us-civil-war

im sorry but why the actual fuck was the sam steve n bucky shield throwing scene cut like

mcu captain america, the guy who will probably eventually also be mcu captain america, and comic captain america tossing the iconic shield to each other its so fucking cool and makes absolutely zero sense to cut it

three captain americas all using the sh eidl in o n e scene but n oPe cut it who needs it

middleeasteye.net
US fuelling Israel's civil war
US should withhold military aid until Israel recognises Palestinian sovereignty

Israel is a very special country. Its history is like no other. Maybe that’s why its civil war, which is well underway, is almost indistinguishable to the untrained eye from a stable country. Upon closer inspection, Israel is a powder keg already in the process of the most significant societal and political implosion of its history. While a total meltdown is not inevitable, the US continues to provide the fuel for Israel to continue driving drunk on power.

On one side of this civil war is the elected government led by Benjamin Netanyahu and a bunch of the most extremist politicians one can find, several illegal settlers themselves. Aligned with the government are a cohort of settlers in the West Bank, which have surpassed their widely acknowledged role as the largest impediment to peace and have become an electoral consistency that is hard to reckon with.  Supporting this camp in Israel are party faithful that in any other country would be called outright racists. You can find some of them at Israeli soccer games chanting “Death to the Arabs.” A few have actually made that chant a reality.

On the other side is everyone else, albeit unable to see themselves on the same political side. In this camp are many Jewish Israelis who voted for Netanyahu, some more than once, and have watched their candidate move Israel to the most isolated position it has ever witnessed. These Israelis do not feel any safer today than they did when Netanyahu first ran for office. Added to this group are the second, third and fourth class Israeli Jewish citizens who traditionally vote Likud, against their best interests, and they make up the bulk of Israel’s poverty-stricken class; they sometimes are referred to as Mizrachi Jews, Ethiopian Jews, and the like. Then there is the 20 percent block of Palestinian citizens of Israel. This Palestinian constituency comprises the third largest elected block in the Knesset, but no other Israeli Jewish party deals with them; thus is the extreme state of racism inherent in the Israeli political system.

These two warring sides are fiercely at each other’s throats to claim the nature of Israeli society. The government has embarked on a tragic course to complete the process started in 1948 when Israel was established, to ethnically cleanse Palestine of its Palestinian Muslim and Christian inhabitants. The other camp, however fragmented, understands that Palestinians are never going to disappear into thin air and seek their government to end the nearly 50-year military occupation so Israel can reenter the community of nations with some sense of normalcy.

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Phroyd

4

April 9th 1865: The American Civil War ends

On this day in 1865, 150 years ago, Confederate general Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union general Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia, thus ending the civil war that had ravaged America since 1861. Sectional tensions over slavery, which had existed since the nation’s founding, came to boiling point with the election of the anti-slavery Republican Abraham Lincoln as president in 1860. The outraged Southern states feared the government would attempt to emancipate their slaves, whose labour provided the basis for the Southern economy, and thus seceded to form the Confederate States of America. Hopes for peace were dashed when shots were fired upon the Union Fort Sumter in April 1861, and the nation descended into civil war. The Confederacy, largely led by General Lee, initially had great success and defeated the Union in key battles including at Manassas and Fredericksburg. However, the Union’s superior resources and infrastructure ultimately turned the tide of war in their favour, crushing the Confederates at Gettysburg and with the destruction of Sherman’s march to the sea. Lee surrendered to Grant when hope of Confederate victory was lost, though Grant - out of respect for Lee and his desire for peaceful reconciliation -  defied military tradition and allowed Lee to keep his sword and horse. While more armies and generals had yet to surrender, Lee’s surrender essentially marked the end of the deadliest war in American history, which left around 750,000 dead. Union victory ensured the abolition of slavery, opening up questions about what was to be the fate of the four million freedpeople. These debates, as well as how to treat the seceded states and how to negotiate their readmission into the Union, defined the challenges of the postwar Reconstruction era. The Civil War remains a pivotal moment in American history and in many ways, 150 years later, the nation is still struggling to unite the sections and cope with the legacy of slavery. 

“The Confederates were now our countrymen, and we did not want to exult over their downfall.”
- Grant upon Lee’s surrender

150 years ago

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Ambulances Through History

Ambulances post-date mobile medical units by several hundred years - the first evidence of “mobile hospitals” dates back to the units set up by the Knights Hospitallier during the first Crusades in the 11th century - but they are much more ancient than our current high-tech, specially-equipped vehicles may suggest.

The first consistent military ambulances emerged in the 15th century to transport Spanish troops away from the action, and the first wide-spread civilian ambulance services were developed during the cholera epidemics in 1830s London.

Many of our current ambulance services were developed during the U.S. Civil War, World War I, and World War II.

In recent decades, many ambulance services have expanded into specialty care (cardiovascular, obesity, stroke, and athletic), and in the United States and United Kingdom, almost all municipal fire departments are directly affiliated with a public or private ambulance service.

Images:

National Museum of Medicine

Wikimedia Commons

youtube

“If I thought, had any idea, that I’d ever be a slave again, I’d take a gun an’ jus’ end it all right away. Because you’re nothing but a dog.”

There seems to be this misconception among the general public that American slavery was a long time ago. It wasn’t. As late as 1949, former slave Fountain Hughes was still alive and kicking. He was 101 years old. Hermond Norwood sat him down and interviewed him in Baltimore, Maryland. He recorded the whole thing. Transcript is here in case you want to follow along.

Hand-colored tintype portrait of an unidentified Union soldier posing with a cannon in an unidentified camp during the Civil War.

Source.

anonymous asked:

They always have these specials on the Civil War, but it's always about the war itself and not so much other things - I was curious, due to all the types of ailments and injuries and such that occurred during the war, was there a lot of medical advancement that took place during that time, or perhaps directly after? And, if so, do you have any recommended readings on the subject? (thanks in advance, I love your blog :D)

Conflicts with major casualties almost always also lead to major advancements in at least one field of medicine. The US Civil War was a huge huge time for medical advancement and achievement, and it sped up the advancement of the already-improving state of medicine in the US considerably.

There’s actually an entire museum dedicated to Civil War Medicine.

The director of that museum gave a good series of short talks on Youtube, detailing myths and advancements during the war.

Harvard has a permanent exhibit on that war’s medicine called Battle-Scarred.

The National Museum of Health and Medicine’s Otis Archives has an excellent collection of photographic and illustrative Civil War Medicine.

I’ve actually used several pics from the NMHM previously on here. I’ll probably post more in the future, but for now, have fun browsing on your own!

I am tired and sick of war. Its glory is all moonshine. It is only those who have neither fired a shot nor heard the shrieks and groans of the wounded who cry aloud for blood, for vengeance, for desolation. War is hell.
—  An opinion of war attributed to Union General William Tecumseh Sherman’s opinion of war during his retirement.  There are numerous quotes that follow the same theme and end with his famous phrase: ‘War is hell.’

At the turn of the nineteenth century the free African American population of the northern states was approximately 47,000; by 1860 it had grown to over 225,000. The four northern states with the largest free black populations before the Civil War were Pennsylvania, New York, Ohio, and New Jersey. … The most prominent black communities took root in the cities of Philadelphia and New York, where urban African Americans formed cultural and benevolent organizations, and some succeeded in business, managing to gain considerable amounts of property. Despite the success of some blacks, most northern African Americans were denied equal civil rights.

Excerpted from “Free African Americans Before the Civil War (North)” courtesy of the Oxford African American Studies Center. Explore our special US Civil War collection, featuring free content and the latest resources to commemorate the sesquicentennial of the war that shaped a nation.

Image credit: Reynolds’s Political Map of the United States (1856). Public domain via the Library of Congress.