two medal of honors

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The Swingin’ Harlem Hellfighters Band,

The Harlem Hellfighters have taken to the spotlight in modern times thanks to the popularity of the video game “Battlefield 1″, where the African American soldiers are featured in the very opening of the game. The US 369th Infantry Regiment was a unit of African American soldiers who served with incredible distinction during World War I. During the war many white American soldiers refused to serve with blacks, and as a result the 369th was assigned to the French Army, the French having little qualms with serving with African Americans, nor did they have a policy of segregation such as the US Army. They were even issued French weapons and wore French helmets while in combat. During their service in World War I the 369th was nicknamed by the French “The Harlem Hellfighters” because of their tenacious fighting spirit.  They never gave ground in combat, not one soldier was ever captured, and they served the longest continuous deployment of any other Allied unit during the war (191 days of continuous combat). Due to their bravery, they were also among the most decorated Allied units, with two Medals of Honor, 171 French Croix de Guerre’s, and numerous Distinguished Service Crosses.

One of the most unique features of the Harlem Hellfighter’s was their band, perhaps the only unit in the entire war to have a ragtime band.  Unlike pretty much all other military bands which played traditional marches and martial music, the Harlem Hellfighter Band played the music they loved and could perform best, mostly American ragtime music and early forms of Jazz.  The Harlem Hellfighter Band was directed by Lt. James Reese Europe, a man who was certainly fit for the job as he was the band leader of the Clef Club Orchestra, a band popular in New York for their ragtime and proto-jazz music.

On April 8th, 1918 French soldiers turned their heads in wonder as The Harlem Hellfighters marched toward the front to the tunes of hot ragtime and Jazz beats. 

No one in Europe had ever heard such music, in fact Jazz was barely even heard in the United States outside of a few communities in New Orleans, Chicago, and New York.  The new music became an instant hit among both French and British soldiers, and before long the Harlem Hellfighters Band was being called to perform for French and British units all along the line, as well as villages they passed through. Soon, the Harlem Hellfighters swinging sound took Western Europe by storm, and the band was even invited to perform in Paris at the Théâtre des Champs-Elysées. Among the Hellfighters biggest hits was a ragtime tune called “Memphis Blues”.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pJPztEjzf6s

Another popular hit was “On Patrol in No Man’s Land”, written by Lt. James Europe himself while recuperating after being wounded in a poison gas attack while on patrol.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wpFCuZ-B4j0

And then of course the biggest crowd pleaser given the location and audience was a jazzed up version of “Le Marseillaise”  

After the war the band would make a grand tour of Europe, then return home and make a grand tour of the United States. Stories of the Harlem Hellfighters unique sound had spread across American and people were demanding more.  During their American tour, the band cut 24 records. Everywhere they went, whether in Europe or the United States, they drew huge cheering crowds, they had become the superstars of their day. 

Unfortunately the story of the Harlem Hellfighters Band did not end well for James Europe. On the night of May 9th, 1919 Europe confronted one of his drummers over poor and unprofessional behavior.  The drummer, known as a hothead among the band members, attacked Europe and stabbed him in the throat with a penknife. Europe bled out and died while in the hospital later that night.

The legacy of the Harlem Hellfighters Band is as grand and all encompassing for music as the Great War itself.  Essentially, the band is credited with spreading the popularity of Jazz throughout Europe and America. Before World War I, Jazz was a niche genre of music, common only among African Americans living in certain areas of New York, New Orleans, and Chicago.  After the exploits of the Harlem Hellfighters Band Jazz would spread across the world, becoming the dominant form of popular music up to the 1950′s and serving as the predecessor to popular music styles today such as rock, hip hop, pop, and soul.

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October third and fourth of 1993…

The Battle of Mogadishu took place on October 3rd and overnight to the 4th. This mission was apart of Operation Gothic Serpent. Members of the 75th Ranger Regiment, Air Force Rescue and Air Force Combat Controllers, 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment - Delta, and pilots from the 160th Spec Ops Aviation Regiment. The overall goal was to swarm in to a meeting in the city between Mohamed Adids lieutenants. Shortly after large groups of armed militants attacked the U.S. Forces and shot down two Black Hawk helicopters. In the end, 18 service members died, along with 80 injured. Many personnel were awarded for their actions. Two Delta Force snipers received the Medal of Honor after fighting and perishing while defending one of the crash sights.

Lest we forget the deceased

** - SFOD  Delta - **

MSG Gary Ivan Gordon - Killed defending Super 6-4   - Received Medal of Honor and Purple Heart

SFC Randy Shughart - Killed defending Super 6-4 - Received Medal of Honor and Purple Heart

SSG Daniel D. Bush - Crashed with Super 6-1, mortally wounded defending the crew - Received Silver Star and Purple Heart

SFC Earl Robert Fillmore, Jr. - Killed moving to the first crash sight - Received SIlver Star and Purple Heart

MSG Timothy “Griz” Lynn Martin - Mortally wounded by an RPG on the ‘Lost Convoy’, and died en route to Germany's Field Hospital - Received Silver Star and Purple Heart

- 3rd Ranger Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment - 

CPL James “Jamie” E. Smith - Killed around the crash sight of Super 6-1 - Received Bronze Star with Valor Device, and Oak Leaf Cluster as well as a purple heart

SPC James M. Cavaco - Killed on the Lost Convoy - Received a Bronze Star with Valor Device, Purple heart

SGT James Casey Joyce - Killed on the Lost Convoy - Received a Bronze Star with Valor Device, Purple Heart

CPL Richard “Alphabet” W. Kowaleski, Jr. - Killed on the Lost Convoy by a RPG - Received Bronze Star with Valor Device, Purple Heart

SGT Dominick M. Pilla - Killed on Strueckers Convoy (1st Convoy to move back to base) - Received Bronze Star with Valor Device, Purple Heart

SGT Lorenzo M. Ruiz - Mortally wounded on the Lost Convoy and also  and died en route to Germany’s Field Hospital - Received Bronze Star with Valor Device, Purple Heart

** - 160th SOAR - **

SSG William “Wild Bill” David Cleveland, Jr. - Killed on Super 6-4 (Crew Chief) - Received Silver Star, Bronze Star, Air Medal with Valor Device, Purple Heart

SSG Thomas “Tommie” J. Field - Killed on Super 6-4 (Crew Chief) - Received Silver Star, Bronze Star, Air Medal with Valor Device, Purple Heart

CWO Raymond “Ironman” A. Frank - Killed on Super 6-4 (Copilot) - Received Silver Star, Air Medal with Valor Device, Purple Heart

CWO Clifton “Elvis” P. Wolcott - Killed in Super 6-1 Crash (Pilot) - Distinguished Flying Cross, Air Medal with Valor Device, Bronze Star, Purple Heart

CWO Donovan  "Bull" Briley - Killed in Super 6-1 crash (Copilot) - Received Distinguished Flying Cross, Bronze Star, Air Medal with Valor Device, Purple Heart

** - 14th Infantry Regiment, 10th Mountain Division - **

SGT Cornell Lemont Houston, Sr. - Killed on the rescue convoy - Received Bronze Star with Valor Device, de Fleury Medal, Purple Heart

PFC James Henry Martin, Jr. - Killed on the rescue convoy - Received Purple Heart

** - Malaysian Army - **

LCPL Mat Azan Awang - Killed when his vehicle was struck by an RPG - Received Seri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa

TUMBLR IS THE PLACE WHERE PEOPLE ARE USUALLY QUICK TO BE ACTIVISTS. WHY. NOT. WITH. THIS. THE TWO COPS WHO DID THIS RECEIVED MEDALS (ONE GOT A MEDAL OF HONOR) AFTER THE KILLING OF AN UNARMED NATIVE.

WE ARE A FORGOTTEN PEOPLE. Not only to whites but nearly the entire world. This article has it right, it is not even shocking to people when a Native is killed like this. This happens every day. The race issue isn’t between whites and blacks, it is between the powerful (whites) and the oppressed (people of color). Native issues are non issues in this country and it is frustrating as hell.

I am Native. I am NDN. We are First Nations. It is things like this that motivate people to fight. This is one story. I decided to post this one just because it is an older one. Do not think that this is some isolated incident. You most likely do not know what the Native experience is in the United States.

There is power in numbers and unity. We can only do that if we assist each other. STOP PRETENDING THAT EVERYONE IN THE UNITED STATES IS DOING THIS ON THEIR OWN LAND.

Every day an injustice occurs in the United States it occurs on our land against our will. Colonists not only stole our land but decided to flood it in blood. Remember that this is the reality that we as natives live with.

“Take Mah-hi-vist Goodblanket, an 18-year-old Cheyenne and Arapaho youth, who died on December 21, 2013, after being shot seven times by two sheriff’s deputies in Oklahoma.”

“The attorney for the Goodblanket family, Ray Wall, said the Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation has refused to release the police report regarding the incident. "Withholding an official police report … I think that’s a violation of the Freedom of Information Act,” Wall told me when I reached out to him.“

"It is notable that medals were given to the two white deputies in a county named for the infamous murderer and Indian fighter George Armstrong Custer no less.”

http://www.cnn.com/2014/12/24/opinion/moya-smith-native-americans/

Nearly 100 years after their heroic deeds, two World War I Army veterans were awarded the Medal of Honor, America’s highest military honor, on Tuesday. Historians say Sgts. William Shemin and Henry Johnson hadn’t been properly recognized for their bravery under fire.

Discussing Sgt. Shemin’s service, President Obama says he “couldn’t stand to watch” as wounded comrades lay on the battlefield, in “a bloodbath.” Shemin “ran out into the hell of no-man’s land” three times to drag soldiers to safety.

Obama tells the story of Johnson’s bravery under fire after his position came under attack. It started with a “click,” the president says — the sound of Germans cutting through barbed wire.

“In just a few minutes of fighting, two Americans defeated an entire raiding party,” Obama said.

Harlem Hellfighter And Jewish Soldier Get Long-Overdue Medals Of Honor

Photo credit: Shemin Family Photo/U.S. Army
Caption: World War I veterans Sgts. William Shemin and Henry Johnson

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BADASSES OF WORLD WAR II

Commander David McCampbell, USN, (1910-1996)

Rank and organization: Commander, U.S. Navy, Air Group 15.
Place and date: First and second battles of the Philippine Sea, 19 June 1944.
Entered service at: Florida. Born: 16 January 1910, Bessemer, Ala.
Other Navy awards: Navy Cross, Silver Star, Legion of Merit, Distinguished Flying Cross with 2 Gold Stars, Air Medal. 


Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as commander, Air Group 15, during combat against enemy Japanese aerial forces in the first and second battles of the Philippine Sea. An inspiring leader, fighting boldly in the face of terrific odds, Comdr. McCampbell led his fighter planes against a force of 80 Japanese carrier-based aircraft bearing down on our fleet on 19 June 1944. Striking fiercely in valiant defense of our surface force, he personally destroyed 7 hostile planes during this single engagement in which the outnumbering attack force was utterly routed and virtually annihilated. During a major fleet engagement with the enemy on 24 October, Comdr. McCampbell, assisted by but l plane, intercepted and daringly attacked a formation of 60 hostile land-based craft approaching our forces. Fighting desperately but with superb skill against such overwhelming airpower, he shot down 9 Japanese planes and, completely disorganizing the enemy group, forced the remainder to abandon the attack before a single aircraft could reach the fleet. His great personal valor and indomitable spirit of aggression under extremely perilous combat conditions reflect the highest credit upon Comdr. McCampbell and the U.S. Naval Service.


Commander McCampbell was also the third highest scoring ace in the Navy in WWII, with 34 aerial victories and the highest scoring ace to survive the war.  He served in active duty until 1964 and the Arleigh Burke-class AEGIS guided missile destroyer, the USS McCampbell (DDG-85) was named in his honor.

United States Colored Troops

United States Colored Troops Memorial Statue located in John G. Lancaster Park, Lexington Park, Maryland. The memorial and accompanying informational kiosks honors and documents the bravery of more than 600 African-American soldiers from St. Mary’s County, Maryland who fought as Union Army soldiers during the American Civil War. Includes a display on two who won the Medal of Honor,

This statue is the centerpiece of the memorial. It shows a USCT soldier in full battle dress, as he would look marching between engagements. The service of USCT soldiers and sailors was vital to the success of Union forces in the war and would ultimately contribute to the liberation of all enslaved peoples of St. Mary’s County and the United States as a whole. It would also lead to the preservation of the Union and the extension of its founding principles to all of its citizens.

Photo by Potomac Sun Photography

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Colored_Troops_Memorial_Statue_%28Lexington_Park,_Maryland%29

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Double Medal of Honor recipient Ernest August Janson (served under the name Charles F. Hoffman) was born on August 17, 1878, in New York City. After nearly ten years of honorable service with the U.S. Army, he enlisted in the Marine Corps on June 14, 1910 at the Marine Barracks, Bremerton, Washington. He was appointed a corporal, March 14, 1911, and honorably discharged on June 13, 1914.

He re-enlisted on June 17, 1914, and was appointed a Sergeant on August 24, 1914. During this second enlistment, he served on the USS Nebraska from July 13, 1914 until January 30, 1915; on detached duty on the USS Montana from January 30, 1915 until February 6, 1915; on the USS Nebraska again from February 6, 1915 until October 22, 1916; and at Norfolk, Virginia, from October 22, 1916 until May 25, 1917.

Sergeant Janson sailed for France on the USS DeKalb on June 14, 1917, and disembarked at St. Nazaire, France, June 27, 1917. Appointed a gunnery sergeant, a temporary warrant for the duration of the war, on July 1, 1917 he served honorably with the 49th Company, 5th Regiment, in its various activities.

On June 6, 1918, he was severely wounded in action. For his conspicuous service on that date, GySgt Janson was awarded both the Army and Navy Medals of Honor. The French Médaille militaire, which carries the Croix de guerre with Palm, the Montenegrin Silver Medal, the Portuguese Cruz de Guerra, and the Italian Croce di Guerra were also awarded to him for the same act of bravery.

In November 1918, he returned to the United States and was admitted to the Naval Hospital, New York, for treatment of the wounds received in action on June 6, 1918.

At the expiration of his second enlistment, April 25, 1919, he was honorably discharged. He re-enlisted May 7, 1919, and served the full term of this enlistment as a recruiter at New York City.

Sergeant Major Janson was selected and served as the Marine Corps pallbearer for the burial of the Unknown Soldier on Armistice Day, 1921. He was honorably discharged on May 6, 1923.

His fourth-enlistment took place May 7, 1923, and he remained on recruiting duty until July 20, 1926, when he was transferred to Marine Barracks, Quantico, Virginia. On his return to duty at Quantico, he was reinstated to his wartime rank of gunnery sergeant and requested retirement the following month. He was advanced one grade to Sergeant Major on August 31, 1926, and placed on the retired list, September 30, 1926.

Sergeant Major Janson returned to New York and during his last years lived on Long Island. He died after a brief illness, May 14, 1930, and was buried in Evergreen Cemetery, Brooklyn, New York.

Gunnery Sergeant Janson was one of five Marines during World War I to be awarded both the Army and Navy Medals of Honor. Two Medals of Honor may no longer be given for a single incident.

Navy Medal of Honor

Rank and organization: Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, 49th Company. (Served under name of Charles F. Hoffman) Born: August 17, 1878, New York, N.Y. Accredited to: New York. (Also received Army Medal of Honor.)

Citation:
“For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action with the enemy near Château-Thierry, France, 6 June 1918. Immediately after the company to which G/Sgt. Janson belonged, had reached its objective on Hill 142, several hostile counterattacks were launched against the line before the new position had been consolidated. G/Sgt. Janson was attempting to organize a position on the north slope of the hill when he saw 12 of the enemy, armed with 5 light machineguns, crawling toward his group. Giving the alarm, he rushed the hostile detachment, bayoneted the 2 leaders, and forced the others to flee, abandoning their guns. His quick action, initiative and courage drove the enemy from a position from which they could have swept the hill with machinegun fire and forced the withdrawal of our troops.” (Wiki)

Please, please, please let me get what I want

After the war, Steve says he’s packing up his things and leaving the fight. There’s a tired spark in his eye that once belonged to a boy with fractured ribs and bloody noses. He says he’s missing home and the lilt in his voice gives him away. Everyone knows, they always have; home is standing at his left with rings under his eyes. Two days after receiving numerous medals of honor each, Brooklyn opens her arms wide for them. The mayor offers up the fanciest damn apartment Steve has ever seen. But in the end, he chooses a smaller cozier place with a view of the busy city streets. It’s within walking distance of the park and he can see many days spent stretched out on the grass with Bucky. “Look at that cloud,” he’d say. “it’s just like that carousel we rode with Becca once” and Bucky would smile, easy and soft. The war would return what it had taken from him. Peggy calls two weeks after the war’s end and Steve takes her out dancing. Two hours into the date, he can’t ignore the tug in his chest that says this is not where he belongs. He kisses her cheek and apologizes profusely for being a thousand miles away even as they danced. He’d love to give as good as he gets but… “I had a lovely time, darling. Don’t fret about it. Give Sgt Barnes my regards, will you.” She’d been gracious about the ordeal and promised to visit next time she was in the states. It hadn’t gone as bad or as well as he would’ve thought. After the war, things are different. Bucky takes up teaching Steve how to dance, they spend more evenings listening to the radio than going out and Steve moans about sleeping issues until Bucky surrenders and crawls under the covers next to him. Their fingers brush often and purposely, Bucky begins to keep a journal and Steve sketches him as he sleeps; they revolve around one another in a way that they hadn’t before. There is something Steve wants to say. The serum fixed everything but the clumsy nature of his tongue when Bucky is around and isn’t that unfortunate. So he begins to write. And write. Each letter becomes a crumpled paper ball and he feels cursed. At last, he pens the final draft. It reads: Bucky, I’m in love with you, I’m sorry. If you need to go, please do it when I’m not home. If you want me to leave, just say the word and I will. All my love, Steve It’s a Tuesday and Bucky’s hair is messy. He has foregone glossy pomade and Steve wants to bury his hands in it. The note is shaking slightly in Bucky’s hand as he reads it for the first time and Steve’s chest feels tight. He thanks his lucky stars for Dr Erskine and his formula. Without it he’d be an absolute wreck right about now. Somehow he keeps forgetting to breathe. “Steve?” The paper slides to the floor as he stands, brows raised and blue eyes wide. The last time Steve saw him look this scared, they were 12 and getting a stern talking to from Mrs Lewis about stealing bites from the pie she had cooling. It was to go to Sarah Rogers who was feeling under the weather and Mrs Lewis had a stern way about her.

Steve grips the back of their kitchen counter, hard. If he lets go, Bucky will leave. He’s sure of it. “Did you…I’m sorry Buck.” An arm that he’d recognize a hundred years from now wraps around his waist an fingertips trace his cheekbones with the lightest touch and love. Words are pressed against his lips again and again. He wants to wake up tomorrow with the taste of them on his skin. War makes ghosts of us all, Bucky thinks, the trick is to find something worth living for. Steve makes him feel alive. “Every word, Steve. Every word for as long as I can remember,” Bucky murmurs. There has never been anyone else for him. In the 1950’s, Peggy gets married and Steve walks her down the aisle. In 2015, Steve and Bucky marry. They repeat the small ceremony in Peggy’s hospital room at her insistence and she cries. “Oh darling, don’t look at me like that. I’m an old woman, I’m supposed to be sentimental. They’re happy tears.” Bucky kisses her hand and they talk about the past until she’s tired. Before she goes, she gestures for Steve to come to her. “Take care of him, Steve. He cares for you, he really does. Congratulations, my love.” Steve promises he won’t tear up but it happens anyway. He has the two greatest loves and a heart can only hold so much. Peggy tenderly presses a kiss to his forehead and tells him to take his husband to a nice bar. Leave an old lady to her rest, she says. The war has ended and they cannot go back but some things were meant to happen as they did. They walk away, hand in hand.

vex-at-your-own-risk  asked:

You should look into the satire of starship troopers, cause I don't think you get it.

I have actually, and instead of swallowing it whole I looked at it objectively. Since you have opened this can of worms we can walk down memory lane.

It is a great tragedy that Starship Troopers was turned over to the director who wished to turn it into a satyr, yet his attempts are just that, his attempts. With often little or no relevance to the book or the culture. And often so thinly veiled that nobody with out it being very specifically interpreted for them understands the satyr involved. So the good news is that his false flags don’t often get in the way of the truths and positives.

Im just going to go point by point…

“Verhoeven brilliantly inverts this, drawing the principles of military government espoused in the book to their logical conclusion: a mindless, violent, overtly masculine dictatorship.” Except that none of the above is true, know your foe? Hardly mindless, studying your opponent in depth and dispensing it to the appropriate channels, this speaks of science and intelligence. Violence, during the war, yet in neither the book or the movie does it show any civil violence (unless you count the football game) so far from implementing a hyper mindless violent society it has done the exact opposite… Overtly Masculine? Yet their is gender equality, with men and women filling all positions as they qualify for them, hell in the movies you see a Female Sky Martial (Highest mentioned position), Female Admirals, and Female Captains, and female members of gov… so much for Overtly Masculine, since females hold positions of power equally if not in greater number in this future than in the present. Dictatorship? They spend huge amounts of time in both the book and the movie talking about the rights of the Citizen, which include Voting, and we see actual shifts of power during the course from one to another due to a recall. A man who failed to plan, for a woman who didn’t make the same mistake…

The man who they put in charge of the movies used Updated Nazi Propaganda in the film, yet that is his attempt to discredit the book, not any form of realism.

Its suggested that Men are the humans and that women are the bugs by the Directors design in some attempt to point out how male hyper aggression is about abusing women, yet again if you look at the book, and what actually happens in the movie, or hell the real world (where violence of EVERY KIND against women is in decline…) it just isn’t so…

They sight several “meat head” quotes throughout the movie as proof of its stupidity, apparently being unaware that the quotes were actually from American Hero’s like Dan Daily (two time Medal of Honor recipient, USMC) “Do you want to live forever?”

They sight that the actors physical fitness was proof of how inaccurate the society is, yet in a highly motivated, service oriented society it makes perfect sense, and also since the vast majority of people you see are either sports jocks, or military personnel, again… fitness is to be expected. They state that Ricco is the perfect Fascist soldier because he does what he is told, is physically fit and lacks the intelligence for independent thought… Except that Ricco while perhaps not book smart was highly intelligent, as shown multiple times in the book. Lets just take the movies though since you are unlikely to have read the book. He was the captain of the “football” team where football has become more of a combat ball than what we understand it to be today. He shows intuition, and out of the box thinking many times, like when his entire unit is being wiped out and he essentially single handedly destroys the tank bug, or when he disobeys direct orders to save a friend (rather against being stupid or a good fascist soldier). 

Other attempts to defend the satire include pretending that the bugs are the victims of the Terran Federations(who aren’t fascists) Fascist aggression. Calling the bugs benign, and their acts defensive. Which since as they show later in the movies they can communicate with humans their was no need to slaughter the Mormon settlers, or to slingshot comets at Earth killing millions… yet they did… without any (to my knowledge or remembrance) attempts at diplomacy. So when you have an enemy capable of pulping the planet til your entire species  CEASES TO EXIST you fight back… with everything you have, because it has become a battle for your entire existence.

The director admittedly didn’t even finish reading the book… so all in all the satyr is their if you wish to read way to deeply into things, but it is pointing out problems that are either false, not in the actual book, or that have been misinterpreted, or misconstrued….

My suggestion is to look at it logically, with perspective, to take it for what it is, but most especially to READ THE BOOK. In each conversation I end up having about Starship troopers the issue is that people have been told its bad and satirical and facist and so they take it as that, yet they are wrong, and miss out on some very real truths… If you or anyone else would like to discuss specific scenes or bits I am more than happy to… let me know.

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Only two are Left 

The Doolittle Raid, also known as the Tokyo Raid, on 18 April 1942, was an air raid by the United States on the Japanese capital Tokyo and other places on Honshu island during World War II, the first air raid to strike the Japanese Home Islands. It demonstrated that Japan itself was vulnerable to American air attack, served as retaliation for the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941, and provided an important boost to U.S. morale while damaging Japanese morale. The raid was planned and led by Lieutenant Colonel James “Jimmy” Doolittle, U.S. Army Air Forces.

Sixteen U.S. Army Air Forces B-25B Mitchell medium bombers were launched without fighter escort from the U.S. Navy’s aircraft carrier USS Hornet deep in the Western Pacific Ocean, each with a crew of five men. The plan called for them to bomb military targets in Japan, and to continue westward to land in China—landing a medium bomber on Hornet was impossible. Fifteen of the aircraft reached China, and the other one landed in the Soviet Union. All but three of the crew survived, but all the aircraft were lost. Eight crewmen were captured by the Japanese Army in China; three of these were executed. The B-25 that landed in the Soviet Union at Vladivostok was confiscated and its crew interned for more than a year. Fourteen crews, except for one crewman, returned either to the United States or to American forces.

After the raid, the Japanese Imperial Army conducted a massive sweep through the eastern coastal provinces of China, in an operation now known as the Zhejiang-Jiangxi Campaign, searching for the surviving American airmen and applying retribution on the Chinese who aided them, in an effort to prevent this part of China from being used again for an attack on Japan.

The raid caused negligible material damage to Japan, but it succeeded in its goal of raising American morale and casting doubt in Japan on the ability of its military leaders to defend their home islands.. Doolittle, who initially believed that loss of all his aircraft would lead to his being court-martialled, received the Medal of Honor and was promoted two steps to Brigadier General.

and the two are;  Retired Lt. Col. Richard “Dick” Cole, age 99-Cole, a Dayton native, was mission leader James “Jimmy” Doolittle’s co-pilot for the B-25 bombers’ attack that stunned Japan and lifted American spirits less than five months after the attack on Pearl Harbor.

Retired Staff Sgt. David Thatcher, 93, Thatcher was engineer-gunner aboard the 7th plane, nicknamed “The Ruptured Duck,” whose crew’s crash-landing and evasion of Japanese troops in China was depicted in the movie “Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo.”

Badass doesn't always show on the outside.

Alexander the Great: (356 BC- 323 BC)Macedonian King, conqueror of much of the ancient world.

Germanicus: (15BC- 19 AD) Famed Roman military commander.

Hua Mulan: (7th century AD) Young Chinese peasant girl who disguised herself as a man so that her father wouldn’t be conscripted.  Rose the ranks to become a high ranking general.

Joan of Arc: (1412-1431) Teenage girl who led the French to victory against the English during the Hundred Years War.

Pope Julius II:  (1443 - 1514) “The Warrior Pope” who donned armor and personally led armies into battle.  

Elizabeth Stokes: (early 18th century) One of the most popular bareknuckle boxers in 17th century England.

Harriet Tubman: (1820-1913) Former slave, underground railroad conductor, army scout, co-commander of the Combahee River Raid, underwent brain surgery without anesthesia. 

Sgt. John Clem: (1851 - 1937) Enlisted in the Union Army at the age of 9. Youngest non-commissioned officer in the US Army with the rank of Sergeant.  Was wounded twice.

Maj. Gen. Joshua Chamberlain: (1828-1914) “The Fighting Professor”  Spoke nine languages fluently. Taught every subject in the curriculum at Bowdoin College.  Commanded the 20th Maine Regiment in the successful defense of Little Round Top at the Battle of Gettysburg.  Led his men in an assault despite being shot in the groin at the Battle of Petersburgh.  Medal of Honor recipient.

Col. Robert Gould Shaw: (1837 - 1863) Commander of the all black 54th Massachusetts Regiment during the Civil War.  Killed in action at the 2nd Battle of Fort Wagner.

Edith Garrud: (1872-1971)“The Jiu-Jitsu Suffragist”

Sgt. Stubby: World War I veteran. Served in 17 battles. Warned his unit of gas attacks and incoming artillery, found wounded in no man’s land, and caught a German spy.  Was wounded in action once.

Nancy Wake: (1912 - 2011) Commanded 7,000 French Resistance fighters during World War II. The Gestapo (German Secret Police) had a 5 million franc bounty on her head.

Klavdiya Kalugina: (20th century) Soviet sniper during World War II, age 17.

Audie Murphy: (1925-1971) World War II veteran, Medal of Honor recipient, America’s most decorated soldier in history. Among his awards were the Medal of Honor, Distinguished Service Cross, two Silver Stars, two Bronze Stars, four Purple Hearts, the French Legion of Honor, two French Croix de Guerre’s, the French Fourregere (worn around his shoulder),and the Belgian Croix de Guerre. Was rejected by the Marine Corps and Navy because he was only 5'5" and 110 Lbs.

Unsinkable Sam: (1941-1955) Survived the sinking of three warships during World War II. (Bismarck, HMS Cossack, HMS Ark Royal)

Sgt. Major Mike Vining: Delta Force Operator. Veteran of Vietnam, the Iran Hostage Crises rescue attempt, Grenada, the Gulf War, Haiti, as well as numerous other classified missions. 

Below is what he looked like when he was awarded his first Bronze star.

External image

Rukhsana Kauser: 18 year old farmgirl from India who defended her family from 6 heavily armed terrorists with an axe and a captured assault rifle.

Yang Yuode: A Chinese farmer who defended his home from a band of thugs with a homemade rocket launcher and a homemade cannon.

Brennan Hawkins: Survived 5 days lost and alone in the Utah wilderness.

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African American soldiers of the 16th Training Battalion, Camp Wheeler, GA (December, 1941).

Members of this training battalion went on to serve with honor and distinction in the 92nd Infantry (Buffalo Soldier) Division. Spike Lee’s Miracle at St. Anna (2008) from the book by James McBride was a fictional account of the 92nd, but it was based on real interviews with members of this unit.

The 92nd Infantry Division was a part of the 5th Army that served in the Italian Theater during World War II.  It was also the only infantry unit comprised entirely of African Americans to see combat in Europe.  During their time in Italy, from August of 1944 through May 1945, the 92nd advanced over 3,000 square miles and captured 20,000 German prisoners.  They also suffered heavy casualties with a quarter of the unit killed or wounded in action. The 92nd went on to earn more than 12,000 decorations and citations including two Medals of Honor.

(original US Army photos from our private collection)

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Fun History Fact,

Audie Murphy was a World War II hero and the most decorated service member in US military history.  Among his awards were the Medal of Honor, Distinguished Service Cross, two Silver Stars, two Bronze Stars, four Purple Hearts, the French Legion of Honor, two French Croix de Guerre’s, the French Fourregere (worn around his shoulder),and the Belgian Croix de Guerre. 

When Audie Murphy enlisted in the Army, he had already been rejected by the Navy and Marine Corps because he was only 5'5" and 110 pounds.

The crumpled bow of the USS Growler. Out on patrol in February of 1943, the Growler approached a Japanese gunboat for a surface attack the night of the 7th. Spotted, the Japanese ship made to ram her. No other choice available, Commander Gilmore ordered the sub to turn towards her prey and ram as well, striking the Japanese ship in the center of the hull and bending the Growler’s bow sharply to the port side. 

Taking small arms fire from the deck of the Japanese ship, Gilmore ordered the Growler to dive as she was in great danger remaining on the surface. But wounded by machine gun fire, he waited for the rest of the crew above decks to descend into the boat, and realizing there was no time to get him below deck as well, gave the dive order and remained in the conning tower. The Growler was able to return to Brisbane for repairs, and Gilmore posthumously received the Medal of Honor for his sacrifice.

The USS Growler would sink with all hands in November of 1944.

(US Navy)