turok: evolution

Kulindadromeus zabaikalicus

By José Carlos Cortés on @ryuukibart​, made for his project, The Liberal Dinosaur Fan! Check it out at @liberaldinosaurfan!

NameKulindadromeus zabaikalicus 

Name Meaning: Zabaikal Kulinda Runner 

First Described: 2014 

Described By: Godefroit et al. 

ClassificationDinosauria, Ornithischa, Genasauria, Neornithischia

When this dinosaur was discovered, it rapidly rose to the fourth position in my favorite list - and it’s obvious why. This dinosaur proves pretty clearly that feathers were synapomorphic for both Ornithischia and Saurischia (something I have been suggesting for years due to quills being found on another basal ornithischian, Tianyulong, as well as protofeathers found on Psittacosaurus, and the presence of feather protein genes in the crocodile genome, suggesting that protofeather-esque filaments are a trait of all of archosauria, based on cladistics. Genomes, man. Genomes.) It was found in the Ukureyskaya formation in Russia, which dates back to the middle to late Jurassic, about 169 to 144 million years ago in the Bajocian to Tithonian ages. It is known from a partial skeleton in rock that lead to amazing preservation of both feathers and scales. Now, this fossil was stolen and described as another species, Kulindapteryx, but this is not valid and should be ignored (curse you, BANDits.) 

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kulindadromeus#mediaviewer/File:Kulindadromeus_by_Tom_Parker.png

Kulindadromeus was a bipedal runner, about 1.5 meters long, with a short head, short forelimbs, and long hindlimbs and tail. It had scales on the top of its tale and scales branching into feather like structures on the main part of the body. This fuzz all over the body are hair like filaments like stage 1 dino fuzz on Sinosauropteryx, and then another type is longer filaments on the upper arms and thighs like type three feathers, and then unique bundles of ribbon like structures on the upper lower legs that are made from parallel filaments. 

Source: ewilloughby

Kulindadromeus also had three types of scales: overlapping hexagonal scales on the lower shins, non-overlapping scales on the hands ankles and feet, and arched rectangular scales on the tail, forming rows. 

By Sam Stanton on @artisticthingem

According to the science of evolutionary cladistics, the closer two clades are related to one another, the more likely any features shared by those clades was only evolved once, in their last common ancestor. More deviated groups - such as birds and bats - that share a feature evolved them separately. As such, the fact that crocodiles have a dormant feather gene (same protein) implies that the last common ancestor of both crocodiles and birds had feathers - and that’s just from genomics. 

By myself (Meig Dickson) and John Turmelle on @killdeercheer

Now, while this feature may have been lost in many archosaurian species - as fur is lost in many species of mammals - it is important that we now, as paleontologists, switch our line of thought from “scaled until proven otherwise,” to “feathered until proven otherwise.” The discovery of so many feathered or quilled theropods - as well as quite a few quilled and feathered ornithischians, now - only bolsters that claim. This is by far one of the most exciting discoveries of modern paleontology, and I can’t wait to see what more we find out about the connection between dinosaurs, birds, and feathers in the coming years. 



Shout out goes to prehistoric-birds!

Also, the moral of today’s story is NEVER TRUST A BANDIT 

The evolution of large masses of humanity is opposed to nature’s purposes. The evolution of a certain small percentage may be in accord..

There exist certain forces that oppose the evolution of large masses of humanity and keep it at the level it ought to be.

—  Gurdjieff
I think human consciousness, is a tragic misstep in evolution. We became too self-aware, nature created an aspect of nature separate from itself, we are creatures that should not exist by natural law. We are things that labor under the illusion of having a self; an accretion of sensory, experience and feeling, programmed with total assurance that we are each somebody, when in fact everybody is nobody. Maybe the honorable thing for our species to do is deny our programming, stop reproducing, walk hand in hand into extinction, one last midnight, brothers and sisters opting out of a raw deal.

Rust Cohle, True Detective


Mega Salamence.

Because…jeez. I’m sorry but right at this moment i am not digging this design. Even with all the NYOOM I’m sure he will get, plus the added benefits and stat changes. This is basically me trying to justify this mega evolution to myself.

So behold, my longshot!

The basic idea is that when Salamence is exposed to the radiation of Salamencite, it undergoes a massive change like all pokemon capable of mega evolution do. In Salamences case, its body becomes more compact and its wings increase in size by a colossal amount. This gives the pokemon a massive boost in speed and the height at which it can ascend too, along with prolonging the amount of time it can send in the air without rest. 

At these new heights, Mega Salamence plummets to the ground at phenomenal speeds, dive-bombing in the position you see above. This is when another one of it’s evolutionary traits reveals itself. The Pokemon has sprouted a line of razor-sharp spines that grow on the skin of its wings, effectively functioning as a blade as it flies past, allowing it to slice through enemies, trees, and even rocks if they gain enough speed on their descent. 

From this attack, the pokemon swoops downwards before pulling up, rising high on its massive wingspan again to position itself to attack again.The manoeuvrability, sheer speed and power that are granted to this pokemon upon mega Evolution are exceptional, meaning that it is capable of gliding mere inches above the ground as it dive-bombs its opponents. 

So yeah, have a mini Dex entry with it, but the idea is that the pose you see above is its ‘attack’ form that it uses to cut through things. think like the Timberjack from How to Train Your Dragon. It’s full of terrible reasoning and its VERY far fetched, but i would be really interested to see what other people think could work. 

Quick messy doodle of Slowbro’s Mega Evolution. I don’t know why, but this design feels just so much first / second generation for me. So perfect.
( Everyone did remember it’s species is the Hermit Crab Pokémon, right ? )

Mega Cloyster next, please