These caves contain the longest subterranean river known in the world, the Rubicon (not to be confused with the Rubicon in Italy). The caves opened in 1912 and were originally equipped with torches. 8,000 years ago Paleolithic hunters sheltered themselves in the caves; much later the same area was used as a wine shelter. More recently the caves were used as a shelter during World War II.

eruditeprincess1993  asked:

Even if Lxa stabbed Cage in the back and was present during the MW genocide, Arkadia would have still been under Trikru rule, though with different restrictions. Though that's just my opinion.

But they would have come to her from a place of strength. THEY would have brought her the victory. Clarke would have been seen as if not THE leader of that battle, then the co-leader. Lxa would have HAD to deal with them as people of power in their own right. She would have HAD to acknowledge that it was their technology and their warriors who were key in bringing the mountain down, a thing that they had not been able to do in fifty years on their own. And remember, the sky people, kids, destroyed Tristan’s army in what should have been a very easy victory for them. The sky people are FORMIDABLE. 

They had a very public alliance. She acknowledged Clarke as being at the forefront of the charge on the mountain. She would have had to share power and victory. It would have shifted the balance. And if Clarke hadn’t been destroyed by having to massacre everyone in the mountain, she would not have left, and she would have been home to call Lxa on her power plays. She would have demanded that Lxa honor her alliance and she would be there to always be a reminder of what happened in TonDC. 

And I actually have a problem with the way Lxa treats her subjects, not even just the refugees in Arkadia, but actually her people, even the village where she is from. No one is able to check her on her abuse of power, not even those who are there to advise her and speak for her people. She won’t listen. So you maybe right about still being under Polis rule. But if she didn’t betray SkyCrew at MW, then we would have seen a different Lxa, with a different character, who was more willing to share power. A Lxa who might very well have brought about peace, strength and unity for everyone. A Lxa who probably would have gotten Clarke to fall in love with her without a mental breakdown, kidnapping, captivity, or power imbalance. It would have been a different story. 

I think it started in TonDC, when she allowed, even ARGUED, for her coalition leaders to be blown up. The episode is called “Rubicon,” and Lxa crossed the Rubicon that day, there was no turning back. She lost honor and became a betrayer. Even if she could point to the excuses why she had to do it. In my view, that was the point where she went from being impressive and visionary and honorable, to a tragic hero whose personal flaws would destroy everything. But of course, that’s just my interpretation, opinion and speculation. :)


A vivid historical account of the social world of Rome as it moved from republic to empire. In 49 B.C., the seven hundred fifth year since the founding of Rome, Julius Caesar crossed a small border river called the Rubicon and plunged Rome into cataclysmic civil war. Tom Holland’s enthralling account tells the story of Caesar’s generation, witness to the twilight of the Republic and its bloody transformation into an empire. From Cicero, Spartacus, and Brutus, to Cleopatra, Virgil, and Augustus, here are some of the most legendary figures in history brought thrillingly to life. Combining verve and freshness with scrupulous scholarship, Rubicon is not only an engrossing history of this pivotal era but a uniquely resonant portrait of a great civilization in all its extremes of self-sacrifice and rivalry, decadence and catastrophe, intrigue, war, and world-shaking ambition.


anonymous asked:

Do you remember if Clarke had known about her mom being in TonDC when the bomb dropped? If she did, ew. I mean I didn't think L had turned her THAT heartless that she'd let a bomb drop on some of her own ppl, on her own mother and Octavia....without telling them...

Clarke knew. 

But Clarke was manipulated and coerced into that decision.

I decided to quote my liveblog from that episode instead of writing it over, because I have notes now. (I removed the parentheticals)

Clarke tells Lxa they have to start evacuating now. Lxa says no. If we evacuate they’ll know we have a spy inside their walls.

Clarke says not necessarily. L shoots her down. Can’t risk it.

WHat’s the point of having a man inside if we can’t use what he tells us? Clarke asks.

L counters that the acid fog is not disabled, the sleeping army is not uncaged. We can’t win this war without Bellamy. 

L stares over her tactical board. “It will be a blow.” She is thinking of this in terms of tactics. She only mentions Bellamy but I don’t believe that’s all. She’s looking at the whole field. The army is safe in the woods. It’s the coalition who is in TonDC. And the loss of the coalition will “INSPIRE” the army. And then says Clarke and L will slip away right now.

Clarke is concerned about her part in this. She was the one who provoked MW to distract them from Bellamy.  Lxa wants to concede the battle to win the war. What is the war she is fighting? Is it the same one Clarke is fighting? I don’t think so. She concedes that one, too, in a few episodes, doesn’t she?

Clarke wants to inform the leaders of the clans so they can slip out seperately. L says that’s telling too many people.

Clarke says cancel the meeting. Start a fire. SOMETHING. L says “we don’t have time for this.”

Clarke says “No this is wrong.”

And L gets harsh. “It’s our only choice and you know it. You could have warned everyone up there but you didn’t you said nothing not even to your own people. This is war. People die. YOU SHOWED TRUE STRENGTH TODAY. Don’t let emotions stop you now.

Okay. So this whole episode was what I had a problem with. L dismissed and shot down every solution Clarke had, some of which were decent and all of which were valid. She brushed it all off and makes excuses where she can. She’s decided that she wants to let the village blow with all the leaders and every answer Clarke has is wasting time, is WEAKNESS.  She made Clarke complicit in L’s plot to destroy TonDC, to let people die. She had plenty of time when she wanted to argue against Clarke’s ideas, it was only when Clarke had ideas did they have to leave right now. She PRAISED her for the actions she wanted Clarke to take and warned her that Clarke’s own morals and beliefs were weakness. That they would stop her. She coerced Clarke into agreeing to the death of all these people by telling her she already had made the choice.

So here’s my thing. I have a hard time being angry at Clarke for that decision that betrayed her morals and everything she holds dear, because Lxa forced her to do it, by making her complicit in an evil she didn’t want to take part in. She kept a secret from her people so she could consult with L, and L used that chink to whittle away at Clarke’s belief in herself and her ability to make judgements and she coerced her to agree. Clarke wanted none of it and she’d come to save everyone and ended up being blamed by L for letting it happen while Lxa claimed that SHE was the one who rescued Clarke.

What kind of mind games is that?

Also, when Clarke found her mother she pulled her away despite L’s willingness to sacrifice Abby on the altar of her strategy. And in the aftermath of the bomb, Clarke refuses to be forced to heartlessly sacrifice her people, and stands by her morals and up to Lxa and the grounder philosophy, and saves Octavia and Lincoln. 

To me, this scene is when Lxa really gets her teeth into Clarke to work on her sense of self and belief in what is right and wrong. 

I’m not saying she is blameless. I’m saying you’re watching a character being broken. And part of that has to do with the way L lays the blame for her own sins and lack of ethics at Clarke’s feet, and because she is so empathetic, she takes that responsibility and it scars her. All that you’re saying that Clarke did and how horrible it is? That’s what Clarke is telling herself. 


The river Rubicon; “Alea iacta est

During the Roman republic, the river Rubicon marked the boundary between the Roman province of Cisalpine Gaul to the north-east and Italy proper to the south. Governors of Roman provinces were appointed promagistrates with imperium (roughly, “right to command”) in their province(s). The governor would then serve as the general of the Roman army within the territory of his province(s). Roman law specified that only the elected magistrates (consuls and praetors) could hold imperium within Italy. Any promagistrate who entered Italy at the head of his troops forfeited his imperium and was therefore no longer legally allowed to command troops. Exercising imperium when forbidden by the law was a capital offence. Furthermore, obeying the commands of a general who did not legally possess imperium was also a capital offence. If a general entered Italy whilst exercising command of an army, both the general and his soldiers became outlaws and were automatically condemned to death. Generals were thus obliged to disband their armies before entering Italy.

So when Julius Caesar on January 10, 49 BC uttered the famous words, “Alea iacta est“ or “The die is cast” as he led his army across the River Rubicon in Northern Italy, he was very much aware of what would happen, as were his enemies, his soldiers, friends and family.