typebars

“It is the advantage of the typewriter that, due to its rigidity and its space precisions, it can, for a poet, indicate exactly the breath, the pauses, the suspensions even of syllables, the juxtapositions even of parts of phrases, which he intends. For the first time the poet has the stave and the bar a musician has had. For the first time he can, without the conventions of rhyme and meter, record the listening he has done to his own speech and by that one act indicate how he would want any reader, silently or otherwise, to voice his work.” ~ by Charles Olson in Projective Verse 1950

Typing 101

Johann Gutenberg invented the printing press with loose type in the 15th century and made the way for the printed word.   Four hundred sixty years later…. let there be typewriters for everyone.

Underwood Typewriter Model 5 would become the design standard for all future typewriters until the IBM Selectric “golfball” machine was introduced in 1961.

The Model 5 Underwood typewriter is plentiful – the last known serial number is 3,885,000.  Why was this typewriter so successful: typebar construction, frontstroke mechanism, QWERTY keyboard, four-bank keyboard with single shift, and ribbon inking.  

Typewriter? Typebar? Frontstroke? QWERTY? Four-bank keyboard? Ribbon inking?