Prisons are nothing more than a form of social control. A warehouse for those who refuse to function as cogs in the US death machine, for those who are a surplus population in times of mass unemployment, for those otherized by white-supremacist capitalist patriarchy, for slaves in the modern day US plantations.
William T. Sherman And The American Term “Bum”- WAR SLANG
The term “bummers” refers to General Sherman’s foragers during the March To The Sea and the Carolinas Campaign and is possibly deriving from the German Bummler, meaning “idler” or “wastrel.” Many soldiers, who believed it struck terror in the hearts of Southern people, embraced the name.
Bummer. (1) A deserter. See also hospi-
tal bummer. (2) An individual more in-
terested in the spoils of war than in good
conduct; a predatory soldier. (3) A ge-
neric name for the destructive horde of
deserters, stragglers, runaway slaves, and
marauders who helped make life miser-
able in the war-torn South. Bummers
robbed, pillaged, and burned along with
General Sherman and his army in Geor-
gia. These men were known far and wide
as Sherman's bummers. The term was not
shortened to "bum" until after the war
(c. 1870). It is almost certainly a mod-
ification of the German Bummler
On the road from Atlanta to the sea and then north, Sherman’s columns left their supply bases far behind, and their wagons could not carry provisions sufficient for all the Union troops. Sherman wanted to move fast and not be encumbered by supply trains or even worrying about protecting supply lines. He therefore ordered the Yankee soldiers to live off the land. Since it was Sherman’s intent, as we have already shown in his statements in the Official Records, “to make Georgia howl” to cause the citizens to suffer as much as possible he accomplished both objectives with use of the bummers. The Yankees also intended to lay just as heavy a hand on South Carolina, because they considered a “hellhole of secession.”
The bummer foraging parties became bands of marauders answering to no authority. One conscientious bummer wrote to his sister about the depredations inflicted on South Carolina:
“How would you like it, what do you think, to have troops passing your house constantly … ransacking and plundering and carrying off everything that could be of any use to them? There is considerable excitement in foraging, but it is [a] disagreeable business in some respects to go into people’s houses and take their provisions and have the women begging and entreating you to leave a little when you are necessitated to take all. But I feel some degree of consolation in the knowledge I have that I never went beyond my duty to pillage.”
On this day in 1865, the abolition of slavery was formally proclaimed in Texas, in an event which has been celebrated as ‘Juneteenth’ (a contraction of ‘June 19th’). President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, freeing the slaves in rebelling Confederate states not under Union occupation, on January 1st 1863. However, the proclamation had little effect in areas like Texas which were not under Union control. It was two years later, in June 1865, when Union troops under Major General Gordon Granger arrived in Galveston, Texas, that abolition came to the state. The Union contingent brought the news that the American Civil War was over, following the surrender of Robert E. Lee in April. Upon his arrival, General Granger read General Order Number 3 declaring slavery abolished, leading thousands of former slaves to leave the state to seek employment or to find their families. Slavery was formally abolished throughout the entire United States with the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution in December 1865. Juneteenth was one of the first celebrations commemorating the abolition of slavery in the United States, and served as a poignant time for the black community in Texas and elsewhere to come together in solidarity as they endured the hardship of Jim Crow which followed emancipation. The celebration of Juneteenth waned during the early twentieth century, largely due to financial concerns, but resurged with the onset of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s. In 1980, Juneteenth became an official state holiday in Texas, making it the first state-recognised emancipation celebration. Now, Juneteenth is spreading beyond Texas, and has become a day for celebrating African-American achievement, and remembering the legacy of slavery.
“The people of Texas are informed that in accordance with a Proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free”
- General Order Number 3, read by General Granger June 19th 1865
“Fancy seeing you here! Don’t you have an appointment elsewhere- propping up crackpot Korean dictators and illegally invading sovereign countries?”
“My- is it unthinkable that people would freely reject your corrupt capitalist pigshit?”
“Aw. I see you’ve deigned to allow your pet to stretch his legs.”
“I see yours does not look very happy to be here. Indeed, he looks positively displeased.”
“Haha, Vanya. He’s just scared of you. At least I’m feeding him- whereas I’m not sure I can say the same for you, eh?”
More historical hetalia! The outbreak of the Korean War in 1950- where Communist North Korea invaded the South in an attempt to forcefully reunite the country- led to a lot of paranoia the Soviets would try something similar with East and West Germany. In reality, the North Korean invasion was largely a nationalist one, pushed for by North Korean communists- not orchestrated by the Soviet Union. In general, Soviet and American treatment of their Germanys began diverging- the Americans had ramped up German economic recovery, whereas the USSR was still determined not to revive a strong Germany that would pose a future threat. East and West Germany were pretty much pawns in this new power struggle.
The main unions representing Puerto Rico Aqueduct & Sewer Authority (PRASA) and Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA) workers approved strike votes on Tuesday over proposed fiscal emergency legislation that will cut benefits for employees across the island government and close 100 public schools.
Members of UTIER, as the chief union at Prepa is known, met in an assembly Tuesday where they unanimously approved a strike vote.
“We are going to paralyze this island until this law is stopped,” UTIER President Angel Figueroa Jaramillo said.
He also called on islanders to stop paying their electricity and water bills.
Union members then took their protests to the middle of Plaza Las Américas, the largest shopping mall in the Caribbean.
The unions are standing against the austerity budget proposed this spring by members of the U.S. commonwealth’s General Assembly to deal with the country’s recent bond downgrade and looming payment of its debts to bondholders.
The Fiscal Sustainability Act of the Government of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, as the budget is called, would allow the government to bring in “emergency powers” to deal with the crisis. Under this authority, it could renegotiate all public employees’ contracts, liquidate unused sick days, and freeze salaries—thereby gutting workers’ collective bargaining powers. Privatizing the commonwealth’s electrical company, the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority, has also been placed on the table as an option for stanching the crisis; the emergency measures would also include closing 100 public schools.
Today children, you are going to learn about MOTHERFUCKING DAN SICKLES, one of the weirdest American Civil War Veterans EVER!
^ This man spent most of his life partying and sleeping around, but he needs to have his crazy life mentioned!
THIS ASSHOLE was a lawyer and a “political machine” he did dirty deals, messed with votes, and was into highly illegal stuff. You know what happened? Went to trial, never jail, marries a 16 year old when he’s 33, becomes a CONGRESSMAN!
His wife cheats on him (he’d done the same for years), He CHASES DOWN the man add shoots him 5 TIMES (2 ended up as misfires). The man dies. He goes to trial. FIRST MAN EVER declared NOT GUILTY due to TEMPORARY INSANITY!
CIVIL WAR occurs. They make him a GENERAL. He knows NOTHING about military tactics. They leave him on the sidelines until the Battle of GETTEYSBURG, one of the bloodiest battles EVER in the US. Where they put him in the middle of EVERYTHING!
So this MORON breaks the line and risks the UNION ARMY for this tiny bitty piece of land that is slightly higher than where he was, because somewhere someone told him it was better to have the high ground.
His men get their ASSES KCKED, and he gets his MOTHERFUCKING LEG blow off by a canon! And while he was getting carried off the battlefield HE LIGHTS A CIGAR AND HAS THEM GO BACK FOR HIS LEG! Afterwards none of his men even blamed him for the deaths because they all liked him so much! GETS THE MEDAL OF HONOR! and DONATES HIS LEG for medical science.
After the war? He becomes MINSTER OF SPAIN, his wife dies, and he DATES QUEEN ISABELLA II in France!
Remarries someone else, moves back to the US and becomes a congressman AGAIN!
He died, in debt, at 95 but still manages to have a BIGASS FUNERAL!
Abner Doubleday - Forgotten By History- He Fired The First Shot In Defense Of Fort Sumter- The Opening Battle Of The War
Officer and Union General, He had a pivotal role in the early fighting at the Battle of Gettysburg. Gettysburg was his finest hour, but his relief by Maj. General George Meade caused lasting enmity between the two men. In San Francisco, after the war, he obtained a patent on the cable railway that still runs there. In his final years in New Jersey. he was a prominent member and later president of the Theosophical society.. Doubleday is often mistakenly credited with inventing baseball…
Gettysburg: He was wounded in the neck on the second day of Gettysburg and received a brevet promotion to colonel in the regular army for his service. He formally requested reinstatement as I Corps commander, but Meade refused, and Doubleday left Gettysburg on July 7 for Washington. Doubleday’s indecision as a commander in the war resulted in his uncomplimentary nickname “Forty-Eight Hours.”
Antietam: He led his men into the deadly fighting in the Cornfield and the West Woods, and one colonel described him as a “gallant officer … remarkably cool and at the very front of battle." He was wounded when an artillery shell exploded near his horse, throwing him to the ground in a violent fall. He received a brevet promotion to Lietenant colonel in the regular army for his actions at Antietam and was promoted in March 1863 to major general of volunteers.
In the 1870s, he was listed in the New York business directory as lawyer.
Doubleday spent much of his time writing. He published two important works on the Civil War: Reminiscences of Forts Sumter and Moultrie (1876), and Chancellorsville and Gettysburg (1882), the latter being a volume of the series Campaigns of the Civil War. Doubleday died of heart disease. And is buried in Arlington, Virginia
On this day in 1865, 150 years ago, Confederate general Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union general Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia, thus
ending the civil war that had ravaged America since 1861. Sectional tensions over slavery, which had existed since the nation’s founding, came to boiling point with the election of the anti-slavery Republican Abraham Lincoln as president in 1860. The outraged Southern states feared the government would attempt to emancipate their slaves, whose labour provided the basis for the Southern economy, and thus seceded to form the Confederate States of America. Hopes for peace were dashed when shots were fired upon the Union Fort Sumter in April 1861, and the nation descended into civil war. The Confederacy, largely led by General Lee, initially had great success
and defeated the Union in key battles including at Manassas and Fredericksburg. However, the Union’s superior resources and infrastructure ultimately turned the tide of war in their favour, crushing the Confederates at Gettysburg and with the destruction of Sherman’s march to the
sea. Lee surrendered to Grant when hope of Confederate victory was lost, though Grant - out of respect for Lee and his desire for peaceful reconciliation - defied military tradition and allowed Lee to keep his sword and horse. While more armies
and generals had yet to surrender, Lee’s surrender essentially marked
the end of the deadliest war in American history, which left around 750,000 dead. Union victory ensured the abolition of slavery, opening up questions about what was to be the fate of the four million freedpeople. These debates, as well as how to treat the seceded states and how to negotiate their readmission into the Union, defined the challenges of the postwar Reconstruction era. The Civil War remains a pivotal moment in American history and in many ways, 150 years later, the nation is still struggling to unite the sections and cope with the legacy of slavery.
“The Confederates were now our countrymen, and we did not want to exult over their downfall.” - Grant upon Lee’s surrender
This is how Leila Khalid views/viewed “western leftism” and it’s so, so incredibly accurate. I made it a bit easier to read:
“The training schedule was exacting, but occasionally left us time for a little fun. We were “entertaining” a group of foreign students and trying to lead a Bedouin kind of life in order to politicize our Bedouin population. The students had been attending an international solidarity meeting in Amman held under the auspices of the General union of Palestinian Students. Most were graduates of the 1968 university upheavals in the West. We found it very amusing that they honestly believed they were making a “revolution” if they undressed in public, seized a university building, or shouted an obscenity at bureaucrats. I was initially opposed and refused to talk to them, even though some believed in violent revolution, because I didn’t want to be another experimental “guinea-pig” to Westerners.
I finally relented and I am glad I did. I hadn’t met Western “revolutionaries” before. It turned out they represented an unfamiliar cultural rather than a political phenomenon. Some seemed to have read the history political literature of the left, but most regarded the Marxist-Leninist leaders disdainfully, with the exception of the “Young Marx”, who held some sort of fascination for revolution. Some Americans were quite serious and believed in the historic mission of the working class and were making plants to integrate themselves with the masses.
What astonished us most about this group was that they were opposed to nationalism, a doctrine we hold dearly as a colonized and dissipated people. Some believed in violence for “the hell of it” and in students as revolutionary agents of history. But the majority were inclined towards guerrilla theatre as a means of “making revolution”. They performed a little for us.
As they were departing I was rather struck by a French anarchist student who proclaimed “Let chaos reign” and by a German who echoed the same sentiment. I exclaimed that the Palestinian people were an example of a society in chaos without authority and leadership, which as a result, was left at the mercy of the Zionist oppressor. I asked them what could they prescribe for us in order to overcome our kind of “alienation” -beards, long hair, and toy guns? They merely paused, they smiled, they reflected, they inhaled and passed their joints on in universal wonder.”
Nathaniel Prentice Banks - Union general during the American Civil War and Republican party politician. Aside from being an absolute babe in his younger days, Banks was an abolitionist and supporter of women’s suffrage. Plus he had some great outfits
When invasive organisms were introduced to the body via gunshot wounds, a “phagedenic condition” (“eating-sloughing”) can occur. It was treated the same way as all other ulcers developing wet gangrene - amputation.
Charles F. Barnum, Private in Co. E, of the 187th Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers, was shot in the Battle of Petersburg, VA, and was photographed and illustrated when his ulcer extended 6.5 inches from his ankle. The amputation was performed just below the tubercule of the tibia, and healed fully. No prosthetic was recorded before discharge.
Union General Franz Sigel had been a leader in the communist Revolution of 1848, a revolution fought to destroy the individual state governments of Germany, and forciby unite them under an all-powerful central, socialist government. Thanks to some inept leadership, part of it provided by the young Sigel, that revolution failed and Sigel, along with thousands of other “forty-eighters,” fled Europe for America, bringing their revolutionary socialist ideas with them. During the War, his troops declared “I fights mit Sigel.” After his diastrous retreat at the Battle of Wilson’s Creek, a Confederate song made fun of Sigel and his Hessian troops this way:
Ven first I came from Lauterback
I works sometimes by bakin’
Und next I runs my beer saloon,
Und den I try shoe-makin’,
But now I march mit musket out
To save dot yankee eagle
Dey dress me up in soldier clothes
To go and fight mit Sigel.