university of california: santa barbara

Southern California Gothic
  • "It will rain." they say. They say that every day. And every day, you wait. How long have you waited? You don't know anymore.
  • You stop at a dusty intersection. At all corners, there are people with fruit stands. The cherries are 2 dollars a pound. You see the sign saying no stands. You look to the police. They have one too. The strawberries are a dollar a basket.
  • You're walking in LA along Hollywood Boulevard. You walk along the stars. It feels like forever. So many and yet so many still. You eventually find your own name on one for film. You have never been in a movie. Or so you think.
  • "Let's go to In-N-Out," says your friend. Which one? There are no other burger places around. There is only In-N-Out. There is always only In-N-Out.
  • You walk past a person in a Dodgers hat. Not uncommon. Everyone owns one. Everyone you walk past wears one. You reach up onto your head. You are one of them.
  • You go to a restaurant with a friend. Everything is gluten free. You don't mind. Everything is. What even is gluten? You don't know, but you are horrified by it.
  • The beach is nice in the summer. The beach is nice in spring. The beach is nice. The beach is your friend, your overlord. You must respect it. Bow to it before stepping on its sandy shores.
  • You get onto the 405. Siri says you only go 5 miles before getting off on the exit ramp. It has been decades since she said that last. Your hands are old and wrinkled as they grip the wheel. Siri says you have 4 miles to go. It's faster than usual.
  • You park your car on the side of the road and get out. The beach. You look at the top of your car to find a surfboard. You don't own a surfboard. You do now and have accepted it as your new way of life. You go to put on your wetsuit.
  • Your friend says she has tickets to the next concert. You ask where. She laughs. It is everywhere. The Bowl. The Forum. Staples Center. It is everywhere at once. All concerts are.
  • You debate on where to go for summer vacation. The fight ensues. Magic Mountain, Knott's Berry Farm, Universal Studios, and Disneyland. They fight for your affection and your money for when summer comes. This happens every year.
  • The palm tree outside your window waves at you in the wind. The palm trees are your ever present, looming protector. They are always watching.
  • You hear the chiming of the elotero's cart. You grab your money and run out the door. There is no elotero. The bell still rings. It always rings.

1. Maybe they should stop writing fan fiction. Arguably, Moffat should have stopped after the debacle of Jekyll back in 2007, but it was low budget and people can learn from their mistakes. He went on to make something of a mess in Dr. Who. Now S4 of Sherlock was a bit of a mess. He’s going through the classics, because they know these will sell. That impacts us as an audience, and it impacts the public that funds BBC programs.

2. Dracula is already part of the homoerotic literature tradition. I just posted a series of scholarly articles about it, but this is the best non-fiction book on the topic of vampirism and media of which I am aware. I took a course from this man in university, and it’s amazing. The Vampire Lectures by Laurence Rickels.

“Bela Lugosi may – as the eighties gothic rock band Bauhaus sang – be dead, but the vampire lives on. A nightmarish figure dwelling somewhere between genuine terror and high camp, a morbid repository for the psychic projections of diverse cultures, an endlessly recyclable mass-media icon, the vampire is an enduring object of fascination, fear, ridicule, and reverence. In The Vampire Lectures, Laurence A. Rickels sifts through the rich mythology of vampirism, from medieval folklore to Marilyn Manson, to explore the profound and unconscious appeal of the undead.Based on the course Rickels has taught at the University of California, Santa Barbara, for several years (a course that is itself a cult phenomenon on campus), The Vampire Lectures reflects Rickels’s unique lecture style and provides a lively history of vampirism in legend, literature, and film. Rickels unearths a trove that includes eyewitness accounts of vampire attacks; burial rituals and sexual taboos devised to keep vampirism at bay; Hungarian countess Elisabeth Bathory’s use of girls’ blood in her sadistic beauty regimen; Bram Stoker’s Dracula, with its turn-of-the-century media technologies; F. W. Murnau’s haunting Nosferatu; and crude, though intense, straight-to-video horror films such as Subspecies. He makes intuitive, often unexpected connections among these sometimes wildly disparate sources.More than simply a compilation of vampire lore, however, The Vampire Lectures makes an original and intellectually rigorous contribution to literary and psychoanalytic theory, identifying the subconscious meanings, complex symbolism, and philosophical arguments – particularly those of Marx, Freud, and Nietzsche – embeddedin vampirism and gothic literature.“

3. I’ve been collecting vampire content since I was nine, and I know some of us are glad that Carmilla isn’t being touched, but…there is enough to queerbait with in Dracula. BBC is supposedly trying to work on their representation numbers, and only funding new shows that show they will work toward that goal, but the decision on that came pre S4 of Sherlock.

@tania-grey @yorkiepug @conan-doyles-carnations @wssh-watson @leaastf

Engineers design a robotic gripper for cleaning up space debris

Right now, about 500,000 pieces of human-made debris are whizzing around space, orbiting our planet at speeds up to 17,500 miles per hour. This debris poses a threat to satellites, space vehicles and astronauts aboard those vehicles.

What makes tidying up especially challenging is that the debris exists in space. Suction cups don’t work in a vacuum. Traditional sticky substances, like tape, are largely useless because the chemicals they rely on can’t withstand the extreme temperature swings. Magnets only work on objects that are magnetic. Most proposed solutions, including debris harpoons, either require or cause forceful interaction with the debris, which could push those objects in unintended, unpredictable directions.

Keep reading

Asian American and Pacific Islander Month: Why a career in science?

“I’ve always wanted to pursue new ideas, and science has been a great place to do that. I’ve considered a lot of career options throughout high school and college, but the ability to pursue my curiosities while still doing meaningful work has made science a great place to be.”

– Aaron James Dy, MIT

“I am from a mixed family with very different beliefs and cultures, so I got interested in neuroscience because I found it fascinating that people can have the same basic anatomy, yet are so extremely diverse.”

– Sarah Health, Columbia University

Keep reading

New type of soft, growing robot created

Imagine rescuers searching for people in the rubble of a collapsed building. Instead of digging through the debris by hand or having dogs sniff for signs of life, they bring out a small, air-tight cylinder. They place the device at the entrance of the debris and flip a switch. From one end of the cylinder, a tendril extends into the mass of stones and dirt, like a fast-climbing vine. A camera at the tip of the tendril gives rescuers a view of the otherwise unreachable places beneath the rubble.

This is just one possible application of a new type of robot created by mechanical engineers at Stanford University, detailed in a June 19 Science Robotics paper. Inspired by natural organisms that cover distance by growing – such as vines, fungi and nerve cells – the researchers have made a proof of concept of their soft, growing robot and have run it through some challenging tests.

Keep reading

Homes: Schindler House
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Schindler House

The L.A. designer Pamela Shamshiri recently brought her own historic R. M. Schindler house back to its original glory.

The architect, the most bohemian of Frank Lloyd Wright’s acolytes, known for his cresting wave of dark hair and poet’s white middy blouse, built the place for a client named Richard Lechner and his wife in 1947. The house — at 3,500 square feet one of Schindler’s largest — hugs the land’s contours like a giant V, the angle nestled into rock. With long treetop views through walls of glass, seemingly endless sources of natural light from clerestory windows and a warm, human scale emphasized by humble plywood interiors, it is a classic example of the architect’s postwar “space” oeuvre, an Expressionist cliff dwelling for the modern era.

Pamela Shamshiri knew the house would complicate her life, almost unbearably, when the realtor first took her there in 2008. She was raising two children and was buried in projects for Commune, the design firm behind the Ace Hotels in Palm Springs and L.A., as well as boutiques for Irene Neuwirth and Opening Ceremony. As a result of her work with that in-­demand collective (co-founded by Shamshiri and her brother, Ramin, along with Roman Alonso and Steven Johanknecht), she was well positioned to understand the challenges inherent in bringing the house back to its original glory.

Lechner eventually lost the place in a divorce in the ’50s, and eight owners later, it had gone from majestic to mundane, a fate common to many works by Schindler, as well as his two great Los Angeles-based midcentury peers — fellow Viennese émigré Richard Neutra and John Lautner. The walls and the bold, angular, stainless-steel fireplace were covered in Sheetrock (the brick columns that flanked the hearth had been sheathed in black granite), and Schindler’s purposefully plain, hardware-free windows had been replaced with big-box-store-grade metal ones. The architect’s understated mirror-top bar and built-in pullout table were gone from the great room, and there were incongruously cheery mosaic tiles in the kitchen. Some of the outdoor spaces on the two levels had been enclosed — not necessarily a bad idea, but the work had been done shabbily. “It was heartbreaking,” Shamshiri says. “The spirit was gone.”

And yet, it haunted her. At the time, ­Shamshiri and her then-husband were living in another significant structure, a radically deconstructed ’80s Frank Gehry in Venice Beach. But the idea of “saving something that was really worth it, that you know means something to history,” was too tempting to resist.

Eight years later, the house is not merely a Schindler brought back from the near-dead, but a reflection of Shamshiri’s own unique ­aesthetic, streamlined late-20th-century California cool studded with primitive, organic touches and high-low wit, showcased now in her work with Studio Shamshiri, co-­founded with Ramin this year. The renovation also represents an ongoing dialectic with Schindler, whose unconventionality and purity of vision are inescapable in Southern California, not only in his houses for clients, but in the Kings Road house. Now a museum in West Hollywood, it was originally built in 1922 as a studio-cum-commune for himself, his wife, Pauline, and another couple. (Neutra and his wife lived there with the Schindlers for a time, until they had a falling out.)

For Shamshiri, the key to turning the Lechner house into a contemporary residence was to avoid slavish devotion to Schindler’s original design, while reconstructing his most brilliant touches. She had a few things going for her. Schindler had acted as contractor as well as architect, and all of the plans and details, along with black-and-white photographs, were meticulously archived at the University of California Santa Barbara. Once the Sheetrock was removed, Shamshiri found the original plywood, with Schindler’s own numbers scrawled in pencil in the corners. She replaced the metal windows that so violated the home’s ethos; many of them now push out simply, with minimal hardware, as the architect intended.

From there, Shamshiri strove to improve on the original. To make the flow more organic, and because food culture is now such a part of California living, she broke through the far end of the galley kitchen to connect it to the den behind, adding a Paul McCobb wine rack that looks as though it has always been there. The changes aren’t major, but they’re symbolically significant, proving that the work of great Modernist architects can be made contemporary without diluting their éclat.

Having come from a close, globe-trotting clan — her Iranian father and Roman mother split their time between Iran and Italy — Shamshiri regards family life as a cacophonous work in progress; she had no intention of living in a museum. “I would often say to myself, What would Schindler do if he were alive?” she says. “He updated houses all the time. He didn’t think it was set in stone.”

Source: The New York times Style Magazine

introduction !!

hi!! my name is christina but you can call me chrissy!!! as of this post, i’m an incoming freshman at the university of california, santa barbara. i was accepted as an english major but i plan to major in art history as well!! some facts about me:

  • i’m 18 years old & a pisces
  • i don’t know what i want to do after college yet but i’ll figure it out eventually (i hope)
  • i’m 5′0″
  • i’m half filipino and half italian 
  • i started this studyblr to not only document my journey through undergrad, but to keep myself motivated and disciplined!! 
  • i want to learn brush lettering eventually & start my stationery collection

some blogs that have inspired me:

anonymous asked:

I'm not sure how to say something like this but I think there's only two genders, but if you wanna be non-binary, a gender, gender fluid I'm not gonna say it's wrong or stop you, like my opinion doesn't matter for anyone and they should do what they want and even though I think there's only two, I'd still support someone who's puzzled about having more than one gender, I know humans should be doing that anyway but I felt like saying this idk???

Look, pal. I hate to break this to you but if you’re going to a nonbinary blog and saying “i don’t believe that you are telling the truth about your lived experience” then that makes you a rude person. Nonbinary people exist and we are not making it up just like gay people aren’t pretending to be gay, or binary trans people aren’t pretending to be trans. 

Additionally, many ancient cultures condoned, encouraged, and even admired gender transcendence. Examples of this can be found in many cultures, both historically and fictionally. There are ancient Roman figures who transcend binary gender, namely Tiresias, Hermaphroditus, and Caeneus. Pre-colonial Native American tribes knew there were more than two genders and were known to highly respect people who neither men nor women. Ancient Mesoamerican deities do not ascribe to the concept of gender in the same way humans do, leading modern analysts to think that they would have supported and admired those who also did not ascribe to gender in a traditional way. Additionally, Jewish tradition says there are six genders. Nonbinary genders are as old as humanity itself. 


If you still think there is no such thing as nonbinary genders, then you should probably do some research. It’s out there. Don’t live in ignorance. 

I reiterate: going to a nonbinary blog to say “I feel like you are lying and nonbinary genders are fake” is a pretty rude thing to do. Find what makes you happy and do that. Get a life, seriously. 

Decades ago, the Moore’s law predicted that the number of transistors in a dense integrated circuit doubles approximately every two years. This prediction was proved to be right in the past few decades, and the quest for ever smaller and more efficient semiconductor devices have been a driving force in breakthroughs in the technology.

With an enduring and increasing need for miniaturization and large-scale integration of photonic components on the silicon platform for data communication and emerging applications in mind, a group of researchers from the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology and University of California, Santa Barbara, successfully demonstrated record-small electrically pumped micro-lasers epitaxially grown on industry standard (001) silicon substrates in a recent study. A submilliamp threshold of 0.6 mA, emitting at the near-infrared (1.3?m) was achieved for a micro-laser with a radius of 5 μm. The thresholds and footprints are orders of magnitude smaller than those previously reported lasers epitaxially grown on Si.

Their findings were published in the prestigious journal Optica on August 4, 2017 (doi: 10.1364/OPTICA.4.000940).

“We demonstrated the smallest current injection QD lasers directly grown on industry-standard (001) silicon with low power consumption and high temperature stability,” said Kei May Lau, Fang Professor of Engineering and Chair Professor of the Department of Electronic & Computer Engineering at HKUST.

“The realization of high-performance micron-sized lasers directly grown on Si represents a major step toward utilization of direct III-V/Si epitaxy as an alternate option to wafer-bonding techniques as on-chip silicon light sources with dense integration and low power consumption.”

The two groups have been collaborating and has previously developed continuous-wave (CW) optically-pumped micro-lasers operating at room temperature that were epitaxially grown on silicon with no germanium buffer layer or substrate miscut. This time, they demonstrated record-small electrically pumped QD lasers epitaxially grown on silicon. “Electrical injection of micro-lasers is a much more challenging and daunting task: first, electrode metallization is limited by the micro size cavity, which may increase the device resistance and thermal impedance; second, the whispering gallery mode (WGM) is sensitive to any process imperfection, which may increase the optical loss,” said Yating Wan, a HKUST PhD graduate and now postdoctoral fellow at the Optoelectronics Research Group of UCSB.

“As a promising integration platform, silicon photonics need on-chip laser sources that dramatically improve capability, while trimming size and power dissipation in a cost-effective way for volume manufacturability. The realization of high-performance micron-sized lasers directly grown on Si represents a major step toward utilization of direct III-V/Si epitaxy as an alternate option to wafer-bonding techniques,” said John Bowers, Deputy Chief Executive Officer of AIM Photonics.

1.3  μm submilliamp threshold quantum dot micro-lasers on Si
Yating Wan, Justin Norman, Qiang Li, M. J. Kennedy, Di Liang, Chong Zhang, Duanni Huang, Zeyu Zhang, Alan Y. Liu, Alfredo Torres, Daehwan Jung, Arthur C. Gossard, Evelyn L. Hu, Kei May Lau, and John E. Bowers
Optica Vol. 4, Issue 8, pp. 940-944 (2017)

Hong Kong University of Science and Technology


On 23 May, 2014, 22-year-old Elliot Rodger went on a murder spree near the campus of University of California in Santa Barbara, killing six people and injuring another thirteen before committing suicide. The spree began with the stabbing of three men in his apartment, two of whom were his roomates. He then drove to Alpha Phi, a nearby sorority house, and shot three female students standing outside. One managed to survive but the other two died from their wounds. From the sorority house, Elliot drove to a local deli and began shooting, killing one male student. He then drove off while shooting pedestrians from his car and striking several others with his car. The killing spree finally came to an end when Elliot crashed his car into a parked vehicle. He then shot himself in the head. Before Elliot began this brutal killing spree, he had uploaded a video to YouTube which he had titled “Elliot Rodger’s Retribution”. In this disturbing video, he revealed his motivation for his attack. He described his desire to punish women for rejecting him. He also blamed other men who were successful with women and therefore living a more enjoyable life than him. After uploading this video, Elliot emailed a manifesto to friends and family members which he had titled “My Twisted World” and similar to his video, it described his motivation for the attack.

The brief friendship of Malcolm X and Yuri Kochiyama began close to 50 years ago with a handshake.

Diane Fujino, chairwoman of the Asian-American studies department at the University of California, Santa Barbara, details the moment in her biography Heartbeat of Struggle: The Revolutionary Life of Yuri Kochiyama.

Kochiyama and her eldest son, 16-year-old Billy, were arrested along with hundreds of other people, mainly African-Americans, during a protest in Brooklyn, N.Y., in October 1963.

“[They were] in this packed courthouse,” Fujino says. “[There were] a lot of activists who [were] waiting their hearing on the civil disobedience charges.”

In walks Malcolm X, who was quickly mobbed by adoring activists.

Kochiyama described the scene in a Democracy Now! interview in 2008. “I felt so bad that I wasn’t black, that this should be just a black thing,” she recalled. “But the more I see them all so happily shaking his hands and Malcolm so happy, I said, ‘Gosh, darn it! I’m going to try to meet him somehow.’ ”

Not Just A 'Black Thing’: An Asian-American’s Bond With Malcolm X

Photo: Courtesy of the Kochiyama family/UCLA Asian American Studies Center

Editor’s note: Today would have been Yuri Kochiyama’s birthday. She died of natural causes on June 1, 2014.

Writing Research - World War One

World War I (WWI or WW1 or World War One), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918. More than 9 million combatants and 7 million civilians died as a result of the war, a casualty rate exacerbated by the belligerents’ technological and industrial sophistication, and tactical stalemate. It was one of the deadliest conflicts in history, paving the way for major political changes, including revolutions in many of the nations involved. [1]


  • Social Security Association - Popular Baby Names in 1914
  • Social Security Association - Popular Baby Names in 1918
  • British Baby Names - The Top 100 Names in England and Wales in 1914
  • - Japanese Baby Names for 1915 - 2000

Society & Life

  • The Guardian - 1914: Life Before War – in Pictures (Britain)
  • The British Library - Europe Before 1914
  • Houston Chronicle - American Life in 1914: How We Lived A Century Ago
  • The Globe and Mail - What was life in Canada like before the First World War?
  • The Daily Mirror - 1913 in Pictures: Long Summer before World War One and End of Life as we Knew it
  • The Western Telegraph - life Before the First World War
  • History Learning Site - The Home Front 1914 to 1918 (Britain)
  • Life in Russia 1914-41
  • Alpha History - Great Britain before World War I
  • History of Ireland - 1914 to 1919: The First World War, Easter Rising and Rise of Sinn Féin
  • Click Americana - Average Life of a Woman in 1914
  • Australian Department of Veterans’ Affairs - Australian Women in World War I, 1914-1918 (PDF)
  • - Women in Wartime
  • Ontario Human Rights Commission - Women’s rights during WW1 in Canada
  • BBC - British Women at War, 1914-1918 (Video)
  • BBC - Women on the Home Front, 1914-1918 (Video)
  • BBC - British History: Women on the Home Front in World War One
  • BBC - What Did World War One Really Do For Women?
  • The British Library - Women at Home in a World at War
  • National Women’s History Museum - Women in World War I
  • San José State University - Women in WWI
  • Mail Online - Condemned to be virgins: The two million women robbed by the war
  • Clark College - Women’s Roles in the World War I Era and the Russian Revolution (PDF)
  • BBC - World War One: Family Life
  • Mail Online - Incredible photos from WW1 reveal the backbreaking and often dangerous work taken on by British women during the Great War
  • PBS - The Great War Timeline: Pre-1914
  • - First World War Erupts
  • Australian War Memorial - Enlistment Standards
  • The British Library - Recruitment: Conscripts and Volunteers during World War One
  • The Telegraph - First World War Centenary: How the Events of August 1, 1914 Unfolded
  • Heritage History - Why the War Began in 1914
  • PBS - The Great War Timeline, 1914
  • - U.S. Proclaims Neutrality in World War I
  • Reddit: Ask Historians - Why did the U.S. enter WWI?
  • Australian War Memorial - First World War 1914-18
  • University of Houston - Overview of World War I
  • Red Cross Canada - The First World War: 1914-1918
  • Education Scotland - The Great War, 1914-18
  • The George Washington University - World War I: 1914 - 1918
  • The National Archives - Civilians & War 1914-18, Britain
  • Encyclopaedia Britannica - World War I, 1914-18
  • Chicago Tribune - World War 1, 1914-1918
  • Anne Frank House - 1914: World War One
  • Reddit: Ask Historians - What would you say are the most notable reasons for the start of World War I?
  • Collin County Community College - Background to the War Nobody Won: World War I, 1914-1918
  • - Life in the Trenches: Soldiers on the Western Front, 1914-1918
  • The British Army in the Great War of 1914-1918 - The Life of a British Soldier
  • The British Library - Sensuous Life in the Trenches
  • The British Library - Combat and the Soldier’s Experience in World War One
  • BBC - World Wars: Soldier’s Stories (Audio)
  • Canadian War Museum - History of the First World War: Life at the Front
  • First World War - Life in the Trenches
  • BBC - Life in the trenches during World War One (Video)
  • The New York Times - Diaries of British Soldiers Detail Horrors of World War I
  • The Daily Telegraph - Soldier’s Diary of the First World War
  • Reddit: Ask Historians - How Dangerous was Life as a WWI Artilleryman?
  • Mail Online - Bloodthirsty World War I diaries of German soldier celebrate fighting on the Western Front
  • The Daily Telegraph - WW1 German soldier recalls moment he bayoneted foe to death
  • The Daily Beast - French Soldier’s WWI Memoir Vividly Describes Trench Warfare
  • The Daily Telegraph - Unseen interviews with WW1 veterans recount the horror of the trenches
  • Reddit: Ask Historians - In trench warfare, like what was seen during WWI, how were trenches excavated close to the opposing army front line without being overrun or shelled to pieces?
  • Reddit: Ask Histories - I know nothing about WWI warfare
  • Mail Online - World War One from the OTHER side: Hundreds of fascinating images taken by a GERMAN soldier reveal life in enemy’s trenches (Photos)
  • Canadian Naval Memorial Trust - Canadian Naval Operations in World War I (1914-18)
  • Life in Italy During World War I
  • Office of the Historian - American Entry into World War 1, 1917-1920
  • Schomburg-Mellon Humanities Summer Institute - African Americans and World War I
  • Wikipedia - United States Home Front During World War I
  • Wikipedia - United Kingdom Home Front During World War I
  • Wikipedia - Home Front During World War I (Covering all Major Countries Involved)
  • The Australian Home Front During World War 1
  • The Guardian - Children to mark WWI’s ‘Christmas Truce’ with plays and football
  • - Christmas Truce of 1914: World War I
  • New Zealand History - Schools in 1914 and the First World War
  • The British Library - Children’s Experiences of World War One
  • The Atlantic - World War I in Photos: Soldiers and Civilians (Photos)
  • The Blaze - Simply Amazing Photos of WWI That You May Not Have Seen Before (Photos)
  • The Legal Genealogist - A Doughboy’s Age
  • Wikipedia - Recruitment to the British Army During the First World War
  • Australian War Memorial - Enlistment Statistic: First World War
  • Canadian War Museum - French Canada and Recruitment during the First World War
  • Mental Floss - 12 Technological Advancements of World War I
  • North Carolina Encyclopedia - WWI: Technology and the Weapons of War
  • BBC - 10 Inventions That Owe Their Success to World War One
  • Encyclopedia Britannica - World War I: Technology of War in 1914
  • The Library of Congress - The Increasing Power of Destruction: Military Technology in World War I
  • Reddit: Ask Historians - How did submarines in WWI and WWII navigate underwater and avoid collisions?
  • The Atlantic - World War I in Photos: Technology (Photos)
  • Reddit: Ask Historians - What were the German war aims of World War I?
  • Reddit: Ask Historians - Why was Germany blamed for World War I?
  • Reddit: Ask Historians - Why did Japan change allegiance from the WWI to WWII?


  • Arkansas Hearst Television Inc - What Things Cost in America in 1914 and 2014
  • University of Colorado Boulder - Wartime Changes in the Cost of Living (PDF)
  • Historical Text Archive - Retail Food Prices, 1913,1914, 1924, 1925
  • Food Timeline - Food for the Workers (PDF)
  • Food Timeline - Monthly Labor Review, 1914-1923 (PDF)
  • Federal Reserve Archival System for Economic Research - Retail Prices and Cost of Living Series: 1915 - 1937
  • International Institute of Social History - Datafiles of Historical Prices and Wages

Entertainment & Food

  • Le Moyne College - 19th & 20th Century Cookbooks
  • Vintage Recipes - Things Mother Used to Make: 1914
  • The Daily Telegraph - How to bake a First World War trench cake
  • The Daily Telegraph - Beef tea, potato pie and duff pudding: How to eat like a WW1 Tommy
  • National Archives and Records Administration - Food Will Win the War: On the Homefront in World War I
  • History Learning Site - Soldiers Food in the Trenches
  • BBC - Trench Food in World War One
  • Imperial War Museum - Rationing and Food Shortages during the First World War
  • Smithsonian Institution - American Food Posters From World War I and II
  • British Red Cross - True Stories from WWI: The Crimson Field and Hospital Food
  • BBC - WWI Home Front Food: What did children eat and drink?
  • - Lunch With Libby: World War I Doughboy Rations and Red Cross Cakes
  • The Salvation Army, Palm Beach County - WWI Doughnut Recipe
  • Old Time Candy - Pre-1920 Candies
  • The Daily Telegraph - WW1 led to ‘ladette culture’ as women turned to drink
  • History Today - The Drink Crisis During World War One
  • BBC - The 'Lost’ Poetry of World War One
  • University of California, Santa Barbara Library - Popular Songs of World War I
  • Wikipedia - 1914 in Music
  • Wikipedia - 1915 in Music
  • Wikipedia - 1916 in Music
  • Wikipedia - 1917 in Music
  • Wikipedia - 1918 in Music
  • Smarthistory - British Art and Literature During WWI
  • History Today - First World War Literature
  • Wikipedia - World War I in Literature
  • Yale University - World War I: Literature and the War
  • Wikipedia - 1914 in Literature
  • Wikipedia - List of American Films of 1914
  • Wikipedia - List of American Films of 1915
  • Wikipedia - List of American Films of 1916
  • Wikipedia - List of American Films of 1917
  • Wikipedia - List of American Films of 1918
  • Wikipedia - List of French Films of 1914
  • World Socialist Web Site - Cinema as an imperialist weapon: Hollywood and World War I
  • The New York Times - How the First World War Changed Movies Forever
  • Wikipedia - World War I Film Propaganda
  • BBC - World War One Movies
  • The Daily Telegraph - Newly restored footage gives unique insight into WW1 (Video)
  • - Intense Battle Footage from WWI (Video)
  • Click Americana - Headlines from the Very Start of WWI, 1914
  • BBC - Art from Different Fronts of World War One

Hygiene, Health, & Medicine

  • Alverno College - Life Expectancy among Men and Women during World War I
  • North Carolina Encyclopedia - WWI: Medicine on the Battlefield
  • BBC - How did WW1 Change the Way we Treat War injuries Today?
  • The British Library - Wounding in World War One
  • CEUFast - Nursing and Medicine During World War I
  • National Center for Biotechnology Information - Chemical Warfare and Medical Response During World War I
  • Imperial War Museum - Medical Services in the First World War
  • University of Kansas Hospital - Medicine in the First World War
  • Science Museum - Medicine in the War Zone, WWI
  • BBC - How WW1 Changed Emergency Medicine
  • American Memory - Health and Medicine: Red Cross and World War I
  • BBC - World War One: Illness and Injury
  • Prezi - Diseases During WWI (Video)
  • Prezi - Diseases and Medicine WWI (Video)
  • National Center for Biotechnology Information - The U.S. Military and the Influenza Pandemic of 1918–1919
  • The National Archives - First Word War: Problems
  • Prezi - Health & Hygiene in WWI (Video)
  • The National Archives - British Army nurses’ service records 1914-1918
  • First World - Memoirs & Diaries: Nurse
  • Western Front Association - British Military Nurses and the Great War: a Guide to the Services
  • The Daily Telegraph - Pioneering Plastic Surgery Records From the First World War
  • National Center for Biotechnology Information - Medical advances consequent to the Great War 1914-1918
  • Science Museum - War and Medicine
  • United States Air Force - Military Medicine During the Twentieth Century: World War I
  • British Red Cross - Volunteers During the First World War
  • The Wall Street Journal - World War I Centenary: Medicine


  • Fashion Era - 1914-1920: Towards Dress Reform
  • The Guardian - The Influence of the Great War on Fashion
  • Glamourdaze - History of Women’s Fashion: 1900 to 1919
  • BBC - World War I War Clothes
  • BBC - Men’s Clothes
  • BBC - Girls’ Clothes
  • BBC - Boys’ Clothes
  • Vogue Magazine - Wartime Wardrobe: How Will Downtown Abbey Dress for WWI?
  • Mail Online - Stylish in trousers and elegant in trench coats: The changing fashions worn by the battling women of World War One revealed in incredible illustrations
  • University of Massachusetts - Hairstyles of the War Eras
  • The University of Vermont - Women’s Hairstyles: 1910s
  • The University of Vermont - Women’s Hats: 1910s
  • The University of Vermont - Women’s Fashion Accessories: 1910s
  • The University of Vermont - Men’s Fashion: 1910s
  • The University of Vermont - Women’s Fashion: 1910s
  • Glamourdaze - The History of Makeup: 1900 to 1919
  • History of Footwear - 1870-1914 Women’s Shoes
  • Victoria and Albert Museum - WW1 Era Clothing: Archive of Art and Design Resources for Re-enactors and Costumers
  • Illinois State University - WWI Women Fashion
  • Wikipedia - British Army Uniform and Equipment in World War I
  • Solider of Fortune - WW1 British Army Soldier Uniform from the Somme 1916
  • BBC - World War One: Guided Tour of British Soldier’s Kit (Video)
  • Military Items- WWI American Military Uniforms
  • Old Magazine Articles - U.S. Army Uniforms of World War One
  • Collectors Weekly - World War One Antiques and Memorabilia
  • Trenches on the Web - Wartime Changes to the German Field Uniform 1914-1916


  • The British Library - Slang and World War One
  • Trenches on the Web - Words, Expressions & Terms Popularized 1914 - 1918
  • Mail Online - Oxford English Dictionary reveals how the trenches of World War One shaped our language…and there could be more
  • Australian War Memorial - Australian First World War “slanguage”
  • The Guardian - Trench talk: A Guide to First World War Slang
  • Mental Floss- 21 Slang Terms From World War I
  • Bartleby - The American Heritage Book of English Usage: War Slang
  • Canadian War Museum - Soldier's Slang
  • BBC History - Slang and swear words 'helped soldiers survive the First World War’
  • French Slang in the Trenches of World War One

Justice & Crime

  • Wikipedia - Battle of Tannenberg, 1914
  • Wikipedia - Abschwangen Massacre, 1914
  • Wikipedia - Ludlow Massacre, 1914
  • Wikipedia - Battle of Broken Hill, 1915
  • Wikipedia - Sinking of the RMS Lusitania, 1915
  • Wikipedia - 1915 Singapore Mutiny
  • Wikipedia - Surdulica Massacre, 1916
  • Wikipedia - Black Tom Explosion, 1916
  • Wikipedia - Everett Massacre, 1916
  • Wikipedia - Preparedness Day Bombing, 1916
  • Wikipedia - East St. Louis Riot, 1917
  • Wikipedia - Houston Riot, 1917
  • Wikipedia - 1917 Kazan Gunpowder Plant Fire
  • Wikipedia - Kielce Pogrom, 1918
  • Wikipedia - Lwow Pogrom, 1918
  • Wikipedia - March Days, 1918
  • Wikipedia - September Days, 1918
  • Wikipedia - 1914 in United States Case Laws
  • Wikipedia - 1915 in United States Case Laws
  • Wikipedia - 1916 in United States Case Laws
  • Wikipedia - 1917 in United States Case Laws
  • Wikipedia - 1918 in United States Case Laws
  • Wikipedia - United Kingdom Acts of Parliament 1914
  • British Military Crime and Punishment of 1914-1918
  • Wikipedia - List of War Crimes: World War I
  • BBC - The British WWI prisoner of war who returned to captivity
  • Trenches on the Web - Frank Savicki: First Doughboy Prisoner of War to Escape
  • Wikipedia - World War I Prisoners of War in Germany 
  • - Prisoners of War on the Eastern Front During World War I
  • History Learning Site - World War One Executions
  • International Committee of the Red Cross - Chemical and Biological Weapons
  • Wikipedia - Weapons of World War I
  • The Daily Telegraph - Weapons of World War I
  • Encyclopaedia Britannica - Biological weapons in the World Wars
  • Wikipedia - Chemical Weapons and the United Kingdom
  • Reddit: Ask Historians - Small Arms the World War One Era
  • Canadian War Museum - The First World War: Discipline and Punishment
  • The British Library - Military Discipline and Punishment
  • BBC - Shot at Dawn: Cowards, Traitors or Victims?
  • The National Archives - Courts Martial during the First World War
  • History Today - Crucifying Tommy: Punishment in the First World War
  • The Daily Mirror - Heroes Not Cowards: Pardons for Men Shot in WWI
  • - British Soldier Henry Farr Executed for Cowardice
  • Australian War Memorial - Desertion and the Death Penalty
  • Wikipedia - World War I Prisoners of War Held by the United Kingdom
  • BBC - Why were journalist threatened with execution in WWI?
  • Reddit: Ask Historians - We have all heard of the mass infantry charges in World War One, but what was the thought process behind them?
  • Imperial War Museum - Prisoners of War in the First World War

“Participants were 199 University of California, Santa Barbara, students
who participated in the study for partial completion of a class requirement.”

u just couldnt get that one more person yOU JUST COU