little brain: pepsicola bad for your health
big brain: pepsicola health findings uncited… love to drink pepsicola!
bigger brain: pepsicola good for your health drink pepsicola every day

anonymous asked:

How an hair-style can be cultural appropriation ? Especially since it is only inspired, and not downright copied ?

Originally posted by sexonfiyaa

Okay, we’ve discussed this umpteen-thousand times by now. There are countless explanations and discussions on this website and others concerning this issue. A simple Google search could be an excellent start. And it’s not like this is the *only* thing appropriative about Star Wars.

If you are truly interested, try educating yourself first.

One tip, tho: uncited, uncredited inspiration is a hallmark of appropriation. Also, taking something from people of color and giving it to white people as iconography, out of specific original context, is imperialist and appropriative.


If I had picked a post of mine from 2016 to go viral it would not have been “a brief and uncited socioeconomic history of canned food in midcentury America”. 

anonymous asked:

what is this "occupation" you speak of? there are no jews in Gaza. they left in 2005. why do you idiots keep reiterating this lie?

Gaza is still treated as an occupied territory by the U.N

Israel may have dismantled illegal Israeli settlements in Gaza in 2005, and withdrawn from exercising control over Gazan establishments, but the freedom of movement of Gazans, the ability to import and export goods into and out of Gaza is still wholly under the control of the Israeli forces. There is an ongoing military blockade in Gaza which limits the economic growth of Gaza, their access to drinkable water, and the ability of Gazans to travel freely and maintain any sort of livelihood. The limitations of imports into Gaza are irrefutably unfair—there’ve been accounts where medicine, wheelchairs and food as foreign aid was not allowed to enter Gaza for uncited reasons. Furthermore, Gazans are deprived of the ability to seek proper medical care. There’ve been multiple deaths at border crossings because of the military blockade in Gaza for uncited reasons. Gazans face all of the struggles of an occupied people and are routinely confronted with racism, unlawful detainment, excessive force (which has lead to death in the past), and humiliating tactics by the IDF. 

Again, Gaza is still treated as an occupied territory by the U.N and most of the international community. 

anonymous asked:

"The culture of white people in the UK & Germany is morally & socially superior to the culture of UK Muslims, black Britons, and Turks in Germany. This is evidenced by statistics like 53% of UK Muslims and 80% of German Turks living on state benefits and in the fact that 50% of young black men in the UK are unemployed."

OK, here we go.  We hope you’re sitting down and have a literate adult nearby to explain the following to you, because we’re about to go into great detail about why you’re wrong on all counts.


What do you mean by “culture?”  There’s no standard definition of culture, but most anthropologists (you know, the people who study human cultures and societies) would define it as “a system of shared beliefs, values, customs, behaviours, and artifacts that the members of society use to cope with their world and with one another, and that are transmitted from generation to generation through learning.”  Cultures are founded on things like common language, shared history, shared geography, etc.

You are claiming that white people in the UK and white people in Germany share the same or similar culture - even though they don’t share the same language, geography or history and in fact have historically been at-odds with each other on multiple occasions.  The infinite number of differences between white English and white German culture (not even counting the myriad cultural differences within each country!) are obliterated by your equating them as the same “white” culture.  

This is one of the deepest ironies of white supremacy.  White supremacists/”white nationalists” are adamant about how much they loooove their white culture but, by pretending that a “white” culture exists at all, they erase most of what makes the hundreds of cultures they sweep into that one awkward category distinct, special, or valuable.  Sorry racists, but just looking similar in some respects doesn’t a culture make.

Here’s another definitional/conceptual problem with your hypothesis: the group of people in the UK & Germany that you’ve defined as “white.”  How did you decide who is in that club/part of that “culture?”  

By their appearance?  If so, what are the cutoffs to membership in the “white” category?  How dark does your hair have to be to not be white?  How curly?  How broad does your nose have to be?  Can anyone with brown eyes be white?  At what point does your eye shape kick you out of “white culture?”

By the race of someone’s ancestors?  Well, how did you determine what race their ancestors were?

By genetics?  There is not a single gene that is held exclusively by the members of one “racial” category.  Not one.

By geographic origin?  At what point do you decide that people are cut off from the “pure British” or “pure German” clubs?  If their ancestors moved to those areas 500 years ago?  1000 years ago?  10,000 years ago? 100,000 years ago?  How do you decide what the cut-off is in a nonarbitrary, scientifically-valid way?

Religion?  There are “white” Muslims.  Language?  There are non-“white” native speakers of English and German.  

Sorry to have to break this to you, but the category “white people” is an arbitrary, artificial, made-up social construct that is essentially useless for doing real social comparisons like you’re trying to do.  "White people" is as real as “Wednesday” is, if you follow.  You’d be better off claiming a distinct & superior culture for people that are lactose-intolerant, since you’d at least have a genetic marker exclusive to that group that you could use to define its boundaries.

You can also look at this problem from the other side of your hypothesis to see how flawed it is: if you’re correct, then members of a religious minority in the UK; Turkish immigrants in Germany; and people who have been assigned to the racial category of “black” in the UK all have their own cultures based solely on religion, or national origin, or a random cobbling-together of physical differences.  But those “cultures” don’t really meet the definition of culture; the people you populate into those categories aren’t hermetically-sealed and incapable of interacting with, participating in, or contributing to the “white” culture you’re comparing them to (Muslims have been in the UK for over 500 years, for example).  

So you’re comparing something that doesn’t exist (“white culture”) with three things that also don’t really exist and aren’t the slightest-bit related to each other (“Muslim in the UK culture” + “black in the UK culture” + “Turkish in Germany" culture).  Not off to a good start, are you?


This is really your biggest mistake.  Don’t feel too bad, it’s a classic error - equating correlation with causation.  

Assuming that your statistics are correct (which they aren’t; more on that later) and Muslims in the UK and Turks in Germany are both under-employed and more-reliant on social benefits than “white” people, that would be a correlation.  But your argument falls apart when you then leap to the conclusion that the cause of this correlation has to be their inferior culture(s).  This would be akin to noticing a 100% correlation of fire engines being present at fires and therefore concluding that fire engines cause fires.

Before you can go and claim that cultural inferiority is the reason for different unemployment/social benefits rates among the groups you’ve sloppily cobbled together, you should probably rule out other explanations.  Like, oh we don’t know - DISCRIMINATION MAYBE!!!

Let’s see here: there’s the Bristol Univeristy study that found that UK Muslims are the most-discriminated group in the job market  and 76% less-likely to receive a job offer than a Christian job-seeker.  This supports an investigation by the BBC that found that job applicants with Muslim-sounding names are three times less likely to be called or a job interview 
as job applicants with English-sounding names

Things don’t seem as racist in Germany but even there an academic study found that job-seekers with Turkish-sounding names are 14-24% less-likely to be called back by a perspective employer, depending on the size of the company doing the discriminating.  Likewise, a study from this year found that if a job-seeker in Germany sends a resume with both a Turkish-sounding name and a photo in which she is wearing a headscarf, she is more than four time less-likely to be invited to an interview than a “white” German woman.  

Study after study shows that non-white Germans are discriminated against in the job market, especially if they’re Muslim or Turkish. 

We can also look at your correlation ≠ causation problem another way.  You’re claiming that the reason certain non-white groups in the Germany & the UK experience higher unemployment has something to do with their “inferior” culture.  But what about mass murderers?  64% of mass shootings in the U.S. were committed by white men, who comprise just 32% of the population.
95% of serial killers in the UK are white. Given your reasoning, the only conclusion to draw from this is that white culture in the U.S. or the UK is inferior to non-white culture, yes?

The Bristol University study we mentioned earlier
 that found that British Muslims were the most-discriminated group in the UK job market also found that white atheists were less likely to be employed than white Christians and that Jews, Hindus, and white Irish people were more likely to be employed than white Brits.  So if your claim that unemployment rates demonstrate that Muslims in the UK have an inferior culture to white Brits, you’d have to also conclude that white British culture is inferior to Irish, Hindu, or Jewish culture, wouldn’t you?

If your hypothesis is correct and there’s some sort of moral/social inferiority that makes Muslims, black people, and Turks less-inclined to employment, then that should be the case in countries dominated by those three groups as well.  Yet Malaysia - an officially-Muslim country whose population is 2/3 Muslim - has a lower unemployment rate than the UK.  Likewise, if your hypothesis is correct, then a “white” country like Poland should have lower unemployment than Muslim countries. But Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Niger, Saudi Arabia, and even Somalia all have lower unemployment rates than Poland, despite having between 87.2% and 99.9% Muslim populations.

Catholics in Northern Ireland experience more unemployment than Protestants
so is that evidence of the cultural/moral/social inferiority of Irish Catholics?  The overall unemployment rate just south in the Republic is higher than that in the UK but also higher than several Muslim countries, so again do we chalk that up as evidence that Irish culture is inferior to Muslim and UK culture?


You can’t believe everything you read on the internet.  We asked where you came up with your statistics and here’s what you told us:

a) 80% of Turks in Germany are on social benefits - your source is an article written by a “professor of sociology” (good) with no affiliation to any university (bad) and no academic publishing record since 1986 (also bad), who provides no reference or source for his statistic (extremely bad).  The article is published on an extremist Islamophobe website (bad) whose “board of advisors” includes two right-wing talk radio hosts (not very credible).  Without knowing where the author got this statistic, it’s impossible to verify.  Did you know that 95% of unsourced, uncited statistical claims made by “Dr. Alrabaa” are just made up?

b) “53% of UK Muslims live on state benefits” - your source is the Islamophobe Pamela Geller.  In her article, she has links to a number of other sites, none of which say that 53% of UK Muslims live on state benefits.  She appears to have just made that number up, since there’s no source for that figure cited.

c) “50% of young black men in the UK are unemployed” - now here you’ve managed to cite a credible source - a well-respected newspaper (which would have fact-checkers, publish corrections, and have reputational/business reasons to not just make numbers up), which links to the Office of National Statistics, so we know the source for the data.  But again, you have the correlation ≠ causation problem to deal with.  You also fail to note that the article concerns black people in the UK aged 16-24.  If unemployment figures improve after age 24 for them, then how does your “cultural” explanation account for that?  After 24 they’re no longer as immersed in their “inferior culture?”  C’mon now.


If unemployment rates & (for one group) crime rates are evidence of some sort of moral/social inferiority in the “cultures” of British blacks or Muslims or in the “culture” of Turkish expats in Germany - what exactly is that moral or social inferiority?  Just saying “culture/morals/something something social” isn’t good enough.

Conversely, exactly what is the source of moral or social superiority in “white” German or UK culture that results in higher employment and lower crime for them?  

So racist, the next time you want to make up some shite about non-white people, try to define your terms and concepts so what you’re saying has some meaning and value; avoid making causal claims based solely on correlation; avoid cherry-picking evidence (especially when there is contradictory evidence that renders your argument falsified); use good data from credible sources (see particularly our sources in #2 for examples of this); and have some sort of explanation/details for what you’re claiming.

Or just fuck off.


star wars has always drawn heavily on classic/ mythological structures, so i really like that one of the main purely non-borrowed-from-ep-4-or5 concepts/ dynamics in ep7 is the rey/ kylo thing. whether they’re meant to be read as related or romantic or whatever*, their structure is very Death and the Maiden/ Girl in the Underworld which are tropes that’re Classic As Fuck.

some bullshit uncited mythology/ star wors talk below, like honestly this is NOT coherent or even necessarily totally correct

Keep reading

Sweaty Holograms interviews Kim Laughton

I was exploring your archive in attempt to understand your evolution as a digital artist, which led me to some of your earlier 2011 designs. I’d describe them as glitch, and some which were emulating emerging trends in internet subcultures at the time. I have seen your art used by many influential net personas, i.e. Zain Curtis for Total Therapy and Ben Aqua for #AFTERLYFE. Do you feel as if you were appropriated by internet subcultures because of your aesthetic or was your goal to emulate the aesthetic better than anyone else to achieve the status you have today?

Much of the earlier stuff was created for a night some friends and I did in Shanghai from 2010 onwards – it was very cyberpunk, and so glitchy lofi 3d felt right (both for flyers and live visuals). There’s probably some zeitgeist here – I started using Tumblr fairly late on, and it was really exciting seeing other people thinking along the same lines from all over the place.

External image

So I’ve already asked you if you used stock OBJs, which you said you do. Do you view OBJs as uncited pieces of art free for appropriation? If so, do you view your own art in the same way?

In most cases I don’t look at stock 3D as art in itself – the perfect stock model isn’t a creative thing, it’s a clone of the physical thing it mimics. Using a stock model of a table or radio in a render is fairly similar to using a table or radio in a studio photograph.

When creating something do you base your artistic ideas around OBJs that already exist, or do you often challenge yourself to create fully original content? At times do you feel as if your artistic imagination surpasses your technical skills in graphic design programs? And if not, why don’t you make your own 3D models?

There is quite a bit of stock out there, so it’s rarely a limiting factor. It depends a the work, but in most cases I have an idea for the scene and then add objects that fit. Certainly there are occasions where I’ll need something specific that I can’t find, and I’ll then usually model the thing. I don’t have aspirations to make everything in a scene myself.

The more I looked into your artwork the more designs I see of human form, and not just the human form, but also object protrusion, literal human deflation and 3D realism. What makes you so drawn to the human form and object protrusion?

It depends a bit on the circumstances. I like using people in ways that would be physically impossible to emphasise that impossibility – perhaps the more instantly recognisable an object it the more effectively it can be distorted?

Do you have any future plans with Timefly? Perhaps expanding the designs to different types of apparel? But also, in terms of collaborations, do you have an artist in mind? And are you currently working on another collection for Timefly?

I think TIMEFLY will always be that one cut, it’s well suited to the artwork and even when physical has a simulated surreal feel to it - also it’s nice seeing what different people do with the same design. Admittedly, it’s not something everyone would chose to wear! There are a number of artists currently working on designs and they’ll be coming out over the next few months.

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As the internet subculture evolves the music, clothes and art follow trend. Some of us imitate, emulate, cross-blend trends from months back and some of us stay complacent. As of now I would say there’s an over saturation of certain net aesthetics, not just limited to art, but also all things creatively connected to internet subcultures. While nothing new is emerging, and evolution has halted, everyone is looking at each other for the next trend to breakthrough. Do you think there’s some truth to that? How do you see the subcultures evolving in 2014? What direction will your art take in the next year?

Yes, there’s certainly some truth in that. As with most things that are created there needs to be some sharing, whether it’s conscious or subconscious - in this way layers of complexity can be explored and added. The thing peaks when every interesting angle has been covered and then inevitably becomes stale as components are repeated without imagination. The internet allows this cycle to take place at an accelerated rate. To focus specifically on the current wave of 3D perhaps we are close to saturation with the lofi/low poly look? I expect we’ll continue to see it throughout the year, increasingly offline and mundane. There’s still a huge amount to be done with 3D however, and as computers get faster and software easier we’ll start seeing more complex imagery made outside the commercial world. It’s a very suitable medium for talking about the world we’re in today which includes the net and related technologies.

Interview by Sweaty Holograms in collaboration with Sean East

Hi Irish Central, bet you're having fun with all the responses.

I want to start off by saying I understand this kind of response from a non-Irish dancer. I really do. To an outsider, Irish dance is madness. We’re glitzy, we’re flashy, we’re “a hyper competitive” subset of Irish culture. But really, I expected this from some bored and overly opinionated blogger, not from a professional journalist.

As an aspiring journalist myself, I must ask: where did Cahir O'Doherty get his information? Did he actually interview irish dancers while writing this piece or did he blindly search Google for a few hours until he’d had enough? I can guarantee you, if any real member of this community was able to explain to him half of his misconceptions about the sport, I repeat sport,this article would have been written very differently. I mean, I’m no pro, but that’s very basic journalism.

Moving on to the editors. Did any of you care to notice that all his information has gone uncited? Did you care to question what this “underground network” is called or where he got that magical $1K dress price (which, by the way, is off by a considerable amount, further proving my point)? What about quotes? Isn’t the best way of writing an opinion piece using the other side’s argument to prove why your side is more compelling? I, for one, regardless of my Muggle or non-Muggle status, most certainly am not compelled.

Mr. O'Doherty, do you possibly have kids that compete in some sport and have to deal with their anxiety while they train and compete? Better yet, were you an athlete when you were younger? If you were, did you put up with the anxiety because you loved your sport? Did you truly enjoy what you did, regardless of any stupid parts that came along with it? I know my brother hated the constant bad calls in soccer, and my sister could not stand the uniforms she had to wear for track. But hey, it’s part of the sport. You hate it that much, you can quit. 

See that’s why we’re angry. Your violent opinion bashes something we dedicate a great deal of time to and love to dedicate a great deal of time to. Sure the dresses, the wigs, and the makeup are ridiculous, but that is a valued part of our sport because we, unlike other athletes, are athletes and performers. We are a sport and an art form. The crazy attire, in our opinion, looks good on stage, and gets us in the zone for the long and tough competition days. You may not agree, but you’re also not a part of this community so you don’t quite understand either.

In addition, like many things, Irish dance undergoes transformations in competition and in style. You don’t see NBA players wearing those ridiculously short shorts they wore 30+ years ago. Why? Because styles have changed. Similarly, our dresses are far different from traditional dresses because that is how style has progressed. However, most dresses honor the tradition through Celtic design, even traditional Celtic stories, like the famed Academy storybook dresses.

In gymnastics, the tricks in all events have become more and more difficult as the years progress. 30 years ago, an Olympic gold medalist could barely do a full; now, one barely makes the team unless they can do a quad. As in gymnastics, Irish dance has evolved, with wilder tricks and more intricate routines. This evolution is not unique to our dance tradition and will continue to occur as the teaching side of Irish dance progresses to the next generation of retired dancers.

As for the money aspect of your argument, yes, it is very expensive to be an Irish dancer. Some of my best friends have quit because paying for it all is too much of a burden. However, you fail to recognize how this community provides for its members. Every single dress I have bought, custom-made, for $2000, has sold for at least $1800, if not full price. Hotels for competitions always have group rates to make staying there more affordable. Regions often organize stipends for world-qualifiers that need a little help getting the money to go. My school even has parents in the airline business that offer up some of their buddy passes to let dancers go to majors. I can’t even tell you how many times I’ve had a friend stay in my room during a competition because it’s too expensive to have one themselves. 

The irish dance community is not the largest, but hell, we are strong and we are united. Most of us are not “impressionable young girls” because of the aspects of our sport O'Doherty disapproves of, and if being this driven is a wrong quality to have, I never want to be right. Irish dance is one of the best parts of my life, and has made me the person I am today. Because of Irish dance, I have learned dedication, I have travelled places my friends could never dream of, I have made friends from all over the world, and I understand the valuable of hard work and good sportsmanship. Our “I-need-to-be-seen-from-space” costumes may not reflect these qualities, but then again, Cahir, a brief Google-search can’t tell you all that. 

So no, Irish dancing has NOT lost its way, and yes, we do continue on changing for the good of our sport. And no “Muggle” has the right to disrespect our community the way that this article has done. 

what makes people go “this news is so important! i know, i’ll inform tumblr by posting a screencap of some random person’s tweet paraphrasing what was presumably a headline from some uncited article or post of questionable legitimacy! this will be much better than googling it and posting an actual link to actual information”

and then what makes tens of thousands of people reblog that

why are we the way we are

Well, huh.  I was curious about various attitudes on suffrage restrictions in the early US–looking for race and income specifics–and kept running into an uncited but repeated statement that, while he was in the New York state legislature, Aaron Burr submitted a bill to allow women to vote.

So I asked my ~~personal connection~~ at the New York State Archives to look this up, and he found nothing of the kind going through the 1784-1785 records of the Assembly, which is when Burr was in the NY state legislature. 

So, welp, don’t believe everything you read on Wikipedia, etc.

Obit of the Day: The Greatest Slugger You’ve Never Heard Of

So many trivia questions, so little time:

What player has the most career home runs in their first 5 seasons? 

Who is the only player to lead his league in home runs for 7 consecutive seasons?

Who was the first  National League slugger to hit 50+ home runs in two consecutive seasons?

Who was the second person, after Babe Ruth, to hit at least 40 home runs in five consecutive seasons? 

Who was the only National Leaguer to hit at least 54 home runs between 1931 and 1997?

The answer to all of these questions is “Ralph Kiner.”

And yet, he was barely elected to the Hall of Fame, receiving 273 votes (he needed 272) in 1975 his 15th and final year of eligibility, from the Baseball Writers Association of America. Even the Pittsburgh Pirates, for whom he set all those records, didn’t retire his uniform number, 4, for another twelve years.

Part of the reason for the Hall of Fame delay was his limited time on the field. Mr. Kiner retired from baseball at age 32 after a back injury made it impossible for him to play. It was so hampering that after his first seven seasons he had hit 294 home runs, but in his last three only 75. 

And the Pirates were terrible during his time with the franchise. Between the time Mr. Kiner joined the team in 1946 and when he was traded to the Chicago Cubs in 1953, Pittsburgh never finished higher than fourth and usually in the bottom half of the National League standings. (Later Pirates Hall of Famers, like Willie Stargell and Roberto Clemente, were part of perennial playoff contenders including two World Series crowns.)

He did receive more recognition during his career than after. He was selected to six consecutive All-Star games (1948-1953) and finished in the top ten in MVP voting for five straight seasons (1947-1951) especially impressive playing on such abysmal teams. 

Following Mr. Kiner’s retirement he found a successful second career as a broadcaster. Spending the 1961 season with the Chicago White Sox, Mr. Kiner headed to New York to join the television broadcast booth with Bob Murphy and Lindsay Nelson for the expansion New York Mets. Mr. Kiner would broadcast Mets games for 52 seasons. He was the last of the original Mets’ broadcasters.

Known for misspeaking on occasion - wishing a hearty “Happy Birthday!” on Fathers’ Day - Mr. Kiner became more closely identified with the Mets than the Pirates by the end of his career. (A friend of Obit of the Day who is lifelong Pittsburgh fan believes this is why he is overlooked by the Pirates and their fans.)

Ralph Kiner, the fourth oldest living Hall of Famer, died on February 6^, 2014 at the age of 91.

Sources: baseball-reference.com, National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NY Times, and ESPN

(Image of Ralph Kiner, circa 1948-1953, is uncited - on six different websites - and courtesy of democratherald.com)

^ Coincidentally Mr. Kiner died on Babe Ruth’s birthday. Mr. Ruth was the only person to hit home runs more often than Mr. Kiner (11.76 at-bats per home run vs. 14.11) until the sluggers of the 1990s.