Supreme Court of Canada:
"Rules that obtaining consent is part of the consultation spectrum the Crown faces when dealing with First Nations on issues that impact rights, title and territory."
(2015): "While governments had the right to grant permits, only local communities — including First Nations — are able to “grant permission.”.
(early 2016): Adopts the UN Declaration of Rights of Indigenous People (which states the right of Aboriginal groups to “free, prior and informed consent” on economic projects in their territories.
(late 2016): “No [First Nations], they don’t have a veto (on industrial projects in their territories).”
people need to stop saying that the accords were bad because the Avengers were put in prison. Like have you even read the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights????
I am assuming most people haven’t so I’m just going to highlight a few things here:
No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.
All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.
Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.
Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.
Now, all UN legislation has to be compliant to these rights (among other things). Let me repeat that: ALL UN LEGISLATION HAS TO BE COMPLIANT TO THESE RIGHTS.
It is literally impossible for the Avengers to be imprisoned for a long period of time WITHOUT a trial. Yes, they can be held in jail until the date of a trial is set and then they can remain in jail until the day they are tried (just like any other human being). And yes, they need a higher level security prison to hold criminals that hold so much power, but, to assume that the Avengers were gonna be kept in that prison without a trial is literally laughable.
Now, since it is a high level prison, it is obvious that they have spent some time thinking where they would contain them. It is obvious that they were planning to use this jail if any of the Avengers actually went rogue, which in turn means the prison MUST pass the conditions established by human rights law across the world.
So let’s break down the prison, shall we?
The location is unknown but it is held underwater. This is not in violation to any rights, given that it does not break the “Accommodation for prisoners shall provide adequate cubic
content of air, floor space, lighting, heating and
ventilation” clause. The place has ventilation, will obviously have heating if needed, and lighting was rather good. The room sizes themselves were rather spacious, which, again, more than complies with International regulations.
Next we see that the rooms themselves are reinforced, which comes as no surprise considering who they are dealing with. This too does not go against any clauses under the article of Right to an Adequate Standard of Living.
Then we have to consider Wanda’s collar. It seems to be able to give out an electrical charge if necessary to stop her from using her powers. Now, given that it is not actively harming her, nor is it affecting he mental capabilities, one could legally make the argument that it does not fall under torture as described under the charter (act by which severe physical or
mental pain or suffering is intentionally inflicted on a
person, other than that which is inherent in or incidental
to lawful sanctions). Of course, one could also argue that if this has been legally sanctioned, then the use of the collar is lawful and therefore does not break human rights laws. Not only that, but under the charter, strong forms of physical force ARE allowed IF the situation requires it (i.e. someone is trying to break out), but of course an investigation will follow to see if it was truly required. It is also important to note that, given the fact that they have not been given a trial as of yet, it is impossible to determine the legality of that damn thing so an argument could be made that it is indeed immoral (though, as I stated before, it cannot currently be said that it is torture).
Apart from that, they have done nothing to these people. Let me repeat that: they have done NOTHING to the former avengers.
Furthermore, the US secretary of State would NOT be in control of the prison and the fact that Ross decided to just incarcerate them there without giving the movie audience much of an explanation calls into question the very fact of its authenticity; meaning, we do not know if this is just Ross acting on his own.
Regardless of whether it is Ross or not, governmental institutions are in their right to imprison those that have broken international law. Let me repeat that: Once international law has been broken, governments around the world have the right to take action and no, not because it is your favorite character means they don’t deserve to go to prison.
Did the movie try to paint the prison in a bad light? Yes. Did the Russo brothers know about international law and actually thought through the viability of a prison like that? No they did not. Did they take the time to actually show us a more realistic process of legal processing? No, fuck no. Is it okay for them to have been imprisoned without trial? It actually is, IF a trial was promised and a date was set. You CANNOT legally imprison ANYONE unless they have had trial, so, again, the prison wasn’t so much a product of the Accords as it was just a physical show of the Russo’s vast ignorance and desire to produce cheap, idiotic and nonexistent issues.
People get African-Colombian hairstyles done during a meeting of Afro-hairdressers, in Cali, Valle del Cauca departament, Colombia, on May 29, 2011. The UN has declared 2011 as the year of People of African Descent.
[as they are getting married] I, Kylo Ren, do hereby declare my un-ending love. I will worship you forever. I will devote my every waking moment to your happiness alone. Henceforth, I am your eternal and helpless slave.
That was Ian Dury’s glorious, post-punk fuck you to the UN for declaring 1981 to be the Year of the Disabled. Crippled by polio from the age of eight, Dury saw the entire “year of the disabled” concept as patronizing, and his Spartacus reference raised the message from the simply pissed-off to the revolutionary: Disabled people don’t want pity; they want freedom from all that bullshit. Or, as Dury himself put it, “I wasn’t moaning, I was doing the opposite of moaning: I was yelling.”
That yelling immediately got the song banned by the BBC and effectively ended Dury’s chart career.
But we now live in more enlightened times, right? They even played “Spasticus Autisticus” at the 2012 London Paralympics opening ceremony, with Stephen Hawking onstage. But beyond the feel-good Olympic spectacle, three-and-a-half decades after Ian Dury’s protest, disabled musicians and fans are still having to yell to get their voices heard.
First Nation’s free, prior and informed consent is an integral and fundamental element of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Further, the legal and practical need to secure First Nation’s consent is featured in Delgammuukw, Haida and the Tsilhqot'in Supreme Court decisions. Consent is part of Canadian Law.
Any ill-advised, clumsy or barbaric efforts to deliberately circumvent our inherent Indigenous land rights and violate our indigenous laws will result in Standing Rock a la Trudeau!
You know I was also miffed Thor and Hulk wasn’t in Captain America Civil War, but man, now that I seen the movie it actually makes so much sense. The Accords scene would have been hella awkward (or hundred times better) if they were. General Ross: So like all you super heroes need to sign this Accord and be under the control of the UN. Thor: … You want to put ME. God of Thunder. The second in line to the throne of Asgard. Under the control of a Midgardian Committee. General Ross: Well, er, I wouldn’t put it like THAT. Thor: Are you saying Asgard is now also under the control of the UN? Are you DECLARING WAR ON ASGARD?! General Ross: *meep*
Meanwhile Bruce is like.
Bruce: Hey, you can force me to sign anything you want. I just ain’t sure the other guy gives a shit. General Ross: Well if you can’t keep your alter ego under control, we will imprison you. Bruce: Oh ho ho. Yeah, I saw the specs of your RAFT. Well, I hope you enjoy evacuating your UNDERWATER prison every two hours, because the other guy tore out of shackles much stronger than that. Are you going to be on the same ship too? Well, General Ross, I will enjoy my imprisonment IMMENSELY. General Ross: *meep*
Western Australia remote Aboriginal community closures
If these 150 communities are shut down, the effects of these forced dispossessions will be disastrous. We will see an increase in poor mental health, incarceration rates, homelessness and drug and alcohol abuse. Indigenous leaders have spoken out against these closures and all have voiced the same concerns; if you remove someone from their country, their ancestral lands, you take away that person’s cultural identity.
Article 10 of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples states:
“Indigenous peoples shall not be forcibly removed from their lands or territories. No relocation shall take place without the free, prior and informed consent of the indigenous peoples concerned and after agreement on just and fair compensation and, where possible, with the option of return.
How can the Australian government so blatantly ignore the rights of First Nations peoples? This colonial state already abuses the rights of refugees and asylum seekers on onshore and offshore detention centers and it certainly won’t stop here with First Nations peoples.
These community closures cannot go ahead. This is assimilation and an attempt to deny Indigenous peoples their cultural rights and obligations.
The WA government and the Abbott government will be partaking in genocide by closing these communities. Living on one’s traditional land is not a “lifestyle choice”, it is living on one’s own ancestral lands as a cultured, sovereign and First Nations person.
This is not simply a matter of removing a people from a place they know and call home, it’s a matter of people having nowhere to go once they are removed. It’s a matter of loosing cultural and language because there will be no schools the children can go to so that they can learn their mother tongue and be immersed in their culture. This is a matter and life and death, literally.
The UN declares Islam the most peaceful religion in the world. In other news up is left down is blue, diamonds are soft, ignorance is strength, war is peace, freedom is slavery and we have always been at war with Eastasia.
One of the clearest indications that “rights” based discourses are always bound to nationalist logic is the fact that no bill of rights ever has included the right of free movement across frontiers. The UN declaration of human rights gives you half of it - the right to leave and re-enter your own nation state, but it doesn’t give you the right to enter another one unless you qualify as a refugee.
Știi zilele ploioase în care soarele se ascunde după nori? Așa te ascuzi tu de mine În zilele senine. Eu fug ca prostu’ după tine Tu în continuu îți bați joc de mine Știind că ce fac nu e bine, Dar te vreau doar pe tine. E totul frumos, Eu nu cred că sunt așa prost Dar involuntar îți greșesc Totuși cuvintele sunt de prisos Nu vreau să te rănesc, Și mă declar un păcătos, te iubesc! Dar tot ce scriu acum, E doar praf și scrum Pentru că noi nu o să mai urmam acest drum.