tx history

Confederate Pvt. Simeon J. Crews of Company F, 7th Texas Cavalry Regiment

Poses with his cut down saber and a revolver. After the news of Gen. Robert E. Lee’s surrender, his unit disbanded on May 27, 1865, at Wild Cat Bluff in Texas. - Purchased from: B.G. “Chip” Newman, Broker of Fine Antiquities, Madison, Mississippi, 2012. 

Forms part of: Liljenquist Family Collection of Civil War Photographs (Library of Congress)

Hurricane Harvey, which made landfall as a Category 4 hurricane, has now been downgraded to a Category 1, with sustained winds of 85mph. The storm has moved slightly inland, removing its fuel source - the warm waters of the Gulf of Mexico. Overnight reports from Rockport seem to indicate the worst wind damage as multiple buildings, including a senior living facility and a high school, have collapses. Injuries have been reported but so far, no fatalities. Tgere are also reports of widespred power outages and at least one major fire. As always with hurricanes, winds are second in concern to the immense flooding that is expected along coastal communities. Harvey will drop an estimated 3 feet of rain as it slowly moves into Texas. There is also the 12’ storm surge to deal with. Historically, most hurricane victims are killed by water. Coast Guard, National Guard, FEMA, and Red Cross are all on site along with local and state emergency responders, but response is hammered by the ongoing wind and rain. Hurricane Harvey is the strongest storm to make landfall since 2005… that’s 12 years. I am wishing safety for all my friends in the region, including emergency responders and storm chasers who are working around the clock.


Hey Allllllll,

Today the tour stops in Dallas, TX. LGBTQ history runs deep in Dallas, and The Dallas Way keeps great record of it. Founded in 2011, the organization’s mission is to compile the untold stories of local LGBTQ community members. The Dallas Way has partnered with the University of North Texas to create a digital exhibit chronicling the people, issues, and events that were important to the LGBTQ community in this area.

On the #SuburbiaTour we are focusing on LGBTQ-inclusive curriculum in schools. The work that these two organizations are doing is immensely important. If LGBTQ history isn’t made available to the public, it will be like these people never existed. If LGBTQ kids grow up seeing people they identify with making a difference and shaping the world in which they live, they will know that they too, can make an impact in the world.

The organization we are working with tonight is The Resource Center. The Resource Center’s Youth First program is one of the only programs in the area specifically focused on the needs of LGBTQ youth. With approximately 15,000 LGBTQ youth living in North Texas, these services are vital in helping them with issues they face with their family members, peers, and fellow students. Youth First serves those ages 12-18, helping them strengthen healthy relationships, and build the confidence they need to lead an authentic life.

Want a ticket upgrade? We’re taking donations of basic necessities that are often taken for granted. We are asking that you bring a new stick of deodorant to donate at the show. Bring at least one to be entered in a raffle for a ticket upgrade.

Thanks ya’ll and see u tonight!!!

Troye x

Veterinary Acronyms

Acronyms are an easy and effective way (most of the time) for doctors to take quick and efficient notes, write prescriptions, and fill in histories. Here is a list of some of the more commonly and frequently used veterinary acronyms:

  • WNL: Within Normal limits
  • NSF: No significant findings
  • ADR: Ain’t doing right
  • NDR: Not doing right
  • SID: Once daily- every 24 hours
  • BID: Twice daily- every 12 hours
  • TID: Three times daily- every 8 hours
  • QID: Four times daily-  every 6 hours
  • PRN: As needed
  • QOD: Every other day
  • D/C: discontinue
  • q: every (q2hrs= every two hours)
  • prn: as needed
  • gt: drop
  • qs: quantity sufficient
  • AD: Right ear
  • AS: Left ear
  • AU: Both ears
  • OD: Right eye
  • OS: Left eye
  • OU: Both eyes
  • IM: Intramuscular
  • SQ: Subcutaneous
  • IV: Intravenous
  • IO: Intraosseous
  • IN: Intranasal
  • IP: Intraperitoneal
  • PO: By mouth
  • NPO: Nothing by mouth
  • PE: Physical exam
  • SOAP: subjective, objective, assessment, plan
  • BAR: Bright, alert and responsive
  • QAR: Quite, alert, and responsive
  • BCS: Body condition score
  • TPR: Temperature, pulse, respiration
  • HR: Heart rate
  • RR: Respiration rate
  • BP: Blood pressure
  • PLR: Pupillary light reflex
  • IOP: Intraocular pressure
  • CRT: Capillary refill time
  • MM: Mucous membranes
  • GS: Gut sounds
  • BM: Bowel movement
  • ICP: Intracranial pressure
  • CPP: Cerebral perfusion pressure
  • F/S: Spayed female
  • M/N: Neutered male
  • Hx: History
  • Tx: Treatment
  • Dx: Diagnosis
  • Rx: Prescription
  • Sx: Surgery
  • CBC: Complete blood count
  • HCT: Hematocrit
  • PCV: Packed cell volume
  • TP/TS: Total protein/ Total solids
  • CRI: Constant rate infusion
  • UA: Urinalysis
  • USG: Urine specific gravity
  • UTI: Urinary tract infection
  • URI: Upper respiratory infection
  • STT: Schirmer tear test
  • DIC: Disseminated intravascular coagulation, aka dead in cage
  • PU/PD: Polyuria/Polydipsia
  • CHF: Congestive heart failure/ Chronic heart failure
  • HBC: Hit by car

Happy Juneteenth! This holiday marks the end of the official institution of slavery in the United States, and was historically widely celebrated by black Americans. The photo above is of a 1905 celebration in Richmond, Virginia. 

On this day in 1865, enslaved people in Texas were informed of their freedom, two years following the Emancipation Proclamation. Also on this day, the Civil Rights Act of 1963 was passed, after an 83 day filibuster in the US Senate. 


Milton Holland - United States Colored Troops- 

Recipient Of America’s Highest Military Decoration—The Medal Of Honor —For His Actions At The Battle Of Chaffin’s Farm


Holland was born as the son of Bird Holland, a white slaveowner (killed in action at the Battle of Mansfield) and an African-American slave. He joined the Army from Athens, Ohio.  At the Athens County Fairgrounds he signed to the recruitment rolls 149 young black men and raised what was to become Company C of the 5th United States Colored Infantry

RANK/UNIT: Sergeant Major, 5th U.S. Colored Troops.

CITATION: "Took command of Company C, after all the officers had been killed or wounded, and gallantly led it.“

MEDAL PRESENTED: 6 April 1865.

BIOGRAPHICAL DATA: Born: Austin, TX. 1844.

Holland was an 18-year-old shoemaker when he enlisted in the U.S. Army. He stood 5'8” tall. Holland and the 5th were present at the famous “Battle of the Crater” in Petersburg, VA on 30 July 1864, but were not used in the disastrous Union charge. At Chaffin’s Farm (Fort Harrison), Holland and the 5th suffered heavy casualties during the assault and subsequent hand-to-hand combat. “But, with a courage that knew no bounds, the men stood like granite figures. They routed the enemy and captured the breastworks. The courage displayed by young Holland’s regiment on this occasion called for the highest praise from Gen. Grant, who personally rode over the battlefield in company with Generals Butler and Draper.”

By order of General Butler, Holland was promoted to Captain, but because of his color was refused the commission by the War Department. Holland was later present when General Joseph E. Johnston C.S.A. surrendered to General William T. Sherman. Sergeant-Major Holland was mustered out of service at Carolina City, NC, on September 20, 1865.

An order from Gen. Benjamin Butler, dated 11 October 1864, had this to say:

Milton M. Holland, sergeant-major, Fifth U.S. Colored Troops, commanding Company C; James H. Bronson, first sergeant, commanding Company D; Robert Pinn, first sergeant, commanding Company I, wounded; Powhatan Beaty, first sergeant, commanding Company G, Fifth U.S. Colored Troops–all these gallant colored soldiers were left in command, all their company officers being killed or wounded, and led them gallantly and meritoriously through the day. For these services they have most honorable mention, and the commanding general will cause a special medal to be struck in honor of these gallant colored soldiers.

Official Records, #89, p168.

During the war, Holland wrote to, and was published in, his local newspaper, the Athens, Ohio Messenger. Milton, M. Holland, Sergeant Major, 5th USCT Library of Congress

Medal of Honor Recipients: 1863-1978, Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1979 p. 119.
Mitchell, Joseph B. Lt. Col., The Badge of Gallantry, New York: MacMillian & Co., 1986 pp. 141-3.
Bearss- Edwin C., “Black Medals of Honor Received a New Market Heights, 29 September 1864.” National park Service Memo in Richmond NBP files, 2 April 1979.
Davis, William C., Death in the Trenches: Grant at Petersburg. Alexandria, VA Time-Life books, 1986. p. 124.

Alright, y’all.

So, this is attempt #2 at an early Texas history blog. BUT, now that I’m actually getting to move down to Austin for real and start a new chapter for myself (one that I know is perpetually heading down the TX history road), I’d like to re-dedicate a new blog to early Texas history. That, to me, means pre-statehood. Pre-colonial & New Spain-ish Texas aaaaallll the way to the very end of the Republic of Texas. However, for context’s sake, there will be some post-1846 things dotted along with everything else.

The point is, this blog is a service to the numberless amount of budding historians and history-lovers alike on tumblr. I expect to fill it with primary sources, research, questions, discussions, &c.

So. You should follow. It’s gonna be great, I promise you. 


In honor of President’s Day, the presidents of the Republic of Texas!

There’s David G. Burnet, interim president until the first election. Impressively, he lived until the age of 82.

Next is the one you’ve actually heard of, Sam Houston. He was the first (real) and third president, among many other things for the state. He was governor when the Civil War started, and was kicked out of office because he knew it was a dumb idea to join the Confederacy. It’s actually a really nice story and it makes me sad. He died in Hunstville before the war was over.

Then come Mirabeau B. Lamar. Basically he’s remembered for fucking up with the Santa Fe expedition. But apparently his life after the presidency wasn’t too bad.

Oh Anson Jones. He was president for about two months and was basically just there to oversee the annexation of Texas. He didn’t really have a political carrer after that, and ended up shooting himself in Houston.

… in conclusion, don’t become a president of Texas. There’s a fifty/fifty chance you’ll get jilted in some way and die.