Belchite is a village in Zaragoza province, Spain, about 40 km southeast of Zaragoza. It has a population of about 1,647 (2007).
On June 15, 1809, French and Spanish forces in the Peninsular War fought the Battle of María near Belchite.
Between August 24 and September 7, 1937, Republican and Nationalist forces in the Spanish Civil War fought the Battle of Belchite in and around the town. After 1939 a new village of Belchite was built adjacent to the ruins of the old, which remain a ghost town as a memorial to the war.
The remains of the old village have been used as filming locations in films including Terry Gilliam’s 1988 film The Adventures of Baron Munchausen and Guillermo Del Toro’s Pan’s Labyrinth.
More info: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belchite