A dog with multiple retained deciduous (baby) teeth - including HORIZONTAL premolars on both sides! The other teeth were, as normal, oriented vertically. But this dog’s mouth was so odd that the premolars that should have fallen out at 4 months were still there at 3 years – and horizontal!!! I’ve never seen anything like it. You can also spot baby canine teeth at the front of the mouth. All extra teeth were extracted.

If your dog has adult teeth, but you can still see baby teeth present (tip: 2 teeth in one location? Not normal!) then they must be removed to prevent crowding of the adult teeth, fracture and infection of the baby teeth, and increased risk of periodontal disease at that location.

Took this wire off the leg of a horse yesterday. Still not sure how she got it wrapped all the way around, but it was impressive. Pretty sure she probably fell and rolled and twisted it onto her leg after running through it. Had to cut it to get it off.

I’ll try and get pictures tomorrow of the leg itself cause it’s a pretty deep laceration all the way around. There is possible extensor damage as she has trouble pulling her toe forward. But all the tendons in the back appear to be intact.

She’s on IV antibiotics and pain meds. Changing a wet to dry bandage daily until she goes home when I feel appropriate.


Welcome to JTV Pokecenter! Please ensure your pokemon are in a carrier, on a leash, or in their pokeballs at all times. Thank you!

Your friendly neighbourhood veterinary clinic is probably the closest thing in real life to a pokemon center, eh? So here are some pics of a few of my patients re-imagined as pokemon. I’ve been meaning to do a mashup like this for a while, but now seems a particularly relevant time.

(And if you ever visit our little clinic with your real life critters, I’ll check out your pokemon as well for free! ;) )

Marijuana Toxicity in Pets.

This shouldn’t be a contentious issue, but in my newbie days blogging as a vet student, I once plainly stated that marijuana is considered toxic to dogs, and you shouldn’t give it to your pets. 

Surprisingly, I was promptly inundated with comments and messages from various cannabis enthusiasts calling me all sorts of things along a conservative right wing agenda (ha!) for daring to say that nobody should be deliberately trying to get their dog or cat stoned. These people also accused me of having a bias against cannabis for calling it ‘toxic’. Though it is the dose that makes the poison, marijuana is considered toxic to dogs and cats. So is chocolate, and panadol (acetaminophen) is highly toxic to cats, but nobody accused me of being politically opposed to those substances. 

Marijuana is toxic to dogs and cats. The veterinarian treating your pet, however, doesn’t give a damn how the animal became exposed to it, and only wants to treat your pet. That includes inducing vomiting if the drug was eaten. Yes, despite marijuana’s touted anti-nausea effects we can still make intoxicated pets vomit, it only renders apomorphine less effective. We have other ways. 

We’re also very interested in whether the pet ingested any chocolate to go along with that mull. As a profession with have no interest in your personal liberties, only the welfare and treatment of that pet. It may be that whatever your pet has eaten alongside or subsequent to the marijuana toxicity could be a bigger problem than the marijuana itself, because frankly they will eat lots of stupid things. Don’t lie to your vets. 

Animals progressing to tremors and seizures from marijuana will require hospitalization and sedation. This is potentially as serious as chocolate toxicity. 

“But wait!” you may cry. “It’s cannabis good for seizures?”

Well, that’s complicated. Marijuana is what pharmacologists may refer to as a ‘dirty drug’. That means it contains lots of different compounds which all do different things. Cannabidiol compounds appear to be responsible for the anti-seizure effect, and there are more than a hundred variants of those. The combination of cannabidiols and THC in the particular strain that the pet accidentally got into will vary, because there’s no labeling or really any quality control. It varies from plant to plant, from strain to strain, and even the conditions the plant was grown in. This makes marijuana plants currently useless in veterinary medicine, as we can’t prescribe accurate doses, and it’s still firmly on the toxic list, next to chocolate. 

Affected animals, in addition to tremors, seizures, urinary incontinence and vomiting, often display behavior changes which could be attributed to paranoia, anxiety or possibly even hallucination. 

Herein we find my primary problem with people that deliberately try to get their pets stoned. Some do it because it’s funny. Some do it because they think the pet ‘likes it’ when really the pet probably just likes being near people. Animals do not have a concept of ‘future’ like we do, and they attribute consequences to only very recent actions. It takes a fair amount of thinking to realize that what you’ve just eaten, or inhaled, it causing all these strange sensations in your brain. Pets don’t understand this, and become distressed. They also can’t consent to this. 

Think of dogs and cats as having approximately the same mental capacity as a 2 year old child. You wouldn’t deliberately attempt to get the child stoned, nor should you inflict it upon a pet. If for no other reason, you simply cannot explain to the pet what’s going on, or why you’ve done it to them. 

There is no good reason to give your pets marijuana. Whether you think it’s funny, whether you think the pet wants it, or whether you read on some forum that it’s good for treating ‘X’, the effects are to unpredictable. The side effects are too risky, and the distress you can cause your pet who doesn’t understand what’s going on is simply going to be cruel. 

There are a whole bunch of things in this world that are fine for humans, but not our pets: alcohol, chocolate, coffee, onions and certain medications. Add marijuana to that list. 

“How should we market these scalpel blades?”
“You can’t go wrong with a giant floating, glowing blade of doom.”
“True. How’s this look?”
“Fantastic. But people need to know they’re for veterinarians. These ain’t no human blades.”
“So we’d better put animals on the box, too.”
“Should they be screaming? I really think they should be screaming.”
“Of course. Perfect.”


A follow-up to New Graduate Problems, which I published in Nov ‘13. Which means I’ve been doing this crazy job full-time now for an entire year.

People often comment and say, 'it must be hard being a vet, having to put down all those animals’, and it certainly is. But, after having a particularly harrowing week, I thought I’d highlight a few of the other day-to-day difficulties faced by the vet crew that you might not have thought about.

Please, be kind to your vets and vet nurses. :)

Single most important thing for a veterinarian to remember about the species they are treating

As vets we have to retain an awful lot of knowledge about a bunch of different species in our brain, but I could only impart one factoid onto a new vet for each species, these would be it.

Dog: Everything that can go wrong will go wrong, in a German Shepherd

Cat: Species most likely to send you to the hospital.

Horse: Species most likely to send you to the morgue.

Cattle:  Hygiene and lube.

Sheep: Not little cows!

Goats: Not funny sheep!

Deer: Don’t. Just shoot them.

Birds: No diaphragm, if you squeeze them they will die.

Raptors(eg eagles) : Much easier to handle with a sock over their head.

Chickens: If it’s egg bound there is no such thing as too much lube.

Water birds: Projectile feces. Aim with care.

Rabbits:  Drug sensitivities

Guinea Pigs: Lethal penicillin

Rats & Mice: It’s going to be a tumor.

Snakes: Don’t leave them in a cage. They get out.

Lizards: 90% of the time it’s a husbandry problem

Aussie mammals: Don’t wrestle wombats, you can’t win.

Fish: You can MacGuyver an anesthetic rig from two buckets, some tubing, a straw, a clean cat litter tray and some alfaxan. Do not use electro-cautery on a wet fish.

Ferrets: Most of their problems are from the same area; the kidneys, adrenals and ovaries seem to be part of a club to cause havoc for this species.

Pigs: Wear ear muffs, because they scream like you wouldn’t believe, and remember that they’re bred for meat, which is muscle and they know how to use it.

This is not an attempt to condense veterinary medicine into a few dozen sentences. But if you can only remember one thing, make it a useful one.

Please don’t let your dog’s teeth become this nightmare! This patient was euthanized for many problems, but one of them was the end-stage dental disease. Brushings and professional cleaning (with extractions or endodontics as needed) can help prevent this!

This tooth has THREE roots; if it’s this loose, consider how much bone loss must have occurred around each root.

Veterinarians aren’t greedy; they make less than most pharmacists, almost all human physicians and almost all dentists. Their hourly rate is lower than your plumber’s. They went to school for half their adult life not because they want to be rich, but because they care about your pets.

Liane Ehrich, Vet Tech, for the



Aquariumstuck drawings based from an rp. It was one of the most enjoyable group chats I’ve ever come across



There were actually a lot more interesting characters but I forgot what they looked like OTL 

You can take your 'Natural' Flea Remedies...

… And shove them somewhere dark and anatomical.

You sit comfortably behind your computer screen, far from suffering, possibly never even seeing a flea, either because you never looked or because they were never there in the first place, and proudly tell people that vets are just in it for the money, so you should treat fleas with olive oil / garlic / diatomaceous earth / apple cider vinegar / wishful thinking instead.

You’re not here in the real world trying to comfort an old, desperate woman who took your advice and is paying the price.

Her old cat is being put to sleep because of massive flea burden causing an iron deficiency anaemia, with a PCV of 11% (lost 70% of her blood cells to these parasites). She could have afforded real flea treatments that work, but she certainly can’t afford the blood transfusion, oxygen therapy and intensive care her cat requires.

You’re not here as I put her cat to sleep, resting on her tear soaked chest, coat greasy with olive oil, stinking of garlic and lavender.

You don’t see the consequences of these unchecked parasites, which you probably only ever thought of as a dirty annoyance.

But I am here.

I am here comforting this woman while bad internet advice killed her cat with a completely preventable condition.

So to those promoting ‘natural’ parasite control, whether it’s because you like to feel clever, or always wanted to be a vet but didn’t get to be one, I’d just like you to know one more thing.

Death by parasite is completely 'natural’ too.

Things that should not need to be said in a veterinary clinic, but actually are.

“One tablet twice a day is not the same as giving two tablets once a day.”

“Feed your dog cooked chicken and cooked rice. The chicken should have no skin, no fat, no butter, no seasoning and should not be K.F.C.”

“I do not believe you have no room in your car to take this A5 sheet of specific home care instructions with you.”

“It is not recommended to breed these cats together because they are brother and sister.”

“Even if your dog looks fine, if it just ate rat poison it needs to come to the clinic right now.”

“No, you probably can’t throw the tablets into your cat’s bowl of food and expect her to just eat it.”

“Given that you’ve just said the bone of his tail is broken and sticking out through the skin, I think you will find that your dog is, actually, in pain.”

Things you need to hear as a Vet (Student)

This crap is hard. Don’t forget your goal and if you ever do forget it, forget it in the presence of wine and friends and snacks. Then the next morning, think about how all this knowledge isn’t only going to be helping you ace your exams, think about how it will enable you to make the best decisions for your future patients.

It’s impossible to know everything although you will feel like you should. Whether or not you try, at least know when to stop jamming in more knowledge and learn to prioritise. Somethings aren’t worth losing other things over. Don’t feel bad when you don’t know the answer to an obscure question. This profession will never stop teaching you things.

This is not glamorous and things will get messy and hard. That’s okay. Throw your scrubs in the wash after those anal glands expression and a good long shower to get all the mud out of your hair when you were wrestling cows. Then get into the sofa and get your book and study on. 

Cry in the bathroom if you must. Don’t do it in front of clients or teachers. You can do it.

Stay humble and don’t get overly confident - mistakes will happen. Know what you know and what you don’t know. Be eager to learn.

Enjoy this. That feeling you get when you see people cuddle their pets when they get them back after surgery, or that relief that they’ll have their animal a little while longer and it was just a scare. Be grateful for people coming to you with their pets because they care.

It’s okay to not know why you would ever want to be a vet while you’re trying to jam in over 1000 pages on anatomy or pharmacology. It’s okay to hate vet school. It’s okay to have days where you hate being a vet. But that thing right there? Inside you, somewhere halfway your spine that is pushing you forward? Keep that and nurture it. It’s you caring. Caring about the profession, about the animals, about the clients. It’s caring about being a good person and of feeling that the best way for you to do that here, on this clump of dirt, is to be a vet.