factory farming: part 1

Factory farming is an industrial process in which animals and the products they generate are mass produced. 

Confinement at high stocking density is one part of a systematic effort to produce the highest output at the lowest cost by relying on economies of scale, modern machinery, biotechnology, and global trade. Animals on factory farms are regarded as commodities to be exploited for profit. 

Pens and cages restrict the natural behaviour and movement of animals. In some cases, such as veal calves and mothering pigs, the animals can’t even turn around.

Egg-laying hens are kept in small cages, chickens and pigs are packed into shed, and cows are kept on crowded, filthy feedlots with no shade.

The animals undergo painful mutilations, including de - beaking of chickens and turkeys, tail docking of pigs and cows and disbudding and de-horning of calves and adult cattle. These procedures are carried out – without pain relief - to prevent injuries caused by overcrowding.

Most factory-farmed animals have been genetically manipulated to grow larger or to produce more milk or eggs than they naturally would. Their bodies cannot support this growth, which results in debilitating and painful conditions and deformities. 

Some chickens grow so unnaturally large that their legs cannot support their outsized bodies, and they suffer from starvation or dehydration when they can’t walk to reach food and water. 

To counteract the health challenges presented by overcrowded, stressful, unsanitary living conditions, antibiotics are used extensively on factory farms.

Horrific abuse by workers has been well documented worldwide by organisations such as Animals Australia, Last Chance for Animals, Mercy for Animals and Compassion Over Killing.

When they are large enough to take to slaughter, or they are no longer able to produce sufficient milk or eggs, animals raised for food are crowded onto trucks and transported for miles through all weather extremes, typically without food or water.

They meet their end in industrial slaughterhouses which kill and process thousands of animals at an extremely rapid rate to maximise profits.

Fast processing lines lead to tragic oversights. Animals may not be rendered unconscious by stunning before being plunged into the scalding-hot water of the de - feathering or hair-removal tanks or while their bodies are being skinned or hacked apart. 

Factory farms dominate U.S. food production, employing abusive practices that maximize agribusiness profits at the expense of animal welfare.

With thanks to Farm Sanctuary, Wikipedia, Animals Australia, One Green Planet, Last Chance for Animals, One Kind, Mercy for Animals and Compassion Over Killing.

Jonathan Safran Foer is an American novelist. He is best known for his novels Everything Is Illuminated (2002), Extremely Loud & Incredibly Close (2005), and for his non-fiction work Eating Animals.


Found some useful mushrooms in the Forest today. In the first Image I’m holding a “Turkey Tail Mushroom” Trametes versicolor & in the other images are “chicken of the woods” Laetiporus sulphureus. We harvested the chicken of the woods that Im in the photo with, the other was to far gone for eating.