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cantankerouskaputnik  asked:

Can you tell us a little about food in Finland, like... What do you eat day to day? What are sweets like? Which fast food chains are the most popular? or something else you think is interesting. Thank you! :D

Thank you for the ask! I can tell you a lot about food in Finland, fortunately, because both of my parents happen to be cooks, so I can ask about stuff from them. A lot the information I’ll tell you probably came from them.

Well, first off, I want to say that today Finnish people often eat food that isn’t necessarily traditionally Finnish or anything, for example my town has at least 5 pizza-kebab restaurants, and spaghetti is very popular. This thing called “raketti-spagetti” is sold in stores, it’s just normal spaghetti but cut into shorter pieces, and the name literally means rocket-spaghetti. I’m not sure how that name came to be, but it rhymes, so maybe it just sounded funny…? I don’t know. Stuff like rice is pretty common too, even though it’s in no way traditionally Finnish. Anyway, I’m sure that a similar phenomenon (the international foods thing, not raketti-spagetti) exists in almost every country.

Also, the Finnish cuisine has gotten a lot of influence from our dear neighbours, Sweden and Russia. Especially Sweden. So anyway, if you’re from either one of those countries and I say that something is Finnish when your country has the exact same thing, please blame my ancestors for not being more original. Although I’d like to hear about foods or customs similar to these I’m about to mention from other countries, so if you’d like to, please share them in the tags!

Okay, so I think I’ll start with the fast food- part of the question.

Finland doesn’t have that many fast food chains, really. We have McDonald’s, Burger King, Subway, and soon a few Taco Bells. Like, three. BUT! We do have a chain of our own, Hesburger, which is my personal favorite out of these. It is the most popular fast food chain in Finland, with 268 restaurants. For comparison, McDonald’s has 65, Burger King 32, and Subway 155 restaurants here.

If you want to have a taste of Hesburger’s food, but don’t want to come all the way to Finland, that’s totally fine! There are Hesbugers in eight other countries, too: Estonia (42 restaurants), Latvia (44), Lithuania (47), Russia (34), Germany (3), Ukraine (3), Bulgaria (3) and Belarus (1). Pretty impressive for a chain from such a small country, huh?

I hope this doesn’t sound too much like an ad, this post is not sponsored by Hesburger. I just think it’s pretty neat. I don’t know where the restaurants are more specifically, but I’ve been to Tallinn and there were a few Hesburgers there. They have really good paprika-mayonnaise! Just saying.

Scratch that, I now know where is the Hesburger farthest from Finland: 

Now, for sweets, I think I’ll have to make their own post, but we do have a lot of different kinds of candy in Finland, since we have two bigger and several smaller candy manufacturers, the two big ones being Fazer and Panda. Fazer also makes bread and cookies.

Popular candies are suklaa (chocolate) in different forms - bars, slabs (?? I hear that is also called a bar sometimes? Like smaller bars like Snickers and then slabs like the one I’ll show a picture of), chocolates, like the ones sold in a box, with filling or without, you get the idea, a lot of chocolate - and, of course, salmiakki, salty liquorice. Salmiakki candies get their amazing/awful taste from ammonium chloride. Mmmm. Potentially life-threatening chemicals combined. Delicious. (pic source)

Here is perhaps the most iconic Finnish sweet: Fazerin sininen, Fazer’s Blue. It’s just simple old milk chocolate and yet is the most popular candy in the country. Is it really that good?

Yes. Yes it is. The shade of blue used in the wrapping is copyrighted, by the way.

Okay, moving on to the day-to-day stuff…

In Finland we drink the most maito (milk) in the world per capita, a bit over 360 liters. The 2nd is Sweden by the way, with around 356 liters. We also consume the most kahvi (coffee) per capita, the national average being around 2.6 cups. Seriously, people here drink coffee all the time. In the morning, after lunch, when you come to visit you can be sure you’ll be offered a cup of coffee, at weddings, at funerals, with dessert, I mean, all the goddamn time. Sometimes they don’t even have a reason I’m sure. You know when at work there are those shorter breaks? In Finland a break like that is called kahvitauko. It means coffee break, which I’m sure is a familiar concept in other countries too.

But yeah, people do drink milk at every meal - not everyone, of course, but most people - and for people who are lactose intolerant there are special kinds of milks where the lactose has been processed already, so lactose intolerant people can drink it safely.

This is our fridge. That milk probably lasts like half a week. The light blue one is fat-free.

‘There is also this thing called piimä, which is a drinkable product made from milk with Lactic acid fermentation. It’s not my favorite, but it’s okay.

Maito versus piimä. (source

Apparently there is a strict divide in Finland between west and east, where west likes piimä better, but east prefers something called kokkelipiimä, which, to me, sounds very suspicious, and I did not know it even existed. It’s piimä with something more solid also made from milk mixed into it. Looks like this.

I seriously had never heard of it. I do live in the western half, so I suppose the divide is real. Huh. (source)

A traditional Finnish drink, kotikalja, is often drunk at fancier occasions, for example at the Christmas meal or at some other celebration, like weddings or such. It has a bit of alcohol, but so little that it doesn’t really count as an alcoholic beverage. Wikipedia tells me that it’s similar to Estonian kali, Swedish svagdricka, Dutch oud bruin and Russian kvass. It’s not the same, but it’s similar. People drink it with food.

(source also includes a recipe for kotikalja)

 There is a Finnish word ruokajuoma, which means any drink that is often drunk at meals, like water or kotikalja or milk and sometimes also juice.

This post is getting really long, sorry about that. Anyway, we eat a lot of different keittoja (soups) here too. Most of the time they contain potatoes (perunaa), carrots (porkkanaa), possibly other vegetables, and some meat (lihaa). Kalakeitto (fish soup) can be creamy (I love it) or clear (not so good). Lihakeitto (meat soup) and jauhelihakeitto (minced meat soup)are usually clear as well. There is also hernekeitto, which is made from peas, minced meat or ham or something and some carrot. People can add mustard and onion to it. It’s often eaten on Thursdays, a habit that has spread from the army. There every Thursday is hernekeittopäivä, hernekeitto-day. With hernekeitto the dessert is usually pancake with jam. (pic source)

The pancake, pannukakku, doesn’t look like what you might expect, though. It’s like this.


What is the closest relative to the other kind of pancake is called lettu here, or räiskäle, and it’s closer to a crêpe or a blin. (An actual blin, in Finland there is some misconception about blinis being small and thick… things, but maybe people would otherwise mistake them for a räiskäle?) (source)

 They are usually eaten with jam or sugar or whipped cream, or ice cream, or berries, or all of them. There are also muurinpohjaletut, which are cooked differently. (source)

A very basic dish we eat a lot here is potatoes and some kind of kastike (sauce). The sauce usually has pieces of meat, or sausage, or minced meat. We use a lot of minced meat. The picture example is made with makkara (sausage). (source)

When it comes to leipä (bread) I might be a little biased, because my parents bake a lot of bread themselves. Most households usually have at least two types of bread available, some lighter bread like piimälimppu for example, and ruisleipä. It is very Finnish, even though rye bread is eaten elsewhere too. In grocery stores you can find many shelves full of it. There are even rye chips here! Not French fries, or potato chips, really, more like nachos. But made from rye. Weird. (source of pic below)

One of the many forms of rye bread. (source)

Usually the shelves would be full but it was late and almost juhannus. That’s all for rye bread there. (Don’t mind my sister’s hand btw)

You can get rye bread in dried from too, all crunchy and pretty tough. Examples of this, dry, crunchy, though perhaps not that tough bread are näkkileipä and hapankorppu. Näkkileipä is often served in schools, since it doesn’t go bad easily. Both näkkileipä and hapankorppu are the best when they have some butter (voi) on top, at least I think so.

Hapankorppu in the front, näkkileipä in the back. 

“Which side do you put the butter on?” is a common topic of debate between Finnish people. (It’s the side without the holes, fight me)

And yet another traditional Finnish food that’s eaten like bread and has rye in it, is karjalanpiirakka, Karelian pie. It’s basically rice porridge in a crust made from rye flour. It is also called riisipiirakka. There are other versions of it as well, for example they can have mashed potato instead of rice in them. It’s traditionally eaten with munavoi, boiled egg and butter mixed together. It is heavenly. It’s the stuff in the picture way up there, actually, but I’ll refresh your memory.


Another pretty basic, and quite traditional Finnish food that is still pretty popular as I understand, is makaronilaatikko, macaroni casserole, made of macaroni, minced meat, and a mixture of milk and egg. All the ingredients are put together and mixed, and cheese is put on top, though not in traditional versions. Then the whole thing is put into the oven and cooked for some time, and then eaten usually with ketchup. It’s one of my favorite foods.


Fish is eaten fairly often, but pork, chicken and beef are probably more common. In summer we eat a lot of sausages and nakki (frankfurters) (?? I have never heard this word). Most common spices are salt, suola and pepper, pippuri. There are also a ton of prepared foods in markets, and I mean a lot. Whole aisles, many meters, of foods like makaronilaatikko or jauhelihakeitto that you just need to warm up. Convenient. One of my favorites are pinaattiletut, small lettus with spinach in them. I like them a lot. There are also the same kinds of small lettus made with carrot. Oh, and also blood. They’re called veriletut in Finnish.


Well, I’d love to tell you more, but this post is already way too long, so. I’ll end it here. If you want to know more of something specific I mentioned, ask, and I’ll try to get a post made. I’m planning on covering a few topics here more in depth in the future, but we’ll see.

Oh, also, a lot of the sources for the pictures in this post also feature a recipe, though they’re in Finnish. If you’d like me to translate one of them so you can try it out, just ask!

Thank you for the ask again!


Child Of The Universe

I used a variety of public domain images to come up with this whimsical design. I really loved the cosmic aura of the star woman and thought it would be perfect to set her in a wintery scene, complete with flowing auroras and star clusters ~ I’m not the best when it comes to photo manipulation, but I had fun with this one! Also available for iPads, posters/prints, drawstring bag and sticker <3

Get it here!

Code for 20% off: SAVETWENTY

Sign up to your local lesbian library today!

Who: We, the mods at butches and femmes, are hosting our third match making event in celebration of reaching 1000 followers, in which we aim to match up all our bookworm lesbians based on their literary tastes! We hope to build upon our past experiences in hosting these events to make this a fantastic experience for everyone

How: First, read the Terms and Conditions which can be viewed below and found on our about page. Then simply fill out the lesbian library card application below and copy it into our submission box. Please include as much detail as you can! We will match lesbians based on similarities in literary tastes and writer/reader aesthetics AND we will post a list of reading groups, again based on literary tastes and aesthetics so you can all hang out and fangirl over your particular interests together. Once we have posted the groups it’s up to you to get in contact with one another, although we will happily provide help, advice, prompts and other useful resources for you should you need them.

Where: the event will happen right here on this blog! Please don’t hesitate to ask if you have any questions or queries about the event and we will get back to you as soon as we can. Make sure to check back here for updates and announcements (we will be tagging any updates or information about the event with #lesbian library)

When: we will be accepting applications until 10:00pm April 21th 2017 GMT so make sure to send your form in before then. Pairs will be individually messaged the results and the reading group posts will go up on April 27th 2017 7:00pm (ish) GMT

Why: our intention is quite simply to help bookworm lesbians meet other bookworm lesbians (most of us being quite introverted) and hopefully find love and/or friendship. We do all the work for you!

Notes: The cover art used was created by mod w and the drawing is hers, although the photos used are public domain! Please, for the love of Patricia Highsmith, read our terms and conditions before submitting, thank you. Reblogs are appreciated.

Keep reading

anonymous asked:

what do you think have been the most successful fresh IPs of this console generation so far? What about the PS3/360/Wii generation?

This is a really interesting question, since “most successful” is a subjective term. Here’s the criteria I used to determine whether an IP qualified or not:

  1. Either has at least one sequel or one announced sequel, or has ongoing paid new content for over a year
  2. Has franchise sales numbers in the high millions -or- is an ongoing service that continues to serve a high user population (500k+ regular monthly users)
  3. Does not depend on existing well-known licensed IP (e.g. the Batman: Arkham series is disqualified due to it being Batman) or other IP the company owns (Hearthstone uses Warcraft, Skylanders uses Spyro). Public domain stuff is ok (e.g. King Arthur)

I avoided mobile and social games in this. Here’s the list I came up with.

Present day: (2013-2017)

  • Titanfall (2014)
  • Destiny (2014)
  • Five Nights at Freddy’s (2014)
  • Watch Dogs (2014)
  • Splatoon (2015)
  • Rocket League (2015)
  • Overwatch (2016)

Honorable Mentions - IPs that met multiple criteria, but not all of them :

  • Sunset Overdrive (2014)
  • Hearthstone (2014)
  • Shadow of Mordor (2014)
  • Ori and the _____ (2015)
  • Bloodborne (2015)
  • Life is Strange (2015)
  • The Last Guardian (2016)
  • Tom Clancy’s The Division (2016)
  • Horizon Zero Dawn (2017)

PS3/XBox360/Wii Era (2006-2013)

  • Gears of War (2006)
  • Portal (2007)
  • Bioshock (2007)
  • Assassin’s Creed (2007)
  • Crackdown (2007)
  • Mass Effect (2007)
  • Dead Space (2008)
  • Dragon Age (2009)
  • Demons/Dark Souls (2009)
  • Infamous (2009)
  • Borderlands (2009)
  • Plants vs Zombies (2009)
  • League of Legends (2009)
  • Dance Central (2010)
  • Payday (2011)
  • Dishonored (2012)
  • The Last of Us (2013)

Honorable Mentions:

  • Okami (2006)
  • DiRT (2007)
  • Mirror’s Edge (2008)
  • Bayonetta (2009)
  • Batman: Arkham (2009)
  • Minecraft (2011)
  • LA Noire (2011)
  • Skylanders (2011)
  • Journey (2012)
  • Injustice: Gods Among Us (2013)

This list is by no means exhaustive, of course. You might have noticed that the lion’s share of the new IPs from the last generation came from the first half of the life cycle. What other new IPs can you think of from these time periods that adhere to all of the criteria?

Got a burning question you want answered?

Anonymous asked:

Hey, buddy!! I’ve been world-building for a novel for two years now, but I’ve got a problem: this magical universe is so vast and fantastic that I’ll never be able to introduce it all without a huge lore dump. I really don’t want to leave anything out of the story, but I’ve also accepted that it just won’t fit. So I’m trying new tactics to document everything without forcing it down consumers’ throats. What would you do in this situstion? Pottermore-esque extras? History text books for students?

Here are some possibilities:

1) Web Site Bonus - additional world details can be a great way to encourage readers to visit your web site after they’ve finished reading your book. You could include things like maps, short stories, folklore, songs and poetry, imagery, interactive games–anything that gets the information across.

2) Promotional Material - this is really a subset of the above, but if you have a new book coming out in the same series, releasing additional world details on your site can be a great way to get readers to your site and pumped up for the new book ahead of its release.

3) Novellas - novellas are a really popular way of exploring other parts of the world building. Ultimately, you would be creating new characters to explore different parts of this world and its back story. A great example would be George R.R. Martin’s Dunk and Egg novellas, which are a companion series to A Song of Ice and Fire, taking place roughly a century earlier.

4) Interactive Site - if you have the ability to create an interactive site dedicated to your world, that can certainly be a great way of getting this information to your readers.

5) Companion Books - while novellas are actual stories that take place in your novel’s world, companion books are more like reference guides. This could be like, “A Guide to Creatures in A Song of Ice and Fire” or “The Castles and Manors of Westeros.” 

6) Graphic Novels - this would be in the same vein as a novella, but a different medium. They can certainly make for an interesting way to explore your story’s world. And, you can even do an online graphic novel if you want.

7) YouTube Video - don’t discount the value of a video. This would basically be you talking about your story’s world, telling the reader additional details you want them to know. You could even pair this with an “Ask Me Anything” type event where readers send you questions about the universe, back story, or anything else they want to know.

8) Online Gallery - tumblr makes it super easy to curate a gallery of inspiration photos. You can create a gallery for your story’s world, re-blogging pictures that could represent things in your story. You can intersperse posts that talk about your story’s world, along with things like maps, short stories, folklore, songs, etc.

9) Mood Boards - this is kind of a miniature version of what I said above. Ultimately, you create a digital collage of pictures that represent your story’s world. (Making sure to use photos in the public domain or that you are licensed to use.) Then, you could post these on your blog, social media, or web site along with any pertinent information.

10) Mini-Movie - with a video camera, a basic editing program, and a little creativity, you can make a little movie about your story’s world. You can use real life imagery and stock photos to represent settings in your story, and you can provide information using text or narration.

I hope one of these ideas will work for you! :)

Have a writing question? I’d love to hear from you! Please be sure to read my ask rules and master list first or your question will not be answered. :)

hetaliafandomhubepsilon  asked:

Hello! To start off your Ambassador work, can you tell us about some of the wildlife in your country? Thank you! (If you would like a different question, let me know)!

As a former Zoology student, I don’t think you could have started me off with a better question than this one! 

So to start off, Irish wildlife could generally be considered to be pretty similar with what one might expect to find on the European continent. With a few differences of course. Ireland is located on an island and although it has known an insular existence for a very long time, Ireland was originally connected to Great Britain and the European mainland by a land bridge. However it is thought that this land bridge disappeared around 14,000 BCE due to rising sea levels. As a consequence, not all fauna that is native to continental Europe managed to cross into Ireland. 

For example, out of 60 mammal species recorded in Ireland, only 26 of them are actually native to the country. All others were recently introduced, either accidentally (brown rat, bank vole) or purposefully (rabbit, fallow deer).        


Extinctions are never nice to talk about, but I felt it’s still an interesting subject to discuss. Due to Ireland’s location during the Ice Age, it was home to a plethora of animal species that are today either regionally extinct from Ireland or have become completely extinct. Wooly mammoths used to be present in Ireland (and were apparently still around when Newgrange was built) along with the Irish elk, reindeer, lynx, Arctic fox, lemming, and the spotted hyena. Brown bear also used to exist in Ireland before becoming extinct 12,000 years ago and interestingly enough, genetic testing seems to indicate that at least some polar bears today are descended from a female brown bear that was from Ireland. (it appears that polar bears and brown bears in Ireland frequently interbred with each other)

More recent extinctions include the great auk (1834), grey whale (1600s) and wildcat (1800s). The grey wolf, one of the few native species of Ireland, was fairly widespread in the country up to the 1700s. (apparently wolves were so abundant that a few shocked Englishmen gave the nickname “Wolfland” to Ireland) Regarding it as a pest, English lords decided that it needed to be exterminated and put in place a policy where monetary reward was offered for killing wolves. It wasn’t very long until the last wolf was killed in 1786 by the farmer John Watson in Ballydarton, Co. Carlow.


Some of the native mammal species that can be found in Ireland are the following: red fox, hedgehog, badger, hare, otter, stoat, red squirrel, and the pygmy shrew. Many more mammal species were introduced to Ireland over the centuries, such as the rabbit which was introduced by the Normans in the 12th century and the grey squirrel which was introduced in 1911. Unfortunately some of the introduced mammal species have a negative impact on the native fauna, such as the grey squirrel which could potentially push the red squirrel to extinction by outcompeting it and by being a carrier of a disease that is fatal to their smaller red cousin. 

Among the marine mammals, Ireland has seals and whales that are either permanent residents or migratory. Of the seals, the two most common species are the common seal and the grey seal. Other seal species and the walrus can be spotted along the Irish coasts but it is only very occasionally that this occurs. Ireland also has various species of dolphins and whales, the most famous example being Fungie the Dingle Dolphin, a bottlenose dolphin who has been around since 1983. Fungie is best known for his friendliness towards humans and is often seen in the Dingle harbour.      

A tidbit that I find to be highly interesting is that despite the fact that the red deer is a native species of Ireland due to the attested presence of the it during the Ice Age, the red deer of today isn’t actually descended of that original population. Genetic testing showed that the original red deer population became extinct after the end of the Ice Age but the red deer was subsequently reintroduced 5,000 years ago after Neolithic people brought it with them when they migrated to Ireland. The boar is another example of a species dying out and being reintroduced to Ireland centuries later.


The only native land reptile present in Ireland is the viviparous lizard (or common lizard), the term “viviparous” meaning that it gives birth to live young rather than laying eggs like the majority of reptiles. Another land reptile that has been seen in Ireland is the slow-worm, though it is believed to have been illegally introduced in the 1970s. Other than that, Ireland has five marine turtles species that are often sighted off the west coast of Ireland though they don’t tend to come ashore.  

There are no snakes in Ireland. A popular myth claims that this was due to the patron saint of Ireland, Saint Patrick, chasing all snakes out of Ireland and into the sea. Of course the story has never been believed to be true because Saint Patrick’s predecessor, Saint Palladius, had noted decades earlier that there were no snakes in Ireland. This is most likely due to Ireland losing its land bridge long before snakes migrated to the north of Europe after the end of Ice Age. 


Only three amphibian species are native to Ireland: the European brown frog, the smooth newt, and the natterjack toad. What is curious about the frog is that it is often questioned if it is native to Ireland at all. No mention of frogs in Ireland was made until the 12th century, leading some to speculate that the Normans introduced the frog to Ireland (as they did with the rabbit). Others speculate that the frog could have been introduced as late as the 18th century thanks to an English naturalist who participated in a survey on Irish flora and fauna and allegedly placed imported frog spawn in a ditch after failing to find any native frogs.  


There are approximately 400 bird species in Ireland, many of which are migratory such as the swallow. The most widespread of bird species in Ireland are the European robin, wren, blackbird, starling, blue tit, great tit, and the common chaffinch. 

Many conservation projects have been attempting to reintroduce certain bird species that used to be in Ireland but became regionally extinct. Some cases have known success, like the white-tailed eagle which was reintroduced to Ireland in 2007 after being absent for 200 years. The golden eagle was reintroduced to Ireland in 2001 after being extinct for 90 years. It wouldn’t be until 2007 that the first golden eagle chick would be born in Ireland. It is planned to attempt to reintroduce the common crane to Ireland in the future. However some bird species such as the osprey and marsh harrier have been returning to Ireland of their own accord.


About 375 fish species are present in Ireland’s coastal waters and a further 40 freshwater species live in Ireland’s lakes and rivers. Fishing is a fairly popular activity in Ireland and attracts many tourists. Some popular fishes to catch are the red sea bream, cod, mackerel, rainbow trout, roach, pollock, and the Atlantic salmon. (although you need a licence to fish Atlantic salmon) Other notable fish species found near Ireland are: basking shark, hagfish, cuckoo wrasse, ocean sunfish, boarfish, conger eel, and thresher shark.          


It is estimated that there are 11,500 species of insects in Ireland, though there is a likelihood that there are far more than that. Among these, some notable invertebrates are: freshwater pearl mussel, freshwater crayfish, Kerry slug, marsh fritillary butterfly, white prominent, and diving bell spider.     

Photo used is public domain, here is the link to the original photo. 

Another handy cheat sheet for copyright, fair use, creative commons, and public domain! Everything a student needs to know for their next project or paper.


PORTRAIT COMMISSIONS (Black and White, Bust only)
check sidebar to see if I’m open for commissions


• 70$ 

• Very detailed clothing may add 5$+ depending


• PLEASE think of what you want before contacting me

• Paypal only!

• I will make a sketch/draft/pose, once it has been approved I’ll send an Invoice via PayPal. Full refunds (minus paypal fees) can be issued for any commission I have not yet started. Once I’ve begun painting there won’t be any refunds.

• I need reference pics of poses, moods, appearence (hair, eyes, faceclaims, skin, outfits, just everything thank you very much) etc.
If you use pinterest you could make a board and send the link to me! Easier since they’re all in one place (If you have screenshots u can just send them) 
You can also make a sheet like THIS it would help a lot.

Do you have a deadline? tell me before so I can verify that i’ll be able to finish the commission in time

• I have the right to turn down any commissions I don’t want to do

I will NOT draw

• IF there’s something I feel uncomfortable doing we’ll discuss it.

I WILL draw

Ocs and Canon characters, anyone just yeah. 

fill out this form and send it with the subject “Art commission” to:

Description of character’s appearance:
Description of mood:
reference pictures (links etc):
Paypal E-mail:

All commissioned artwork is for non-commercial use only.

I retain copyright to the artwork, but claim no ownership over the characters/stories/etc. Do NOT claim the artwork as your own! If commission work is used in a public domain (i.e. icons or wallpapers) please be sure to credit me or link to my art blog.

Free Icons

I’m bored so feel free to hmu with a request if you want me to throw an icon together for you. I make them 800 x 800 and transparent. I use images from public domain and my own art so you can use these icons in anything you like :D