GERMANY. Nordhausen. April 1945. Mittelbau-Dora concentration camp. A series of posts for all the Nazi apologists and Holocaust revisionists/negationists. [Part 1 of 5]
(1) (2) (3) Hundreds of bodies clad in grey and white striped prison uniforms are laid out in rows at Mittelbau-Dora concentration camp. This is what US troops found after they took control of the camp.
A Polish boy and his father bury the corpse of the boy’s grandmother who died at Nordhausen.
(6) National Archives description: “These two staring, emaciated men are liberated inmates of Lager Nordhausen, a Gestapo concentration camp. The camp had from 3,000 to 4,000 inmates. All were maltreated, beaten and starved”. April 12, 1945.
(7) (8) (9) Supervised by American soldiers, German civilians from the town of Nordhausen bury the corpses of prisoners found at the Mittelbau-Dora concentration camp in mass graves. The Allies insisted that the male citizens of Nordhausen bury the dead. Although the German civilians denied knowledge of the conditions in the camps, the Allies suspected they were fully aware of the situation. The camps and tunnels were less than two miles from the town of Nordhausen.
Photographs: United States Army Signal Corps/Library of Congress/United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Mittelbau-Dora (aka Dora-Mittelbau, Nordhausen and Nordhausen-Dora) was a German Nazi concentration camp located near Nordhausen in Germany. It was established in late summer 1943 as a subcamp of Buchenwald concentration camp, supplying labour for extending the nearby tunnels in the Kohnstein and for manufacturing the V-2 rocket and the V-1 flying bomb. In the summer of 1944, Mittelbau became an independent concentration camp with numerous subcamps of its own.
There were no sanitary facilities except for barrels that served as latrines. Inmates (the majority of them from the Soviet Union, Poland or France) died from hunger, thirst, cold and overwork. The prisoners were subject to extreme cruelty. As a result they often suffered injuries, including permanent disability and disfigurement, and death. Severe beatings were routine, as was deliberate starvation, torture and summary executions. Common causes of death also included tuberculosis, pneumonia, starvation, dysentery, and trauma.
In early April 1945, as US troops were advancing, the SS decided to evacuate most of the Mittelbau camps. In great haste and with considerable brutality, the inmates were forced to board box cars. Several trains, each with thousands of prisoners, left the area through 6 April for Bergen-Belsen, Sachsenhausen and Ravensbrück (other concentration camps). Others were forced to walk through the Harz hills towards the northeast. Those unable to keep up with these death marches were summarily shot by the guards. The worst atrocity occurred at Gardelegen, known as the Gardelegen massacre. More than 1,000 prisoners from Mittelbau and Neuengamme subcamps were murdered in a barn that was set on fire. Those who were not burned alive were shot by SS, Wehrmacht and men of the Volkssturm.
Overall, although no reliable statistics on the number of deaths on these transports exist, estimates put the number of prisoners killed at up to 8,000.
As most of the camps of the Mittelbau system were completely evacuated, there were not many prisoners left alive to be liberated by the Allies. Only some small subcamps, mostly containing Italian POWs were not evacuated. The SS also left several hundred sick prisoners at Dora and in the Boelcke-Kaserne. They were freed when US troops reached Nordhausen on 11 April 1945. There were also around 1,300 dead prisoners at the barracks.
War correspondents took pictures and made films of the dead and dying prisoners at Dora. Like the documentation of Nazi atrocities at Bergen-Belsen, these were published around the globe and became some of the best-known testimonies of Nazi crimes.
The protective-custody camp leader, SS-Obersturmfuhrer Hans Karl Moeser, was sentenced to death by hanging. In his trial statement he said:
“The same way, with the same pleasure, as you shoot deer, I shoot a human being. When I came to the SS and had to shoot the first three persons, my food didn’t taste good for three days, but today it is a pleasure. It is a joy for me.”
In total, even conservative estimates put the number of people who did not survive being sent to Mittelbau-Dora at over 20,000. Thus, around one in three of those confined here did not survive.
Herr Professor Ingenieur Ferdinand Porsche, 1937, colorized by Jecinci Colorizations.
3 September 1875 – 30 January 1951
“Automotive engineer and founder of the Porsche car company. He is best known for creating the first gasoline-electric hybrid vehicle (Lohner-Porsche), the Volkswagen Beetle, the Mercedes-Benz SS/SSK, several other important developments and Porsche automobiles. In addition, Porsche designed the 1923 Benz Tropfenwagen, which was the first racing car with a mid-engine, rear-wheel drive layout.
Born to German-speaking parents in Maffersdorf (Czech: Vratislavice nad Nisou), northern Bohemia, part of the Austrian Empire at that time, and today part of the Czech Republic.
Porsche was an important contributor to the German war effort during World War II. He was involved in the production of advanced tanks such as the VK 4501 (P), Tiger I, Tiger II, Elefant, and Panzer VIII Maus, as well as other weapon systems, including the V-1 flying bomb. Porsche was a member of the German Nazi party and allegedly the SS (see below). He was a recipient of the German National Prize for Art and Science, the SS-Ehrenring and the War Merit Cross. He was called the Great German Engineer by Nazi propaganda.
In 1996 Porsche was inducted into the International Motorsports Hall of Fame and in 1999 posthumously won the award of Car Engineer of the Century.” - info via wikipedia.
The first V-1 was launched at London on 13 June 1944. At its peak, more than one hundred V-1s a day were fired at south-east England, 9,521 in total.
By September 1944, the V-1 threat to England was temporarily halted when the launch sites on the French coast were overrun by the advancing Allied armies. 4,261 V-1s had been destroyed by fighters, anti-aircraft fire and barrage balloons.
When V-1 attacks began in mid-June 1944, the only aircraft in the Royal Air Force with the low-altitude speed be effective against it was the Hawker Tempest, in the last gif we can see a V-1 destroyed by a Hawker Tempest.
A British Supermarine Spitfire fighter aircraft attempts to topple a German V-1 flying bomb with its wingtip, which would force the bomb into an unrecoverable spin towards the ground. English Channel. 1944.
“Across the Channel, Britain was being struck by continual bombardment by thousands of V-1 and V-2 bombs launched from German-controlled territory. This photo, taken from a fleet street roof-top, shows a V-1 flying bomb "buzzbomb” plunging toward central London. The distinctive sky-line of London’s law-courts clearly locates the scene of the incident. Falling on a side road off Drury Lane, this bomb blasted several buildings, including the office of the Daily Herald. The last enemy action of British soil was a V-1 attack that struck Datchworth in Hertfordshire, on March 29 1945.“
Heinkel He-111H-22 medium bomber used by the Luftwaffe as an aerial launch platform for the V-1 flying bomb, as the loss of the french launch sites located in the northern coast of the country (following the D-Day invasion) meant they no longer had enough range to reach England from any site located in German territory.
The bomber crews developed a tactic, called “lo-hi-lo” where they would fly extremely low over the North Sea for as long as possible, and once they reached the launching point, they would sharply ascend, launch the missile and immediately dive back to a low flight path, this to avoid detection by the excellent and extremely effective British radar network.
This will be the first time in history a bomber was capable of launching a cruise missile, one of the many innovations (even if, with a 40% failure rate, it was a very futile campaign) developed by the Germans as their situation grew desperate.
During World War II British spycraft and deception had the German’s equivalent intelligence agencies beat a hundred times over. Due to ingenious subterfuge British secret services used misdirection to convince the Germans that an invasion of North Africa would occur in Norway, that the Allied landing in Sicily would happen in Greece, and that the D-Day invasion would occur at the Port of Calais instead of Normandy. The Brits even fooled the Germans into carpet bombing empty ocean off the coast of Alexandria, Egypt. Once reason for British success was their ability to root out enemy spies and turn them into double agents. Throughout the war the Germans had infiltrated the British government and military with scores of spies, almost all of whom were captured by British intelligence. Rather than executing or jailing captured spies, the British convinced them to switch sides, becoming double agents who fed the Germans with a steady diet of bogus information.
In 1944 Germany began it’s terror attacks with V-1 flying bombs. The V-1 flying bomb was a jet powered cruise missile, a true wonder weapon for its day. The missile would be launched from France and Germany, would cruise to its target, and at a preset distance drop like a bomb onto its intended target. The missile was guided by a gyrocompass which operated as an autopilot. In reaction to the attacks, the Allies set into motion Operation Crossbow, which created defensive measures to intercept and shoot down the bombs and destroy known V-1 launch and storage sites.
While the V-1 flying bomb was a marvel of technology for its time, in practicality it wasn’t very effective and had many kinks to be worked out. Out of every 7 launched only 1 would strike its intended target. British intelligence noticed that V-1 missiles which missed tended to land 2-3 miles away from its target. It was obvious that German’s aim was short and technicians needed to re-calibrate the guidance systems of the missiles. The British, however, never wanted the Germans to find out about the V-1’s ineffectiveness.
Drawing on its network of double agents, British spy agencies sent a stream of bogus reports to German intelligence regarding the effectiveness of the V-1 bombs. Double agents sent the Germans reports of factories destroyed, bombs landing in Trafalgar Square, and massive casualties around London. The British even concocted reports of massive damage to Southampton. Even though Southampton was not a target, the Germans targeted the town, firing a volley of V-1’s most of which dropped harmlessly into the sea off the Southampton coast. Using similar methods of deception, British intelligence was even able to direct the most deadliest attacks away from London.
In late 1944 the German’s introduced the V-2 rocket, a much deadlier weapon which acted as a ballistic missile. Like the V-1, many V-2’s fell short of their target. The British campaign of deception was modified to include the V-2, and like the V-1, most V-2’s fell short of their intended targets.
Throughout the war 30,000 V-1 rockets were produced, or which 10,000 were aimed at England. Though ineffective against the British war effort, the V-1’s still caused terrible casualties, mostly from errant bombs which struck civilian homes. Around 6,200 people in London alone were killed from the attacks. British intelligence estimated that if the German’s had made the correct adjustments to the flying bombs, casualties would have increased by 50%.
A German Luftwaffe Heinkel He 111 H-22. This version could carry FZG 76 (V1) flying bombs, but only a few aircraft were produced in 1944. Some were used by bomb wing KG 3. Note the connection to the firing device from the cockpit.
I once owned a guineapig named after a type of WW2 bomb.
Well, actually, that’s a little imprecise; the guineapig was adorable and lovely, and me being the adorable and lovely child that I was gave it an adorable and lovely sounding name;
I wondered at the time why my parents looked slightly surprised at the choice, but I supposed it was just because it was such a fantastic name because I was the genius that all 6 year olds are convinced that they are. It was only later that I learned that this word also happened to be the name for the V-1 flying bomb which featured heavily in the second World War (this unpleasant motherfucker right here), but the name was awesome and to be fair guineapigs are kind of shell-shaped anyway and like hell I was going to change it. So technically it wasn’t named after a bomb it just happened to be called exactly the same thing.