uthman quran

Unlike the Russian Orthodox Christian church, the Muslims of the Soviet Union originally encountered a larger degree of religious freedom under the new Bolshevik rule. Vladimir Lenin oversaw the return of religious artifacts, such as the Uthman Quran, the foundations of court systems using principles of Islamic law which ran alongside the Communist legal system, Jadids and other “Islamic socialists” were given positions of power, an affirmative action system called “korenizatsiya” (nativisation) was implemented which helped the local Muslim populace, while Friday, the Muslim Sabbath, was declared the legal day of rest throughout Central Asia. Under the Tsars, Muslims were brutally repressed and the Eastern Orthodox Church was the official religion

I was reading one of my favorite sura from the Qur'an, Surah Al Araf.

And on the end of it, I encountered my favorite mihrab sign again. Subhan'Allah. It always makes me smile whenever I encounter this “little house” that I used to call it before. 

So today, I wanted to share something about it, and I pray it benefits every person who reads this. in sha Allah.

I would like to tell you about it through the story of ‘Uthman Ibn Affan Radiyallahu Anhu, again it’s because Qur'an and 'Uthman are just two subjects that can’t be separated. ma sha Allah. How beautiful was 'Uthman.
_____

Sujood At-Tilawah also known as the prostration that ones does when reading qur'an.

'Uthman’s viewed sujood at tilawah as obligatory when reciting, sitting and listening to the Noble Qur'an,  while others say its not but nevertheless this is highly recommended for us to do in sha Allah, and there is indeed no sin if we do not do it. 

As for one who hears it without meaning to, he does not have to prostrate. 

As narrated 'Umar passed by a storyteller who recited a verse in which a prostration was required so that 'Uthman would prostrate with him.

'Uthman said: “The prostration is only required of the one listening to it”, then went on his way and did not prostrate.

*means the one who intended to listen to it*

and 'Uthman also said that menstruating women who hear a verse of prostration should make a gesture and not ignore it, but she should not prostrate as in prayer.
_____

This is in view of the great caliph. We have to keep in mind that sujood At Tilawah is done to show our willingness to humble ourselves before Allah, hence we are to deliver an extra prostration to showcase this.

How to do Sujood At Tilawah: [Again, it is not a sin if you do not do it, but it is recommended]

1) If you are reading or listening to the recitation of such verse, you should say takbeer and prostrate one time after reading it.

As narrated by 'Umar: “The Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam used to recite Qur'an to us, and if he reached an ayah where a sajdah was prescribed, he would say takbeer and prostrate and we would do likewise. 

2) If you are praying and you come to such verse, then you should say Allahu'akbar and go directly from standing to prostration without bowing in between, then after one sujood you should say Allahu'akbar and stand up and continue your prayer.

3) If you are praying behind an imam, you should only make sujood at tilawah if the imam does so.

Note: Most of the scholars says that it is not necessary to be in a state of wudhu, or facing the qiblah or dressed for this prostration [as to how it is to be when offering salah]. But it is highly advised to treat this prostration with same level of humility and respect.
_____

Verses for Sujood At Tilawah: [You will see that there is that line above the ayah and then later on will be the presence of the mihrab sign]

1) Surah 7 [Al Araf]: Verse 206
“Surely those who are with your Lord (the angels) are never too proud to perform acts of worship to Him, but they glorify His Praise and prostrate before Him.” 

2) Surah 13 [Ar Rad]: Verse 15
“And unto Allah (Alone) falls in prostration whoever is in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, and so do their shadows in the mornings and in the afternoons.”

3) Surah 16 [An Nahl]: Verse 49
“And to Allah prostrate all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth, of the live moving creatures and the angels, and they are not proud.” 

4) Surah 17 [Al Isra]: verse 107
“Say (O Muhammad): ‘Believe in it (the Quran) or do not believe. Verily! Those who were given knowledge before it, when it is recited to them, fall down on their faces in humble prostration.” 

5) Surah 19 [Maryam]: Verse 58
“… When the Verses of the Most Beneficent (Allah) were recited unto them, they fell down prostrating and weeping.” (19:58)

6) Surah 22 [Al Hajj]: Verse 18
“See you not that to Allah prostrates whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth, and the sun, the moon, the stars, the mountains, the trees, all living creatures, and many of mankind? (22:18)

7) Surah 22 [Al Hajj]: Verse 77
“Oh you who believe! Bow down and prostrate yourselves, and worship your Lord and do good that you may be successful.” (22:77) 

8) Surah 25 [Al Furqan]: Verse 60
“And when it is said to them: ‘Prostrate to the Most Beneficent (Allah)!’ They say, ‘And what is the Most Beneficent? Shall we fall down in prostration to that which you (O Muhammad) command us?’ And it increases in them only aversion.” 

9) Surah 27 [An Naml]: Verse 25
“Satan has barred them from Allah’s way, so that they do not worship (prostratebefore) Allah, Who brings to light what is hidden in the heavens and the earth, and knows what you conceal and what you reveal.” 

10) Surah 32 [As Sadja]: Verse 15
“Only those believe in Our signs, who, when they are reminded of them fall downprostrate, and glorify the Praises of their Lord, and they are not proud.” 

11) Surah 38 [Sad]: Verse 24
“… And Dawood (Prophet David) guessed that We had tried him and he sought forgiveness of his Lord, and he fell down prostrate and turned (to Allah) in repentance.”

12) Surah 41 [Fussilat]: Verse 37
“And from among His Signs are the night and the day, and the sun and the moon. Do not prostrate to the sun or to the moon, but prostrate to Him Who created them, if you (really) worship Him.” 

13) Surah 53 [An Najm]: Verse 62
“So fall down in prostration to Allah, and worship Him (Alone).” 

14) Surah 84 [Al Inshiqaq]: Verse 21
“And when the Quran is recited to them, they do not fall prostrate.” 

15) Surah 96 [Al Alaq]: Verse 19
”… Fall prostrate and draw near to Allah!”

Note: Some scholars dispute on the no. 7 [22:77] as the reports in regards this ayah if early Muslims did make sujood are not fully confirmed so some scholars cite a lack of evidence for it and some count it while others do not.
_____

• A dua for Sujood At Tilawah

اللَّهُمَّ اكْتُبْ لِي بِهَا عِنْدَكَ أَجْرًا ، وَضَعْ عَنِّي بِهَا وِزْرًا ، وَاجْعَلْهَا لِي عِنْدَكَ ذُخْرًا ، وَتَقَبَّلْهَا مِنِّي كَمَا تَقَبَّلْتَهَا مِنْ عَبْدِكَ دَاوُدَ

Allahumma aktub li biha ‘indaka ajran wa da’ ‘anni biha wizran waj’alha li ‘indaka dukhran wa taqabbalha minni kama taqabbaltaha min ‘abdika Daw’oud 

“O Allah, record for me a reward for this (prostration), and remove from me a sin. Save it for me and accept it from me just as You accepted it from Your slave Daw’oud.”

Note:
This is one of the ad'iyah for sujood At Tilawah, if you haven’t memorized it then make it to a point that you say Subhana Rabbiy al-A'ala [Glory be to my Lord] in sha Allah.

_____

I wanted to share this because when i was delivering lectures back home, I was asked about this sign and so I thought maybe some other sisters are also wondering about it especially to those who are new on reading the Qur'an, so I pray this helps you all, in sha Allah.

Also because we might unknowingly recite some of the verses above in our salah and I just wanted to give the heads up that we could earn extra rewards for it in sha Allah. 

In this, I would like to end this article with the hadith of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam saying about this:

Once a person prostrates himself after reading a verse requiring the performance of sajdah, the shaitan starts crying and wailing in a corner, saying: ‘Alas! The children of Adam were enjoined to perform sajdah and they carried it out, and become entitled to enter Paradise, but I refused to do so and was condemned to Hell.” 

_____

And I pray that we are given the tawfiq to learn the Qur'an and may Allah Azza Wa Jall ease our hearts through making Qur'an filling every emptiness that we have. Amin

[With a longing heart of a daughter who had lost her mother, I ask whoever among you who reads this and may Allah make you benefit from it, give a little prayer for my mother Allah yer7ama, her name is Aida [please mention her name in your ad'iyah].

May this be a form of sadaqah jariya of hers, and may Allah Azza Wa Jall forgive her and grant her a place in Jannatul Firdaus. Amin]

Zohayma
_____

Stories and ahadith were taken from:

• Al Khilafah Al Rashidah wa'l Dawlah al Umawiyyah, Al Yahya, p. 444
• Mawsoo’ at Fiqh 'Uthman Ibn Affan, p. 186
• [hadith narrated by 'Umar] Ahmad, 2/17; Al Bukhari 2/33, 34; Muslim 1/405 no. 575
• [end of article hadith] Muslim and Ibn Majah 

Du'a and Dhikr:

• Jami At Tirmidhi 579
 

My thoughts on Uthman Ibn Affan ❥

Uthman Ibn Affan

This is the type of soul who wanders once along this earth,

Words will limit what I feel his acknowledgement is worth,

I want to tell you about a man who we’re indebted to for Islam,

Who we owe our appreciation for the single version of the Quran,

A man - not just a man, but a spirit heavy, carried with light,

To any who object I stand firmly for his right!

One of the most modest men, a soul of richness and humility,

Characteristics which are proof of sources of profitability,

This is a companion who inspires me so much I start to cry,

Living proof that the realest of men are those who are humble and shy!

In a world where being a “man” is thought of as being loud and mean,

A definition inaccurate for real men you have not seen,

He was kind and humble in his nature, yet a fierce warrior in war,

Overflowing with generosity, he supplied and fed the poor,

He donated the Muslim army immense amount of supplies,

And for that Allah elevated him, a bride in Jannah was his prize,

He gave of what he had and the best of what he owned,

He pardoned and forgave a lot, many people he condoned,

He was known as Dhun Noorayn, the possessor of two lights,

The only man ever known to acquire these honourable rights,

To wed two of the prophets daughters, one after the other,

The Prophet loved him dearly, as a companion and a brother,

Even the angels felt shy before him because of his pureness and shame,

Loved and respected by all the people before and after Islam had came,

He was beautiful in his complexion, as he resembled the Prophet himself,

He was a hafiz in the Quran, it was in his heart not on his shelf,

He was a  spirit impeccable, and so inspirational as a man,

So proud to know my predecessors consist of Uthman ibn Affan,

The third of the Caliphates, a martyr he was destined to be,

The Prophet declared that in Jannah Uthman would be his appointee,

In spite of his wealth and comfort, he lived a very simple life,

He went to hajj every year, he was kind to his kids and wife,

Gentle and compassionate, men like him we lack today,

He would fast every few days, and in the nights he’d get up to pray,

He done things for himself and he let his servants sleep,

He was courageous and very brave, but the graves would make him weep,

He was promised by the Prophet that paradise was his abode,

But he earned it at a price as he soon learned along the road,

For forty days he fasted whilst besieged by the hypocrites,

Not letting blood be shed in his cause; he endured every second of it,

Then one day he saw a dream where Rasulallah addressed,

That today he would break his fast with him, his fast was put to rest,

When he knew his time was near and the rebels would impose,

He adjusted his pants to cover himself, so his awrah would not expose,

Allahu Akbar! What a man! When death is drawing near,

He still thinks about his awrah, the thought makes me shed a tear.

He was attacked and assassinated in the most gruesome of ways,

By people who are surely destined to burn forever in the blaze,

They struck him like an animal, and tossed his body on a bin,

Never have we as Muslims heard of a more atrocious sin,

But by Allah he will have Jannah, and be compensated for his trial,

And the day we walk in Jannah too, I pray to see his smile,

I pray to see the day where I get to meet this blessed man,

Who spent his life in the name of Islam, Muhammad and Ar-Rahman,

He left behind an example of someone who’s love is real,

When raw and bold and confronting, this is real love you feel,

When sacrifice comes natural and Allah comes before you,

And your thoughts are consumed with fear with everything you do,

I take from him a special gift, one very close to my heart,

A special section of the deen, he contributed a very big part.

I’m proud to know Uthman and the things he left behind,

If you get to know him too, many treasures you will find.

Not attached to the Qur'an?

Here, let me tell you about a person who was ultimately attached to the Qur'an, that his love for the Qur'an made him more loved by those who read about him.

I am talking about, ‘Uthman Ibn Affan Radiyallahu Anhu. It is fascinating how Muslims know so much about Abu Bakr, 'Umar and 'Ali Radiyallahu Anhum yet not much on 'Uthmaan when he has reigned the longest amongst the Rashidun Caliphs.

So here is something about this great man.
_____

When Islam was born, the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam made sure that the Muslims acquired their concepts from one source only and that was the Noble Qur'an and it was through this method that 'Uthman and all the Sahabah Radiyallahu Anhum was educated.

'Uthman was deeply attached to the Noble Qur'an. He learned the Qur'an from the blessed lips of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam. The verses from which 'Uthman heard directly from the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam played a role in the formation of his Islamic personality. They purified his heart and soul and influenced him. Thus, 'Uthman became a new man, with new values, emotions, aims, behavior and aspirations.

He was among the Sahabah Radiyallahu Anhum who taught others the Qur'an.

Abu 'Abd Al Rahman Al Sulami said:

Those who taught us the Qur'an (such as 'Uthman Ibn Affan, Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud) told us that when they learned ten verses from the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam they would not go beyond them until they had learned the knowledge contained in them and how to apply it in deed.

They said: “So we learned the Qur'an and knowledge and its application together.”

Hence, they would spend a while to memorize a surah.

'Uthman was a hafiz of the Qur'an, and he read Qur'an all the time. Before the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam passed away, 'Uthman recited the entire Qur'an back at him, just like how a teacher would listen to his student after teaching him everything he knew. 

One instance that would highlight the memory and attachment of 'Uthman to the Qur'an was whenever he prayed qiyam al-layl (tahajjud).

The wife of 'Uthman said on the day when he was besieged:

“Either kill him or leave him alone, for by Allah, he would recite the WHOLE QUR'AN in ONE RAK'AT when praying QIYAM AL LAYL.”
_____

Allahuakbar! The love and dedication of 'Uthman Radiyallahu Anhu is just amazing. 

O Muslims, ponder and reflect from this great caliph, he would recite the whole Qur'an in one rak'at when most of us can’t even stand the waiting when the Imam reads a surah that is quite longer that Al Faitha! Astagfirullah!

Indeed, whenever we talk of 'Uthman, one ayah will always come to our mind:

“Is one who is obedient to Allah, prostrating himself or standing (in prayer) during the hours of the night, fearing the Hereafter and hoping for the Mercy of his Lord (like one who disbelieves)?” - Qur'an 39:9

O Muslims Allah has set standards by making you Muslims and believers, so give justice to this, honor Allah for He have honored you well than anything other thing can ever honor you in this dunya, and know that this honor He has given you is never-ending, it will be with you until your journey to the akhirah, so wear it accordingly!
_____

And we pray that Allah Azza Wa Jall puts such love for the Qur'an in our hearts just like how He has placed love for the Qur'an upon the Sahabah Radiyallahu Anhum.

Amin.

Zohayma
_____

Stories are taken from a series of books: 

• Al Bidayah wa'n Nihayah, 7/225, 
• Al-Fatawa, 13/177, 
• Tareekh Al Islam, 'Ahd al-Khulafa al Rashideen by Al Dhahabi, p.467