use grammar

anonymous asked:

hi!! i know theres at least 2 of you who run this blog, but can the lovely human who was answering all of the messages about race/gender stuff tell me their pronouns?? i wanted to send a message and just wanted to make sure i used the correct words and pronouns when addressing the owner of the blog :)))

i (mod r, aka roxie) use she/her thank you; mod h (the one who uses Proper Grammar Like An Old Person, Oh My) uses they/them

BNHA Texting Headcanons

- Izuku never uses any punctuation besides commas. he never capitalizes names or anything, and he overuses exclamation points and the little copy-paste emoticons.
“good afternoon everyone !! how are you doing? (✿╹◡╹)”

- Katsuki is an angry boy who mashes the keys very quickly and constantly has typos and talks in caps. too many cuss words.
“ SHUT HTE FUXK UP YIU ANNOYIGN SHITRAG”

- Shouto uses all proper grammar, punctuation, and spelling. But for some reason he never spells out “you” or “your”. (He’s probably trying to be cool.)
“Bakugou, there is no reason for u to be using that language. Please calm urself.”

- Iida types in all caps, but never uses exclamation points. Nobody knows why.
“EVERYONE, PLEASE SETTLE DOWN. THIS GROUP CHAT IS A SAFE SPACE. TODOROKI-KUN, DO YOU KNOW THE ANSWER TO QUESTION 3 ON THE HOMEWORK?”

- Uraraka puts “lol” at the end of literally every sentence. She also abuses exclamation points.
“Hey everyone lol!!!! I got stuck #3 on the homework too lol can anyone help me?”

- Tsuyu is the only person who never has flaws in her grammar and spelling. She adds “kero” to the very end of all of her messages.
“Uraraka-chan, Iida-kun, I will send you a picture of the question you are stuck on. Kero.”

- Kirishima is sort of like Uraraka, but he uses “hahahaha” instead of “lol”. He also types very fast and makes typos constantly.
“Hahahaha, i couldmt even get to numbet three I’m stuck on the firdt problem hahah”

Sides as Quotes from outofcontextquotes.com
  • Logan: Facts schmacts, facts can be used to prove anything that’s even REMOTELY true!
  • Patton: If they wanted us to use good grammar, they should have made it more easier.
  • Roman: We’ve got a blind date with destiny, and it looks like she’s ordered the lobster.
  • Virgil: Hey, I love you... Don't make me cut your brake line!

Part of the New Internet Grammar: using question marks not to denote questions, but upturns in voice, so that a tentative statement gets a question mark but a flatly delivered question doesn’t.

anonymous asked:

Out of curiosity do both of you answer discourse asks?

mostly me (roxie) but if somebody starts using nigh-perfect grammar, it’s probably Mod H. i leave certain discourse for them, because they know more about history and the forms of discrimination that effect them.

idk I just love how we Young People Today use ~improper~ punctuation/grammar in actually really defined ways to express tone without having to explicitly state tone like that’s just really fucking cool, like

no    =    “No,” she said. 

no.    =    "No,” she said sharply.

No    =    “No,” she stated firmly.

No.    =    “No,” she snapped.

NO    =    “No!” she shouted.

noooooo    =    “No,” she moaned.

no~    =    “No,” she said with a drawn-out sing-song.

~no~    =    “No,” she drawled sarcastically.

NOOOOO    =    “No!” she screamed dramatically.

no?!    =    “No,” she said incredulously.

risky asks

1. “@” people you want to be friends with

2. screenshot the tabs you have open

3. the last text you sent to someone?

4. do you have a nsfw blog?

5. i dare you to _____ 

6. screenshot the first page of your search history

7. tell an embarrassing memory or story

8. how often do you take showers?

9.  what was your first blog URL?

10. if you draw or write, show some of your really old work

REALLY risky asks (watch out!!! super Risky)

1. if you had to hug anyone who would you hug

2. whats your favorite flavor of ice cream?

3. whats your favorite color?

4. if you have pets, what are their names?

5. do you like a warm bed or a cold bed?

6. whats a really good memory you have?

7. favorite song you cant stop listening to?

8. do you drink water with or without ice in it?

9. do you like to use correct grammar when you type or just type all lowercase?

10. whats something thats made you laugh recently?

Your Character’s Personality

Personality is the most important thing about your character.

So, whenever I see character sheets, most people just put a little paragraph for that section. If you’re struggling and don’t know what your character should say or do, what decisions they should make, I guarantee you that this is the problem.

You know your character’s name, age, race, sexuality, height, weight, eye color, hair color, their parents’ and siblings’ names. But these are not the things that truly matter about them.

Traits: 

  • pick traits that don’t necessarily go together. For example, someone who is controlling, aggressive and vain can also be generous, sensitive and soft-spoken. Characters need to have at least one flaw that really impacts how they interact with others. Positive traits can work as flaws, too. It is advised that you pick at least ten traits
  • people are complex, full of contradictions, and please forgive me if this makes anyone uncomfortable, but even bullies can be “nice” people. Anyone can be a “bad” person, even someone who is polite, kind, helpful or timid can also be narcissistic, annoying, inconsiderate and a liar. People are not just “evil” or “good”

Beliefs:

  • ideas or thoughts that your character has or thinks about the world, society, others or themselves, even without proof or evidence, or which may or may not be true. Beliefs can contradict their values, motives, self-image, etc. For example, the belief that they are an awesome and responsible person when their traits are lazy, irresponsible and shallow. Their self-image and any beliefs they have about themselves may or may not be similar/the same. They might have a poor self-image, but still believe they’re better than everybody else

Values:

  • what your character thinks is important. Usually influenced by beliefs, their self-image, their history, etc. Some values may contradict their beliefs, wants, traits, or even other values. For example, your character may value being respect, but one of their traits is disrespectful. It is advised you list at least two values, and know which one they value more. For example, your character values justice and family. Their sister tells them she just stole $200 from her teacher’s wallet. Do they tell on her, or do they let her keep the money: justice, or family? Either way, your character probably has some negative feelings, guilt, anger, etc., over betraying their other value

Motives:

  • what your character wants. It can be abstract or something tangible. For example, wanting to be adored or wanting that job to pay for their father’s medication. Motives can contradict their beliefs, traits, values, behavior, or even other motives. For example, your character may want to be a good person, but their traits are selfish, manipulative, and narcissistic. Motives can be long term or short term. Everyone has wants, whether they realize it or not. You can write “they don’t know what they want,” but you should know. It is advised that you list at least one abstract want

Recurring Feelings:

  • feelings that they have throughout most of their life. If you put them down as a trait, it is likely they are also recurring feelings. For example, depressed, lonely, happy, etc.

Self Image:

  • what the character thinks of themselves: their self-esteem. Some character are proud of themselves, others are ashamed of themselves, etc. They may think they are not good enough, or think they are the smartest person in the world. Their self-image can contradict their beliefs, traits, values, behavior, motives, etc. For example, if their self-image is poor, they can still be a cheerful or optimistic person. If they have a positive self-image, they can still be a depressed or negative person. How they picture themselves may or may not be true: maybe they think they’re a horrible person, when they are, in fact, very considerate, helpful, kind, generous, patient, etc. They still have flaws, but flaws don’t necessarily make you a terrible person

Behavior:

  • how the character’s traits, values, beliefs, self-image, etc., are outwardly displayed: how they act. For example, two characters may have the trait “angry” but they all probably express it differently. One character may be quiet and want to be left alone when they are angry, the other could become verbally aggressive. If your character is a liar, do they pause before lying, or do they suddenly speak very carefully when they normally don’t? Someone who is inconsiderate may have issues with boundaries or eat the last piece of pizza in the fridge when they knew it wasn’t theirs. Behavior is extremely important and it is advised you think long and hard about your character’s actions and what exactly it shows about them

Demeanor:

  • their general mood and disposition. Maybe they’re usually quiet, cheerful, moody, or irritable, etc.

Posture:

  • a secondary part of your character’s personality: not as important as everything else. It is advised you fill this out after. Posture is how the character carries themselves. For example, perhaps they swing their arms and keep their shoulders back while they walk, which seems to be the posture of a confident person, so when they sit, their legs are probably open. Another character may slump and have their arms folded when they’re sitting, and when they’re walking, perhaps they drag their feet and look at the ground

Speech Pattern:

  • a secondary part of your character’s personality: not as important as everything else. It is advised you fill this out after. Speech patterns can be words that your character uses frequently, if they speak clearly, what sort of grammar they use, if they have a wide vocabulary, a small vocabulary, if it’s sophisticated, crude, stammering, repeating themselves, etc. I personally don’t have a very wide vocabulary, if you could tell

Hobbies:

  • a secondary part of your character’s personality: not as important as everything else. It is advised you fill this out after. Hobbies can include things like drawing, writing, playing an instrument, collecting rocks, collecting tea cups, etc.

Quirks:

  • a secondary part of your character’s personality, not as important as everything else. It is advised you fill this out after. Quirks are behaviors that are unique to your character. For example, I personally always put my socks on inside out and check the ceiling for spiders a few times a day

Likes:

  • a secondary part of your character’s personality, not as important as everything else. It is advised you fill this out after. Likes and dislikes are usually connected to the rest of their personality, but not necessarily. For example, if your character likes to do other people’s homework, maybe it’s because they want to be appreciated

Dislikes:

  • a secondary part of your character’s personality, not as important as everything else. It is advised you fill this out after. Likes and dislikes can also contradict the rest of their personality. For example, maybe one of your character’s traits is dishonest, but they dislike liars

History:

  • your character’s past that has key events that influence and shape their beliefs, values, behavior, wants, self-image, etc. Events written down should imply or explain why they are the way they are. For example, if your character is distrustful, maybe they were lied to a lot by their parents when they were a child. Maybe they were in a relationship for twenty years and found out their partner was cheating on them the whole time. If their motive/want is to have positive attention, maybe their parents just didn’t praise them enough and focused too much on the negative

On Mental and Physical Disabilities or Illnesses

  • if your character experienced a trauma, it needs to have an affect on your character. Maybe they became more angry or impatient or critical of others. Maybe their beliefs on people changed to become “even bullies can be ‘nice’ people: anyone can be a ‘bad’ person”
  • people are not their illness or disability: it should not be their defining trait. I have health anxiety, but I’m still idealistic, lazy, considerate, impatient and occasionally spiteful; I still want to become an author; I still believe that people are generally good; I still value doing what make me feel comfortable; I still have a positive self-image; I’m still a person. You should fill out your character’s personality at least half-way before you even touch on the possibility of your character having a disability or illness

Generally everything about your character should connect, but hey, even twins that grew up in the same exact household have different personalities; they value different things, have different beliefs. Maybe one of them watched a movie that had a huge impact on them.

Not everything needs to be explained. Someone can be picky or fussy ever since they were little for no reason at all. Someone can be a negative person even if they grew up in a happy home.

I believe this is a thought out layout for making well-rounded OCs, antagonists and protagonists, whether they’re being created for a roleplay or for a book. This layout is also helpful for studying Canon Characters if you’re looking to accurately roleplay as them or write them in fanfiction or whatever.

I’m really excited to post this, so hopefully I didn’t miss anything important…

If you have any questions, feel free to send a message.

- Chick

Phrases utiles à l'examen oral

Comment Organiser un exposé:

a) Annoncer le sujet de l’exposé:

- Telle est la question que je voudrais aborder / traiter avec vous maintenant ; Telle est la question à laquelle je voudrais répondre maintenant.

b) Présenter le plan de l’exposé:

- Je traiterai un seul point / plusieurs points / questions… ; J’aborderai / considérerai / examinerai les questions suivantes : … ; Je commencerai par aborder le… ; Le premier point portera sur… ; Ensuite / Par la suite / En second lieu / En second point j’aborderai… Enfin / Pour terminer / Pour conclure je dirai quelques mots au sujet de… ; Je conclurai sur / par… ; Le dernier point abordé / examiné / présenté sera…

c) Présenter chaque partie de l’exposé. Enumérations, alternatives, conclusion:

- Signalons / Disons tout d’abord que… ; Ils ont d’autre part / aussi… ; Cette situation pose d’ailleurs le problème de… ; On notera de même… ; En gros / En somme / Somme toute / En bref / En peu de mots / Enfin bref / Pour conclure… ; Ce qu’il faut retenir de tout cela c’est que… ; Nous pouvons maintenant passer/ Venons-en maintenant à notre dernier point, celui… ; Cela nous amène tout naturellement au dernier point de notre exposé, celui… ; La conclusion de tout cela est… ; Au terme de cette analyse / de cet exposé j’ai tâché de vous exposer…

d) Développer un sujet:

- En faisant des énumérations / En classant: appartient à / fait partie de / entre dans la classe / la catégorie / le groupe de… ; est un type de… ; c’est du même genre de… En comparant: rappelle / c’est comme / fait penser à… ; de même que… ; peut être comparé / assimilé à… ; peut se rapprocher de / être rapproché de… ; est du même type / ordre / de la même nature que… ; présente un rapport / une affinité / un lien / une analogie / une parenté avec… En décrivant / En racontant

e) Mettre en relief un point:

- Soulignons / Signalons / Remarquons (le fait) que… ; On remarquera que… ; J’attire votre attention sur le fait que… ; J’insiste sur le fait que…

f) Faire une transition:

- Pour en revenir / Revenons / Je reviens / J’en reviens à notre propos, je dirais donc que… ; Cette remarque faite, voyons donc maintenant / examinons alors… ; Cela dit, venons-en à présent à notre sujet ; Après avoir examiné / considéré… abordons (maintenant)… ; Il convient / Il y a lieu maintenant / aussi de soulever la question de… ; Le point / la question suivant(e) c’est… ; Cela nous amène / conduit à… ; Je ferme la parenthèse / Fermons la parenthèse ; Reprenons.

g) Proposer un nouveau sujet:

- Pour passer à autre chose ; Pour changer de sujet… ; Et si tu nous parlais de… ? ; Et puis, à part ça,… ? ; Alors, qu’est-ce que vous avez comme remarque à faire là-dessus ?

h) Rejeter un sujet, changer de sujet:

- Ça n’a rien à voir ; Parlons plutôt d’autre chose ; Quel rapport ? ; Quel intérêt ? ; Ce n’est pas le moment ; Changeons de sujet (voulez-vous ?) ; Ce n’est pas le problème ; la question est que…

i) Donner un exemple:

- Tiens, un pamplemousse c’est un agrumes ; Je prendrai l’exemple suivant : … ; Le fait que … a valeur d’exemple ; …illustre bien cette situation / est un bon exemple ; Je vous en donne un exemple. / En voici un exemple ; … entre autres ; Prenons l’exemple de… ; Tenez, si vous le voulez bien : imaginons / imaginez… ; Ainsi dans… on ne compte que… ; Ça me rappelle une histoire… ; Tel est le cas de…

j) Citer:

- Je cite : « … » ; … Fin de citation ; …a dit textuellement (deux points, j’ouvre les guillemets) ; Comme dirait X « … »

k) Concéder, objecter (argumentation en deux temps):

- C’est sûr / certain / exact / vrai que… pourtant / cependant / toutefois / seulement… ; Je vous accorde que… n’empêche que… ; Je ne nie pas que… ; cela dit, il reste que… ; J’admets que… ça n’empêche pas du tout que… ; S’il est certain que… il n’en reste pas moins que…

l) Résumer, récapituler:

- Je résume en un mot / en quelques mots / rapidement… ; Pour tout dire… ; En un mot… ; En deux mots… ; Enfin / Somme toute / Tout compte fait / Enfin de compte / Bref… ; En fait / En réalité / La réalité est que… / De fait…

m) Se corriger:

- …, non,… /…, pardon,… /…, non (pardon), pas…mais… /…je voulais dire… ou plutôt……ou pour être plus précis / ou plus exactement / ou plus précisément…

Vowel contraction

When a vowel connects directly to another vowel they usually contract into something new to make it easier to pronounce

ㅏ + ㅏ = ㅏ

  • 가다 + 아요 = 가요 ( to go )

ㅓ + ㅓ = ㅓ

  • 서다 + 어요 = 서요 ( to stop )

ㅗ + ㅏ = ㅘ

  • 오다 + 아요 = 와요 ( to come )

ㅜ + ㅓ = ㅝ

  • 주다 + 어요 = 줘요 ( to give )

ㅡ + ㅓ = ㅓ

  • 쓰다 + 어요 = 써요 ( to write )

ㅣ + ㅓ = ㅕ

  • 기다리다 + 어요 = 기다려요 ( to wait )

ㅐ + ㅓ = ㅐ

  • 보내다 + 어요 = 보내요 ( to spend time/to send )

ㅔ + ㅓ = ㅔ

  • 세다 + 어요 = 세요 ( to count )

ㅚ + ㅓ = ㅙ

  • 되다 + 어요 = 돼요 ( to become )

하 + ㅕ = 해

  • 하다 + 여요 = 해요 ( to do )

A&R

Originally posted by mangastream

[Book review]- Korean Grammar in Use (Advanced)

The “Korean Grammar in Use” series is one of the resources I recommend the most when people ask me which resources they should (or shouldn’t) use to study Korean. That is not to say that it’s flawless, but it’s solid for sure. If you want to start diving into advanced grammar or are looking for something to supplement your other advanced grammar resources, here are a few good and bad things about “Korean Grammar in Use (Advanced).”

NOTE: A lot of what I say here, especially in regards to the formatting of the book, will be applicable to “Korean Grammar in Use (Intermediate)” as well since the books follow the same format. I imagine that this also holds true for the beginner edition as well, but I can’t say for sure since I’ve never actually read a copy.


Pros:

One of the good things about the KGIU series is that it is available not only in English but also in other languages like Mandarin and Japanese. If you’re a native speaker of one of those languages and would like a more comfortable read, or if you’re learning one of those languages and would like to tackle learning Korean through one of your second languages, this could be really beneficial! A lot of Korean grammar resources are printed in just one language, so having editions in multiple languages is a plus.

As for the content, I find that KGIU’s explanations are fairly clearly written and easy to understand in both Korean and English. The initial description of the main function(s) of each grammar point is succinctly introduced and is usually accompanied by a table showing you how to conjugate the grammar point properly. Any specific limitations, extra usages of the grammar, or just other important things to know or remember then appear in the “더 알아볼까요?” section. After all is read and done (har har har), you’ll have quite a bit of information to work with! Compared to other sources I have used, I would say that “Korean Grammar in Use (Advanced)” is usually the most detailed when describing the usage of each grammar point, but the way in which that information is introduced and formatted doesn’t leave the reader feeling like they’re being barraged with too much at the same time.

Within the “더 알아볼까요?” section is another sub-section that I think is worthy of its own special mention. In the “비교해 볼까요?” sub-section, KGIU shows and breaks down grammar points that either look similar to the target grammar or have similar meanings (or both) and explains how each is similar and different with the target grammar. While other sources that I’ve used will usually mention things like “This grammar form can be switched with X form” as necessary, they don’t tend to have comparisons like KGIU does. Another excellent feature and a reason why I recommend this series~

Wrapping up the positives for this book is the amount of practice questions. Each grammar form has at least two pages of practice questions accompanying it, which is more than other books I have used. The exercises are fairly simple but effective, usually involving choosing the appropriate word for a sentence from a word bank and using it with the target grammar to complete the sentence, or changing or combining sentences using the target grammar. At the end of each section—the book is divided into sections of grammar with similar meanings and/or usages—there are also some extra multiple choice questions to check if you have properly understood the differences between the forms.


Finally, on to some things that are specific to “KGIU (Advanced)” and not the series as a whole!

(Okay, this isn’t really specific to the advanced edition, but this is almost certainly a non-issue for intermediate and beginner learners, so…) A lot of advanced grammar resources are written purely in Korean, whereas “KGIU (Advanced)” uses first Korean and then English for its grammar explanations and example sentences. Depending on how you look at it, this could be a good thing or a bad thing. If you are working on removing English totally from your studies, and think having the English translations right there might be too distracting, this might not be the book for you. However, if you aren’t quite yet comfortable reading grammar explanations in Korean but want to give it a shot and be able to check yourself, this is excellent. Depends on what you’re looking for!

Another thing to be aware of—and this really applies to all advanced Korean grammar study materials—is that you will often find yourself questioning the usefulness of grammar you encounter. Once you get up to that level, the remaining grammar left to learn is largely grammar that crops up in mostly literature or more formal settings like news and business presentations, etc. More than once I have asked a friend or coworker to help clarify a grammar point only to be met by “Why are you learning that?? I don’t think I’ve ever personally used that in my life!” Of course, they still know what it means, so while you might not find yourself using some of these grammar forms much, you still might encounter them and need to know what they mean. This isn’t really a good thing or a bad thing; just how it is!

Overall, I’m a big fan of the KGIU series, and I would wholeheartedly recommend them to anyone looking for a strong source for learning Korean grammar :)

Happy studying, everyone~!

Introducing Language Printables

My boyfriend and I are trying to save up so we can rent a new place and get married, so we have been working hard on a new project: Japanese Learning Printables, which we’re selling on Etsy. He’s a professional graphic designer and I have been teaching languages since 2003, so we decided to put our professional skills together and design some products that we hope Japanese learners will find useful.

Here’s a brief overview of what we’ve made so far:
Language Study Printables Pack 1

This bundle contains eight different printables in PDF format, both in A4 and letter size. Colour and black and white versions are included.

There are New Kanji blank sheets for you to practice kanji, with spaces for mnemonics, stroke order, on’yomi and kun’yomi, example sentences and more. Language Exchange sheets allow you to document new vocabulary and phrases, as well as cultural points as you participate in language exchange, meaning you get more out of your experience and can review afterwards. There’s also space for feedback for your partner and goal tracking. 

To increase productivity you can track your reading and study hours with these Reading Log and Study Log pages.

To keep track of new words or compounds you can use our New Vocabulary sheet, with space for readings, example sentences, so you can lean in context, and review tracking included.
Learning in real-life context is particularly difficult for self-studiers, so with this in mind we designed  this Grocery List printable, which you prepare at home, as you would a normal list, then take shopping so that you can use Japanese in context, even if you’re in a non-Japanese environment. 
Also included in the Language Study Printables Pack 1 are Anime Log and Drama Log trackers, where you can note down examples of words in context you encounter when watching Japanese TV, track where and when you heard them and monitor your reviews.

Beginners, Intermediate and Advanced Journal Prompt Printables
There are three different levels available individually, or you can buy the bundle and get all three at a discount.  Again the printables come in PDF format, including both A4 and letter size versions.

Designed with self-studiers in mind, these packs cover basic to advanced Japanese, including topics on your interests, memories, goals, as well as your opinions on a variety of current events, cultural points and social issues.

Each pack contains 31 unique language prompts, one for every day of the month.

  • Beginners Journal Prompts should be good for self-studiers who are at around JLPT N5/N4 level, or who are working through Genki I and II. Topics include writing about your environment and interests, whilst giving you opportunities to use beginner level grammar and vocabulary. An English translation cheat sheet is included to help you if you get lost. 
  • Intermediate Journal Prompts would best suit those at about JLPT N3/N2, or working through a textbook like Tobira.  Topics include writing for different purposes, talking about culture, re-telling anecdotes and expressing your opinions. An English translation cheat sheet is included to help you if you get lost.
  • Advanced Journal Prompts are designed for those at N2/N1 JLPT level, or beyond. They are written by a native Japanese speaker and are designed to help you create independent texts on engaging and relevant topics, whilst using advanced language skills such as persuasion, criticism, and expressing nuanced opinions that often appears at this level.

We really hope that you will take a look at LanguagePrintables on Etsy and favourite our store. We put a lot of thought into making these as useful as possible, and so we would very much appreciate your support through buying or simply reblogging this post.

Thank you so much for taking the time to read this post, if you have any questions, please feel free to ask. If you have a request for a language learning printable you’d like to see on our store in the future, then please let us know!

Mischievous Hugs, touken fanfic

Summary: The Aogiri kids share an enjoyable afternoon playing with Touka and Kaneki at the park, until one of the kids decides to give them a punishment.

Rating: Cute, fluffy! | Words: 2,612 words | If you like it, please reblog!

A/N: what a shitty title oh my god hello everyone! I made a post asking to vote three touken prompts that I was planning to write this week. Surprisingly, the aogiri+touken kids was the winner! so here it is. It’s a bit short, I was planning to write it as a headcanon instead but it turned out to be a bit longer, I was running out of ideas and I’m not sure if this is good enough, but it was fun to write anyway. 

thank you all for voting the fic and don’t worry if the one you wanted didn’t win, i will be writing those very soon! excuse any grammar mistakes&enjoy! <3

Preview:

“You have to hug Onii-chan for ten seconds!”

Kaneki coughs, touching the back of his head.

“W-What?”

One of the boys drags the girl by the arm, trying to stop her.

“I told you this was a bad id—”

“You have to hug!” she ignores her friend and walks towards Touka, pushing her from the back against Kaneki.

“A-Ah! Wait!”

Keep reading