unauthorized immigration

bloomberg.com
BREAKING: Trump Weighs Mobilizing National Guard for Immigration Roundups: AP
A draft memo obtained by The Associated Press outlines a Trump administration proposal under consideration to mobilize as many as 100,000 National Guard troops to round up unauthorized immigrants. Millions of those who would be affected in 11 states live nowhere near the Mexico border.

(AP) – The Trump administration is considering a proposal to mobilize as many as 100,000 National Guard troops to round up unauthorized immigrants, including millions living nowhere near the Mexico border, according to a draft memo obtained by The Associated Press.

The 11-page document calls for the unprecedented militarization of immigration enforcement as far north as Portland, Oregon, and as far east as New Orleans, Louisiana.

Four states that border on Mexico are included in the proposal — California, Arizona, New Mexico and Texas — but it also encompasses seven states contiguous to those four — Oregon, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Oklahoma, Arkansas and Louisiana.

Governors in the 11 states would have a choice whether to have their guard troops participate, according to the memo, written by U.S. Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly, a retired four-star Marine general.

While National Guard personnel have been used to assist with immigration-related missions on the U.S.-Mexico border before, they have never been used as broadly or as far north.

The memo is addressed to the then-acting heads of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement and U.S. Customs and Border Protection. It would serve as guidance to implement the wide-ranging executive order on immigration and border security that President Donald Trump signed Jan. 25. Such memos are routinely issued to supplement executive orders.

Also dated Jan. 25, the draft memo says participating troops would be authorized “to perform the functions of an immigration officer in relation to the investigation, apprehension and detention of aliens in the United States.” It describes how the troops would be activated under a revived state-federal partnership program, and states that personnel would be authorized to conduct searches and identify and arrest any unauthorized immigrants.

Requests to the White House and the Department of Homeland Security for comment and a status report on the proposal were not answered.

The draft document has circulated among DHS staff over the last two weeks. As recently as Friday, staffers in several different offices reported discussions were underway.

If implemented, the impact could be significant. Nearly one-half of the 11.1 million people residing in the U.S. without authorization live in the 11 states, according to Pew Research Center estimates based on 2014 Census data.

Use of National Guard troops would greatly increase the number of immigrants targeted in one of Trump’s executive orders last month, which expanded the definition of who could be considered a criminal and therefore a potential target for deportation. That order also allows immigration agents to prioritize removing anyone who has “committed acts that constitute a chargeable criminal offense.”

Under current rules, even if the proposal is implemented, there would not be immediate mass deportations. Those with existing deportation orders could be sent back to their countries of origin without additional court proceedings. But deportation orders generally would be needed for most other unauthorized immigrants.

The troops would not be nationalized, remaining under state control.

Spokespeople for the governors of Arizona, Utah, Nevada, California, Colorado, Oklahoma, Oregon and New Mexico said they were unaware of the proposal, and either declined to comment or said it was premature to discuss whether they would participate. The other three states did not immediately respond to the AP.

The proposal would extend the federal-local partnership program that President Barack Obama’s administration began scaling back in 2012 to address complaints that it promoted racial profiling.

The 287(g) program, which Trump included in his immigration executive order, gives local police, sheriff’s deputies and state troopers the authority to assist in the detection of immigrants who are in the U.S. illegally as a regular part of their law enforcement duties on the streets and in jails.

The draft memo also mentions other items included in Trump’s executive order, including the hiring of an additional 5,000 border agents, which needs financing from Congress, and his campaign promise to build a wall between the U.S. and Mexico.

The signed order contained no mention of the possible use of state National Guard troops.

According to the draft memo, the militarization effort would be proactive, specifically empowering Guard troops to solely carry out immigration enforcement, not as an add-on the way local law enforcement is used in the program.

Allowing Guard troops to operate inside non-border states also would go far beyond past deployments.

In addition to responding to natural or man-made disasters or for military protection of the population or critical infrastructure, state Guard forces have been used to assist with immigration-related tasks on the U.S.-Mexico border, including the construction of fences.

In the mid-2000s, President George W. Bush twice deployed Guard troops on the border to focus on non-law enforcement duties to help augment the Border Patrol as it bolstered its ranks. And in 2010, then-Arizona Gov. Jan Brewer announced a border security plan that included Guard reconnaissance, aerial patrolling and military exercises.

In July 2014, then-Texas Gov. Rick Perry ordered 1,000 National Guard troops to the border when the surge of migrant children fleeing violence in Central America overwhelmed U.S. officials responsible for their care. The Guard troops’ stated role on the border at the time was to provide extra sets of eyes but not make arrests.

Bush initiated the federal 287(g) program — named for a section of a 1996 immigration law — to allow specially trained local law enforcement officials to participate in immigration enforcement on the streets and check whether people held in local jails were in the country illegally. ICE trained and certified roughly 1,600 officers to carry out those checks from 2006 to 2015.

The memo describes the program as a “highly successful force multiplier” that identified more than 402,000 “removable aliens.”

But federal watchdogs were critical of how DHS ran the program, saying it was poorly supervised and provided insufficient training to officers, including on civil rights law. Obama phased out all the arrest power agreements in 2013 to instead focus on deporting recent border crossers and immigrants in the country illegally who posed a safety or national security threat.

Trump’s immigration strategy emerges as detentions at the nation’s southern border are down significantly from levels seen in the late 1990s and early 2000s. Last year, the arrest tally was the fifth-lowest since 1972. Deportations of people living in the U.S. illegally also increased under the Obama administration, though Republicans criticized Obama for setting prosecution guidelines that spared some groups from the threat of deportation, including those brought to the U.S. illegally as children.

Last week, ICE officers arrested more than 680 people around the country in what Kelly said were routine, targeted operations; advocates called the actions stepped-up enforcement under Trump.

vox.com
Trump’s policies at work: ICE deports an immigrant mother in the middle of the night
Guadalupe García de Rayos had been in the US for 21 years. Now she’s been sent back to Mexico.
By German Lopez

Here we go.

Under President Barack Obama’s administration, García de Rayos had some protections: The administration told immigration officials to prioritize deporting people who were a threat to public safety or national security, had ties to gangs, or committed a serious felony or several misdemeanor crimes. Since she didn’t meet these criteria, she was seemingly spared — even though a judge issued a deportation order against her in 2013.

But the criteria changed under Trump. He recently signed an executive order that effectively expanded the definition of a deportation-prioritized criminal offense for unauthorized immigrants to include any criminal offense, even those who haven’t been officially charged yet but are merely suspected of “acts that constitute a chargeable criminal offense…”

Regardless of the specifics of this individual case, this is exactly the kind of thing we can expect more of from Trump’s administration. Trump previously promised to deport 2 million to 3 million “criminal illegal immigrants.” But as my colleague Dara Lind explained, that’s simply impossible, because there probably aren’t enough unauthorized immigrants who have committed a crime and meet that description. Yet one way Trump could get around this reality is by expanding the definition of a criminal offense, which is exactly what he did in his executive order.

“The Trump administration is considering a proposal to mobilize as many as 100,000 National Guard troops to round up unauthorized immigrants, including millions living nowhere near the Mexico border, according to a draft memo obtained by The Associated Press.

The 11-page document calls for the unprecedented militarization of immigration enforcement as far north as Portland, Oregon, and as far east as New Orleans, Louisiana.

Four states that border on Mexico are included in the proposal — California, Arizona, New Mexico and Texas — but it also encompasses seven states contiguous to those four — Oregon, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Oklahoma, Arkansas and Louisiana. ”

Without immigrants, the US economy would be a 'disaster,' experts say

Immigrants across the U.S. are refusing to go to work, attend school and shop today as part of the Day Without Immigrants, a series of protests intended to illustrate the significant economic and social impact that immigrants have on the country.

The protests, which were organized on social media, are demonstrations against President Donald Trump, who has been criticized by some as anti-immigrant and xenophobic for his promises to deport unauthorized immigrants, build a wall along the U.S.-Mexico border and conduct “extreme vetting” of immigrants from seven predominately Muslim countries.

Hundreds of business owners in Washington, D.C.; Austin, Texas; Boston; Philadelphia; and other cities are participating in the protests.

“I want to make sure that immigrants, such as myself and others, don’t live in fear,” said Andy Shallal, an Iraqi-American entrepreneur best known for his D.C.-area restaurant, bookstore and performance venue chain Busboys and Poets.

He told ABC News he decided to close all six of his Busboy and Poets locations today to push for “humanistic” immigration reform.

“There are times when standing on the sidelines is not an option,” he said. “This is one of those times.”

Day Without Immigrants protests being held across US

Arrest of ‘dreamer’ immigrant could be first of the Trump administration

Georgia community fills schoolyard with signs supporting immigrants, refugees

While the economic impact of today’s actions remains unclear, several economic experts told ABC News that the U.S. economy and workforce would be a “disaster” without immigrants.

“If all immigrants were just to disappear from the U.S. workforce tomorrow, that would have a tremendous negative impact on the economy,” said Daniel Costa, the director of immigration law and policy research at the Economic Policy Institute, an economic research think tank based in Washington, D.C.

“Immigrants are overrepresented in a lot of occupations in both low- and high-skilled jobs,” he explained. “You’d feel an impact and loss in many, many different occupations and industries, from construction and landscape to finance and IT.”

Though some U.S.-born workers could fill some of those jobs, large gaps in several sectors would remain and cause a decline in the economy, Costa said.

Immigrants earned $1.3 trillion and contributed $105 billion in state and local taxes and nearly $224 billion in federal taxes in 2014, according to the Partnership for a New American Economy, based on an analysis of the U.S. Census Bureau’s latest American Community Survey. The partnership is a group of 500 Republican, Democratic and independent mayors and business leaders who support immigration reforms that create jobs for Americans, according to its site.

In 2014 immigrants had almost $927 billion in consumer spending power, an analysis of the survey showed.

“Immigrants are a very vital part of what makes the U.S. economy work,” said Jeremy Robbins, the executive director of the Partnership for a New American Economy. “They help drive every single sector and industry in this economy.”

He added that without immigrants, there would be fewer businesses and and inventions.

“If you look at the great companies driving the U.S. as an innovation hub, you’ll see that a lot of companies were started by immigrants or the child of immigrants, like Apple and Google,” he said. Apple was co-founded by Steve Jobs, whose biological father was a Syrian refugee, and Google (now Alphabet) was co-founded by Sergey Brin, who was born in Moscow.

Though immigrants make up about 13 percent of the U.S. population, they contribute nearly 15 percent of the country’s economic output, according to a 2014 report from the Economic Policy Institute. The report contains the institute’s latest data on immigration and the U.S. economy.

“Immigrants have an outsized role in U.S. economic output because they are disproportionately likely to be working and are concentrated among prime working ages,” the EPI report says. “Moreover, many immigrants are business owners. In fact, the share of immigrant workers who own small businesses is slightly higher than the comparable share among U.S.-born workers.”

David Kallick, the director of the Immigration Research Initiative at the Fiscal Policy Institute, said Americans should not be fearful that immigrants are stealing jobs from them.

“It may seem surprising, but study after study has shown that immigration actually improves wages to U.S.-born workers and provides more job opportunities for U.S.-born workers,” he told ABC News. “The fact is that immigrants often push U.S.-born workers up in the labor market rather than out of it.”

Kallick added that studies he has done found that “where there’s economic growth, there’s immigration, and where there’s not much economic growth, there’s not much immigration.”

According to Meg Wiehe, the director of programs for the Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy, “Undocumented immigrants contributed more than $11.6 billion in state and local taxes each year. And if the estimated 11 million undocumented immigrants here were given a pathway to citizenship or legal residential status, those tax contributions could rise by nearly $2 billion.”

Despite their status, unauthorized immigrants still contribute “so much in taxes” because they, just like U.S. citizens, have to pay property taxes for their homes or apartments they own or rent, and they also often pay sales taxes for purchases they make, Wiehe explained.

“Researchers have also found that the vast majority of unauthorized immigrants also pay income tax using something called an I-10 income tax return form,” she said.

Wiehe added that it is “critical to remember that we are talking about real people here — mothers, fathers and families who are contributing to our society through their work and the taxes they’re paying.”

ABC News’ Riley Beggin contributed to this report.

Trump’s policies at work: ICE deports an immigrant mother in the middle of the night
Seven people arrested outside Immigration and Customs Enforcement facility in Phoenix after protesting the apprehension of a Mexican-born woman whom they fear will be deported. Guadalupe García de Rayos had been in the US for 21 years. On Wednesday night, Americans got a very public glimpse at what President Donald Trump has promised to do millions of times over: an unauthorized immigrant’s arrest and deportation in Phoenix, Arizona. Read more
Daniel Ramirez Medina: what we know about the DREAMer Trump is trying to deport
ICE agents prepare to enter a home during a ‘fugitive operations" raid. The Trump administration has stripped him of his work permit, and is trying to deport him. President Trump has said that any unauthorized immigrant in the US should be deportable. Read more
nytimes.com
New Trump Deportation Rules Allow Far More Expulsions
The rules authorize expelling undocumented immigrants who have committed even minor offenses, and they make it easier to immediately deport people.
By Michael D. Shear and Ron Nixon

The new enforcement policies put into practice the language of fear that Mr. Trump offered on the campaign trail, vastly expanding the definition of “criminal aliens” and warning that such unauthorized immigrants “routinely victimize Americans,” disregard the “rule of law and pose a threat” to people in communities across the United States.

Despite those assertions in the new documents, research shows lower levels of crime among immigrants than among native-born Americans.

Vox Sentences: Deport first, ask questions later
Vox Sentences is your daily digest for what’s happening in the world, curated by Dara Lind and Dylan Matthews. The Department of Homeland Security has issued memos implementing two executive orders President Trump signed in his first week in office, cracking down on the treatment of immigrants crossing into the US and unauthorized immigrants living in the country. The memos make official the most dramatic shift from Obama’s immigration policy circa 2016 to Trump’s circa 2017: Any unauthorized immigrant who’s ever done anything that constitutes a crime (including working with a fake SSN and driving without a license) is now a priority for deportation. Read more
Every day another horror

February 17, 2017

Donald Trump’s crazy news conference on Thursday provided plenty of insanity to last us to the end of the week. Not for the man himself, though. Today, the Associated Press reports that Trump is considering mobilizing the national guard to round up “unauthorized” immigrants. He’s also working on a new and improved travel ban after the federal courts stopped his first crude attempt at a Muslim ban.

It’s been a fairly crazy first four weeks: the travel ban created widespread chaos and economic uncertainty, we heard claims of a “massacre” in Kentucky that didn’t happen and accusations that the media didn’t cover terrorist attacks like Paris and Nice that were all over the news media for days when they happened.

We had a first resignation, National Security Advisor Michael Flynn, on day 25 of the carnage presidency because he misled about his ties to Russia. Flynn had to go because he lied, imagine that!  And the next guy didn’t even want the job. 

There are now efforts underway in Congress to abolish the Environmental Protection Agency while the climate change news gets more frightening on an almost daily basis.

Alas, all the crazy “alternative facts” and the dangerous executive orders still find the support of all too many Republican voters and the GOP enablers and collaborators in Congress. The rest of the anxious nation is awaiting the next Trump lunacy with bated breath.

The government just put out the blueprint for President Trump’s immigration crackdown
Almost everyone in the US without papers is now a priority for deportation. The Department of Homeland Security is officially putting the sweeping executive orders that President Donald Trump signed his first week in office into practice — giving the federal government nearly free rein to arrest, detain, and deport unauthorized immigrants wherever it finds them. On Monday, Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly issued memos to senior officials at the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) that provide instructions for implementing two executive orders President Trump signed January 25, regarding immigration enforcement on the US/Mexico border and within the United States. Read more
The Trump administration proposed deputizing some National Guard units to arrest immigrants
The Department of Homeland Security says it was never seriously considered. The Department of Homeland Security considered — but says it rejected — letting governors in 11 states decide whether to deputize their National Guards to enforce immigration law, including helping to detain and deport unauthorized immigrants. The memo, first reported by the Associated Press Friday, matches the description of a memo leaked to Vox. Read more
The first immigration raids of the Trump era, explained
Department of Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly, in a statement Monday, calls it “a series of targeted enforcement operations,” and maintains it’s no different from what ICE has done “for many years.” Critics call it a series of nationwide raids — and claim it’s the first step toward President Donald Trump fulfilling his promise to deport millions of unauthorized immigrants. For the most part, last week’s raids wouldn’t have been out of place in the early years of the Obama administration. ICE agents didn’t (despite rumors to the contrary) set up street-level checkpoints to demand proof of citizenship of anyone in passing cars. Read more
4

John Oliver eviscerates Donald Trump’s Republican National Convention

Throughout the convention, Republican speakers — including Donald Trump — argued that the crime rate was skyrocketing, unauthorized immigration is going up, the economy is getting worse, and terrorism is killing a record number of Americans. And while many feel this is true, the facts say otherwise. 

Republicans are trying to capitalize on American fear to gain votes and establish Donald Trump as President — a frightening reality with enormous consequences. 

Mexico is stopping more unauthorized Central American immigrants at its southern border. The Mexican government said in 2014 that it would increase enforcement at its southern border in response to an increased flow of Central Americans traveling through Mexico to reach the U.S. In 2015, the government there carried out about 150,000 deportations of unauthorized immigrants from El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras, a 44% jump over the previous year. These three Central American countries alone accounted for nearly all (97%) of Mexico’s deportations in 2015.

latimes.com
Library of Congress to stop using term 'illegal alien'
The Library of Congress, saying a once common phrase had become offensive, announced it will no longer use “illegal aliens” as a bibliographical term.
By Los Angeles Times

Originally posted by kropotkindersurprise

The library will now use “noncitizens” and “unauthorized immigration” when referring to individuals and the larger phenomenon of people residing in the country illegally. The library called the words more precise as well as less offensive.

Tbh the American school system is set up to work against unauthorized immigrants and their children so much. Even permanent residents whose parents are not residents of the US, and the people who were granted deferred action status and given work authorization and a driver’s license.

The FAFSA considers students under 25 to be dependent unless they are married or have kids, or if their parents are dead or in prison. This means that EVEN IF the student has established residency in a state, they cannot receive in-state tuition rates, and get very little in scholarships. Instead of paying $400 per class at a community college, now they’re paying $1,500 each class, AND they only get $100 in financial aid.

The system is just SO MESSED UP and forces immigrants and their children to either drop out of college, or graduate with a humongous pile of debt that largely outweighs the already massive average debt of US students. They set us up to fail, and then call us lazy and worthless.

So please, think of the people who are being opressed by the system. Call or write or email your representatives, asking them to help us. Sign petitions. Vote for people who want to make college affordable and those who wanna make life less difficult for immigrants, and encourage everyone else to do so too.