this day in 1968, during the Vietnam War, between 350 and 500 Vietnamese
villagers were massacred by American troops. The soldiers of the
‘Charlie’ Company killed and mutilated hundreds of unarmed civilians,
many of whom were women and children. The massacre took place in the
hamlets of My Lai and My Khe of Son My village, and was supposedly due to
the belief that enemy soldiers were hiding in the area. The incident
was initially downplayed by the army, with General Westmoreland congratulating the
unit on their “outstanding job”. However, once the true nature of the horrific masacre was revealed, it
sparked outrage both in the United States and around the world. The brutality of My Lai was a major
factor in increasing domestic opposition to the Vietnam War, with mounting protests putting pressure on the government to end what many saw as a futile war. 26 US
soldiers were charged for their involvement in the incident, but only one - William Calley - was convicted and found guilty. Calley was given a life sentence for killing 22 villagers, but only served 3 and a half years under house
arrest; he made his first public apology in August 2009.
Honor Flight brings vets to “Remembering Vietnam” at National Archives
Edward C. Brandol, a Vietnam Veteran, talks with Curator, Alice Kamps, during the public opening of the National Archives’ “Remembering Vietnam” exhibit. Brandol and a large group of Vietnam Veterans hosted by Utah Honor Flight travelled to Washington, DC to be the first group of its kind to see the exhibit.
“Remembering Vietnam” explores 12 critical episodes in the Vietnam War. It seeks to answer questions about this period in American history such as “Why did the U.S. become involved in Vietnam?”, “Why was the war so long?”, and “Why was it so controversial?”
It is important to answer these questions. The sacrifices made by veterans and their families, the magnitude of death and destruction, and the war’s lasting effects require no less.
“Remembering Vietnam” is a resource for refreshing our collective memory. Iconic and recently discovered National Archives records trace the policies and decisions made by the architects of the conflict. Its collection of evidence provides an opportunity for new insight and greater understanding of one of the most consequential wars in American History.
“Remembering Vietnam,” which opened today, will be on exhibit until January 9, 2019.
Today marks the opening of the National Archives’ new exhibit, “Remembering Vietnam.” Archivist of the United States David S. Ferriero, a Vietnam veteran himself, was a driving force behind the exhibit. In this photo, HM2 Ferriero stands outside his bunker at First Medical Battalion, Danang, Vietnam, 1970.
this day in 1969, the newly married John Lennon and Yoko Oko began
their first ‘bed-in’ to promote world peace during the Vietnam War at
the Amsterdam Hilton Hotel.
Lennon was one of the founding members of possibly the most
successful band in history: the Beatles. John Lennon, Paul McCartney,
George Harrison and Ringo Starr achieved worldwide fame and critical
acclaim for their music. Lennon was the man behind Beatles hits such as
‘All You Need is Love’, ‘Strawberry Fields Forever’, and ‘Lucy in the
Sky with Diamonds’. After the band broke up in 1970, Lennon had a
successful solo career, releasing iconic songs like ‘Imagine’ and
‘Instant Karma!’. In his later years Lennon, along with his second wife
Yoko Ono, became peace activists, especially in their opposition to
America’s involvement with the Vietnam War.
The most famous expression of their activism came with the Amsterdam ‘bed-in’, and the couple remained in the bed until March
31st, allowing press into their presidential suite in order to
publicise their efforts. John and Yoko’s second ‘bed-in’ took place in
May in Montreal, where they and others recorded the song ‘Give Peace a
Chance’. The ‘bed-in’ has since become an iconic moment in both Lennon’s life and the increasing opposition to America’s involvement in Vietnam, and has been commemorated and
copied by later advocates of world peace.
so here’s the video of twice at the airport in vietnam today,you can see its a whole damn mess and everyone better square the fuck up.saying “its not that bad” is?? horrible?? no-one fucking likes being touched and grabbed at by strangers so yall need to stfu.
On this day in 1971, the New York Times began publication of the Pentagon Papers, a series of Defense Department documents which revealed secrets about US involvement in Vietnam. They contained a history of America’s involvement in Vietnam from 1945 to 1967, revealing the questionable activities of several Presidents. Daniel Ellsberg, a military analyst, leaked the documents to the New York Times when he became disaffected with the war in Vietnam. President Nixon challenged the newspaper’s right to publish the documents, but the Supreme Court ruled in New York Times v. United States that the papers could be published. Nixon continued in his efforts to fight the release, and had his team of ‘plumbers’ attempt to 'plug the leaks’, who eventually broke into Ellsberg’s psychiatrist’s office in an attempt to discredit him. Many of these men would go on to form the Committee to Re-Elect the President, whose illegal break in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters in the Watergate complex unraveled the Nixon presidency and led to his resignation. The release of the Pentagon Papers also had a more immediate impact, with revelations about the secret campaigns of the Johnson administration with its bombing of Cambodia and Laos especially outraging the public and contributing to the powerful anti-war movement within the United States.
By day and night they lived, ate, slept, marched together through the boring hours and the terrifying moments of war. When that bond was broken, by death in combat, it was traumatic. Look at the tears on the faces of middle-aged men standing before a particular panel of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial today, staring at one special name. They weep for someone who was closer than a brother, someone who helped them keep watch through the darkest nights, someone who may have stopped the bullet or the grenade that was meant for them. They weep for someone who was, for a few terrible months, the difference between life and death for them; someone who could never be replaced in their lives, and never was.
Secretary Clinton supported virtually every one of these disastrous trade agreements, written by corporate America. NAFTA, supported by the Secretary, cost us 800,000 jobs nation-wide, tens of thousands of jobs in the Midwest. […] I was on a picket-line in the early 1990s against NAFTA because you didn’t need a PhD in economics to understand that American workers should not be forced to compete against people in Mexico, making 25 cents an hour. And the reason that I was one of the first, not one of the last, to be in opposition to the TPP is that American workers should not be forced to compete against people in Vietnam today making a minimum wage of 65 cents an hour. Look, what we have gotta do is tell corporate America that they cannot continue to shut down. We’ve lost 60,000 factories since 2001. They’re going to start having to, if I’m President, invest in this country, not in China, not in Mexico.
years ago this afternoon, 33-year-old Gary Gordon (left) and
35-year-old Randy Shughart (right), both members of the Army’s 1st
Special Forces Operational Detachment Delta, were providing air cover
for Rangers in Operation Gothic Serpent in Mogadishu when a fellow
Blackhawk helicopter was shot down. Gordon requested to be landed at the
crash site to provide cover for the crew, but was denied permission.
Seeing the hostile Somali crowds converging on the downed Blackhawk, he
pressed his request until finally granted permission. Gordon and
Shughart, armed each with only his own rifle and pistol, were dropped
off at the crash site, and found pilot Michael Durant alive. There they
formed a perimeter around him hoping for rescue that never came. Both
men exhausted their ammunition and were killed saving Durant, who was
taken alive as prisoner. Both men were posthumously awarded the Medal of
Honor, the first ones awarded for action since Vietnam. Remember them
this day in 1901, the future South Vietnamese President Ngô Ðình Diệm
was born in Quang Binh. Born to a staunchly Catholic noble family, his eminent ancestry secured him a spot in the imperial ministry. However, he left politics due to frustrations with French colonial rule, and went into self-imposed exile for many years, during which time he travelled to the United States. Diệm returned in 1954 to lead the government of the newly independent Vietnam, and, after defeating the emperor in a referendum in which his supporters intimidated voters, made himself the sole president of South Vietnam. He quickly established an autocratic rule, flouting requirements for free elections in 1956 and imprisoning dissenters. Diệm was fiercely opposed to the communist control of North Vietnam, and
therefore received military and economic support from the United States, who feared the fall of Vietnam to communism would lead to a ‘domino effect’ in the region.
The Catholic Diệm pursued an aggressive
policy towards the Buddhist majority in South Vietnam, which led to a high level of
protests in Vietnam and defections to communism. These protests included self-immolation by Buddhist
monks, captured by Malcom Browne in one
of the most iconic images of the twentieth century - the self-immolation of
Thich Quang Duc. The United States withdrew their support for
South Vietnam amid the protests, and, in November 1963, Diệm was assassinated
in a military coup. In 1964, after the Tonkin Gulf
Incident, the United States became fully engaged in the war effort
against Ho Chi Minh’s communist forces, thus beginning America’s involvement in
the Vietnam War. Diệm was a major force in Vietnamese politics during the troubled years after independence, and his brutal suppression of his own people exacerbated the tensions which erupted in one of the major wars of the twentieth century.
Did a mindmap on impact of French rule in Vietnam today as a revision for my history test!!! [also this is what I get for forgetting to plan, having to squeeze everything together at the end] super nervous for this and good luck to myself!!!!
First appearing in 1926, the Degtyaryov was the Soviet Union’s most common light machine gun, comparable in doctrine and usage to the American Browning Automatic Rifle, British Bren Gun, or Italian Breda 30. Firing the 7.62x54mmR cartridge, it was invented by Vasily Degtyaryov and first appeared in the form of the DP-26, which was simplified for mass production purposes and adopted as the DP-28. The DP-28 was known as a highly reliable machine gun, even going through a torture test where it was buried in sand, afterwards firing 500 rounds before jamming. Firing 550 rounds per minute, it also had few problems with overheating.
While the gun itself was mechanically sound, the accessories that went with it were not. The biggest complaint was that the bipod it was often equipped with was fragile and cheaply produced, commonly bending or breaking in battle. In addition, its 47 round pan magazine was likewise fragile. Despite these flaws the DP-28 was an effective light machine gun. Most importantly, they were very plentiful, with around 795,000 being produced, mostly during World War II.
The DP-28 was used in the Winter War against Finland, with many being captured and used by the Finnish Army. After World War II it continued to be issued, supplemented by the RPD machine gun in the 1950’s, finally being phased out and replaced by the PK machine gun in the 1960’s. Numerous thousands were also exported to com bloc nations. Many were used in the Korean War and Vietnam. Today, it is not uncommon for them to be found on modern battlefields in Ukraine, Syria, and parts of Africa.
September 2nd 1945: Vietnamese Proclamation of Independence
On this day in 1945 the Vietnamese Proclamation of Independence was issued. The Proclamation, written by communist revolutionary Ho Chi Minh, was first announced in public at the Ba Đình flower garden in Hanoi. Vietnam had been a colony of France since the 19th century, but revolutionary forces were able to take hold following the occupation of the country by the Japanese during World War Two. The Proclamation itself began with a direct quote from the US Declaration of Independence and liberally quoted from French revolutionary texts to highlight the hypocrisy of brutal and repressive French imperialism. The Communists’ Proclamation made no reference to Marx or Lenin but despite its praise of the American Founding Fathers and attempts to appeal to them, the Cold War driven United States was determined to destroy this new communist state. The US therefore supported France in their attempt to reassert control in the ensuing Indochina War. However the French were no match for Ho Chi Minh’s well-organised guerilla forces, and suffered humiliating defeat at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu in 1954. The war ended with the Geneva Accords which divided Vietnam along the 17th parallel into a communist North and Western-friendly South. After years of struggle and unrest between the two, and the steadily increasing presence of US advisers, full scale war broke out and by 1965 the US had decidedly entered the conflict on the side of the South. The Americans underestimated the determination of the North Vietnamese and eventually withdrew from the war that had killed millions of people. Shortly after in April 1975, thirty years after the initial proclamation of independence, Saigon fell to the communists and Vietnam was reunited as an independent communist state.
“Vietnam has the right to be a free and independent country—and in fact it is so already. And thus the entire Vietnamese people are determined to mobilize all their physical and mental strength, to sacrifice their lives and property in order to safeguard their independence and liberty”
- excerpt from Vietnamese Proclamation of Independence