References mentioned in ‘’A Series of Unfortunate Events’’(SPOILERS!!)

It’s not a lie that Daniel Hadnler really likes to reference and do easter eggs of his favorite writers and artists in his book.

So i tried to find and collect some of the references mentioned in ASOUE (They are A LOT so if i forgot something tell me to add it! Also because i have read the books in greek and some of them in english, and a lot of things are lost in the translation.)

  • The name Beatrice and also the name Baudelaire, are references to the ‘‘cursed poet’‘ Charles Baudelaire and his long poem ‘‘Beatrice.’‘ This is actually a reference in a reference because this poem is also a reference to Dante’s Inferno. The Baudelaire’s poem and Inferno are both about a beautiful woman, as Beatrice Baudelaire was. 
  • This is not exactly a reference but Lemony’s dedications to Beatrice reminds me of Shakespeare’s dedication to the ‘’Dark Lady’’ in the ‘’Sonnets’’
  • The name Poe is a reference to the poet Edgar Allan Poe. Also Mr.Poe’s son names are Edgar and Albert. 
  • Edgar and Albert could be a reference to Edgar Alber Guest
  • Eleanora Poe is also a reference to Poe’s short story ‘’Eleanora’’.
  • Violet Klaus and Sunny is a reference to a real crime (i’m not sure about that) but i dont remember a lot for that.
  • Briny Beach takes its name from the poem The Walrus and the Carpente by Lewis Carroll.
  • One of Monty’s snakes is called Virginian Wolfsnake is an obvious allusion to writer Virginia Wolf. 
  • ‘‘Prospero’‘ and ‘‘Stephano’‘ are taken from Shakespeare’s ‘‘The Tempest’‘
  • Also ‘’The Tempest’’ as it name says, it has a lot to do with sea and that’s why the boat to Peru is named after this specific play. 
  • Sunny after Monty’s murder in TRR says ‘’Ackroyd!’’, a reference to Agatha Cristie’s mystery novel ‘’The Murder of Roger Ackroyd’’
  • Somewhere in TRR Lemony mentions the Cafe Kafka, named after Franz Kafka. 
  • The ‘’Damocles Dock’’ is a reference to Greek Mythology and the story of Damocles (Δαμοκλής in greek) is a story about Dionysus who offered to Damocles to live a day as an King. But the whole day a sword was tied with horse’s hair above his head. Yes im Greek so i know a lot about greek mythology. But also ‘’Damocles’’ today symbolises the great danger. The kids in the first illustration of the book are sitting in the dock with a sword above their heads. Brilliant! Isn’t it? 
  • A lot of things in TWW are allusions to Franz Kafka like the name Josephine (Josephine is also a Hurricane) and the whistling thing. I dont have read a lot of Kafka so i cant explain further. 
  • Shirley, the name Olaf used when he was disguised as a receptionist,  is a reference to Edward Hopper’s painting ‘’office at the night’’. There’s a receptionist in the painting, Hopper’s wife (Jo) named ‘’Shirley’’. 
  • Dr. Georgina Orwell is one of the references i found when i was still 12. So if my 12 years old found it, im sure you did. Is obvious. Is an allusion to the writer of ‘’1984′’ George Orwell. ‘’1984′’ is actually the ‘’grand-father’’ of The Hunger Games. A dystopian society with tyrant, who sees and knows everything and everyone is (not literally) hypnotized by him. Georgina seems to know everything that happens in Patryville and she also hyptonotizes people. Also the ‘’symbol’’ of 1984 is an eye. And Georgina is an optometrist and her damn whole office is an eye. 
  • The eye sign with the glasses is a reference to the Great Gatsby. 
  • Olaf’s disguise is Coach Ghengis. A nod to Genghis Khan, founder of the Mongol Empire. Olaf wears a turban; there is a tale in which Ghenghis had a dream that involved him wrapping a turban around his head. (from @carmelitaspats)
  • Principal Nero is named after Emperor Nero. A Roman tyrrant. Emperor Nero also did a lot of awful concerts tho. 
  • Isadora and Duncan are named after Isadora Duncan. One of the most important dancers of all time. 
  • When Isadora introduced herself Sunny said ‘’Sapho.’’ The name of the lesbian icon poet Sapho who lived in ancient Greece. I have visit the cliff she jumped off, it was actually 40 mins away from my house. Told you, i know a lot about ancient greece. 
  • Mrs. Bass Mr.Remora and Mrs.Tench are named after… fishes. I think that is the first hint for the Red Fish Statue. It was hinted a lot. 
  • ‘‘Prufpock Prep’‘ the poem by T.S. Eliot  The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock
  • The last illustration is a hint for the theme of the next book but also the second hint for the Red Fish Statue. 
  • 667 Dark Avenue. So 667 is a number after the 666, related with evil. The whole book mentions the number six a lot. There are 66 floors in the 667 building. So now you know why his name is Handler. 
  • Esme Squalor’s name is a reference to the ‘’For Esme with love and Squalor’’ by J.D. Salinger. 
  • The Vern Museum Violet wants to visit is a reference to the author Jules Vern. 
  • The  Akhmatova Bookstore is named after Anna Akhmatova a Russian poet.
  • Pincus Hospital is one of the most funny references. The hospital is named after the doctor who invited contraceptive pills. I think is funny because Sunny was born in this hospital. (so it’s obvious that Berdrand and Beatrice didnt use those pills. Ah you lovebirds)
  • This is one of the easy references too. When the kids are hearing behind the apartment doors they hear someone saying ‘’Let them eat cake’’ something Marie Antoinnete said in the French Revolution when the angry mob of poor people was outside of her palace. The people were living in harsh conditions and someone of the palace said to Marie that they dont dont even have bread to eat. So Marie responded with the legendary quote ‘’Let them eat cake’’. Marie gurl THEY DONT EVEN HAVE BREAD.
  • Sunny said Armani when they were messing around with Jerome’s tie. Armani is a fashion house. 
  • Also another one greek mythology reference! When they were trapped in the elevator Klaus said that the situation reminded him Scylla and Charybdis. Two sea monsters. So they were metaphorically ‘’trapped in the sea’’. Then Sunny said ‘’Glaucus’’ a sea god who was warning and saving sailors. Sunny also saved them from this metaphorically ‘’trapped in sea’’ situation. 
  • The whole Seventh Book is a reference to Poe. In principle ‘’Nevermore tree’’ is a reference to ‘’The Raven’’ a poem in which a raven repeats the word ‘’Nevermore’’. Ravens are sitting in the Nevermore tree. 
  • The name Detective Dupin is a reference to Poe’s character C. Auguste Dupin.
  • When Hector sayin ‘’Curiousier and curiousier’‘ he is quoting  Alice in Wonderland. One of Baudelaire’s favorite books as we learned. 
  • Heimlich Hospital is a reference to Henry Heimlich, a pshychologist.
  • There are two patients named Haruki Murakami and Mikhail Bulkagov. The first one is one of today’s most important writers and the second one is a Russian Novelist.
  • When Sunny is saying Orlando to describe the persong who looks neither man nor woman, is a reference to Virginia Woolf’s novel ‘’Orlando’’ in which the character (a man) becomes a woman.  
  •  In an illustration, one of the Volunteers Fighting Disease plays a guitar with the inscription “This Volunteer fights disease.” Probably a reference  to Woody Guthrie, who inscribed “This machine kills fascists” on his guitar. Realised that after i read Paper Towns. 
  • Hugo’s name is a reference to Victor Hugo. Hugo is also a hunchback a reference to Victor Hugo’s book  The Hunchback of Notre Dame.
  • “Elliot” and “Beverly”, the aliases Violet and Klaus use when disguised as a two-headed freak are those of twin brothers in the David Cronenberg film Dead Ringers.
  • The Mortmain Mountains is a reference to the Statutes of Mortmain.
  • VFD’s “the world is quiet here” is a reference to the first line of The Garden of Proserpine by Algernon Charles Swineburne: “Here where the world is quiet.” (from @antique-symbolism-main)
  • An excerpt of this poem also appears later in this book: “That no life lives forever / That dead men rise up never / That even the weariest river / Winds somewhere safe to sea.”
  • Violet names her knot ‘’Sumac Knot’’ after a singer she likes. That’s probably the singer Yma Sumac. 
  • Sunny says “Matahari” to refer to her spying on Count Olaf and his troupe. Mata Hari was a female spy during the first world war. 
  • When the Baudelaires and Quigley Quagmire are trying to find a way to escape from the top of Mount Fraught, Sunny says Rosebud, prompting them to use the toboggan. This is a reference to the movie Citizen Kane. “Rosebud’‘ is the first and the last word of the movie . Also Olaf mentioned Citizen Kane at the netflix show in the third episode. 
  • Queequeg is a reference to a character from Moby Dick. Also the members of Queequeg boat are wearing a unifor with Herman Melville’s face on it. Melville is the writer of Moby Dick. 
  • Whidershin’s monologue is a reference to Plato.
  • Gorgonian Grotto is another one reference to greek mythology. Gorgon (Γοργώ in greek) was a sea monster. A woman with snakes in her head. 
  • Sunny says the word ‘’Hewenkella’’ when they are trying to figure out how they will find their way in the grotto. This word is a reference to Hellen Keller a blind and deaf writer. Handler probably used that word because the kids cant saw or hear anything while they were in the grotto. 
  • Dewey’s name is a reference to Dewey Decimal System. Also the hotel is working with this system 
  • The name Denouement, is a reference to the literary term denouement, which refers to action that takes place between the falling action and the resolution of a plot. That happens a lot in that book. 
  • Sunny says the word "efcharisto” to Dewey. This translates to “thank you” ‘’ευχαριστώ’’ in Greek. I realised that when i read the english version. Because in the greek version Sunny is already saying ‘‘efcharisto’‘/’‘ευχαριστώ but in greek. Told you, a lot of things are lost in the translation. 
  • The name Ishmael is another one reference to  Moby Dick, and his insistence of “Call me Ish” is a variation of the first line of Moby Dick: “Call me Ishmael.”
  • All of island citizens are names after famous castaways or people associated with the sea. 
  • The castaways, who dress in white and whose consumption of the coconut cordial keeps them docile, are an allusion to the Lotus Eaters encountered in The Odyssey.
  •  The sheep strapped together are also an allusion to The Odyssey. Odysseus escapes the cylops’s cave by hiding his men under sheep that are strapped together.
  • When Lemony says  “…the heroine of a book much more suitable to read than this one who spends an entire afternoon eating the first bite of a bushel of apples…” he means the girl from Beezus and Ramona. Also in this book, Beezus’s real name is Beatrice. 
  • The scene where Ink gives the apple at Sunny is probably inspired by Bible’s scene when the snake gave the apple to Eve. But Ink saved Sunny (and the Baudelaires) and the Snake destroyed Eve. 

So that’s it. Tell me if i missed any (i probably missed a lot) so i can add it! Hope you liked it and you learned new things about the references in Asoue :)

TALES OF KRISHNA ~7~krishna & the killer snake !

When the boys got a little older, they spent their days playing with the calves in a nearby field. Their mothers cooked the noon meal and called them from the fields, or they would pack lunches for them. Children were considered the wealth of the family and were protected from abuse. However, rather than the parents protecting Krishna, it was the child who protected the village and all the people in it.

         (above ~ krishna ,balarama & their friends play around in vrindavan.)

When Lord Krishna was enjoying His childhood pastimes with His boyfriends, one Aghasura demon became very impatient. He was unable to tolerate seeing Krishna playing, so he appeared before the boys intending to kill them all. This Aghasura was so dangerous that even the denizens of heaven were afraid of him. Because ,this Aghasura happened to be the younger brother of Putana and Bakasura ( whom also krishna had deftly killed earlier), and he thought, “Krishna has killed my brother and sister. Now I shall kill Him along with all His friends and calves.”

The demon Aghasura appeared before Krishna and His friends. Aghasura was instigated by Kamsa, so he had come with determination. Aghasura also began to think that when he would offer grains and water in memory of his brother and sister and kill Krishna and all the cowherd boys, then automatically all the inhabitants of Vrindavan would die. Generally, for the householders, the children are the life and breath force. When all the children die, then naturally the parents also die on account of strong affection for them. 

Thus deciding to kill all the inhabitants of Vrindavana, expanded himself by the yogic siddhi called mahima. In the yoga system, by the perfection called mahima-siddhi, one can expand himself as he desires. The demon Aghasura expanded himself up to eight miles and assumed the shape of a very fat serpent. Having attained this wonderful body, he stretched his mouth open just like a mountain cave. Desiring to swallow all the boys at once, including his enemies Krishna and Balarama, he sat on the path. 

The demon in the shape of a big fat serpent expanded his lips from land to sky; his lower lip was touching the ground and his upper lip was touching the clouds. His jaw appeared like a big mountain cave, without limitation, and his teeth appeared just like mountain summits. His tongue appeared to be a broad traffic way, and he was breathing just like a hurricane. The fire of his eyes was blazing. At first the boys thought that the demon was a statue, but after examining it they saw that it was a more like a big serpent lying down on the road and widening his mouth. The boys began to talk among themselves:

“This figure appears to be a great animal, and he is sitting in such a posture just to swallow us all. Just see–is it not a big snake that has widened his mouth to eat all of us?”

One of them said, “Yes, what you say is true. This animal’s upper lip appears to be just like the sunshine, and its lower lip is just like the reflection of red sunshine on the ground. Its mouth appears to be like a big mountain cave. The hot wind that is blowing like a hurricane is his breathing, and the fishy bad smell coming out from his mouth is the smell of his intestines.”

Then they further consulted among themselves: “If we all at one time entered into the mouth of this great serpent, how could it possibly swallow all of us? And even if it were to swallow all of us at once, it will not be able to swallow Krishna. Krishna will immediately kill him, as He did to many of these creatures before.” Talking in this way, all the boys looked at the beautiful lotus like face of Krishna, and they began to clap and smile. And so they marched forward and entered the mouth of the gigantic serpent.

         (above ~  krishna’s friends march forth in to the demon’s mouth.)

Meanwhile, Krishna, who is the Superme soul within everyone’s heart, could understand that the big statuesque figure was a demon. While He was planning how to stop the destruction of His intimate friends, all the boys along with their cows and calves entered the mouth of the serpent. But Krishna did not enter. The demon was awaiting his entrance, and he was thinking, “Everyone has entered except Krishna- the tyrrant who  killed my brothers and sisters.”

Finally, after acute silence , The great lord  also entered the mouth of the demon. When Krishna entered, all the demigods, who had gathered to see the fun and who were hiding within the clouds, began to express their feelings with the words, “Alas! Alas!” .

At the same time, all the friends of Aghasura, especially Kamsa, who were all accustomed to eating flesh and blood, began to express their jubilation, understanding that Krishna had also entered the mouth of the demon.

   (above ~  Lord krishna along with balarama walks in to the mouth of the                 snake,after much delibration & much to the dismay of the demigods.)

While the demon was trying to smash Krishna and His companions, Krishna heard the demigods crying, “Alas, Alas,” and He immediately began to expand Himself within the throat of the demon. Although he had a gigantic body, the demon choked by the expanding of Krishna. His big eyes moved violently, and he quickly suffocated. His life air could not come out from any source, and ultimately it burst out of a hole in the upper part of his skull. Thus his life air passed off. After the demon dropped dead, Krishna, with His transcendental glance alone, brought all the boys and calves back to consciousness and came with them out of the mouth of the demon.

While Krishna was within the mouth of Aghasura, the demon’s spirit soul came out like a dazzling light, illuminating all directions, and waited in the sky. As soon as Krishna with His calves and friends came out of the mouth of the demon, that glittering effulgent light immediately merged into the body of Krishna within the vision of all the demigods.



The Homophobic Lifestyle is not Compatible with Sikhi

Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa, Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh!

A LOT of you have been asking me to give you my thoughts on the videos regarding homosexuality (particulary this one and this one) published on the YouTube channel “Basics of Sikhi.” Here is my line-by-line critique on what they have to say:


“We shouldn’t be discriminating against people who are homosexual.”

Yes! We are off to a good start!! A1!

“Someone who is amritdhari, can only marry the opposite sex.”

…and that excitement was short-lived. Here we go.

“Someone who is an amritdhari cannot be a practicing homosexual.”

This confuses me. Practicing homosexual? Are you serious bhaji? 

“They must decide to be celibate for the rest of their life, and that’s the price they pay for Amrit.”

Woahhhh there. Hold up Mr. Jagraj Singh. Are you the Tenth Guru? Are you Guru Gobind Singh Ji? No? Well, then you can’t decide the “price of Amrit” for another Sikh. That’s absolutely absurd. Guru Sahib has asked for my head and my allegiance and those are at His Lotus Feet. My Guru criticizes the sadhus for restricting sexuality, and you are doing exactly that.

“…a lot of the sants were, a lot of the mahapurkhs were [celibate], so that’s fine.”

Yes, they were, and they DECIDED to be celibate. They were not systematically oppressed and FORCED to be celibate in the manner you are telling people to be. You are essentially denying a Sikh the right to matrimony, one of the most important five sacraments of a Sikh’s life.

“But the key principle is no discrimination…they can do all the normal things that a Sikh can do.”


disˈkriməˌnāt/ 1. recognize a distinction; differentiate. 2. make an unjust or prejudicial distinction in the treatment of different categories of people or things. Regarding the definition above, that statement you just made is hypocritical. You cannot preach non-discrimination and claim us to be unequal to heterosexual Sikhs in the rights to marriage.

“Somebody who’s gay is not a pedophile or someone who’s trying to exploit somebody else.”

Where credit is deserved, I shall give it. Thank you for making that statement and emphasizing consensuality.

“The Sikhs have been given the hukam of bandi-chhor from Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji.”

Exactly. We are commanded to help those subjugated by an oppressive majority, like people who are barred equal opportunities in life due to a trait they have. Sound familiar?

“You know what, let’s park this issue. Let’s go and serve all the people that haven’t got food, feed them, let’s give clothing to people that haven’t got clothing, let’s give medicine to the people that haven’t got medicine, let’s free those people that are under slavery, let’s just go and destroy and kill all of the tyrrants in the world, and then at the end of that, maybe the Panth can come together and decide what their position will be on [presumably gay] amritdharis.”

Forgive me, but it seems that brushing off your gay brothers and sisters to pursue a crusade of charity, donation, and tyrrant-killing, and THEN seeing what people think of us is a slight hint that we should be treated as second class Sikh. You know, we don’t matter, so we don’t have priority to have our problems solved. Oppression IS a problem that Sikhs need to address, especially when some Sikhs have themselves become the oppressor.


Bhai Jagraj Singh:

“I guess most people would say avoid that question [about gay amritdharis]. *laughter*”

That’s the issue with our community, we ignore these questions, or feel uncomfortable about them and perpetuate the stigma LGBTQ Sikh feel on a day to day basis, and this even elevates said stigma.

“It’s not for me to sit here and judge them and say that ‘no no, you’re wrong, you’re not born with it.’”

Again, due credit here. Thank you so much. :)

“We have to accept them in the sense that we can’t discriminate against them…they can come into Gurdwara, they do seva in the Gurdwara, they can read paath, they can sing kirtan…”

We can’t discriminate them in this way…

“[According to Akaal Takht maryada] Anand Karaj is only between a man and a woman.”

….but we can discriminate them in that way.

“If you plan on taking Amrit and realize you are homosexual, then you are going to have to accept a life of celibacy. That’s the price that you pay for Amrit.”

Again, it is not up to a human being to determine “the price of Amrit.”

“Some people decided they are not going to live in grihst.”

Again, key word DECIDED, not forced.

“[insert rehearsed romanticized bit of feeding poor killing tyrrants] and our Panth needs to think long term.”

Giving a whole population of people equal rights is not a short term thing. It IS long term. It will mean no Singh or Kaur will ever have to suffer the way my brothers and sisters do today. It means people will not have to choose between being true to themselves and being adherent to their beloved faith. 

“Our mission is really big, and this thing doesn’t really affect our mission.”

Not only are we second-class Sikh, but we are miniscule in importance too. Great!

Bhai Balpreet Singh:

“Just to go on the record for that one, and I do feel like I have to go on the record for that one, I also believe that there’s no room for discrimination against homosexuals…but that having been said, I don’t believe the homosexual act, and the homosexual lifestyle is compatible with Sikhi.”

Okay. Let’s pause there a moment. You are not discriminating, yet you believe your sexual act is permissible, and mine is not….that doesn’t add up.

Furthermore I am tired of the use of the term “gay lifestyle.” What do you mean by that? Drinking? Straight people do that too. Sleeping around? Straight people do that too. Clubbing? Drugs? Vanity? All that is present in straight people too. Highly hypocritical of a person against discrimination.

A gay Sikh lives the lifestyle of a Sikh; waking at Amrit Vela, praying on time, etc. etc. etc. Only difference, he or she likes the same sex! Mindblowing eh?

“Homosexual marriage is certainly something that is not permitted in the Panth.”

Bhai Balpreet Singh is a prominent member of our community as a member of the World Sikh Organization of Canada. He’s done amazing work with them and I commend him on that, but I have to raise one point.

In 2005, when the Civil Marraige Act was legalizing gay marriage, the WSO came out in SUPPORT of the legalization. While I commend and celebrate the stance the WSO made, I am very disappointed in the hypocritical statement Bhai Sahib made in this video. 

What hurts most is that this channel is made to reach out to youth and many young people DO watch this channel. This means that there is a high possibility that a gay Sikh youth watched these videos and climbed further into their inner shell.

Sikh youth already feel like they have to choose being out or being religious and can’t be both from societal pressures. We don’t need Panthic people to further push them to the brink, especially when they claim to be spreading the message of Guru Nanak.

My Guru Nanak was there to uplift the oppressed, not pereptuate their inequity.

Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa, Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh!

-Clandest Singh