Crucifix toad (Notaden bennettii)
The Crucifix Toad is an Australian, fossorial frog. It is one of the few Australian frogs to display aposematism. It is native to western New South Wales, and south western Queensland. The Crucifix Toad is the most distinctive species of frog within the Notaden genus. Whereas most Notaden
frogs are dark brown in colour, the Crucifix Toad exhibits many bright
colours. Its dorsal surface is bright yellow, with a cross of many
colours centered on the back. The cross is outlined with large, black
dots, and filled with white, black and red dots. Males reach a length of 6.3 cm, and females a length of 6.8 cm. The Crucifix Toad is a ground-dwelling frog which inhabits the arid
areas of western New South Wales and Queensland. To survive long periods
without water, the Crucifix Toad will bury itself underground and
encase itself in a cocoon.
Upon very heavy rain, they will emerge from the ground, and begin
breeding in temporary ponds. The males call from within the pond to
attract the female. The call is a “woop”. The frog exudes a tacky and elastic “frog glue” onto its dorsal skin
when provoked. Its purpose is uncertain; it may be intended to confuse
and deter predators such as snakes, or to trap biting insects.