teasdays  asked:

Hi please PLEASE talk to me abt the socioeconomic state of japan in bnh verse I am SO interested to hear ur thoughts? I'm a poli theory major and let me tell u im a SLUT for fic that deal w the political/social repercussions of fictional happenings

sure thing! 

disclaimer: i only just graduated high school so i’m pulling all of this out of my ass one semester of macroeconomics i took in senior year. feel free to add onto or correct any of this 

edit: if anyone wants to use this for reference when writing boku no hero japan, feel free! i’d appreciate any credit, but it’s not necessary. 

what really got me thinking about the socioeconomic state of boku no hero japan was probably the difference between orudera junior high (bakugou and izuku’s school) vs. yuuei, both of which are in the same city, musutafu. orudera junior high gives off the feeling of a school that’s a bit run down; not terrible enough that it obstructs the kids’ education, but enough that you think the school probably can’t afford to keep it in good repair. 

here’s a screenshot of bakugou and izuku’s classroom:

and then here’s izuku’s desk, which has details indicating that it’s in slight disrepair: 

if you go back through the chapters and look at the setting at yuuei, it’s spic-n-span. just super clean and well-kept. it’s an entire world of difference… so already there is this huge disparity between the junior high school in izuku’s neighborhood, and yuuei, which is a 40 minute subway ride away (chapter 3).

makes sense that yuuei would be so nice and expensive if it’s the most prestigious hero academy in the country, right? but there’s more details too, like this brief exchange between bakugou & iida right at the very beginning: 

bakugou’s resentful comment about iida being an “elite” really only makes sense to me in the context of economic disparity. let’s infer that soumei junior high is better funded, better equipped, better everything in general. of course bakugou will resent iida for that, especially coming from the more ill-maintained orudera junior high. the difference in their economic status is already apparent. 

this isn’t even going into the difference between yaoyorozu’s incredibly rich status vs the rest of the class vs uraraka, who has decided to become a hero because she wants the financial security, and who also lives in an apartment by herself and skips meals to save on money. so even within the class itself there’s a huuuge difference in economic status. 

you could just think of it as the individual circumstances of the characters, but i think it’s more of a systematic problem – see, again, the difference in infrastructure quality between the different schools (the public school is not doing so great but yuuei is doing fantastic). maybe the city is poor, or maybe all of its funds go towards repairing the constant property damage from villain attacks, or maybe there’s just some areas they don’t care to maintain. either way: just by traversing different parts of the city you’ll probably see big differences in how well the neighborhoods are kept. 

and now, for a different question: if this is the golden age of peace, why are there still so many villain fights? 

Keep reading

Laziness should be defined by a lack of empathy. If you lack empathy enough to not be deeply concerned with the material wellbeing, safety, and health of your community, you’re a lazy sack of shit.

New rule: If you have never lived under the federal poverty line, been homeless, chronically ill, or lived malnourished (or undernourished) for extended periods, you are not qualified to have an informed opinion on poverty or poor people.

Even if these did apply to you but don’t any longer, if you still call poor people lazy you have to go back to the starting line and start over because you’re too much of a narcissist to realize you were fortunate where others weren’t.

serpent | archie andrews x reader

Originally posted by storycrackimagines


written by: rosie and kelly

edited by: emma

anonymous said: can you do 94 and 93 AU where things in Riverdale never happen like Jason’s death and all that the reader was a South Side serpent and she’s dating Archie

prompt: 93- “if you walk out that door, you’re no longer one of us. you’ll be one of them and that means i’ll treat you like one of them” & 94- “i left everything for this, i left it all for you!”

chapter song: stay with me // sam smith

“i don’t want to fight right now" you admit defeated, your hands in your hair as you bicker with your long time boyfriend in his kitchen yet again. 

the tension had been building since the day archie found you in that bar with a black leather jacket that had the words ‘southside serpent’ embroidered in the back; the same tension that was now just threatening to explode

“and you think i do? y/n you don’t understand-” he argues back, his muscle tensing as he clenches his fists in anger.

“I don’t understand what archie?-” you start shaking your head furiously.

“that i was a serpent? that i live under the poverty line in the southside? that im no good for you?” you finish yelling at the red headed boy.

“i’m not like the other girls archie, i’ll never be a river vixen or some preppy excuse of a teenage. i like who i am archie, i know who i am” he shook his head at you, like he knew exactly what you were going to say.

“i don’t want you to be like those other girls, i don’t want you to be a cheerleader! i just don’t want you to be one of them” he yells back smacking his fist down on the bench.

“you know i’m not one of them anymore! i left everything for this, i left it all for you!” salty tears roll down your cheeks but your quick to swipe them away, not wanting the satisfaction of archie watching your walls slowly break down.

he sighs defeatedly, stepping toward you but you step back like his skin was made of fire, not wanting to seek his comfort. you are simply livid and that can’t be fixed with a kiss and an apology.

“i’m sorry babe can we just go back to bed?” he offers trying once again to reach for you but you smack away his hands shaking your head.

“don’t you get it arch? i had to leave my family leave everything that makes me, me for you. and you don’t even appreciate it, archie ill never be the girl you want me to be.”

“that’s not true” he defends almost immediately “i love-”

“don’t” you interrupt

“but i l-” he tries again stepping forward

i said don’t” you yell ceasing to care if it woke anyone.

a still silence begins to fill the house like smoke; thick enough to feel and suffocate them both. archie shares a defeated glance, looking guilty. and so he should be.

you speak first breaking the sickly silence

“i can’t do this anymore”

the words echoed through the room. 

archie’s expression did a complete flip. from sadness to anger.

“what are you talking about?” he snapped.

“i’m talking about us.” i confirmed.

“so you’re telling me that after all is said and done, after all of the changes i made to benefit this relationship, you’re willing to throw it all away?” he questioned, raising an eyebrow. 

“im telling you that if you’re not okay with my past and my family’s history, i’m not okay with…”

“with what?” he spat.

“with us being together anymore.” i sighed. 

that silence filled the room again. this time it was hostile. i could physically feel his anger, it was radiating off of his body. he stiffened.

“wow.” he blurted.

i look up at him, he puts his hands behind his head. 


“nope.” he cut me off.

i was taken aback, i must admit.

“when we first met, you said that you didn’t want to date me because you would break my heart.” he continued.

i could see the glazed look of tears in his lash line.

“and then i won you over, y/n y/l/n, my dream girl. and i was so happy.” he described, with a smile on his face.

“and i found out that you were a serpent. and then i understood why such a beautiful girl with such an amazing soul didn’t have a boyfriend. it was too messy, all of the guys that you were around disappointed you.” he opened up a whole different side to the story.

he was talking about my dad, who skipped town to stay out of trouble, and my older brothers who were in prison. 

“don’t bring them into this.” i hiss.

archie looks at me, knowing that he just crossed a major line.

“you don’t understand. i am a serpent. i have had that jacket since i was 3 years old sitting on my dad’s lap, watching them talk about who they were gonna smack that night. you think that you understand me, but you don’t. this is in my blood.” i shot.

archie shakes his head.

“no you don’t get to use that as you excuse. my worst fear is to find out that somebody has hurt you, you don’t understand it’ll kill me y/n.” he pleaded.

i just look at him.

“if you leave right now, my fear is that the next time we’ll see each other is at your funeral.” he stammered, looking at me deep in the eyes.

i grab my bag from next to me.

i pull out the jacket that is all too familiar and put it on knowing all the while his eyes were trained on my every move.

“bring me tulips, they’re my favorite.” i state.

“what?” he croaked, voice breaking. he was confused.

“for my casket.”


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to be added leave me an ask or comment down below!

If I got a quarter for every antis who posts in the tag telling shippers/fans to kill themselves, choke, get raped, abused, assaulted, vomit; that the shippers/fans are disgusting, ugly, homophobic, rape-apologists, abuse-apologists, fetishizers, pedophiles, racists–

God, maybe I and my mother wouldn’t be under the poverty line anymore, and we could actually donate to credible charities, organizations, homeless shelters– places that are actually trying to make a change in the world for the better good! And try to help people who are struggling in the world!

Unlike antis, who don’t post anything critical, rarely have any evidence or facts on their side, who erase and even harass and shame LGBT members, mentally ill, disabled, survivors of abuse/rape/csa, and of certain ethnicities/races because those people don’t support their toxic agenda and opinion, and spend their time being hateful and miserable on the internet.

anonymous asked:

Perhaps this question has been asked before and if so, I apologize! I've recently got into Witchcraft but have found out that this is not a lifestyle for the poor. A majority of crystals and herbs I find are expensive on Etsy, or I get tricked and think I found a cheap one only to find the shipping is $4~ Do you know where I may find witchcraft or fairy type items for someone working on a minimum wage? :) Thanks!

I live under my country’s poverty line as well, so I understand the feeling, but unfortunately I can’t be much of a help - I am not from the States, so I am not familiar with the most affordable American crystal vendors, and for me four dollar shipping for anything is a small miracle, as I’m located in Northern Europe. I shop online a lot, but mostly on Etsy. 
I personally believe there are many ways to practise witchcraft and/or paganism without spending a lot, or any money - there are also a lot of resources dedicated to this topic, so you might get lucky with browsing “witchcraft on a budget” tag here on Tumblr, googling or trying some of these blogs:

Good luck! You might find some helpful links in the comments of this post as well.

A convincing blurb on why slytherins are GREAT

You may be thinking to yourself, “but aren’t slytherins sick, manipulative, lying bastards?” but I am here to tell you that you are wrong (and why). First of all, if you have gone thus far in life believing that all slytherins are inherently evil then I assume you are not very familiar with what it means to be a Slytherin, and that you didn’t pay too much close attention when reading the bools, if you read them at all. Some values of slytherin house include ambition (which is necessary for advancement in your own life and the collective life of our planet), resourcefulness, cunning (not a bad trait), determination, and cleverness. Now, rather than analyzing a bunch of characters that you probably didn’t pay attention to who are canonically good slytherins, instead, imma tell you about my mom. My beautiful mother, whom I am actually convinced is a God sent angel, is a slytherin. Without a shadow of a doubt. She checks all of the boxes. She was raised in a religious cult, was mentally and physically abused every day, was spanked for minute “transgressions” from the age of 3 MONTHS onwards. She graduated highschool at 16 and began working to save money so that she could get away from her home. She raised enough money to get a car but then her parents took it to pay off their debt. She married my dad when she was 18 so that she could get away. It quickly became evident that my dad was abusive and mentally unstable. My older sister, my twin brother and I had already been born so she stayed in the marriage. She had no college education and was a stay at home mom. We had one car that my dad took to work all day so we had to get around on trolleys and buses and by foot. We lived in a 2 bed house that was falling to pieces as more babies were born. (5 of us in total). The water and electricity were always getting turned off so we would walk to the laundromat, my mom with 5 little babies. During the summer we would haul water that was left in the above ground pool and boil it on the stove so we could wash the dishes. We grew a lot of vegetables and kept chickens because food was cheaper that way. My mom would sew us clothes and dolls and knit too. My dad refused to help around the house most of the time so my mom would be the one fixing the leaks and anything else that broke. She did the cleaning too, all by herself. Then, when I was like 9 ish, she decided she needed to get a job so that she could by the things we needed instead of begging my dad for $20 dollars to buy groceries. She began teaching at a preschool and taking child development classes at the community college. She cleaned houses, nannied, and taught at the preschool while going back to school. She finally began to divorce my dad when I was 12 but she couldn’t take us lids with her because she didn’t have enough money or a place to stay. She would come back every day to get us ready for school, to clean the house, to take us to the beach. She began taking care of a quadriplegic man and pursuing a degree in nursing. She was finally able to take me with her when I was 14, and got the rest of my siblings the following year. She found a condo and was able to rent it by telling the landlord she had 2 kids, there were 5 of us. She had to go to court and prove that she and my dad had been married under common law because there had been an error in the initial paperwork and technically they weren’t legally married. She struggled with alcoholism and had a stroke, forcing her to quit all of her jobs and school, she had finished all of the general sciences and was ready to begin the rn training. Ad her alcoholism worsened, she checked herself into rehab and quit, she’s now over a year sober. Both of my sisters attempted suicide (at different parts of this long story) and had been checked into rehab, my brothers both have awful anger issues. My mom got us food stamps and into government housing so that she could stay home and take care of everyone and make sure no one tried to kill themself. We get $30,000 a year in child support for a family of 6, that puts us under the poverty line in the US. (We live in socal so everything is super expensive.) Her fiance is the only thing keeping us afloat. She does love him, it’s not just for the money, but we all know we wouldn’t even be able to pay a month’s rent without him. My mom has worked hard her entire life to get out of the awful situations that she has been placed in. She is resourceful. She is ambitious. She is determined, she is clever. And she is a slytherin. Anyone should be happy, ecstatic, HONORED to be placed in the same house as my mother. And there are plenty more slytherins just like her. Don’t you dare say that slytherins are evil or I will fucking fight you with my bare fists of fury, I swear to god, you will feel pain.

Sincerely, a VERY angry Hufflepuff

there is a wonderful push to fight against the rich and to tear it down and to realize that the upper class don’t care for us and i’m like yes this is great let us recognize the evils and dangers of capitalism 

but a very large fear i have is of this being used as a weapon against Jews because of the already widespread antisemitic canard about Jews and wealth even though most Jews live either under or right above the poverty line

and the thing is leftist goyim have already proven that they don’t care about Jewish safety, that they are okay with going after Jews, and they already buy the lie about Jews and wealth

i’m terrified of these movements to push against the rich and obscene and excessive wealth making Jews the target rather then the actual culprits 

i hate those “poor people eat fastfood bc its accessable and cheep” type posts because lmfao do you realize how fucking stupid you are for seriously rbing those

fast food is nearly 5 dollars per meal but i can make two weeks meals out of a bag of flour, butter, a gallon of milk and a carton of eggs for near-free with my food stamps. I literally cant remember the last time i had 5 bucks to spend on food instead of nesescities like soap and toothpaste.

like perhaps just aknowledge youre middle class, not living under the poverty line? i get yall want to be cool anticapitalists but you dont fucking understand how the worst off of us live, and honestly i dont think youre capable of it

shoutout to the kid at my college who told the one POC in my class that he’s happy to see diversity.

shoutout to the kid at my college who drives a $160,000 car.

shoutout to my college roomate who wears a $675 backpack.

shoutout to the 4 college professors who told me it’s not a good idea to work two jobs while in college.

Let’s be honest, the only shoutout I care about it the one that goes to my single mother who raised me on $14,000 a year. ($10,000 under the poverty line where I live.)

please stop telling me my college experience is is the same as my peers.

A little introduction

After bills on my income level I’m left with an average of $6 a day, that’s not just food money, that’s money for emergency expenses, clothes, cleaning supplies, fun, socializing, hobbies, AND food. Sounds minimal but I’ve lived off less! I’ve been under the poverty line my entire adult life, so I’ve gathered a bit of advice over the years. This blog is for people who aren’t vegan due to the assumption that they can’t afford it. This blog is also for vegans who want a less repetitive diet but don’t know how to budget it. This blog may or may not be helpful to poor vegans with children, I can’t say, I have no kids. I try to keep poor healthy and not boring. This blog is proof that you can get an all-inclusive vegan diet on any budget, if you can afford food you can afford eating vegan.

I’m so fucking sick of people discrediting veganism by saying it’s classist and only rich white people can do it. Oh okay so I guess I, a person of color who lives well under the poverty line and DOES buy all of my food off of my 189 dollars a month food stamps, just doesn’t fucking exist. Fuck off the face of the earth and stop erasing us poor vegans, because I’m getting sick and fucking tired of this.

anonymous asked:

Hello. Your Feuilly post - you do know that canon Feuilly earned three francs a day, which is hardly being poor? The only thing that differenciates him from his friends is not coming from a wealthy/bourgois family. He is a worker, yes. He is not poor.

Do you know what “worker” or “working class” overwhelmingly translates into in today’s society?

That’s right.


The working class as the western world understands it now—and i am specifically concerned with /now/ because approximately 85-to 90% of fic written for the les mis fandom is modern au—is close to or living under the poverty line. It’s dressed up with “working class” because the instilled power structure doesn’t like to address that “first-world” nations absolutely do have and operate within a system that is built on the poor being complacent in it, and ultimately /staying/ poor. 

Take your classist book-elitist nonsense elsewhere, it is not welcome here.

Never Forget Your Beginner’s Spirit

I’ve never been an open book, but I thought I’d share a chapter today.
It was both awkward and accurate to say that we didn’t have very much money when my family came to America. My father spent most of it buying a very used Oldsmobile and he worked double shifts until he made enough to send for my mother and I.

We ate a lot of rice porridge and vienna sausages. Sunday was the only day we ate meat unless it was payday.

If you were to look up my hometown, you’d realize that the median income for a household in the city was $26,704 (versus $48,259 for the rest of Texas), and the median income for a family was $34,543. It’s easy to write off Wharton, Texas as another Trump breeding ground, but as with most things it’s never just black or white.

The per capita income for Wharton is $13,993. About 17.3% of families and 22.2% of the population are below the poverty line, including 22.3% of those under age 18 and 21.7% of those age 65 or over. A quarter of the city is living UNDER the poverty line! The funny thing is, we didn’t know we were poor. At least I didn’t. To me being poor didn’t mean a life of misery, it just meant we didn’t have any money. Just like everyone else we knew.

Homelessness is an issue politicians love to tackle because almost anyone from any background can participate; you’ve got moral high ground because hey, at least you have a roof over your head. But poverty? Poverty carries a deep sense of shame and it has many shades. No one acknowledged they were poor, even when the Census Bureau is telling you otherwise.

Even as I type this, with a successful business that I built with my co-founder Andrew and a small but close-knit set of friends by my side, I still feel the fear of falling back in all the time. I live in San Francisco now, a city with one of the highest incomes and displays of wealth in the entire world and it doesn’t make me feel any more secure. I used to buy clothes to try and tell the world but mostly myself that it’s ok. “You’re in the clear.” But I don’t feel like I’ve made it. To me, having things and having my needs met just meant they could be lost if I stopped being careful.

There’s an origin story about the famous Russian fighter Fedor Emelianenko which I consciously adopted as a mindset during my teenage years.

Emelianenko has stated his driving force for winning fights was: “Years ago we hardly had anything to eat. Now I earn more money and I see every opponent as a man that tries to put me back to that poorer period. That man has to be eliminated.” and about his state of mind before a fight: “When I walk into a fight, I’m trying not to think about anything; collect myself and concentrate. And going into a fight, I don’t feel any emotions, neither anger nor compassion. I don’t emotionalize. I’m going into a fight with a clear mind… During the fight, my senses dim and basically I don’t feel any pain.”

Making it wasn’t about being famous, it was about survival. It steeled me against the blows of corporate America and this tenaciousness has been the fuel I’ve survived off for a very long time. But this armor has gotten too heavy over the years.

The thing about small towns is that everything outside of it is an abstraction. This election year has bubbled it all to the surface. Suddenly the poor have a voice. Powerless yet still proud. That’s been the theme across many towns like mine and has been for generations.

The only way I even found out we were poor was when I was a young boy near Christmas time, I was in Eckerd’s pharmacy store and I asked my father if I could have these knockoff G.I. Joe action figures for Christmas. I thought I was doing him a favor by not going with the name brand stuff, and he softly said that he couldn’t afford it. I was so confused, I’d gotten gifts during past Christmases, surely this was trivial. Wiping bratty tears away, I let it go but the memory has always stayed with me.

Around the time we arrived in Texas, a group of retired teachers volunteered and were assigned immigrant families like ours to teach the basics of the English language. This made all the difference in my life and taught me the value of generosity. I remember when my father left to work in Taiwan for a few years, I had to sign the checks for the utility bills because my mother could not.

Eventually I’d go to college. When I graduated, I left Texas and moved out west with little money and almost no possessions. I smile when I think about how similar my beginnings were to my father’s. One of the few possessions I owned was a very small square photograph of my grandfather as a boy with his family that I kept pinned on a bare wall. It’s unclear how they afforded it, but I keep it to remind me where I came from.

swordwomanwanter  asked:

thoughts on universal basic income?

I get a lot of questions about this topic, so I can tell that there’s a palpable interest in it. I’m not opposed to the idea, but I do have three major concerns. First, a “universal basic income” describes a number of different policies, some of which I think are much better than others. The literal definition of just providing every American with a lump sum of money every year is a bad idea, because you’re going to wind up giving massive amounts of money to people who don’t need their income supplemented at all. I’d be more in support of focusing a guaranteed basic income on those up to, say, 150% of the poverty line.

Second, the matter of cost. Any large basic income system is going to cost a lot of money. That’s why I’m most open to proposals to replace our existing welfare system with a guaranteed basic income instead of just adding one on to the existing welfare system. Existing welfare spending + additional appropriations will likely be enough to create a solid GBI (I do the math below!).

That leads into problem number three, which is that part of the reason our existing welfare system is such a scattered patchwork of programs is that a lot of them address specific purposes. Replacing them with a GBI would make the whole think a lot more efficient, easier for recipients to navigate properly (thus making it far more likely that they’ll receive their full benefits), and less prone to abuse and fraud; but it would also loose the benefit of a lot of the specific targeting that our current system has. As such, I think it would be smart to have a guaranteed basic income for adults that provides larger amounts of funding for those with the lowest income, the disabled (including the blind and deaf), the elderly, and those in low-income rural areas. Then, have a universal basic income for children (going to parents as long as they’re still in the picture), with additional weights for income, disability, and the very young. These programs would exist in tandem with Social Security (which serves the purpose of retirement security along with basic income security), meaning that the welfare system would include a guaranteed income for those 0-18, 18-death, and 65-death. 

I decided to do the math on this. Below is some loose estimates and guesstimates on what what I’m describing might look like.

First, I took the funding 35 federal programs (see a list on pages 11-16 here) and tax benefits (see here) intended to serve as support for low-income citizens; I excluded things like healthcare and education (which are best treated separately), the EITC (which I’d like to see become a wage subsidy), publicly-owned housing, and certain other targeted programs. Then, I combined it with 60% of state spending on welfare, an arbitrary number chosen to reflect states eliminating many of their welfare programs and instead contributing the money to the federal GBI. Then, supplement that number with another $100 billion in additional federal funding. Altogether, that leaves $390.181 billion dollars, or $5,052.39 a year and $421.03 a month for the average person (out of the 77.227 million people under the 150% poverty line threshold, according to the 2014 American Community Survey) receiving the benefit. Again, that average number hides the variations in actual recipient levels depending on things like income, age, disability, and area.

Next, the child benefit. Here, I took funding for 10 federal programs (taken from the report same report linked to above) and tax benefits (see here). Again, I excluded things like education, healthcare, and child care, which I would like to see addressed separately. Unfortunately, I’m unable to find an estimate of what portion of the EITC is given out as a result of a worker’s children, and thus how much revenue would be available for this child benefit if the EITC were to be reformed into a pure wage subsidy, but I guess it’s fairly large, so I just took half of EITC spending and lumped it in here. And, again, I threw in an additional $100 billion of federal funding. That gives us $239.875 billion dollars, or $3,302.38 dollars a year and $275.19 a month for the average child (out of the 72.638 million people under the age of 18, according to the 2014 American Community Survey) receiving the benefit. Again, such an average hides significant variations.

Notes: Because cost estimates used come from different years, not to mention my numerous guesses, these estimates are not exact, and should only be taken as very rough ballpark approximations. All of this is before administrative costs, which will increase the price tag a bit. If you want any of my math or data, feel free to ask.

Summary: Under the situation I propose, a number of U.S. welfare programs (SNAP, SSI, TANF, Section 8 choice vouchers, WIC, etc.) and low-income tax benefits (CTC, Dependent exemption, EITC child benefits, LIHTC, etc.) would be abolished. They would be replaced by two programs. First, a direct cash benefit to anyone 18 or older who is under 150% poverty threshold, with a monthly benefit that averages $421.03 but depends on income, age, disability, and area. Second, a direct cash child benefit for all children, with a monthly benefit that averages $275.19 but depends on income, age, and disability. This would have an annual price tag of $200 billion + administrative costs above current spending levels. Other programs, including Social Security, healthcare, education, childcare, public housing, and part of the EITC will remain unaffected.

I’m undecided on all of this. Again, there are a lot of variables here, and one could make different choices than the ones I did above to arrive at different results. But it is something to think about.

Afro Latinx: A history of struggle for visibility and inclusion

The beauty of Latin America and the Caribbean, lies in its cultural, ethnic and racial diversity that stems from  the rich historical background of the region. Sadly however, the depictions of its inhabitants in mainstream media has prompted the world to view latinx in a distorted and incomplete way. The erasure of black latinx is perhaps the biggest injustice that has been applied throughout all the history of the diasporas and the reasonwhy it is urgent to spread education about who afro latinx are.

According to Wikipedia,many people of African origin arrived in the Americas with the Spanish and Portuguese in the 15th and 16th centuries. Pedro Alonso Niño, traditionally considered the first of many New World explorers of African descent was a navigator in the 1492 Columbus expedition. Those who were directly from West Africa mostly arrived in Latin America as part of the Atlantic slave trade, as agricultural, domestic, and menial laborers and as mineworkers. They were also employed in mapping and exploration (for example, Estevanico) and were even involved in conquest (for example, Juan Valiente.) The Caribbean and Latin America received 95 percent of the Africans arriving in the Americas with only 5 percent going to Northern America.

Traditional terms for Afro-Latin Americans with their own developed culture include garífuna (in Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, and Belize), cafuzo (in Brazil), and zambo in the Andes and Central America. Marabou is a term of Haitian origin denoting a Haitian of multiracial ethnicity.

So what has caused blacks to be discarded from the history books? Perhaps the fact that most of them arrived as slaves and not as settlers is the most important factor. “He who writes history, writes about the victors.“ 

Today the lack of information regarding afro latinx continues to be the biggest hurdle they have to overcome. And why fight for recognition and inclusion? In Latin America and the Caribbean, their struggles for basic human necessities are still a part of their plight. Land ownership, land recognition, access to health facilities, medicine, education and housing are only some of their clamours. With many living under poverty lines in impoverished regions where they have been pushed to settle through out centuries, the lack of inclusion in governmental agendas represents to this day the most monumental impediment in obtaining a more dignified way of life.

Countries like Mexico and Brazil, just recently began to acknowledge the presence of their black populations. 

​​The media continues to play against afro latinx. With little to no representation in television or cinema, they also have had to settle for erroneous depictions of who they are. If one is to flip though the channels in any latin american cable broadcasting network, black latinx are rarely seen or form part of the minority. Colorism also plays a role in the representationof afro latinx, considering the lighter the skin tone, the more likely they are to be considered for a role or a job in television.

Spaces in social media are currently the most effective tools afro latinx have to enlighten the world on their identity. Conceivably, the understanding that people can be black and latinx is still an achievement that hasn’t been unlocked.

Written by blog admin: Diana Mejía
Vegan = privileged?


Not all vegans their breakfasts cost +$15,-.

I pay for a 0.5 kg bag of oats 35 eurocents and then 1,50 euros for chocolate soymilk.

Cheap vegan food:
1 euro for a kg bananas, 1 euro for a kg apples and 1 euro for a kg pears.
1 kg of rice 0,80 cents, 1 kg of macaroni 0,70 cents, kidney-beans 80 cents for 0.5 kg, must I go on?

I limit ‘special’ products and even under the poverty-line I could manage as a vegan.

Even now I’m just above the poverty-line, I can’t afford buying: avocados, papayas (or other very exotic fruit), expensive mock meat and vegan frozen pizzas. 

And yes, I’m getting all my vitamins and minerals.

People are really calling vegans ableist for pointing out that you can be vegan while poor. And the fact that many poor people are vegan because they’re poor, since animal products are luxury products in most countries.

anonymous asked:

All the parties have bad points, even Labor! The Tories winning isn't that bad, at least it's not UKIP! David Cameron has done a pretty good job tbh, I'm happy he's PM again

Well that’s good for you if your happy that people will probably literally die from disability allowance cuts and benefit cuts, like they have in the previous five years of tory government. If you’re okay for the super rich to get richer whilst the poor and vulnerable in our society are vilified and are struggling to survive. My mum was a midwife for 30 years, but right now our family is living under the poverty line. My sister is a new mum with a one year old son, looking after him single handedly whilst she also works in the public sector for the social services. Her and my nephew also live under the poverty line despite this. My sister is a working mum and her son was still born into poverty. My uncle has severe complex mental health problems and can’t work, his disability living allowance was cut last year and now he is living on around £50 a week. If you think you can live on that, go ahead and be happy with the tories. Everyone has a story like this. Everyone I know has suffered under the tory government, only the rich benefit from the tories. Sorry, it’s true.

Congratulations on getting a job and graduating! And congrats on deciding to try veg again!

Here’s my very unofficial guide to cheap veg living :)

Money tips:

1. One of the biggest keys I think is buying in bulk. Bulk beans, rice, and wheat berries (or barley/farro/etc) are great bases for a lot of delicious not-boring meals. (Especially ones you can make in bulk and store for later meals like wheat salad or stir fry)

2. Good, inexpensive, and healthy protein options are whole grains, eggs, beans, and tofu. I especially like garbanzo beans (chickpeas). Learning to cook good-tasting tofu takes practice, but can be done. I basically just cut it into cubes and fry it in oil until it’s golden-brown. You can also marinade it like you would meat before you do this!

3. If you can, shop from Asian and Hispanic markets. They are usually half (or less) the price of your average grocery store and have tons of delicious spices, sauces, and veggies. The Asian place I shop at has everything from Chinese and Korean food to Indian and Thai food, plus really cheap humane eggs that come from the owner’s backyard-roaming chickens.

4. Eat seasonal produce as much as you can. This is where people feel like vegetarian/vegan diets get expensive, but they don’t have to be. Avoid getting spring/summer fruits in the dead of winter, and stick with dark leafy greens, winter gourds/squashes, and tomatoes while it’s still cold.

5. When you do shop at a regular grocery store, always buy the store brand over the name brand. There’s usually no difference and it’ll save you so much. Also, if you have one, Aldi’s is a magical wonderful grocery store full of cheap produce/other necessities.

Try and make sure any pastas you buy are whole grain, as they have a good deal of your daily protein needs. We also have a smoothie aficionado in the apartment, and he uses either peanut butter or protein powder to give it that extra kick. If you like bananas, there’s not much better than a peanut butter banana smoothie with some chocolate syrup/ hot chocolate packs in it. It’s healthy and tastes like dessert. Regular nuts have good protein in them too but can get pretty expensive, so I just keep peanut butter around. Nutritional yeast is also pretty fantastic. A little goes a long way and it’s packed with protein, iron, and other nutrients. Tastes cheesy.

All in all our monthly grocery bill for 2 people looks like this:

$1-2 for bulk rice ($9 20lb bag from Walmart that lasts several months for 2 people)
$3-5 for beans
$25 for supplies from the Asian market (2 lb rice noodles, 3 packs tofu, fresh produce, sauces, Indian curry, tea, egg rolls, miso)
$10-15 for cheese
$2 wheat berries. I order these online. You can get $1/lb on Amazon or most other sites. It lasts forever.
$15 on whole wheat pasta (you can get this in bulk too, making it even cheaper)
$12-15 on eggs and almond milk
$25 on other produce/misc

Total: $93-$104

I do spend more on the eggs and milk since they’re backyard eggs and almond milk, so if you’re really strapped for cash that would bring it down probably an extra $5-$10 a month.

Hope this helps! Let me know if you have any questions about this set-up/anything else. And best of luck!

it’s really cute how when poor people have any kind of luxury (non-bulk bought food, tickets to a band or concert they like, a decent phone, a pet, INTERNET) suddenly they aren’t really poor and they’re just trying to get pity points because how could they be poor, they have a nice thing wow?!?

it’s almost like poor people aren’t allowed to have anything nice that might make them happy or be moderately better than the bare fucking minimum because yall hate anyone under the poverty line!!! wow!!! fucking shocking i know!!!