umayyad dynasty


What World Personalities Quote about Imam Hussain (as)  

Mahatma Gandhi (Father of the Nation – India)

“My admiration for the noble sacrifice of Imam Hussein (a.s) as a martyr abounds, because he accepted death and the torture of thrust for himself, for his sons, and for his whole family, but did not submit to unjust authorities.” “I learnt from Hussain how to achieve victory while being oppressed.”

“My faith is that the progress of Islam does not depend on the use of sword by its believers, but the result of the supreme sacrifice of Hussain.”

“If India wants to be a successful country, it must follow in the footsteps of Imam Hussain (as).

“If I had an army like the 72 soldiers of Hussain, I would have won freedom for India in 24 hours.”

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (1st Prime Minister of India)

“There is a universal appeal in his martyrdom. Hazrat Imam Hussein (a.s) sacrificed his all, but he refused to submit to a tyrannical government. He never gave any weight to the fact that his material force was far less in comparison with that of an enemy; the power of faith to his greatest force, which regards all material force as nothing. This sacrifice is a beacon light of guidance for every community and every nation”

“Imam Hussain’s sacrifice is for all groups and communities, an example of the path of righteousness.”

Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1st President of Pakistan)

“The world is unable to present an example finer and brighter than the personality of Imam Hussein (a.s). He was the embodiment of love, valor and personification of sacrifice and devotion. Every Muslim, in particular, must learn a lesson from his life and should seek guidance from him.”

Reynold Alleyne Nicholson (Eminent English orientalist scholar of both Islamic literature and Islamic mysticism)

“Hussain fell, pierced by an arrow, and his brave followers were cut down beside him to the last man. Muhammadan tradition, which with rare exceptions is uniformly hostile to the Umayyad dynasty, regards Hussain as a martyr and Yazid as his murderer.”

Edward Gibbon (English historian and member of parliament)

“In a distant age and climate the tragic scene of the death of Hussain will awaken the sympathy of the coldest reader.” [The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, London, 1911, volume 5, pp391-2]

James Corne (Author of History of China)

“Hussain and his companions faced eight kinds of enemies. On the four sides the army of Yezid was their enemy which was ceaselessly raining arrows; the fifth foe was the sun of Arabia that was scorching the bodies; the sixth foe was the desert of Karbala the sands of which were scorching like a heated furnace; the seventh and eighth foes were the overpowering hunger and the unbearable thirst. Thus on those who fought with thousands of infidels in such conditions has ended bravado; on such a people no gallant (hero) can ever have pre-eminence.”

Rabindranath Tagore (Indian Nobel Prize in Literature 1913)

“The world of things in which we live misses its equilibrium when its communication with the world of love is lost. Then we have to pay with our soul for objects which are immensely cheap. And this can only happen when the prison walls of things threaten us with being final in themselves. Then it gives rise to terrible fights, jealousies and coercions, to a scramble for space and opportunities, for these are limited. We become painfully aware of the evil of this and try all measures of adjustment within the narrow bonds of a mutilated truth. This leads to failure. Only he helps us who proves by his life that we have a soul whose dwelling in the kingdom of love, and things lose the tyranny of fictitious price when we come to our spiritual freedom.”

“In order to keep alive justice and truth, instead of an army or weapons, success can be achieved by sacrificing lives, exactly what Imam Hussain did.”

“Imam Hussain is the leader of humanity.”

“Imam Hussain (a.s.) will warm the coldest heart.”

“Hussain’s sacrifice indicates spiritual liberation.”

Dr. Rajendra Prasad (1st President of India)

“The sacrifice of Imam Hussain is not limited to one country, or nation, but it is the hereditary state of the brotherhood of all mankind.”

Dr. Radha Krishnan (Ex President of India)

“Though Imam Hussain gave his life almost 1300 years ago, but his indestructible soul rules the hearts of people even today.”

Swami Shankaracharya (Hindu Religious Priest)

“It is Hussain’s sacrifice that has kept Islam alive or else in this world there would be no one left to take Islam’s name.”

Sarojini Naidu (Great India Poetess titled Nightingale of India)

“I congratulate Muslims that from among them, Hussain, a great human being was born, who is revered and honored totally by all communities.”

Thomas Carlyle (Scottish historian and essayist)

“The best lesson which we get fromthe tragedy of Cerebella is that Husain and his companions were rigid believers in God. They illustrated that the numerical superiority does not count when it comes to the truth and the falsehood. The victory of Husain, despite his minority, marvels me!”

Charles Dickens (English novelist)

“If Husain had fought to quench his worldly desires…then I do not understand why his sister, wife, and children accompanied him. It stands to reason therefore, that he sacrificed purely for Islam.”

Edward G. Brown (Professor at the University of Cambridge)

“…a reminder of that blood-stained field of Karbala, where the grandson of the Apostle of God fell, at length, tortured by thirst, and surround by the bodies of his murdered kinsmen, has been at anytime since then, sufficient to evoke, even in the most lukewarm and the heedless, the deepest emotion, the most frantic grief, and an exaltation of spirit before which pain, danger, and death shrink to unconsidered trifles.” (A Literary History of Persia, London, 1919, p.227)

Sir William Muir (Scottish orientalist)

“The tragedy of Karbala decided not only the fate of the Caliphate, but also of Mohammadan kingdoms long after the Caliphate had waned and is appeared.” (Annals of the Early Caliphate, London, 1883, p.441-442)

Ignaz Goldziher (Hungarian orientalist)

“…Weeping and lamentation over the evils and persecutions suffered by the ‘Alid family, and mourning for its martyrs: these are things from which loyal supporters of the cause cannot cease. ‘More touching than the tears of the Shi’is’ has even become an Arabic proverb.” (Introduction to Islamic Theology and Law, Princeton, 1981, p.179)

Dr. K. Sheldrake

“Of that gallant band, male and female knew that the enemy forces around were implacable, and were not only ready to fight, but to kill. Denied even water for the children, they remained parched under the burning sun and scorching sands, yet not one faltered for a moment. Husain marched with his little company, not to glory, not to power of wealth, but to a supreme sacrifice, and every member bravely faced the greatest odds without flinching.”

Antoine Bara (Lebanese writer)

“No battle in the modern and past history of mankind has earned more sympathy and admiration as well as provided more lessons than the martyrdom of Husain in the battle of Karbala.” (Husain in Christian Ideology)

Washington Irwing (American author, essayist, biographer and historian)

“It was possible for Hussein to save his life by submitting himself to the will of Yazid. But his responsibility as a reformer did not allow him to accept Yazid’s Caliphate. He therefore prepared to embrace all sorts discomfort and inconvenience in order to deliver Islam from the hands of the Omayyads. Under the blazing sun, on the parched land and against the stiffing heat of Arabia, stood the immortal Hussein.”

Al Fakhri (Famous Arab Historian)

“This is a catastrophe whereof I care not to speak at length, deeming it alike too grievous and too horrible. For verily, it was a catastrophe than that which naught more shameful has happened in Islam…There happened therein such a foul slaughter as to cause man’s flesh to creep with horror. And again I have dispersed with my long description because of it’s notoriety, for it is the most lamented of catastrophes.”

Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar (Pioneer of the Khilafat Movement and a dauntless fighter in the struggle of independence)

“In the murder of Hussain, lies the death of Yazid, for Islam resurrects after every Karbala”

Allama Iqbal (Famous Poet)

“Imam Hussein uprooted despotism forever, till the day of Resurrection. He watered the dry gardens of freedom with a surging wave of his blood, and indeed he awakened the sleeping Muslim nation. If Imam Hussein (a.s) had aimed at acquiring the worldly empire, he would not have traveled the way he did. Hussein weltered in blood and dust for the sake of truth. Verily, therefore he becomes the foundation of Muslim creed. ‘La Ilaha Illallah’, meaning there is no deity but Allah (God).”

Josh Malihabadi (Shaayar-e-Inqilaab or The Revolutionary Poet)

“Let humanity awakens and every tribe will claim Hussain as their own.

i had a dream about a retelling of the story of Abd al-Rahman’s flight to Iberia except with Sauske in his place and the Uchiha clan replacing the Umayyad dynasty 

depassion  asked:


Modernly, their relationship has really spiced into something good! Spain has been pretty supportive of Turkey’s attempts into the EU and, in retaliation, Turkey has sided with many other of Spain’s political instances. Turk himself finds Spain, personally, to be one of his favorite vacationing spots– Especially to the several Spanish Mosques from when it had been occupied by the Umayyad Dynasty of Arabia. 

Send a 👫 and I’ll write a head-canon I have about our muse’s relationship

anonymous asked:

Can you do Islamic Spain please


 Abd al-Rahman I of the Umayyad dynasty lead an incredibly fascinating and exciting life! He was the first Umayyad emir of Cordoba! Lets talk briefly about his adventures.

In the year 746 AD the Abbasids launched a revolt against the Umayyad caliphate, which many saw as having become corrupt, decadent and tyrannical. 

A lot of the Abbasid base of support came from Iran and the revolt first started in Khorasan. The Umayyads were seen as intolerant and repressive of both non-Muslims and non-Arabs. Muslim Persians were shocked to find out that they were still considered second-class citizens by the Umayyads with repression of Persian language and literature being a state policy.

Yep, thats right Kiri. The Umayyad state that Abd al-Rahman will found in al-Andalus is going to end up having a very different reputation when it comes to treatment of non-Arab and non-Muslim populations than its forebearer!

By 750 AD the Abbasids had basically secured their victory and had begun hunting and killing every single male member of the Umayyad family. But one 20 year old prince, grandnephew of the last Umayyad caliph and son of a concubine, managed to escape.

“Away! Away with thee, O brother! For yonder black banners are the banners of sons of Abbas!” are the words attributed to Yayha, the younger brother of Abd al-Rahman as he saw a group of horsemen galloping towards the small village on the banks of the Euphrates they were hiding in.

The Arabic text Akhbar Majmu'a purports to be an account of the early years of al-Andalus even claims to have a direct quote from the Emir about his close escape and the fate of his younger brother

“Joined by my freed man Badr, we reached the bank of the Euphrates, where I met a man who promised to sell me horses and other necessities; but while I was waiting he sent a slave to find the Abbasid commander. Next we heard the noise of troops approaching the farmhouse; we took to our heels and hid in some gardens by the Euphrates, but they were closing in on us.”

 “We managed to reach the river ahead of them and threw ourselves into the water. When they got to the bank they began shouting: ‘Come back; you have nothing to fear’. I swam and my brother swam; I was a little ahead of him. Half way across, I turned to encourage him; but on hearing their promises he had turned back, afraid of drowning.”

“I shouted to him ‘come back beloved’; but God did not will that he heard me. I swam on the opposite bank. Then I saw that some of the soldiers were undressing to swim after me. They stopped, caught the boy and cut off his head in front of me. He was thirteen years old.”

While he and two retainers had managed to escape, Abd al-Rahman had nothing and had a bounty on his head placed by the most powerful man in the Islamic world. His family on his father’s side were all dead or in dungeons so the only people he could hope to find refuge with was the family of his mother Ra'ha. She was not an Arab but an Amazigh of the Nafza tribe. Abd al-Rahman set for a five year long journey to towards Morocco to join with his mother’s family.

Abd al-Rahman had no idea how he would be received. For once he revealed his identity local authorities might have wanted to claim the bounty placed on the last of the Umayyads. 

He had his retainer Badr go out to announce his arrival to nobles he felt would still be loyal. He was lucky and was able gather a band of followers of not just loyalist to the Umayyads but also other dissatisfied groups that been on the losing end of recent conflicts in al-Andalus. He set sail with a few hundred men and departed for the town of Almuñécar near Málaga in southern Spain.

More and more people flocked to his banner but as this happened one of the local nobles named al-Sumayl who had promised to join him began to feel threatened. He was hoping that Abd al-Rahman would be a pawn, not an actual overlord.  So he decided to betray Abd al-Rahman and along with other nobles loyal to the Abbasids attacked him.

Abd al-Rahman and his followers fought back and managed to win the war. He secured the city of Codorba and in 756 CE proclaimed that al-Andalus was ruled by the last son of the Umayyad dynasty and declared its independence from the Abbasids.

Unlike his ancestors, Abd al-Rahman followed a policy of religious and ethnic tolerance. This laid the groundwork for the great explosions in cultural and intellectual outburst that the Golden Age of al-Andalus would become known for.

Prayer Hall of the Great Mosque, Cordoba, Spain, 961-965

Considered a wonder by both Muslims and Christians, the prayer hall of the great mosque was decorated in order to glorify the ruling monarch, Al Hakam II. The prayer hall was part of a major renovation to the great hypostyle mosque, by Al Hakam II of the Umayyad dynasty.  The first Islamic dynasty in Spain, this was the apogee of the Umayyads.  The great prayer hall brought artisans from Constantinople, seen in both the dome in front of the mihrab and also the horseshoe arches, a Syrian style.  The red and white voussoirs decorate the double tiered arches, a new feature, necessary because the Roman columns, an example of spolia, were too short and could not give Al-Hakam the spaciousness he desired.  As one approaches the mihrab, the qibla wall decoration gets more elaborate for there is a new order and emphasis to the hypostyle mosque.  Polylobed arches decorate the area around the maqsura, a special area reserved for the king located in front of the mihrab, here, an entire room, also another new feature.  The whole program ephasizes kingship, which was most definitely not an original tenet of Islam.

(Note: the Mosque now holds a Catholic Cathedral in the middle…it is completely dwarfed by the prayer hall.  I went to Mass there way-back-when, it was very cool.)

(image courtesy of