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Virtues of A'ishah bint Abi Bakr (رضي الله عنها)

A'ishah (radiAllahu ‘anha) said:

“Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) used to ask in his fatal illness:’ Where will i be tomorrow? Where will I be tomorrow?’”

Intending 'Aishah’s turn. His wives allowed him to stay wherever he wished. So he stayed at A'ishah’s house till he died when he was with her. A'ishah added:

“The Prophet died on the day of my turn in my house and he was taken unto Allah while his head was against my chest and his saliva mixed with my saliva.”

[Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim]

The Honour & Virtue of Khadijah bint Khuwaylid (رضي الله عنها)

The death of Khadijah left an indelible mark in the heart of the Messenger of Allāh (ﷺ). She was always remembered by him and her name was always on his tongue. He loved those who loved her and he honored those who honored her.

Ā’ishah (رضي الله عنها) said:

“Allāh’s Messenger mentioned Khadijah one day and I said something about her. I said: ‘Such and such old woman! Allāh has replaced her for you with someone better!’

He (ﷺ) said ’Allāh has not replaced her for me with someone better. She believed in me when the rest of people disbelieved. She gave me a share in hear wealth when the rest of the people denied me (theirs). Allāh provided me children from her while He denied me by other than her.’

I said, ‘I shall not blame you regarding her after today [1]’”

1. Repoted by Ahmad (6/117.118)

[Source: Men and Women Around the Messenger by Sa’d Yusuf Abu ‘Aziz, p. 517. Translated by Suleman Al-Fulani]

A'ishah (رضى الله عنها) is the Mother of the Believers

قيل لعائشة أم المؤمنين رضي الله عنها: إن رجلاً قال: إنك لست له بأم.
فقالت: صدق، أنا أم المؤمنين، ولست بأم المنافقين.
الشريعة للآجري (2393/5)

It was said to ‘Aaisha, the mother of the believers (may Allah be pleased with her): "A man says that you’re not his mother.“

So she replied: “He has spoken the truth, I am the mother of the believers, and not the mother of the munafiqeen.”

[Kitāb Al Sharī'ah of Imam Al Ajurrī (2393/5)]

Narrated Aisha (radhiAllaahu ‘anha): “A lady along with her two daughters came to me asking (for some alms), but she found nothing with me except one date which I gave to her and she divided it between her two daughters, and did not eat anything herself, and when she got up and went away. Then the Prophet (ﷺ) came in and I informed him about this story. He said, ‘Whoever is put to trial by these daughters and he treats them generously (with benevolence) then these daughters will act as a shield for him from Hell-Fire.’”
—  [Sahih Bukhari Vol. 2, no. 499 & See Hadith no. 24, Vol. 8. Translated by Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan]

Narrated ‘Aisha (radhiAllahu 'anha):

Some people asked Allah’s Apostle (ﷺ) about fore-tellers. He said. “They are nothing” They said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Sometimes they tell us of a thing which turns out to be true.” Allah’s Apostle (ﷺ) said, “A Jinn snatches that true word and pours it into the ear of his friend (the fore-teller) (as one puts something into a bottle). The foreteller then mixes that word with one hundred lies.”

—  [Sahih Bukhari Vol. 7, no. 657. Translated by Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan]
Abu Hurayrah (radiAllaahu ‘anhu) narrated: “Jibril came to the Prophet and said, 'Here is Khadijah coming to you with a bowl of condiment or food or drink. When she comes to you, convey to her the greeting of peace from her Lord and from me, and give her the tiding of a house in Paradise built of gold wherein there will neither be crying nor sorrow.’”
—  [Reported by Sahih Bukhari and Muslim]
The Prophet (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa salaam) used to pray Fajr prayer early while it was still very dark (outside), and the believing women would attend the congregation. After the prayer the women would disperse in the dark and they could not be seen nor did they recognize one another.
—  Aisha (radiAllaahu ‘anha) [Sahih Al Bukhari (872). Translated by Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan]

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ ـ رضى الله عنها ـ قَالَتْ تَلاَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم هَذِهِ الآيَةَ ‏{‏هُوَ الَّذِي أَنْزَلَ عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ مِنْهُ آيَاتٌ مُحْكَمَاتٌ هُنَّ أُمُّ الْكِتَابِ وَأُخَرُ مُتَشَابِهَاتٌ فَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ زَيْغٌ فَيَتَّبِعُونَ مَا تَشَابَهَ مِنْهُ ابْتِغَاءَ الْفِتْنَةِ وَابْتِغَاءَ تَأْوِيلِهِ‏}‏ إِلَى قَوْلِهِ ‏{‏أُولُو الأَلْبَابِ‏}‏ قَالَتْ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ فَإِذَا رَأَيْتَ الَّذِينَ يَتَّبِعُونَ مَا تَشَابَهَ مِنْهُ، فَأُولَئِكَ الَّذِينَ سَمَّى اللَّهُ، فَاحْذَرُوهُمْ

Narrated ‘Aisha رضى الله عنها: Allah’s Apostle (ﷺ) recited the Verse:

“It is He who has sent down to you the Book. In it are Verses that are entirely clear, they are the foundation of the Book, others not entirely clear. So as for those in whose hearts there is a deviation (from the Truth) follow thereof that is not entirely clear seeking affliction and searching for its hidden meanings; but no one knows its hidden meanings but Allah. And those who are firmly grounded in knowledge say: “We believe in it (i.e. in the Qur’an) the whole of it (i.e. its clear and unclear Verses) are from our Lord. And none receive admonition except men of understanding.” (3.7)

Then Allah’s Apostle (ﷺ) said, “If you see those who follow thereof that is not entirely clear, then they are those whom Allah has named [as having deviation (from the Truth)] ‘So beware of them.”

—  [Sahih Bukhari Vol. 6, Book 60, Hadith 70]
Ruling on the One Who Speaks Ill Of the Wives of the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam)

There is an individual at (my) job who is a Raafidhee. Some of the workers informed me that he has explicitly accused the Mother of the Believers Aa'ishah (radiyallahu ‘anhaa) of fornication (and the refuge is with Allaah). Knowing that he did not do that in public and there has not occurred between me and him a debate regarding the issue, is it permissible for me to classify him with kufr (disbelief) by my saying: You are a Kaafir (disbeliever) because you hold this belief or is it a must that I sit with him and debate with him regarding the issue knowing that he openly displays (the qualities of) hypocrisy and lying; and is it permissible to sit with him inside or outside of work even when the issue does not arise? Please give us a verdict, may Allaah reward you.

I say, whoever explicitly accuses the Mother of the Believers Aa'ishah the daughter of as-Siddeeq (radiyallaahu 'anhumaa), the one who Allaah has vindicated from above the seven heavens and has sent down her vindication in verses which are recited until the Day of Judgment; whoever does that then he has disbelieved with a kufr that expels him from the religion, and he is bound to spend eternity in the fire. Because he has belied Allaah (azza wa Jal) in His informing of her vindication. Al-Qurtubee has mentioned that in his Tafseer from Maalik. Ibn Katheer, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said in his Tafseer of the verse:

“Verily those who accuse chaste women who never even think of anything touching their chastity and are good believers, then they are cursed in this life and in the Hereafter, and for them will be a great torment. On the Day when their tongues, hands and legs will testify against them as to what they used to do.”

(Sooratun-Noor, 24:23-24)

He, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said: This is a threat from Allaah the Exalted to those who accuse chaste women who never think of anything touching their chastity and are believers, being all inclusive. Therefore, the Mothers of the Believers are even more entitled to enter into this than every other chaste woman. Especially she who was the reason for the revelation of this verse, that is Aa'ishah the daughter of as-Siddeeq. The scholars, may Allaah have mercy upon them, are in total agreement that whoever reviles her and accuses her with that which he has accused her with after that which has been mentioned in the verse, then he is a Kaafir; because he rejects the Qur'aan. Regarding the other Mothers of the Believers there are two sayings (amongst the scholars). The most correct of them is that they are similar to her (in this ruling), and Allaah knows best

And upon this, there is consensus that whoever reviles Aa'ishah (radiyallahu 'anhaa) (accusing) her with fornication after Allaah has vindicated her from it in His Book, then he is a Kaafir whose blood and wealth are permissible, and it is obligatory that he be killed (by those in judicial authority).

Shyakhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said in his book, as-Saarim al-Maslool Alaa Shaatimir-Rasool (sallaallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) Pg. 565-567: Chapter: Reviling the Wives of the Prophet:

“Al-Qaadee Abu Ya'laa, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said: Whoever wrongfully accuses Aa'ishah of az-Zinaa (fornication) after Allaah has vindicated her from it has disbelieved with there being no difference of opinion concerning this.”

More than one of the scholars have reported the consensus upon this and more than one of the Imaams has explicitly stated this ruling. It has been narrated from Maalik:

“Whoever reviles Abu Bakr is to be lashed and whoever reviles Aa'ishah, accusing her with that which Allaah has vindicated her from then he is killed; for he has opposed the Quraan:

'Allaah forbids you from it and warns you not to repeat it if you are indeed believers.’(Sooratun-Noor, 24:17)”

Aboo Bakr ibn Ziyaad an-Naysaabooree said: I heard al-Qaasim ibn Muhammad saying to Ismaa'eel ibn Is-haaq:

“Al-Ma'moom came with two men bound in chains. One of them had cursed Faatimah and the other had cursed Aa'ishah. So he commanded with the killing of the one who had cursed Faatimah and he left the other. So Isma'eel said to him: What is their ruling except that they both are to be killed? For the one who has cursed Aa'ishah has rejected the Quraan. And upon this is the history of the people of Fiqh and knowledge from the Ahlul-Bayt and other than them.”

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Khadijah bint Khuwaylid - The Best Woman of Mankind

She was the Mother of the Believers and the leader of the women of the worlds of her time. she was the mother of Qasim, the daughter of Khuwaylid bin Asad from the Quraishe tribe and from the Asad clan. Khadijah was the mother of six of the children of Allah’s Messenger, the first person to believe in and accept him before anyone else.

Imam Adh Dhahabi said:

“Her virtues were many indeed. She is one of the women who attained perfection. She was intelligent, honorable, devoted, virtuous and generous. She is from the people of Paradise. The Prophet (ﷺ) used to praise her above the rest of the Mothers of the Believers.”

From her honors is that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) never married any other woman before her and begot her by some children and he did not marry any other woman with her (while she was alive). She was a good companion and she used to spend her wealth on him and he used to trade on her behalf.

[Excerpt from Men and Women Around the Messenger by Sa’d Yusuf Abu ‘Aziz, p. 511. Translated by Suleman Al-Fulani]