Differences in brain structure and memory suggest adolescents may not ‘grow out of’ ADHD  

Young adults diagnosed with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adolescence show differences in brain structure and perform poorly in memory tests compared to their peers, according to new research from the University of Cambridge, UK, and the University of Oulu, Finland.

“Good memory function supports a variety of other mental processes, and memory problems can certainly hold people back in terms of success in education and the workplace.” Graham Murray

The findings, published today in the journal European Child Adolescent Psychiatry, suggest that aspects of ADHD may persist into adulthood, even when current diagnostic criteria fail to identify the disorder.

Roman-Urrestarazu, A et al. Brain structural deficits and working memory fMRI dysfunction in young adults who were diagnosed with ADHD in adolescence. European Child Adolescent Psychiatry; 27 Aug 2015