflix and MRC owe a tremendous debt of gratitude to Beau Willimon for his strong narrative vision for House of Cards over the show’s first four seasons,” both companies said in a joint statement. “As an Academy Award nominated writer, he made his first foray into television and built a riveting and critically acclaimed series, establishing his place in TV history. The producers, cast, and crew join us in wishing Beau the best in his next creative adventure.”

Willimon is said to be working on an original play

“I’m grateful to Netflix and MRC, my fellow executive producers, our two incandescent stars Kevin Spacey and Robin Wright, our talented writers, as well as the incredible cast and crew with whom I’ve had the privilege to work,” Willimon said in a statement. He didn’t disclose why he left the show, choosing only to say, “After five years and four seasons, it’s time for me to move on to new endeavors, but I’m supremely proud of what we’ve built together, wish the show much continued success, and leave it in the hands of a very capable team.”

According to The Hollywood Reporter, Willimon is said to be working on an original play. That wouldn’t be out of character considering Willimon graduated from Juilliard’s playwrights program, where he wrote a number of well-received plays that went to production. Unfortunately for House of Card fans, it’s unclear how Willimon’s departure will affect the direction of the series, which meandered quite a bit in season three and received lower marks from critics as a result.

Update at 7:35PM ET, Thursday, January 28th: Added statement from Beau Willimon.

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5 Tips for Navigating Group Writing

by Tanya Boucicaut

Brainstorming by Luigi Mengato courtesy of Flickr CC BY 4.0

When tasked to write a group paper, don’t fret! Here are some tips to assist your group process. These tips work best if implemented as soon as groups are assigned.

  1. Designate a group leader/facilitator and an editor. The group leader should be the liaison between the group and the professor. The editor ensures the assignment has the same voice.
  2. Create an outline or organizational plan to ensure the work is divided fairly.
  3. Create a planning schedule for meetings and deadlines.
  4. Use an online platform like Google Docs or Dropbox to turn in portions of your work.
  5. Create an agenda for your meetings outside of class and send it out before the meeting.

Remember: you can always schedule a consultation at the Writing Center for help with group papers.

Tanya Boucicaut is a native of Virginia Beach. She is an M.F.A Theatre student and a Focused Inquiry instructor. She is unapologetically a Drake fan.


The overlooked story of the #miners in the mountains of southern West Virginia – native #mountaineers, African #American migrants, and European immigrants – who came together in a protracted struggle for their rights and dignity.
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City of Wonder: Gifts of Wonder visits Jamestown, birthplace of the colonies

(Abbreviated version at G+, where I’ve been spending a lot of time lately. Because games. But it really fits better here.)

Jamestown, where it all began or where it all ended for you half-glass-empty folk. Playdom has paid homage to this iconic colonial settlement through Gifts of Wonder in City of Wonder.

Ha fucking ha.

I wasn’t really interested in playing City of Wonder anyway, but I thought my eyes were going to bug completely out of my head when a request for help building this just showed up in my game stream. (No thanks, having seen how well the first one worked out.)

Hrm, I guess you could describe it as “half-glass-empty”. If you’re a casually racist prick who can’t resist getting a gratuitous dig in. (ETA: and prone to phrasing things oddly.)

Relevance of the real deal, for those who did not grow up hearing about how wonderful it was, ad nauseam (with refugees from that area in the family, way back when): Opinion: The Jamestown invasion and genocide

Elizabeth II pontificated on the importance of Jamestown: “Three great civilizations came together for the first time – Western European, native American and African.”

That’s like saying Seung-Hui Cho “came together” with the professors and students at Virginia Tech.

Too good not to add, really. The microaggressions, they burn, no matter how many times one encounters them.

What’s next, goddamned Weyanoke?!

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Native American Sent into Slavery by Virginia Colonists, 1600s. Source.

5 Missy Elliott Songs That Prove She's the Queen of Hip-Hop

Hip-hop legend Missy Elliott made waves in 2015, shutting down the Super Bowl halftime performance with singer Katy Perry and producer Timbaland, and collaborating with rapper Pharrell Williams for her first single in years, “WTF (Where They From).” The Virginia native is heading into 2016 full speed ahead, and this has some wondering if fans can expect a new project from Elliott. 

“It’s coming,” longtime collaborator and producer Timbaland told Rolling Stone in 2014. “It’s on her. She got the first single, it’s just a matter of when she wants to do it. We got the hollow-tip bullet in the gun. We have the game-changer right there." 

Read more:
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Elliott appeared to confirm the new album to Billboard in November. "I want to say 2016 but I don’t want to give a time,” Eliott told Billboard. “Nowadays you say a time, they’ll stone you.” Elliott had made plans to release a new album in 2008, but the project was scrapped, Billboard reported. Her last solo album, The Cookbook, was released in 2005.

On Monday, Elliott took to Twitter to reminisce on her halftime performance from last year. “1 year later on this day I was @ the Super Bowl performing,” she tweeted. "I’m still humbled. Thank you.“ 

While we wait for new music, here are five of Missy’s best songs to remind you why she’s so great.

Source: Donald Traill/AP

"The Rain (Supa Dupa Fly)”

Source: Giphy

Misdemeanor started her legendary career with this track from her debut album Supa Dupa Fly in 1997. She teamed up with Timbaland and the song became one of VH1’s 100 Greatest Songs of the ‘90s. “The Rain (Supa Dupa Fly),” Elliott’s first single and music video, featured the entertainer in a large trash bag-esque outfit. Missy’s reason for wearing the trash bag was a middle finger to all of the critics who said she was too fat to be successful in the music industry, according to The Guardian.

“Lose Control”

Source: Giphy

Missy’s 2005 hit “Lose Control,” the first single from The Cookbook, featured singer Ciara and hype-man Fatman Scoop. The track peaked at No. 3 on the Billboard Hot 100 list in the U.S., and was top of the charts in several countries. 

“Everybody here get it out of control,” Missy rapped over the beat, telling listeners to dance. “Get your backs off the wall, cause Misdemeanor said so.” The music video was nominated for several MTV Video Music Awards, winning best hip hop video and best dance video. 

“Get Ur Freak On”

Source: Giphy

Missy teamed up with Timbaland to produce this track on her third studio album Miss E… So Addictive in 2001. Known for its Bhangra influence, a style of music and dance from India, the hit track peaked at No. 7 on the Billboard Hot 100 list. 

“Missy be puttin’ it down, I’m the hottest round,” the rapper says over the fast paced track. “I told y'all motherfucker, y'all can’t stop me now.” The track helped propel Missy’s third studio album to platinum.

“Work It”

Source: Giphy

This 2002 hit was another collaborative effort from Misdemeanor and Timbaland, on her studio album Under Construction. The song was ranked number 25 on Rolling Stone’s 100 Best Songs of the 2000s.

“Is it worth it, let me work it,” Missy raps. “Put my thing down, flip it and reverse it.” The song is best known for playing the lyrics on the chorus backwards, “put my thing down, flip it and reverse”, twice. “Work It” made it to No. 1 on the Billboard charts, making the track one of Elliott’s most well-received songs.

“Hot Boyz”

Source: Giphy

The 1999 track “Hot Boyz” was the biggest hit from Missy Elliott’s Da Real World album, and the remix of the song which features rappers Eve, Nas and Q-Tip, was at the top of the charts for six weeks in 2000. “Hot boyz, baby you got what I want,” Missy rapped over the chorus of the song. “See cause y'all be driving’ Jaguars, and the Bentley’s, and the Rolls Royce.”

Arterra Wines and Hawkmoth Arts Celebrate a Successful 1st Year!!

Arterra Wines and Hawkmoth Arts Celebrate a Successful 1st Year!!

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Arterra Winesand Hawkmoth Arts are celebrating a successful first year! This premier winery is highly focused on quality and craftsmanship. Arterra has surprised customers with its ability to produce big full bodied, full flavored reds, 100% grown and produced in Virginia with all NATIVE YEAST FERMENTATIONS. Hawkmoth Arts has been well received for its beautifully crafted highly original…

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Alfred Cralle was the first African-American in Pittsburgh to receive a patent for his invention, an ice cream mold, that was avaluable household article.

A native of Virginia, he was born in Lunenberg County on September 4, 1866, and educated in the common schools of the county.

Cralle later took advanced courses at Wayland Seminary in Washington, D.C. He worked with his father in the carpenter trade as a young man and became interested in mechanics, before attending the Seminary. Later, he settled in Pittsburgh where he served as a porter in Markell Brothers’ drug store and the St. Charles Hotel. He was named assistant manager when the Afro-American Financial, Accumulating, Merchandise and Business Association was organized.



The overlooked story of the miners in the mountains of southern West Virginia – native mountaineers, African American migrants, and European immigrants – who came together in a protracted struggle for their rights and dignity. 



First image:

‘This engraving is the only known portrait of Pocahontas rendered from life. During her stay in England, Dutch engraver Simon van de Passe captured her likeness and recorded that she, like the artist himself, was 21 years old. It was the first of many depictions of Pocahontas intended to demonstrate that a Native American could adopt the demeanor of a “civilized” European. The Virginia Company—backers of the Jamestown settlement—likely commissioned the engraving with this in mind, hoping to attract more colonists and investors.’ Source.

Second image:

“Pocahontas Unmasked” by Rose Powhatan (Pamunkey/Tauxenent).

National Signing Day 2016: Sean Mahone Is Officially A West Virginia Mountaineer

National Signing Day 2016: Sean Mahone Is Officially A West Virginia Mountaineer

The cornerback joins an inexperienced secondary with a chance to prove he belongs. Lakota West High School Cornerback Sean Mahone is now officially a West Virginia Mountaineer. The Ohio native signed with head coach Dana Holgorsen’s program after turning down opportunities to play in conferences such as the Big-10 and SEC.  Mahone will join a cornerback group at West Virginia that needs to find…

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Leah Messer: ‘Teen Mom 2’ Star Wins Shared Custody Of Twin Girls

Leah Messer: ‘Teen Mom 2’ Star Wins Shared Custody Of Twin Girls

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Talk about a positive turnaround. ‘Teen Mom 2’ star, Leah Messer, has regained shared custody of her twin daughters, Aliannah and Aleeah. It’s been a crazy year for the Virginia native, but things are finally turning around. Congrats! Leah Messer, 23, has been battling her ex-husband Corey Simms, 26, in court for what seems like a life time. On Oct. 7, he won primary custody of their twin…

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