u boat watches

May 24, 1917 - Britain Introduces Convoy System to Limit U-Boat Attacks

Pictured - Shepherds watch for sea-wolves.

Britain’s admiralty had considered but so far avoided introducing a convoy system for its merchant shipping. It had resisted all calls to do so, reluctant to see Royal Navy ships diverted from to guard duty, especially in case the Imperial German Navy should venture out for another major battle on the scale of Jutland. But leaving vital merchant shipping to dribble into Britain individually was proving even more risky. German U-boats, again practicing unrestricted submarine warfare, sank thousands of tons of Allied and neutral shipping in spring 1917. Leaving merchant ships by themselves was only providing Germany with juicy targets.

So on May 24 the first convoy sailed from Hampton Roads, Virginia, for Britain. The convoys like this one would be ten to fifty merchantmen, plus possibly a troopship of Americans, guarded by one cruiser, six destroyers, eleven armed trawlers, and two torpedo boats, plus British airships with observers looking down for submarines or the sudden streaks that indicated torpedoes. The Allies established eight collection points for vessels to gather before crossing the Atlantic. Hampton Roads; Halifax, Nova Scotia, for ships coming from the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence; Panama for ships from Australia and New Zealand; Rio de Janeiro for crucial Argentinian beef and horses; Murmansk for supplies to the Russians; Port Said and Gibraltar for east Indian and African trade and troop tranports; and Dakar, Senegal, for supplies and men from West and South Africa and Asia.

The first convoy was a remarkable success; only one merchant ship sunk when it fell behind. The introduction of the convoy system would rapidly limit German naval victories, safeguard the British economy and food supply, and allow millions of American Doughboys to cross the Atlantic unharmed.

Subway through the dark, carriage through the park; taxi down the street, get out and use my feet.

Otto Giese (left) on watch with Hannes Fröhlich aboard U-181 while in the Indian Ocean, late 1944/Jan 1945.

On 6 May 1945, Otto Giese dropped the two code-key machines into the Singapore harbor, and later that day, the boat was “taken” by the Japanese Captain Marujama. Admiral Paul Wenneker sent the message on 8 May, that Lubeck was in place, “an early agreement between Germany and Japan, if one nation lost and the other continued fighting, the former would render its war material to the latter.” The crew was taken to Batu Pahat. After Germany’s surrender in May 1945 the U-boat was taken over by Japan at Singapore and commissioned as I-501 on 15 July 1945.

Photo is featured on Page 218 of Giese’s book “Shooting the War” which i bought recently and is a very good book packed with plenty of great photo’s!

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Thailand.

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http://iphonesoulpapers.tumblr.com/

Thailand.

Hi guys, my girlfriend is gonna go to Thailand in less than a month to study and my friends and I are planning to  make a trip there, a surprise trip on December and I really want to go and you would help me big time if you took just a minute of your time to click on some of my ads!

I’m also saving money from work obviously but I will need as much help as I can get!

Thank you very very much! And do let me know if you click so I can help you with anything you want!

Sincerely, Alan from Iphonesoulpapers!