u. s. civil war

i will never in a million years get over the Helicopter Scene™ like steve sprints over leaps up grabs the heli and just holds on for dear life and pulls it as hard as humanly possible RIPS IT OUT OF THE SKY because oh no not again i cant lose him again i already went through this and i  r e f u s e to lose my bucky again 

obviously whether or not to take down the confederate statues should be decided by the descendants of enslaved ppl who never did get any reparations but maybe it would be okay and informative to keep the confederate statues up if plaques were added to explain that the person being memorialized fought to preserve human bondage and systematic racial terror. these plaques could give the specific historical context, like when in the 20th century was the cheap-ass mail-order figurine in question put up as an act of aggression against black ppl in order to defend white supremacy, and how was jim crow and/or any progress toward civil rights playing out locally at the time. also it would be educational if there was a rule that for every confederate statue there should be a statue of a black person put up next to it, maybe memorializing an abolitionist or one of the almost 200,000 black men who served in the u.s. military during the civil war. donald trump and his kkk friends claim to be super into historical preservation so theoretically they should be okay with this, but if not i guess it would be easier to just take all the confederate glorification trash down. 

He would later recall of his childhood “going to different schools, always having to make new friends, and that I was very awkward…and I was pretty quiet most of the time. And I didn’t mind being alone.” He developed an interest in American history, decorating his bedroom with pictures of U.S. Presidents and filling his bookshelves with volumes on the American Civil War. He also became an avid stamp collector, once receiving a handwritten letter from Franklin Roosevelt, who was also a philatelist.


Bobby with his father Joe and younger brother Teddy during a vacation in Palm Beach Florida, 1935.

( © John F. Kennedy Library)

anonymous asked:

i just wanted tell you how much i love ur fics, you're such an amazing writer. Also im so happy and grateful u write so many au's, bc tbh civil war and aou kind of ruined the mcu for me (i just feel like they misrepresented Tony too badly to enjoy it--and jarvis'death, I can't even), but i still love stony and all the other characters to death. But i can still have happiness in ur writing and god yes thank you for that

Thank you so much!  That’s so sweet. I’m glad the fics give you a bit of a lift and help you keep loving Stony.  I do love my AUs.  Gives me a lot of freedom and kind of stays away from the fandom nonsense, you know?

Undeterred, U.S. cities ramp up removal of Confederate statues
Undeterred by the violence over the planned removal of a Confederate statue in Charlottesville, Virginia, municipal leaders in cities across the United States said they would step up efforts to pull such monuments from public spaces.

Undeterred by the violence over the planned removal of a Confederate statue in Charlottesville, Virginia, municipal leaders in cities across the United States said they would step up efforts to pull such monuments from public spaces.

The mayors of Baltimore and Lexington, Kentucky, said they would push ahead with plans to remove statues caught up in a renewed national debate over whether monuments to the U.S. Civil War’s pro-slavery Confederacy are symbols of heritage or hate.

Officials in Memphis, Tennessee, and Jacksonville, Florida, announced new initiatives on Monday aimed at taking down Confederate monuments. And Tennessee Governor Bill Haslam, a Republican, urged lawmakers to rid the state’s Capitol of a bust of Nathan Bedford Forrest, a Confederate general and early member of the Ku Klux Klan.

“This is a time to stand up and speak out,” Lexington Mayor Jim Gray said in an interview on Monday. He had moved up the announcement of his city’s efforts after the Charlottesville violence.


Lot-6922-23 by National Museum of the U.S. Navy

“Lot-6922-23: Civil War: USN Ships. Line engraving published in Le Monde Illustre 1862, depicting the interior of the Passaic’s gun turret. Passaic was armed with two large Dahlgren smooth-bore guns: one XI-inch and one XV-inch. Note round shot in the foreground, that at right in a hoisting sling, and turning direction marking on the gun carriage. Note the similarity to NH 58734. Courtesy of the Library of Congress. (2017/07/21).”


After the Civil War, former Confederate brigadier general Watie returned to financial ruin and a home burned to the ground by Union soldiers during the war. He tried to restore his Grand River property but was met with little success. Exhausted by the war, Watie nevertheless committed his resources to the education of his children.

Watie had an idea shortly after the war that he pitched to the federal authorities. Why not arm some of his old Confederate troops to help guard the Santa Fe Trail from Indian attacks? The troops were already trained and Watie thought he could draw several men from his old regiment for the duty. However, the thought of a former Confederate force roaming the frontier must have been too much for federal officials who politely turned the old warrior down.

Watie died on September 9, 1871. He had outlived all but two of his children.

A friend of the general’s wrote to Watie’s widow in these moving terms:

“I read with sadness of the death of your much esteemed husband. My tenderest sympathy is yours. I trust you have consolation from a Higher Power than earthly friends for the loss of one so dear to you. His labors on earth have not been in vain, he has done much lasting good for his country and country-men, that will never be forgotten but handed down to the future generations in the book of history for them to follow in his foot-steps and to aspire to leave their foot prints on the sands of time as well as he.”

Years later, a Confederate veteran who served under Watie wrote, “We always thought we would win, because Watie was with us. He was always at the front shouting, ‘Here we go, boys! Follow me.’”


The Emancipation Oak, on the grounds of Hampton University in Hampton, Virginia.

In May of 1861, just weeks after Confederate forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina, the Union army deployed thousands of troops to bolster Fort Monroe – a strategic defense at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay in Hampton, Virginia.

On May 23 three runaway slaves sought refuge at the fort, and the fort commander, Benjamin Butler, offered them sanctuary, deeming them “contrabands of war” rather than fugitives still owned by dispossessed slave holders. By August over 500 escaped slaves had made their way to the fort. The contraband camp at Fort Monroe ultimately provided refuge to over 10,000 former slaves.

Butler’s decision to provide asylum behind Union lines to the runaways was politically daring. Though he was castigated by congress, the decision eventually led Abraham Lincoln to overcome his dithering about the status of slaves, leading to issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863.

In antebellum Virginia it had been illegal to teach slaves to read and write. In 1861 a school for contraband children was established a few miles from Fort Monroe, with the first classes held outdoors under a large live oak tree. In 1863 the Butler School was built on the site – the earliest foundations of an educational endeavor that led to the creation of the Hampton Normal School, the forerunner of Hampton University.

The Emancipation Proclamation was read in the south for the first time to contrabands assembled under this majestic tree, still thriving on the university campus.

Top photo: The tangled branches and central bole of the Emancipation Oak (Quercus virginiana). This huge tree is about 8 feet in diameter at breast height (2.5 m), with a canopy that spans about 100 feet (30 m). Center photo: The Old Point Comfort Light at Fort Monroe. Bottom photo: An Emancipation Oak acorn. 

These photos and text were originally posted in November, 2011, and are reposted today for #americanguideweek