union in the civil war

HARRIET TUBMAN ESCAPED FROM SLAVERY AND THEN WENT BACK TO GET OTHERS. LIKE, I KNOW YOU KNOW WHO HARRIET TUBMAN IS AND THAT SHE DID THAT, BUT I JUST WANT YOU TO TAKE THAT IN FOR A SECOND. 

HARRIET TUBMAN WAS HELD CAPTIVE AND BOUND TO UNPAID, BACK-BREAKING LABOR SINCE BIRTH UNDER PENALTY OF TORTURE OR DEATH. SHE MANAGED TO ESCAPE THAT LIFE, AND SHE TURNED THE FUCK AROUND AND WENT THE FUCK BACK TO GET EVERYONE ELSE WHO WAS STILL TRAPPED IN IT. AND THEN SHE DID IT AGAIN EIGHTEEN MORE TIMES.

WHEN ABRAHAM LINCOLN WAS UNSURE WHETHER OR NOT HE WAS PREPARED TO MAKE A STAND AGAINST SLAVERY, HARRIET TUBMAN BASICALLY SAID HE SHOULD STOP BEING SUCH A DIAPER BABY AND THAT GUYS WHO ARE TOO SCARED TO END SLAVERY DON’T DESERVE TO WIN WARS.

NOT ONLY DID SHE SECRET OVER 300 SLAVES TO FREEDOM ON THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD, BUT SHE ACTED AS A SPY FOR THE UNION ARMY DURING THE CIVIL WAR, AND BECAME THE FIRST WOMAN TO LEAD AN ARMED ASSAULT IN THE CIVIL WAR. THAT RAID BROUGHT FREEDOM TO OVER 700 SLAVES IN ONE GO.

SO I JUST WANT YOU TO STEW ON THAT FOR LIKE A MINUTE. ACTING IN THE SHADOWS, SHE WALKED INTO HELL ON EARTH 19 TIMES TO SAVE HER FELLOW HUMAN BEINGS FROM THE TORMENT SHE ENDURED, AND THE SECOND SHE WAS GIVEN EVEN A MODICUM OF POWER, SHE MANAGED TO FREE SEVEN HUNDRED SLAVES IN ONE DAY

I GUARANTEE, HOWEVER IMPRESSED YOU ALREADY ARE WITH HARRIET TUBMAN, YOU ARE FALLING LIKE AT LEAST 40% SHORT OF HOW IMPRESSED YOU SHOULD BE WITH HARRIET TUBMAN. SHE IS ONE OF THE BEST EXAMPLES OF BADASSERY IN THE ENTIRETY OF AMERICAN HISTORY. 

2

No matter how enormously successful he may have been at the start, the future of a teen idol once he’s graduated from the warm embrace of boy bandhood is always precarious. Will his star continue to rise to Justin Timberlake (or, for the U.K. crowd, Robbie Williams) status? Or will he become nothing more than a distant, fond memory—a time capsule of a generation’s youthful indiscretion?

That’s the question facing former One Directioner Harry Styles who, a little over a year after his group officially (probably) disbanded, has just made the best case yet for his enduring pop cultural relevance. In going above and beyond his musical guest duties on this week’s S.N.L., Styles proved what his die-hard fans have been saying all along: he’s more than just a haircut.

This wasn’t Styles’s first S.N.L. rodeo; as musical guest, he’s always shown a penchant for hopping into sketches. Not all guest musicians like to try their hands at live sketch comedy, but Styles and the rest of the One Directioners charmingly cropped up on a 2012 “Manuel Ortiz Show” sketch and, briefly, in a 2013 sketch featuring Paul Rudd as their biggest fan. They also endearingly and self-mockingly cameoed in Rudd’s opening monologue.

But none of Styles’s previous, light S.N.L. sketch work could have prepared his fans for his level of involvement in this week’s episode. Perhaps taking a page from his successful S.N.L. collaborations with Justin Timberlake, host Jimmy Fallon had Styles join him in two sketches as well as the episode’s monologue. That monologue appearance was the least challenging part of he played. All Styles had to do was dance and belt out a smidgeon of Bowie—right in his wheelhouse. He did it all while giggling a little at Fallon’s self-seriousness. Who wouldn’t?

But Styles had a much bigger role to play in one of the earliest sketches of the night: an impressions showcase in the guise of a Celebrity Family Feud. By rights, Fallon should have owned this sketch—he very impressively scampered back and forth across the set in order to pull off dueling John Travolta impressions. But Styles sort of stole the show out from under him by unveiling a fearless (if not always entirely accurate) Mick Jagger impression.

As any S.N.L. aficionado will tell you, complete commitment to a bit and a willingness to make a fool of yourself is key to good hosting. Timberlake was fine in a pair of early S.N.L. appearances—but it wasn’t until he showed up in 2003, cool as a cucumber, in a giant omelette costume that he proved once and for all that he could hang with the best Studio 8H had to offer. Styles-as-Jagger also took a tiny dig at his own fledgling solo career, saying, in character, “Solo? Why would anyone in a successful band go solo? That’s insane.” Self-awareness? Also a vital quality for any S.N.L. host.

Styles’s last acting appearance of the night came during a surprisingly effective, high-concept sketch which saw Fallon and a group of Union soldiers slowly turn a traditional Civil War ballad into an infectious pop song. Styles appears as a Rebel prisoner who adds a soulful bridge. The singer’s earnest crooning prompted half of the beard glued to his face to pop off—not a rare issue when it comes to live sketch comedy. Styles handled the malfunction with aplomb, first slapping the beard back on his face when the camera panned away—and then, when it came loose again, just going with it.

But like Timberlake before him, Styles has not lost sight of the gift that made him a star. For all his sketch work in this week’s S.N.L. the singer also performed a pair of songs that sent his longtime fans swooning: his chart-topping single, “Sign of the Times” and a new track, titled “Ever Since New York”

But a successful foray into the world of sketch comedy isn’t the only way Styles is taking cues from Timberlake as he embarks upon his post-One Direction career. The singer recently landed a coveted role in Christopher Nolan’s upcoming prestige drama Dunkirk. Timberlake also followed the dissolution of N*Sync with a few serious film appearances, including Alpha Dog, Black Snake Moan, and, most successfully, The Social Network. Neither Styles nor Timberlake may ever win an acting Oscar, but all that stage presence has to go somewhere—and, depending on how well Dunkirk goes over, we may be at the very beginning of another boy band member’s long perch at the top.

If an early positive review (from Oscar winner Mark Rylance, no less!) is any indication, Styles also knows exactly how to channel that surplus of charisma. Rylance said of his Dunkirk co-star: “He seems remarkable … one of those people—Sean Penn has it, too—a kind of panache. I look at them and think, ‘How did you get that? How do you get so that life is easy?’ But he has got a lovely, lovely character. It’s a gift.” Dunkirk comes out in July. If it’s a palpable hit, we could see Styles make his S.N.L. hosting debut as early as this fall.  -  VANITY FAIR

2

Happy birthday General William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891)

“He took the little child of my friend in his arms, and patted her rosy cheeks, calling her a ‘poor little exile,’ and saying he was sorry to have to drive her away from her comfortable home, but that war was a cruel and inexorable thing, and its necessities compelled him to do many things which he heartily regretted.” -George McDonnell

“War is the remedy our enemies have chosen. Other simple remedies were within their choice. You know it and they know it, but they wanted war, and I say let us give them all they want.-W.T. Sherman

“Even though you were my enemy, my dear, I would ever love and protect you.” -W.T. Sherman to Cecilia Stovall, 1836

“You once said that I would crush an enemy and you pitied my foe. Do you recall my reply? Although many years have passed, my answer is the same. I would ever shield and protect you. That I have done. Forgive all else. I am only a soldier.-W.T. Sherman to Cecilia Stovall, 1864

“War is hell.” -William Tecumseh Sherman

Headcanon: Coach and Jack are buds

Headcanon: Coach Bittle is a Civil War buff. He owns an authentic Union uniform that he made himself and every year he goes out and does the Madison reenactment. 

Headcanon: When Jack Zimmermann comes to visit, he and Coach don’t talk football. They talk history. 

Headcanon: Jack and Coach swap history books regularly, using Bitty as a go-between. They leave each other sticky notes by important paragraphs. 

Headcanon: Jack and Coach get into a heated history debate at Jack and Bitty’s wedding. Dad Bob and Bitty sip champagne and watch, equal parts embarrassed and amused.

Union soldiers posing on sandbag fortifications and with Parrott rifles in Battery Stevens on Morris Island near Charleston, South Carolina, 1863. Battle smoke from nearby artillery fire is possibly visible in the background. By Haas and Peale.

Source: Library of Congress.

How to Write a University-level Essay

Heyo, so school is fast approaching, and seeing as Tumblr is made up of a lot of younger users who will soon be shipping off to college or university soon, I thought I would take it upon myself to help spread my knowledge of essay-writing. Essay-writing is my thing. I love it. I live for it. It’s how I make up for my shitty test marks, and still get by with an 85 average+ in University classes. I’m a historian by trade, so perhaps this information will seem a bit off from what you’re used to, but hopefully, It’ll help you out. If you have any questions, feel free to shoot me an ask.

1. Consider your question and find your thesis.

      I know, I know. People always say, no! Never start with your thesis/intro paragraph! Go to the body!! Well i’m here to say forget everything you’ve been told. Forget that, forget the stupid hamburger shit they teach you, forget it all and start reading. 

I ALWAYS start with my thesis. Why? Because you cannot make good paragraphs without knowing what you’re researching. You need direction, and a thesis is your map.

So, the question we’ll use shall be: What is one way in which the Union won the American Civil War?

Now remember, your thesis is your map. It shows you where to go, what to look for. The thesis is the heart and soul of all your work. You want a good, solid thesis. What does that include, you ask?

  • An idea
  • A reason for said idea
  • Evidence to support said reason, and thus validate the        idea.

So, lets do an example. Let’s say I’m writing on the use of media during the American Civil War. I like photography, and wrote a paper on this in my second year, but im gonna be doing this example freehand(idk where I put that essay lol) so lets work with how I got an A+ on that paper. This will be my idea:

                “Photography during the American Civil War influenced the war’s outcome in the Norths favour.”

This is VERY vague. This is an example of a thesis in bloom! Let’s take it further. Look at the above. What questions would you have from this thesis?

  • -Who was taking photos at that time?
  • -Why did it influence the outcome?
  • -How did it influence the outcome?
  • -Who consumed photography as a media at that time?

This is where you STOP, and start the next step.

2. Research

                Start your basic research with your idea, and the above questions in mind. Look at libraries, ask your professor or TA or librarian, or just do some basic google searches to get to know the subject(but for the love of god if you include a google link in your citation I will personally hunt you down and castrate you.)

I like to start with the basics of any inquiry: WHO, WHAT, WHERE, WHEN, WHY, HOW. Who was taking photos? Where were they displayed that caused influence? ect…These, in relation to your beginner thesis, will help guide you in what form your thesis will take.

Once you’ve finished that, and have a general feel for the time period, go back to your thesis.

3. THESIS 2.0

Go back to your original question: What is one way in which the Union won the American Civil War? Now look at your thesis again. It’s too vague, isn’t it?

As you can see, our original thesis was too vague to be a real thesis. So, we NARROW IT DOWN using our WWWWWH progress we focused on during early research!

                “Photography during the American Civil war influenced the war’s outcome by providing a visual for ordinary citizens about the horrors of war, and thus helping to increase donations and awareness to the cause.”

Great! But once again, too vague! Questions that may arise include:

  • Who was taking the photos
  • Evidence for donations?
  • Evidence for social awareness?

So, we NARROW IT DOWN again. I’m going to use Andrew Gardner’s photography during the Civil war, as he was one of the most famous and influential at the time.

                “Andrew Gardner’s photography during the American Civil war influenced the war’s outcome by providing a visual for ordinary citizens about the horrors of war, and thus helping to increase donations and enlistment in the Union through awareness to the cause…”

The above then gives us the following(why and how are sometimes grouped together):

  • Who: Andrew Gardner
  • What: Photography helped the north win the war.
  • Where: Union-aka northern states
  • When: American Civil War
  • Why/How: Because Andrew Gardner’s photography raised social awareness through this new and budding medium

Use this sort of outline to guide you in the next step!

4. Now that we have a thesis, you need to do some more research and evidence gathering.

The way I like to do this is to go check out a few books from the library(look for text books in particular), and leaf through the index for matching terms. Our matching terms would be:

                Photography, civil war, Andrew Gardner, media

From there, you read over the pages, and see if any of the info relates to your subjects. Copy down quotes, page numbers, book title, author, publishing date and publisher. You need these for your bibliography. Pick and choose relevant information. The filter for relevant information relies entirely on your thesis, because it decides what you need to be looking for—this is why I hate when people tell me to start writing paragraphs before I write a thesis! It’s simply impossible and counter productive, and will cost you hours in revision.

So, gather your information from the library, and cross-reference with peer-reviewed articles and data. For our thesis, we would need data on enlistment numbers in an area after a date of Andrew Gardner’s photography exhibit showcases. No matter what type of essay you’re writing, you can always back up your evidence with data, and it won’t hurt one bit. Don’t be afraid of the numbers, kids!

So, if we were to go back to our thesis, we could now expand on it like this:

             “Andrew Gardner’s photography during the American Civil war influenced the war’s outcome by providing a visual for ordinary citizens about the horrors of war, and thus helping to increase donations and enlistment in the Union through awareness to the cause. An increase in  donations and enlistment in relation to exposure to Gardners work is seen in data/evidence point A, as well as in data/evidence point B, which will be fully outlined in the points below.”

This gives you an example of how to lead from a thesis, to your opening paragraph.

5. Data and Evidence Justifications–Paragraph making

This is the section where you can branch your essay into your data and evidence points you gathered in steps 2 and 4. You can have as many paragraphs as you like, just make sure your evidence and data is strong and supported. I personally like to work with my thesis copied and pasted onto the top of every page I write on. This keeps you on track, with your clear goal in mind, and will help you from straying. I will give you an example of how a paragraph might sound.

                Andrew Gardner’s photography during the American Civil War became heavily influential upon the American population at the time, particularly the north, wherein which his work was showcased. The influence of Gardner’s photographic works is seen in the _____, which shows us that without the influence of Gardner’s media influence, war efforts and awareness may not have been as successful as they had been.

This is an alright opener for you to work with. The ___ is where you could put in your data point or evidence piece. The point of the paragraph is to show your support for your thesis by confirming it with evidence.

Your paragraphs should take this form:

  • Present, Confirm, Conclude, Lead.

You present your evidence, confirm its relation to the thesis and confirm the validity of the thesis, conclude by brief revision of evidence, and then lead into your next paragraph. 

6. Conclusion

        Your conclusionary paragraph should be a look-over of the above paragraphs. Restate your thesis, present a summarized version of your paragraphs(one or two sentences only), and perhaps take the time to look at your own views on the subject. An example might look like this:

        “Taking a moment to step away from the above mentioned evidence, I believe it to be scholarly acceptable and even necessary to state my own views on the subject presented. In drawing conclusions, I felt that the above information was correct in that it presented a reality of the time period, in which photography was becoming a medium to be embraced by popular society. People were not only astounded by Gardner’s photographs on a social level, but also a technical level. The astonishment people held at seeing the war-torn battle fields spurred them into action, and even today can still present feelings of dread, fear and loss when looking at his photos…blah blah blah”

Why is it scholarly acceptable and perhaps necessary to state your views? Oftentimes, it is to reassure the reader of your own personal bias’, which exist whether you like them or not, to the subject at hand. Having a small tidbit on your own thoughts about your research ect, breaking away from the third-person droning of an essay can be refreshing and welcoming for a prof at the end of his stack of essay reading. 

7. In summary

  • Thesis
  • WWWWWH
  • NARROW IT DOWN
  • Data and Evidence
  • Present, Confirm, Conclude, Lead
  • Self opinions/Conclude

All in all, do unique things. Professors love it when they come across something that’s not cookie cutter! Even if they present you with a list of essay topics, take the leap and ask them if you can do your own research topic!! Take risks with your essay writing, talk to your professors about what you want to do, and try to have fun with your research. I’ve written on everything from civil war photography to Disney princesses in american media, to the religious formation of idea of heaven and earth. Remember, so long as there’s credible, documented evidence, it’s possible to write about it.

deadline.com
Cynthia Erivo To Star As Harriet Tubman In Upcoming ‘Harriet’ Biopic
EXCLUSIVE: Tony award winning actress Cynthia Erivo has been tapped as the title character in Macro/New Balloon’s film Harriet, the biopic on famous abolitionist and warrior Harriet Tubman. S…
By Amanda N'Duka

“Tubman is an American hero who escaped the shackles of slavery and subsequently helped free others from servitude through a channel of safe houses and secret routes known as the Underground Railroad. She also served a spy for the Union during the Civil War and fought for women’s right to vote.

Erivo starred in the Broadway production of The Color Purple, which earned her a Tony for leading actress. She is also up for the Best Musical Theater Album Grammy this weekend and is set to perform the Memoriam tribute with John Legend. On the film side, Erivo is currently working on the Steven McQueen-directed thriller Widows, opposite Viola Davis and Moonlight‘s André Holland.”

Read the full piece here

WHAT?!?!? A HARRIET TUBMAN MOVIE WITH A TONY-WINNING LEAD ACTRESS??

Factions of the Democratic Party

Sequel to my Post in Factions in the REpublican party, Factions in the Democratic Party Ok so last time I went over the factions of the Republican Party, lets do the same for the democrats.  Two things to understand first that are critically.  Firstly like with the GOP, I am not talking about the Centrists who are part of the party, even though they are a major element.  The centrists are basically an entirely separate party who due to the two party system split themselves between the Dems and the Reps, and are sort of their own thing, but know that especially among the leadership of the Dems there are a lot of centrists which is where Clinton fell as a leader on the political spectrum, I am more talking about the main democratic base just like I was with the Republicans.  Secondly,  a big difference between the democrats and Republicans is that the democrats are more a collection of core interest voters, each of whom has a certain topic which is “there” core issue.  There are fully formed ideologies in the Democrats but they don’t really vote on those, while in the Republican party the seven factions are roughly speaking seven fully formed ideologies, who reluctantly work together.  This will be more important I swear. So what are the interest groups of the Democratic Party?

    The Civil Rights Faction

     Those who prioritize Civil Rights.  These are the people who are marginalized and oppressed groups within the US and want to fight back against systemic oppression. Women, African Americans, Latinos, Asians, Native Americans, Jews, Muslim, GSM, the disabled, and any other group who have historically been targeted by bigotry and hate make up this faction.  As you can tell that is a wide variety of people and they are not really united, I mean go unto any Social Justice forum and you will see African American activists being sexist, Feminists being transphobic, Gay men being nasty to gay women (and both to bisexuals), Transgendered people being Islamophobic, Muslim hating Jews and via versa etc etc.  

      But in the last decade has lead to a far greater sense of shared identity among these various groups, they fight and they squabble and many reject the notion of having anything in common, and many are bigots among them but we’ve been seeing more and more people give at least lip service on all or almost all of the issues, which is why I am counting them as a single voting bloc.  Or rather, when we are up against the Republican Party they are a single voting bloc, because the GOP has made it its business to target…all of those groups and so among people who identify strong with these groups, they tend to serve as a single faction.  When I say identify btw, I mean that they understand they are an oppressed group and make voting decisions based on that choice.  As this election showed, not all women come out and vote based on gender issues, not all Latinos vote based on racial issues, not all gay men vote based upon homphobia ect.  But many do, and for good reasons because one party is trying to kill them and the other is mostly content to say how sad it is as they die, so among all of these groups you have identity factions trying to protect their lives, and during election years they tend to come together and vote as a bloc. 

        They care primarily about hate crimes, the rise of the Alt Right, BLM and other examples of police brutality, Stop and Frisk, Immigration reform, an insensitive and uncaring media that treats them like spoiled children because they don’t care much for being abused regularly, completely segregated and unfair school system, anti welfare policies aimed at screwing them over, a totally unrepresentative entertainment industry that thrives on offensive negative stereotypes, a chunk of the country that seems to think women having control over their own bodies and Gay people wanting to get married is somehow something to be contested over, and of course an internet culture that basically sees the existence of free speech means that it is their duty to make these already oppressed people miserable every minute of every day.  Also keeping the Republicans out of power because the Republicans have made it clear they want to kill these people just to watch them die.   

     Class Advocates

 The second group are the old founders of the modern democratic Party, people who care about class.  These are ex union workers, the lower classes, working classes and increasingly the middle class.  They aren’t all white, but the majority of them are, and they know full well they are getting fucked over by the current state of the country.  They are furious primarily at the wealth gap, declining wages, lobbying in politics, these horrible trade deals that seem to exist to fuck them over, the total lack of political oversight on corporate shadiness, the total breakdown of welfare, the constant threat to Social Security/Medicare/Madicaid, the total lack of a reasonable healthcare policy, the fact that Wall street basically wasn’t punished for the crash, the low Corporate Tax rate, the rising wealth gap, the slow death of the middle class, right to work states, our broken infrastructure, and lobbying, seriously these guy really hate lobbying.  Some of them defected to Trump during the election in a few Rust Belt States.   

     The Anti War Faction

 Then we have the anti war people, who really want the War on Terror to end and have been spending the last 15 years in a constant state of endless sadness.  They want to reduce the war, they want to cease torture, they want to close Gitmo, they want to want to stop supporting coups abroad, they want nuclear disarmament, and they want to ratchet down tensions with the rest of the world.  The thing they really want is for us to rethink our relationship to Israel and Saudi Arabia.  These guys never get what they want and live in a state of constant sadness.   

      The Environmentalists 

 Then we have the environmentalists who want us all not to die from Climate Change.  Their primary goal is for us not to die from climate change, and likely because we never listen to them, we are all going to die from Climate Change, thanks Baby Boomers thanks a lot.   

      Civil Liberties

 And finally the people who want to defend Civil Liberties, they think that the 1st and 4th amendment have taken a beating that needs to be corrected, they want a non corporate owned Press, they want to curtail the power of the CIA and NSA, they want greater government openness and government accountability, they want to have more accountability for government screw ups and they want to end the War on Drugs.   Oh and also everybody on this list would like Prison Reform, College Reform, and Public Education reform.   Now you might notice something looking at all of these groups, none of them have really gotten much of their core demands met since 1980, or at all, because again the Democratic Party is not actually led by leftists, its led by Centrists who have a different sent of priorities than the liberals.  

    Conclusion

     All five of these factions feel like they aren’t ever heard, like the main power centers ignore them and don’t take them seriously, like they are constantly fighting against society at large, and every day things get worse for their interest. And they are correct because Reaganism and Neoliberalism have really fucked over the Left.  Also notice something important, Hillary Clinton doesn’t belong to any of these groups, because she is in the Centrist Group, within the Civil Rights the Feminists mostly like her but mostly because they want somebody to finally break the glass ceiling but that is about it, none of these groups were really having their interests met by either Clinton or Kaine.   But looking at these groups you will notice…they don’t contradict.  You can care about the death of the middle class, systemic oppression, the environment, opposing the war abroad, and NSA overreach without any ideological contradiction, which simply isn’t true of the Republicans.  Jingoism, Libertarianism, Alt Right, Know Nothing Nationalism, Conservatism, the Religious Right and the Bushiness Party all actively contradict each other and if it wasn’t for the two party system they would basically fall apart.  That just isn’t true for the Democrats, and that is why our infighting still hasn’t gotten to the level of vitriol that you see on the right.  It is also why they turn out up vote more, the GOP base (not its leaders its base) is more ideological than us, and so if they feel like their ideology is dying out, they commit themselves fully. If the Left actually unified for once in their life and put aside those difference, we could basically emerge victorious because if the five factions worked in tandem we would win over a lot of republicans and independents, and between these five groups you have a majority of the country, and in particular among the youth.  As the elder population starts to die off, these views will become more and more mainstream, we just need to harness that energy in the meantime.   

anonymous asked:

do you know where the antifa red and black motif originated?

Antifa has its roots in far-left politics, given that it sprang up from the German Communist Party in 1932, which wished to create a militant anti-fascist group for communists, which would then be called Antifaschistische Aktion. It was swiftly stomped out by Nazis in 1933, but then was resurrected in the 1980s. 

Because of it’s origins, most members of antifa adhere to some kind of far-left school of thought. So, most members are either communists, anarchists, all kinds of socialists, syndicalists, mutualists, etc. Although, I have seen some self-professed social democrats who heavily lean towards far left politics who are in antifa before.

Anyways, the symbolism inside the logo becomes pretty obvious with that in mind. The original logo of Antifaschistische Aktion from 1932 was actually entirely red like so:

Given that the red flag has been a definite symbol of communism and socialism since 1871 after its use as the banner of the Paris Commune, that’s where the red flag originates from.

The red flag was also used by anarchists up until the 1880s, when anarchism started to branch off from other popular far-left movements. From then on, the black flag was adopted as a symbol for anarchists, sometimes with a large circle-A featured on it. Given that large portion of antifa members identify as anarchists (with many of them also identifying as communists as well), it does make sense that they would add the black flag along with the traditional red. 

Sometimes you may also see antifa using a red and black bisected flag like this:

Which is the flag for anarcho-communism and anarcho-syndicalism, with origins from la Confederación Nacional del Trabajo, or CNT, which is a Spanish confederation of anarcho-syndicalist labour unions. CNT, along with la Federación Anarquista Ibérica (FAI) is best known for the establishment of Revolutionary Catalonia in 1936, which was a region of Spain which was organized by anarchist and socialist trade unions, militias, and parties during the Spanish civil war. Revolutionary Catalonia was a pretty rad place until 1939 where it was destroyed by Franco, Mussolini, and Hitler bombarding them all at once. 

There’s other flags often used alongside with the antifa logo, but I won’t get into those given that you only asked about the red and black. This is just based off what I know and if anyone has any other info to add, then feel free to do so. 

Portrait of Union patients posing in front of a building at Lovell General Hospital in Portsmouth, Rhode Island, during the American Civil War.

Source: Rhode Island Historical Society.

DOWN AND DIRTY QUICKIE REVIEW!

One Sentence Summary:

A freed black woman with a photographic memory poses as a slave to spy on the South while our hero is undercover as a Rebel soldier.

What part made you fangirl squeal:

  • When hero hottie played 20 questions while treating our gal’s body like a lollipop!!!!!!!!!
  • When our heroine rescued Mr Distressed Hero IN THE MOST BADASS PLOT THAT EVER PLOTTED!

Favorite Character:

If I say anyone other than Elle, I’m lying! Her bravery! Her smarts! Her wit! Like, AHHHH I CAN’T HEART HER ANY HARDER DAMMIT!

How smexy was the smex?

Both HELLA HOT and hellllllla emotional. The 1st time they do The Do, I swear my eyes watered with real tears.

Name That Trope:

A Gal/A Boy On A Mission, Alpha Heroine/Beta Hero, Interracial romance

Whose Line Is It Anyway:

“I do wonder what the Rebs would say if they knew our greatest detective makes sounds like a little kitty cat when he climaxes? It’s adorable, really.” - Elle

Got any bitching to do?

It is literally the most perfect book in every way a romance can be perfect!

Visually Depict Yo Book Feels:

Famous last words:

If yall think this novel is gonna be too painful to read, I SWEAR ON MY FANGIRL HEART IT ISN’T! Yes, there are ugly truths within, but above all this book is about hope, and about love.

———————————————-

(For a more in depth and LOL-fest discussion on romance novels and romance Asian dramas, HERE BE MY YOUTUBE CHANNEL)