CIA analysts were prepared to accept that in 1954-1958 Diem’s ‘intentions were good’ with regard to the Highlanders. But these intentions had been implemented halfheartedly at best. Diem’s government had actually 'accomplished little’ for the Highlanders. Government officials in the Central Highlands were, in general, very poorly prepared to work with the indigenous peoples. Educational programs favored Vietnamese settlers rather than the indigenous population, and while ethnic Vietnamese expanded their land-holdings, talk of giving Highlanders definite titles to good-quality land suitable for wet-rice agriculture remained just that–talk. Government influence over most Highlanders was extremely limited. Road building was hindered by a lack of funds, so much of the region remained physically inaccessible to government officials who were not prepared to trek long distances on foot. More important, few officials were trained or motivated to cross the cultural barrier and gain the trust of the Highlanders. The result was increasing hostility to Diem’s government. By the end of 1958: 'Four years after the Saigon government came to power it was… faced with growing unrest among the tribal groups and subversion of these groups by the Viet Cong. Since the government had found itself incapable of implementing a political civic action program it resorted to a military program and oppressive action to control the Highlanders which further aggravated the situation.’ Although the Communist Party already had dedicated cadres working among the Highland tribes, violence sometimes broke out between Highlanders and the government without Communist instigation and long before the Communist leadership thought the time was ripe for a serious armed struggle.
Attention: Plagiarizing

Over the last few years of running this blog I have encountered a number of instances of people reposting the photographs and captions from this blog and refusing to credit either here (where I usually have the original source linked to the post) or to the original source. This is plagiarism.

I do not claim any rights to the photographs I post, nor will I ever do so. However I put a lot of work into finding the content I post here. I find it disrespectful to myself, and to the men and woman who captured those moments in time for us to see now so many years later, when no appropriate credit is given. I find it even more disrespectful and downright rude the responses I have gotten to polite requests to give credit where credit is due.

My goal in running this blog has always been education. I am glad that these images are reaching wider audiences. But there are those not giving credit, and indeed assuming it, for the work done and that is wrong.

Please, if you want to repost historic photographs you find on the internet, give credit to the original source whenever possible. It is often not a difficult task. To avoid giving credit is to disrespect the history of that image, the people depicted in it, and the person who took the picture.

anonymous asked:

What are some Vietnam war films you'd recommend

We Were Soldiers and Born on the Fourth of July, for sure, along with Rescue Dawn

This was actually asked a few months ago, prompting a list of other Vietnam movies to be compiled through follower contributions. Here’s the list:

  • Full Metal Jacket
  • Apocalypse Now
  • Rescue Dawn
  • The Deer Hunter
  • Hamburger Hill
  • Platoon
  • The Green Berets
  • The Siege of Firebase Gloria
  • The Hanoi Hilton
  • Good Morning, Vietnam
  • Tigerland
  • Go Tell the Spartans
  • China Beach (TV show)
  • Tour of Duty (TV show)
  • Battlefield Vietnam (documentary)
  • Vietnam in HD (documentary)

anonymous asked:

'Veterans' You mean murdering cowards, travelling 9000 miles to murder & rape an innocent ppl. You mindless, fucking moron.

Actually I believe a coward to be someone too afraid to put their face to their name when making accusations like these.

Japan at the turn of the twentieth century was a magnet for youthful reformers from all over Asia. They studied engineering, finance, and the other modernizing skills that Japan had put to use in building a powerful state after 1868. Japan’s unexpected victory over tsarist Russia in 1904-1905 churned up nationalist feelings throughout Asia, particularly among the future Chinese revolutionaries then living in Tokyo and Yokohama. About 200 Vietnamese were also in Japan during 1905-1908, including the monarchic reformer Phan Boi Chau, who hoped that independence and prosperity could happen in Vietnam without a revolution. Fearing subversion, the French colonial administrators crushed a series of free schools set up in 1907 by Vietnamese who had returned from studies in Japan to teach science, languages, political economy, and Vietnamese culture. France tightened its rule after weathering large Vietnamese demonstrations in March 1908, and it also persuaded the Japanese to cancel the residence permits of the Vietnamese still in Japan that spring. Tokyo’s new impulses toward empire, fed by success in the Russo-Japanese War, had just been confirmed in the Franco-Japanese agreement of 1907 to respect each other’s spheres in East Asia. In this fashion the young Vietnamese nationalists, so recently inspired by Japanese modernization, became victims of its growing imperialist dreams.
—  Fire Across the Sea: The Vietnam War and Japan 1965-1975 by Thomas RH Havens, page 14.
In the second half of the nineteenth century Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia all fell under French rule, and the Nguyen Dynasty’s emperors became no more than puppets of the French. The French conquest began under Napoleon III, whose forces captured Saigon in 1859. By 1867 the French had taken control of the whole of Cochin China, roughly the southern third of Vietnam. They also secured a protectorate over Cambodia. The French conquest of Vietnam was completed under the Third Republic, after the fall of Napoleon III’s Second Empire during the Franco-German War of 1870-1871. In 1883 France used military force to get Emperor Tu Duc to accept a protectorate over the rest of Vietnam. In 1893 the French rounded off their empire in Indochina by establishing a protectorate over Laos. Although Cochin China was technically a colony and the rest of Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos were protectorates, the French endeavored to establish a fairly unified administrative system throughout the area they ruled.
Let’s Talk Books (9/?)

Women in Vietnam

Scholars have been sparse in their study of women during the Vietnam War. Their writings on the service of women becomes even more scarce, and downright nonexistent, when other minority aspects, like race, are factored into the equation. This makes it all the more necessary to read those works available to the public (published books rather than dissertations or articles in scholarly journals), applaud what has received deserved attention, and ask questions where gaps exist. The following books examine the role of women who served in different capacities in Vietnam.

  • Beyond Combat: Women and Gender in the Vietnam War Era by Heather Marie Stur - (Cambridge University Press, 2011) It is not only the sharing of women’s experiences in Vietnam that must occur, but the study of their roles within the war from varied angles. Stur provides this insight by studying not only the jobs performed by women, but what was expected of them in terms of their gender. 
  • Officer, Nurse, Woman: The Army Nurse Corps in the Vietnam War by Kara Dixon Vuic - (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010) The main focus of Vuic’s work is to examine the effects of the “cultural climate of the era” on the Army Nursing Corps. The Army, and individual soldiers, sought to exploit the ideas of traditional feminine gender roles, even as nurses meaningfully expanded their medical experiences. Vuic utilizes official records along with interviews conducted with nurses.
  • Women at War: The Story of Fifty Military Nurses Who Served in Vietnam by Elizabeth Norman - (University of Pennsylvania Press, 1990) A result of her doctoral dissertation, Norman interviewed 50 military nurses in 1983-84 and from those interviews highlighted the common threads in their experiences. She also highlights common themes between female and male service members, and between experiences in Vietnam with earlier wars.
Today we had another mass cal [casualty]… I worked in post-op tonight and found out it was a convoy that was attacked. My patients saw what they thought were ARVN soldiers standing by the side of the road but when they came upon them, they opened fire. They said the VC were crawling everywhere. That’s the way it is over here. You just don’t know who or where your enemies are. We lost one in the OR but the rest are doing okay.
           But would you believe after what they went through we had two red alerts tonight. Put mattresses on those we couldn’t move and got the others on the floor under the beds. No peace. No sleep.
           Know you’ll remember all these men in your prayers.

Capt. Bobbie (MacLean) Fry in a letter home to her parents dated 21 May 1967. She served in the Army Nurse Corps, and the events above occurred when she was stationed with the 7th Surgical Hospital at Black Horse Base Camp, 11th Armored Cavalry.

Source: Letters from Vietnam edited by Bill Adler

Even in the early 1960s, when guerrilla warfare was the norm, highly placed Vietnamese on both sides realized that the fighting in the Highlands would eventually assume a more high-intensity, ‘conventional’ nature. To the Communist high command, the rugged terrain and dense vegetation of the Central Highlands offered the best chance of ambushing and annihilating major units of the South Vietnamese armed forces and of drawing in and destroying their strategic reserves. When large American units arrived in South Vietnam, the Central Highlands seemed to be the most suitable place to engage them, too. Both sides seemed to sense from an early stage in the war, moreover, that control of the high ground looming over South Vietnam’s narrow coastal plain might ultimately prove decisive.
The reparations system provided the main frame for commerce with South Vietnam. Between the end of World War II and the early 1970s, Japan was relatively uninterested in acquiring resources from the south but very eager to open new markets there. In 1961, the peak year before the Vietnam War escalated, Japan sold goods worth $65.7 million to South Vietnam (and bought products valued at just $2.8 million). The Japanese also joined the Mekong River project, founded in 1957 by the Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East under the direction of the United Nations, to build dams, generate electricity, and control irrigation. By 1967 Japan was the third largest contributor. In 1964 Japan began building sugar mills in South Vietnam capable of giving the glutted world market an additional 150 tons per day, but all such Japanese projects and investments soon ran head-on into the chaos of warfare. By 1963 Japan’s exports to South Vietnam were barely half their level two years earlier; some of the dams and many of the factories started by the Japanese are still unbuilt.

Fire Across the Sea: The Vietnam War and Japan 1965-1975 by Thomas RH Havens, published 1987. Quote on page 18.

Following WWII, France insisted upon reparations from Japan to be paid to the government in Saigon. The amount settled upon equaled $55.6 million, and was paid in full by 11 January 1965.

Diem’s policy toward the indigenous Highlanders, at least in the beginning, was not consciously harsh or exploitative. Rather, it was paternalistic and assimilatory. Diem’s government wanted the Highlanders to improve their agricultural methods, take and active part in the economic development of their region, and participate in his government’s administrative apparatus there. He wanted them to drop their traditional way of life (by Vietnamese standards, primitive and inferior) and become civilized. Ultimately he wanted them to abandon their separate tribal identities and to become culturally Vietnamese.

Happy New Year
All of you are awesome people and I extend my wishes to yall for a great new year and hope it treats ya well and if it don’t, fucking make it. As for the various porn blogs I’m pretty sure most of yall followed me to get followed back on that note fuck you all of you greedy little shits.

Thank you, veterans

As it is Veterans Day here in the United States, I would like to extend a thank you to any veteran following the postings of this blog.

For your service, whether during war or peace, as active duty or reservist, as infantry on the front lines or support in the rear, as volunteer or draftee, thank you. Every branch serves its part, and you all have done your part in serving this nation. 

To those that were part of the war that is this blog’s focus, I only hope that I do justice to your service and your memories.

Thank you.

sunnycryssy  asked:

Hey, could you sum up why the Vietnam war started? I'm Vietnamese and never really understood the war. This might sound like a stupid question.

It’s not a stupid question at all. As with most wars, there is a long backstory to its beginning that is not always easily understood.

The most basic summary is this:
To prevent the spread of communism. The United States originally backed France as its ally while France tried to retain control of its Vietnamese colony. After French defeat, the US took steps towards a more active role in the region. Various events, most notably the Gulf of Tonkin Incident, and following resolution, led to the involvement of US combat troops on the ground in Vietnam.

A more fleshed out (though by no means complete) summary is this:
French missionaries came to the area that would become known as Vietnam and, as many European countries did while exploring the world, began to spread and push their influence on the local people. France ultimately colonized Vietnam along with other parts of Indochina. During WWII, Japan conquered the colony however and while they allowed the local French government officials to remain, the colony was subject to a Japanese military presence. Many Vietnamese were unhappy with both of these larger powers’ occupation of their country and there was a growing independence movement.

The Viet Minh (a sort of pre-cursor to the Viet Cong) occupied Hanoi following the surrender of Japan and the end of WWII, but France did not want to lose her colony and the assets it provided. Fighting broke out in 1946 and thus began the First Indochina War.

Where does the United States come into play? Well Ho Chi Minh asked President Harry Truman for help in the matter of Vietnamese independence, but received no aid. The US did not want to upset its longtime ally of France, and gave monetary aid as France fought in Southeast Asia. This aid escalated, with the US also playing a role in back room politics and schemes. 

In 1954 the Geneva Accords were signed and elections were supposed to be held two years later that would officially reunite the country. They never happened. President Dwight Eisenhower, among others, was concerned about the spread of communism, and so aid continued to increase during his presidency. Advisers were sent to help train the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (more commonly known as South Vietnam) to fight the communist forces. The number of advisers continued to increase, doing so rather drastically under President John F Kennedy. 

Following the events occurring the first week of August 1964 in the Gulf of Tonkin, the US no longer felt that the communist threat in Vietnam could be dealt with using the more indirect methods it had been employing thus far. Combat troops were authorized and first landed in March 1965. The last combat troops would not leave until March 1973.

daedalus1776  asked:

You wouldn't happen to have anything on the (and I might have the number wrong) 120th Transportation Company stationed in Cu Chi, Vietnam in 1968, would you? My dad was a Supply Sergeant with them.

I’m not sure I have any links already saved, but I’ll have a look around.

If you could just shoot me another message in a couple of weeks to check back if I haven’t gotten to you, that would be great. I’m recovering from surgery right now and will not be very active here for a little while longer.