Lateral Office, founded in 2003 by Mason White and Lola Sheppard, is an experimental design practice that operates at the intersection of architecture, landscape, and urbanism. The studio describes its practice process as a commitment to “design as a research vehicle to pose and respond to complex, urgent questions in the built environment,” engaging in the “wider context and climate of a project: social, ecological, or political.” For their Runways to Greenways, an urban design proposal for the Vatnsmýri area of Reykjavík, the architects sought to simultaneously acknowledge the rich history of the site while looking forward to new economies and public realms. The project area, a significantly-sized defunct World War II runway, was slated for universities, bio-tech, housing and commercial development. This proposal, which used landscape and exterior program as a catalyst for urban development, identifies exterior space as equally charged with activity, use and event as built or interior spaces within the city. The figure of the runway is used to identify three primary axes, and each former runway is converted into a “greenway” that uses a quality of the city as its primary trait: namely, ecology, recreation, and production. Lateral Office join the inaugural Chicago Architecture Biennial alongside over 100 architects, artists, and designers from around the world.