i was thinking about studying management information system via open education while i study computer engineering at my university (i hope my english makes sense). then i picked a notebook and started studying.
July 6, 1917 - Arab Rebels Storm Red Sea Port of Aqaba
Pictured - The taking of Aqaba.
The army of rebel Arabs fighting against the Ottoman Empire won a decisive battle on July 6, 1917, when it stormed the Red Sea town of Aqaba. The Arab Revolt had started in June 1916 when the Sharif of Mecca, Husayn ibn ’Alī, called his Hashemite clan to throw off Turkish role. Arab forces captured Jeddah, Mecca, and Medina, but they could not defeat the Turkish army in open combat. Led by Hussein’s son Faisal the Arab rebels started a guerilla war.
The Arab army grew over 1917. It destroyed trains and forced four divisions of Ottoman troops to be tied down in Arabia. In the spring, Faisal and Lawrence began formulating a plan that would allow the rebellion to grow. They hoped to march to the port of Aqaba, on the Red Sea, and by capturing it allow the British to supply them with money, troops, and guns. The British command rejected the plan. Lawrence went on with it anyway.
Faisal and Lawrence set out with only 500 horsemen on a circutious path through the desert. Although Aqaba is located at the southeastern edge of the Sinai, the rebels marched almost as far north as Damascus before turning south. Lawrence carried with him plenty of gold supplied by the British, and put it to good use. By the time they arrived in July, their little army had swollen to 5,000 mounted fighters.
The pivotal engagement was rather less dramatic than the way it is portrayed on film. The rebels surrounded and destroyed an outnumbered Turkish outside Aqaba on July 2. For a long time the battle was one of potshots, until Lawrence remarked to an Arab chief that his men “shoot a lot and hit a little.” Insulted, the Arabs mounted and charged the Turks. Lawrence joined in but accidentally shot his own camel in the head.
Four days later, the horsemen rode into the undefended town. Although Aqaba had strong fortifications, they all pointed out to the sea. Faisal and Lawrence’s plan had caught the Turks off-guard. At Lawrence’s insistence, the Turkish garrison and their German advisors were spared. The port immediately began serving as the conduit for British arms and goods to the rebels, as well as a regular Arab army out of Ottoman prisoners of war, which was based in Aqaba. For the rest of the war, Aqaba would be the headquarters of the Arab revolt.
In such an atmosphere of hostility and suspicion it is not surprising that the thoughts of many Kosovo Albanians turned once again to emigration. An additional reason for some Albanians must have been the restrictions imposed on Islam since the Communist take-over. The şeriat courts had been suppressed in 1946, the mektebs (Koranic elementary schools) abolished and the teaching of children in mosques made a criminal offence in 1950, and the dervish orders officially closed down in 1952. While these changes were happening the Yugoslav authorities took unusually active measures to enable and encourage people in Kosovo and Macedonia to identify themselves as ‘Turks’ by nationality: given the traditional overtones of the word ‘Turk’ in the region (where it had been used as a general term for Muslims), this move may have held a special attraction to the more devout elements of the Muslim Albanian population. As a result, the number of people registered as 'Turks’ in Kosovo jumped from 1,315 in the 1948 census to 34,583 in 1953. Strong pressure was put on the Kosovo authorities by Belgrade in 1951 to encourage this process by declaring the Turks a national minority there and opening new Turkish schools. To some extent is may have been merely an application of the new principle of 'divide and rule’. But in 1953, when Yugoslavia signed a new treaty with both Turkey and Greece and large-scale emigration of Yugoslav 'Turks’ to Turkey was permitted, it began to seem that a long-prepared policy had been at work, aimed at the complete removal of large numbers of Albanians.
The leading advocate of such a policy in the pre-war period, Vasa Čubrilović, had made a seamless transition in his own career from Serbian nationalist to Communist adviser, and had submitted another report to the Communist leadership in November 1944 urging that 'The only correct solution of the question of minorities for us is emigration.’ Large-scale emigration began in 1953 with, according to some reports, 13,000 'Turks’ leaving Yugoslavia for Turkey. It has been estimated that between 1945 and 1966 roughly 246,000 people emigrated to Turkey from the whole of Yugoslavia. More than half of that total was probably from Macedonia (where the recorded population of 'Turks’ had jumped from 95,940 in 1948 to 203,000 in 1953); some of those who left may have been Muslim Slavs, and some, indeed, may have been ethnic Turks. Detailed figures for Kosovo are not recorded, but a total in the region of 100,000 for the whole of that period may not be an unreasonable guess.
Officials confirm Heracles smuggled from Antalya’s Perge
A 20-ton sarcophagus, which was seized at the Swiss Customs in 2012, was smuggled from the ancient city of Perge in the southern province of Antalya, according to Turkish officials, who have closely pursued and examined the artifact. It was reported that a similar sarcophagus was at the Antalya Museum.
Officials confirmed that the smuggled sarcophagus, which features figurines of the ancient Greek hero Heracles on its surface, had been made by the same artist.
The sarcophagus belonged to the Phoenix Ancient Art Gallery in Geneva, against which Turkish officials had opened a case. Aware of the artifact’s location, Swiss officials assigned a prosecutor to the case alongside a Turkish lawyer who was also appointed for the same purpose by Turkish officials. Read more.
Turkish border guards have killed at least eight Syrian refugees, including several children, as families were “fired on indiscriminately” after attempting to cross into the country, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights has said. At least eight others were injured, according to the UK-based violence monitor, with the death toll likely to rise due to the number of people in “critical” condition.
To Those Asking Me for Proof of the Armenian Genocide:
1. Historically speaking, the fact that Armenians are spread far out and away from their homeland shows that something major had to have happened for all of us to gravitate into different countries such as Lebanon, Iran, Russia, the U.S. and so on. For those saying we “brutally killed Turks,” if that were true then Turkey would not be as large as it is today and many Turks would be spread far apart as we Armenians are. Therefore, based on this, we can see that a genocide must have occurred in order for so many Armenians to relocate into different regions.
2. Before Hitler began the Holocaust, he said these exact words, “Who, after all, speaks today of the annihilation of the Armenians?” Hitler himself used the Armenian Genocide as a basis and a reason to go through with the Holocaust. If the Armenian Genocide never occurred, Hitler would have never stated that sentence.
3. There are tons and tons of photos online of those who were left to starve in the desert, showing the Armenian Genocide victims in 1915.
4. Our ancestors passed down the horrid stories of what occurred on April 24th, 1915 and how the very few survived. Their stories are filled with much description, detail, and truth. You can see it in their eyes and in the way they’ve told these stories. They told us how pregnant women’s stomaches were cut open by Turkish soldiers to murder them and their babies. They told us how the night of April 24th, every man in Armenia was escorted out of their homes by the Turkish government and led to a mass murder. They told us how the rest of them were left to starve in the desert desperate for food and water.