turkish war

Şöyle ki, gemilerde "jurnal" adı verilen bir seyir defteri bulunur. gemi limandayken ya da seyir halindeyken yaşanan gelişmeler bu jurnal defterine kaydedilir. Geminin rotası, hızı, geldiği ve gideceği liman, vardiya değişimleri gibi bilgiler jurnale not edilir.Gemi sığ sulardan ve önemli su yollarından geçerken de jurnal sürekli güncellenir. Örneğin Cebelitarık Boğazı geçilirken "0300 Cebelitarık'a girildi" , "0700 Cebelitarık geçildi" yazılır.Keza İstanbul Boğazı’ndan geçerken "0800 İstanbul Boğazı’na girildi, 1000 Kavaklar geçildi, 1100 Hisar geçildi, 1300 İstanbul Boğazı geçildi" gibi sürekli notlar jurnal edilir.Ama aynı gemiler Çanakkale Boğazı’na geldiklerinde jurnal defterine bunlar yazılmaz. Çanakkale Boğazı seyri tamamlandığında jurnale "0900 Çanakkale çıkıldı" yazılır. ya da "1500 Şehitler Abidesi 2 milden selamlandı" şeklinde not düşülür. Çünkü herkes bilir ki bu dünyada her yer geçilir ama Çanakkale Geçilmez!

Ahmet Ali Çelikten’s grandmother came to the Ottoman Empire as a Nigerian slave. During World War I, her grandson joined the Ottoman Aviation Squadrons. He received his “wings” in 1914, making him probably the first black military pilot in history. After World War I, he went on to fly for Turkey during its war of independence.

TURKEY. Ankara province. Ankara. December 19, 2016. An Assassination in Turkey. Gunman M. Mert Altintas gesticulates and claims revenge for Aleppo and Syria, after fatally wounding Andrei Karlov, the Russian ambassador to Turkey. Altıntaş, a 22-year-old off-duty police officer, also wounded three other people before being killed by officers in a shootout.

Winner, World Press Photo of the Year for 2017.

Photograph: Burhan Ozbilici/AP


“The Deadlock is a body-crushing hug that almost borders on a fear of letting go. In this hug, both people intertwine themselves as tightly as they possibly can, squeezing out every last drop of air separating them. This position is about deep commitment and not wanting to be apart. By wrapping each other up in this way, you fear that letting the other person out of your embrace will somehow mean they will leave.”

Rage and sorrow are seated in my heart, so firmly that I scarce dare stay alive. It seems God wishes to support the Turks to our loss… ah, Lord God…

 They will make a mosque of holy Mary’s convent, and since the theft pleases her Son, Who should weep at this, we are forced to comply as well…

Anyone who wishes to fight the Turks is mad, for Jesus Christ fights them no longer.

—  A Templar poet lamenting the disastrous Seventh Crusade. The Crusades had always been framed as a holy pilgrimage, one endorsed and supported by God. However, this idea of divine support had been shattered after the Seventh Crusade ended in complete failure.

From then on, it was openly discussed and written that God had turned his back on the Christian world out of his displeasure with the Holy Wars, and that the Latin Kingdoms in the East were doomed to perish.

Cited from The Knights Templar, by Stephen Howarth.

SYRIA. Aleppo governorate. Al-Bab. March 5, 2017. Syrians returning to their home after the town centre has been entirely cleared of Daesh terrorists as part of “Operation Euphrates Shield”.

Photograph: Emin Sansar/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

May 19, Pontian Greek Genocide Remembrance Day

The Greek genocide, part of which is known as the Pontic genocide, was the systematic ethnic cleansing of the Christian Ottoman Greek population from its historic homeland in Anatolia during World War I and its aftermath (1914–23). It was instigated by the government of the Ottoman Empire against the Greek population of the Empire and it included massacres, forced deportations involving death marches, summary expulsions, arbitrary execution, and the destruction ofChristian Orthodox cultural, historical, and religious monuments. According to various sources, several hundred thousand Ottoman Greeks died during this period.[1] Most of the refugees and survivors fled to Greece (amounting to over a quarter of the prior population of Greece).[2] Some, especially those in Eastern provinces, took refuge in the neighbouring Russian Empire. Thus by the end of the 1919–22 Greco-Turkish War, most of the Greeks of Asia Minor had fled or been killed.[3]Those remaining were transferred to Greece under the terms of the later 1923 population exchange between Greece and Turkey, which formalized the exodus and barred the return of the refugees. Other ethnic groups were similarly attacked by the Ottoman Empire during this period, including Assyrians and Armenians, and some scholars and organizations have recognized these events as part of the same genocidal policy.

The Turkish government released a statement which claimed that describing the events as genocide was “without any historical basis”.


The Berdan II bolt action rifle,

Col. Hiram Berdan is best known to history for the founding of a regiment of sharpshooters for the Union Army during the American Civil War. However, he was also an inventor, engineer, and arms designer who would invent an important Russian rifle overshadowed today by firearms such as the Mosin Nagant and AK-47. 

After the American Civil War Hiram Berdan began work on a number of firearm designs, including the Berdan primer and the Berdan I rifle. The Berdan I rifle was a simple breechloading trapdoor design similar in function to the Springfield Trapdoor rifle. However the rifle failed to garner much interest in the United States, both from the military and the civilian market. However, the Russian Army was interested in the design, purchasing 30,000 in 1868. This gave Hiram Berdan a foot in the door of Czarist Russia, where his famous Berdan II rifle would become his most lucrative design.

The Berdan II is a single shot bolt action rifle with a split bridge receiver, which was primarily used by the Russian Army from 1870 up to 1895. It was designed to be a competitor with two other common bolt action designs of the age, the French Chassepot and Prussian Dreyse needlefire rifles.  However, the Berdan II surpassed both designs in that it utilized a self contained metallic cartridge, the 10.75x58mm Berdan cartridge which also was Berdan primed. With Russia’s adoption of the Berdan II in 1870, Russia was one of the few countries in the world to use a metallic cartridge firearm as a standard infantry service rifle, let alone a metallic cartridge bolt action. The only other metallic cartridge bolt action infantry rifle I can recall that was a standard issue weapon at the time was the Swiss Vetterli.  Thus, the Berdan II gave Russia an edge in firearms technology, if only for a very short time. The Russians were also impressed by the rifle’s simplicity and rugedness, traits which Russians demand of their weapons to this day.

Around 3 million Berdan II rifles were manufactured. Initially they were produced by American firms such as Colt and Winchester, then British Small Arms. Eventually they were produced by the Tula and Ishvesk Arsenals in Russia. The Berdan II was featured in prominent use by the Russian Army in the Russo Turkish War of 1877. In 1891 the Russian Army adopted a bolt action repeating design called the Mosin Nagant, thus the Berdan II began to be phased out until it was completely withdrawn from frontline service in 1895. It remained in used as a reserve weapon during the Russo Japanese War and World War I, with many being converted to 7.62x54R Nagant. Around 30,000 were sold to the Ethiopian Army during the First Italo Ethiopian War in 1894. They were also used as a reserve weapon by the Bulgarians, Serbians, and Greeks in World War I, and by the Finnish up to the Winter War and World War II.