united macedonia

First Major British Offensive From Salonika

A 1917 watercolor by Thomas Dugdale of the foothills of Grand Couronné under British bombardment; Lake Doiran is in the foreground.

April 24 1917, Doiran–The Allies at Salonika had been planning an offensive against the Bulgarians in the mountains of southern Serbia for several months.  They had made good progress last year, taking Monastir, but the winter had prevented further progress, and had let the Bulgarians and their allies prepare their defenses.  The most imposing was on Grand Couronné (named by the French for a similarly impregnable height in Lorraine).  While much smaller than other mountains in the range (like Kajmackalan), it dominated the British lines and would have to be taken for further progress in the area.  In the summit of Grand Couronné was an observation post, sunk into the mountain and protected by twelve feet of concrete.  This post, nicknamed “The Devil’s Eye,” gave the Bulgarians an excellent view of all of the British preparations in the area.

On April 24, the British attacked the foothills of Grand Couronné.  The British had been generally unenthusiastic about the campaign in Salonika so far, and this was their first major offensive effort.  In an attempt to maintain some surprise and cover from the Devil’s Eye, they planned to attack after dusk.  It appears that Bulgarian intelligence had figured this out, however, and they were well-prepared.  When the infantry attacked at 9:45 PM, they were lit up by German searchlights, silhouetting them and making them easy targets for Bulgarian machine gunners.  Only in one sector, where the British had ample natural cover, did the British gain any ground.  The attack was called off in the morning, with the British having suffered over 3000 casualties, nearly four times as many as the Bulgarian and German defenders.

The British attack had been meant as a prelude to a larger French offensive to begin on April 26th.  However, Sarrail postponed this due to continued snow in the mountains.  Lloyd George, once a champion of the Salonika theater, had grown tired of it even before Doiran, and informed the French that he would be moving troops from Salonika to Palestine.

Today in 1916: The Easter Rising
Today in 1915:  Turks Arrest Armenian Notables in Constantinople

Sources include: Alan Palmer, The Gardeners of Salonika


MY EUROVISION 2015 TOP 10 (in no particular order)

Italy; Sweden; Iceland; F.Y.R. Macedonia; United Kingdom; Georgia; Belarus; Azerbaijan; Australia; Austria

What's Going On in Macedonia?
Protesters have entered parliament after lawmakers elected an ethnic-Albanian politician as speaker.
By Krishnadev Calamur

A summary: People started a coup because for the first time since our countries independence an ethnic Albanian-Macedonian was elected as a speaker in the Macedonian Parliament. These violent protesters, supporters of the ruling party, held the members of parliament hostage and threatened them with violence. The elected speaker and few others were injured in the coup. 

These people claim they want to support a united Macedonia or as their motto says “For a Common Macedonia” but they are willing to alienate 1/3 of this country’s citizens, people that are ethnic Albanians and Muslim and violently attack people to achieve their xenophobic and islamophobic goals. 

Edit: Regardless of the man they elected and his history, this was a clear attack against the Albanian-Macedonians as a whole, it wasn’t an isolated incident and this is an ongoing crisis for a very long time. These people started a coup and attacked members of the parliament. 

The state of catastrophe, death and disaster reveals the qualities of humanity, provides a consciousness for the mission at hand, and unties nations regardless of their history. For too long these nations have permitted their diverse racial and religious outlooks to corrupt their unity. Now in the light of the recent flooding disaster they have unanimously assembled to rescue all people regardless of their circumstances who have been overwhelmed by the forces of earth. The very nature of these actions cries out for the goodness in men, cries out for universal brotherhood, for the unity of us all.


U.S Army soldiers with Headquarters Headquarters Battery, Field Artillery Squadron, 2nd Cavalry Regiment and their Macedonian and Hungarian counterparts conducting radar placement operations during exercise Saber Junction 15 at the U.S. Army’s Joint Multinational Readiness Center in Hohenfels, Germany, April 16, 2015. 


Nearly mint state tetradrachm of Alexander III the Great, minted in Pella, Macedon c. 323-315 BC

This coin shows the head of Herakles right, wearing lion’s skin headress. On the reverse  AΛEΞANΔPOY inscription with Zeus seated left, holding eagle and scepter; in left field, bee atop a rose.

The ruins of Pella are located in the current Pella regional unit of Central Macedonia in Greece. The city was founded in 399 BC by King Archelaus (413–399 BC) as the capital of his kingdom, replacing the older palace-city of Aigai. After this, it was the seat of the king Philip II and of Alexander III (the Great), his son. In 168 BC, it was sacked by the Romans, and its treasury transported to Rome. Later, the city was destroyed by an earthquake and eventually was rebuilt over its ruins. By 180 AD, Lucian could describe it in passing as “now insignificant, with very few inhabitants.”

Pella is first mentioned by Herodotus of Halicarnassus (VII, 123) in relation to Xerxes’ campaign and by Thucydides (II, 99,4 and 100,4) in relation to Macedonian expansion and the war against Sitalces, the king of the Thracians. According to Xenophon, in the beginning of the 4th century BC, it was the largest Macedonian city. It attracted Greek artists such the painter Zeuxis, the poet Timotheus of Miletus and the tragic author Euripides who finished his days there writing and producing Archelaus.

More about Pella…

More about the Tetradrachms of Alexander the Great…