From: «Uppercase», n. 2, [Featuring Edward Wright (issue designed with his collaboration); Richard Hamilton (on Duchap Green Box); Richard Matthews (on Kurt Schwitters)], Edited by Theo Crosby, Whitefriars Press, London, 1959
because I see this everywhere and most people don’t know about it. The hyphen(-), the en-dash(–) and the em-dash(—) are three completely different things with completely different uses. If you write fanfiction, it’s likely that your readers won’t care, but if you want to submit a manuscript for publishing, you need to know the difference.
The hyphen (-) is the basic symbol you find on your keyboard, and it’s meant to only be used for hyphenated words (well-being, two-thirds).
The en-dash (–) is a slightly longer dash. It’s usually the width of an uppercase N, hence the name. You can find it by looking through the ‘insert symbol’ option in MS word or many word processors, and it is meant to be used to show a particular distance, or for intervals (May–August, 1900–1916, pages 12–22)
is what people most commonly use, but they refer to it as a hyphen. It’s the longest dash, about the size of an uppercase letter M, and you can either find it through the list of symbols in your word processor, or some word processors actually automatically transform two hyphens (–) into an em-dash
(—). It is meant to be used as a break in the sentence, in a place where a comma, semicolon or colon would normally be used or as a break in dialogue. (Her niece—the daughter of her oldest sister—is the one over there.)
*All three types of dashes are normally meant to be used without any spaces on either side of the dash.
HEY KID, HAVE YOU EVER WANTED TO WRITE YOUR ENGLISH ESSAYS COMPLETELY IN CODE? WELL, NOW YOU CAN DO THAT!
Presenting one of the nerdiest things I’ve ever spent three hours on:
Fordese. Exactly as seen in Journal 3, but as a font. You too can confuse your work partner, twin brother, and dream demon arch-nemesis by simply typing on the keyboard as normal, no pen needed!
I must thank @picnokinesis and the fics they wrote in code for putting the random inspiration in my mind to do this, ahahah. XD
The font includes all coded letters from A-Z, both in uppercase and lowercase. (They’re both the same, though- I just figured it wouldn’t hurt to double up.) It has a full set of numbers, and the most common punctuation. Some of the letters are annoyingly close to each other, but it couldn’t easily be helped.
But hey, if anyone actually uses this and makes a post, please feel free to tag me in it so I can see! And if anyone tries this out and there’s any major issues with it, let me know and I can try to fix it! :D
I had a client who owned an insurance firm and she asked me to create a logo for her.
Client: I want all three words of my company name in uppercase serif fonts – except for the first letter of each word, which I want in a lower case san-serif as large as the other letters.
Me: I don’t think that will look great, honestly, but I’ll send you some mock-ups and you can decide from there.
Client: Okay, send those along, thanks.
Except apparently, she changed her mind – after our meeting she called me back.
Client: You know what? Forget it. You designers don’t even know what you are talking about! I know design and I know what looks good. I’m going to go with someone else.
A couple months later I was driving by her offices and in a huge light up sign, I saw the most horrific looking text logo I have ever seen in my life. The initial letters were lowercase Arial sans serif, and the rest were uppercase TIMES NEW ROMAN.
@sanchezeliezer this is actually a question I had when first starting out, too.
Short answer, both ways are okay but using the uppercase name just once is preferred.
Long answer, stageplays are what commonly keep the name in uppercase throughout. Many writers who switch from or between writing stageplays to screenplays keep names in caps, which is why the style differs. Screenplay writers typically prefer the first way because the uppercase can make the action/description crowded and busy.
Characters are almost always introduced before their dialogue. It establishes them in the scene and as a character (it’s weird to have a character seemingly appear out of nowhere).
As for the “BIRTHMARK” in uppercase, sometimes crucial information is in caps to draw attention to it. This is most commonly used with sound (such as: “The alarm clock RINGS.”)
USE CAPS WITH CAUTION.
SOFT KEITH WHO FURROWS HIS EYEBROWS IN CONFUSION WHENEVER THE TEAM IS DOING SOMETHING MEMEING AND HE’S LIKE???? DA FUCK BUT HE’S STILL TRYING SO HARD TO UNDERSTAND.
SOFT KEITH WHO IS ALL LEAN MUSCLE BUT HIS TUMMY IS SOFT AND THE DAY THE TEAM FINDS OUT HE’S TICKLISH, THERE’S NOT A DAY KEITH’S ADORABLE LAUGTHER ECHOES DOWN THE HALL.
SOFT KEITH WHO SMILES FONDLY WHENEVER THE TEAM CHEERS AFTER A VICTORY BECAUSE THESE DORKS ARE HIS FAMILY AND THEY ARE ALIVE AND HE’S PART OF THEM.
SOFT KEITH WHO HOPS ON THE KITCHEN COUNTER TO HELP HUNK TASTE TEST EVERY RECEPY.
SOFT KEITH WHO JUMPS ON SHIRO’S BACK WHEN HES BORED SO SHIRO ENDS UP DRAGGING HIM LIKE NOTHING AROUND THE CASTLE.
SOFT KEITH WHO TAKES A NAP IN LANCE’S LAP AS LANCE KEEPS TALKING QUIETLY TO THE OTHER WHILE A HAND RUN THROUGH KEITH’S HAIR.
SOFT KEITH LISTENING TO PIDGE’S RAMBLING AS SHE GOES ON AND ON ABOUT HER NEW INVENTION AND HE JUST LISTENS, HE REALLY LISTENS TO EVERY WORD BECAUSE IT’S IMPORTANT TO HER AND HE DOESN’T WANT TO MISS OUT ANYTHING.
SOFT KEITH WHO SITS QUIETLY BESIDES ALLURA LATE IN THOSE LONELY NIGHT, WHEN BOTH OF THEIR LOSSES ARE HEAVILY PRESENT IN THEIR MINDS, NOT A WORD SHARED, AS THEY STARE AT THE WINDOW, BUT BOTH FEELINGS LIGTHER WHEN THEY HEAD OUT TO THEIR OWN ROOM.
SOFT KEITH WITH CORAN AS CORAN TALKS ABOUT HIS ADVENTURES WHEN HE WAS YOUNG AND KEITH ACTUALLY LAUGHS AND COMMENTS ABOUTIT, ASKING HIM MORE QUESTIONS THAT ONLY EXCITES CORAN MORE!
My first Uppercase Arrived! I attempted artsy photos but look where that got us…I am thrilled to read A conspiracy of the stars. I had never heard of Olivia A. Cole but through this I’m glad I was opened up to such an amazing author
Over the last few semesters, I developed my own system of revising for exams. I’m a visual learner and writing things down in an organised way helps me loads. I posted pictures of my exam notes several times before (here, here, here, here) and I use this format for basically every class that requires an exam instead of an essay - so far: calculus 1, real analysis, maths education, english literature, and teaching german as a second language. Many people really liked this format, so here’s a step-by-step guide on how I do it!
blank A4 paper
one sheet of A4 grid paper
a black gel pen by Kyocera (you can use any pen, but it should have a somewhat fine tip and should dry easily)
Stabilo fine liners point88 (one or two matching colours per class)
a set square (imo that works better than a ruler)
a Faber-Castell 0.7 Grip 1347 pencil in 2B (you can use any pencil you like, but it should be HB or 2B because you need to erase it later)
lecture notes/slides, class notes, homework, basically any info that is necessary for the exam
Place the grid paper underneath the blank one. Make sure it doesn’t move when you write (if necessary, use paperclips to hold it in place).
Draw margins and aid lines (in pencil - you’ll erase these later). Measure them out so they’ll be the same on every sheet. I usually do approximately 1cm margins left, right, and bottom, 2.5cm margin at the top for title and subheading, and three columns: left one with a width of 6cm, middle one with 5cm, right one with 6cm and 0.5cm blank space between them. (The grid paper underneath will help.) You can also only make two columns - four columns is gonna be very hard though because that won’t leave you with much space.
Every time you have a list, bullet points, step-by-step guides etc, indent the bullets by another 0.5cm (draw another aid line for this). If you have sub-bullets, indent them another 0.5cm and so on.
I use colours for bullet points (the actual points /arrows /numbers/ whatever), important names, something that I’m defining, subheadings, and important dates.
Start writing your notes. Make them as condensed as you possibly can without leaving important points out. I try to go for one A4 page per lecture (aka around 28 powerpoint slides or more on one page), but sometimes I’ll also end up with two.
Use abbreviations for words you use a lot, e.g. “+” for “and”, “p.” for “problem”, “str.” for “strategies”, “lit.” for “literature” etc.
You can absolutely include important diagrams/graphs etc. Either print them out in the size you need or draw them by hand and in the colours you need. If it doesn’t fit in one column, spread it out over two columns and continue the separated columns underneath/above.
Make your bullet points mean something. Use numbers, arrows, flags, lowercase letters, uppercase letters, dots - each can have a different meaning. Are you writing something where the order is important (numbers)? Are you giving examples (dots)? Are you mentioning separate important key points (flags)?
I wrote my last summary page for maths education today and stopped the time - I needed 50 minutes for one lecture with 27 slides (new material because I hadn’t been there), including a small chocolate break.
4. Final Touches
Check if the ink has dried. Check again.
Carefully erase the pencil aid lines with a good eraser. make sure you don’t wrinkle the paper (unless you don’t care about that sort of stuff haha)
If you want to, you can highlight key words (or whatever you like).
Number your pages if you’ll write several. I always write down the number of the lecture (session 1, session 2 etc) in the subheading.
Optional, but I do it: Make a copy of your sheet that you carry around with you. Nothing is as frustrating as spilling coffee over your revision sheets. Put the original in a plastic sleeve and keep it in a folder or binder somewhere, and study/revise only with the copy. Especially useful if you have others quizzing you with your summaries and they don’t care if they rip/wrinkle/ruin them lmao
I hope this was somewhat informative! You can tweak it of course, depending on what class you have and what will be on the exam. I hope you’re having a nice weekend! :)