typhlopidae

The brahminy blind snake, or “flowerpot snake” (Ramphotyphlops braminus), is a species of small burrowing snake originating from Africa and Asia, which feeds on the eggs and larval stages of ants and termites. Adults grow to around 16cm long (6.2″), making them one of the smallest known snakes. They’re so tiny that many people mistake them for worms!

The species has been accidentally introduced to many other parts of the world in potting soil – hence the “flowerpot” common name.

It’s also the only snake known to reproduce asexually – all individuals are genetically female and produce identical clones of themselves as offspring.

(Image source)

Blind Snakes (Rhamphotyphlops braminus) | ©cowyeow

Two blind snake (Rhamphotyphlops braminus) together. the grey snake is about to shed. When blind snakes shed, their color changes much more drastically than for other snakes.

The Brahminy Blind Snake, Rhamphotyphlops braminus (Reptilia - Squamata - Serpentes - Typhlopidae), is a blind snake likely native to South Asia, but reported worldwide in Africa, including the Arabian Peninsula, Australia, India, Southeast Asia, China, Indonesia, the Philippines, Mexico, the United States, and Central America. The blind snake shown were photographed in Hong Kong.

It is a small, dark, worm-like snake with smooth, shiny scales, a short head with no neck, a short tail which ends in a small spine, and light spots where the eyes should be. Color is typically dark brown, but can be pale or yellowish brown, or grey. The underside is lighter than the rest of the body.

A particular feature of this species is that is parthenogenetic, so all snakes are females that are capable of reproducing without males. They are oviparous, laying 2 to 7 tiny eggs.

Typhlops has Vestigial Eyes

How about some blindsnake/leptotyphlopidae/typhlopidae appreciation posts?

Yep. I love these guys. You should see the skulls. The kinesis is really, REALLY interesting. It’s totally different from other snakes and quite derived in some cases. I’ll try to put up some photos of the skulls as well. 

Anyway, here’s to tiny, fossorial snakes with lots of possibly ancestral characters. Leptotyphlopids and Typhlopids actually have vestigial pelvic girdles. Pretty cool little animals. 

I’ll put up a photo post of each. Might include Anomalepids if I don’t get tired.

Typhlops brongersmianus

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Tanggal : April 15, 2015 at 11:03AM
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African blind-snake

Afrotyphlops lineolatus (Typhlopidae), a species of African blind-snake.

The blind snakes are small, worm-like burrowers. The tail is tipped with a small, sharp spine and the eyes appear as dark spots beneath the head scales. 

These snakes are non-venomous and harmless. They cannot bite and have limited defensive capabilities. These include producing a pungent odour from the anal glands, vomiting up their last meal or prodding with the tail spine to produce an unpleasant prickling sensation.

Blind Snakes feed on termites and the larvae and pupae of ants.

Reference: [1] - [2]

Photo credit: ©Konrad Mebert

Locality: Banalia-Longala, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Typhlops reticulatus | ©Renato Gaiga   (Porto Velho, Rondônia, Brazil)

The Reticulate worm snakeTyphlops reticulatus (Typhlopidae), is a  fossorial blind snake, whose diet is mainly composed of earthworms and insect larvae. This species appears to be a habitat generalist, and is known to occur in habitats ranging from grassland, through shrublands, to forest.

Typhlops reticulatus is a widespread snake, known from tropical South America east of the Andes, between 12º N and 14º S. 

[Source]

Ular

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‎Ular dan manusia: merapikan kalimat


Tanggal : April 17, 2015 at 11:01AM
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