Which of Beck's maps of the London Underground do you most prefer, and what properties does it have that elevate it above the others in your opinion as a designer?
My absolute favourite Beck-drawn Tube Map is actually his unpublished 1961 Victoria Line proposal, which I wrote about in this post back in 2012. Go take a look at it – it’s simply gorgeous, with an arrow-straight lavender Victoria Line cutting directly across the map.
However, if we’re limiting ourselves to published Beck maps (those from 1933 through to 1960, when he was unceremoniously dumped as the diagram’s designer), then I’d have to give the nod to the 1954–1858 version. Really though, anything from 1949 onwards is top-notch work and I’m really splitting hairs to determine a winner.
How do I love this map? Let me count the ways:
This is the first version to represent the Circle Line as a perfect rounded rectangle, which looks fantastic. The 1949 and 1951 versions shoehorned the new line into the pre-existing setup, while post-Beck versions acquired the now distinctive “thermos flask” shape.
The spacing of stations across the diagram is nice and uniform, with very few cramped-looking areas, even in the busy central portion of the map. This is really noticeable on the Northern Line between Finsbury Park and Old Street, which is beautifully spaced when compared to the 1951 version.
Like that version, this one is also thankfully spared of having to show any of the planned extensions to the Northern Line that so cluttered up the map from 1946 to 1950: this is an immediate and obvious improvement!
Beck’s obsession with reducing the diagram to its barest rectilinear form – using an absolute minimum of diagonal lines – is starting to become evident, as he represents bifurcations of route lines completely equally, rather than presenting one as a branch line of the other. This is especially evident at the northern ends of the Northern and Metropolitan Lines. This approach is arguably less successful on the Thames than the route lines, as it looks a bit severe and fussy as it takes rigid 90-degree turns through London.
By this time, the diagram is really starting to look like what we expect a Tube Map to be, as viewed through our modern eyes. This version has thicker route lines compared to previous ones, and makes great use of the “white connector” interchange circles which are still in use on the Tube Map (and imitators!) today. Technically, the map is superbly drawn, with even, harmonious, flowing curves where the routes change direction – these curves also help the diagram look more like its modern counterpart. In short, this is where the last 20 years or so of Beck’s work on the diagram really, really gels into a cohesive, unified piece of design, and that’s why it’s awesome.
SEAB will only be checking your experiment plan and NOT your experiment, so conducting an experiment is NOT necessary.
FORMAT (in order)
AIM - Copy this word for word from the question paper.
INTRODUCTION - This should state and explain briefly the following:
+ chemical concept used + types of reacions
+ general chemical question for the reaction
+ brief description of how the concept & reaction will able to give you results and how the results will help you achieve your aim (include specifics like quantity of each substance used and the time taken, etc.)
VARIABLES - State “Variables to be kept constant”(3) and “Variables to be changed”(1)
APPARATUS - State the apparatus you’ll be using and their respective quatities if more than one.
CHEMICALS - State the chemicals you’ll be using and don’t forget to state the quantity. (You can pick anything! Just list what you need. Same goes for the apparatus. It doesn’t have to be a bench chemical or standard equipment. For example, you can request for delivery tubes and gas syringes!)
DIAGRAM - Draw the entire set up and label all of the apparatus & chemicals. Pointers:
+ DO NOT cross out your diagram. ERASE IT CLEANLY if drawn wrongly.
+ in pencil of course
+ LABEL EVERYTHING!!
+ For experiments involving delivery tubes to collect gases, always remember to draw the boiling tube at a 45 degree angle. Conduct your experiment that way too.
+ The boiling tubes are always hot during heating, so please do be careful.
PROCEDURE - List out you plan in steps, just as your previous SPA worksheets have done for you. Number each step and include all specific measurements. 0.5g-1.0g of solid, always. (The key is to be AS SPECIFIC AS POSSIBLE.)
TABLE - Again, just like your previous SPA work, draw a table to record your workings. You know the drill!
CONCLUSIONS - Explain how the results recorded in your table help you achieve your aim. For example, to find out with metal is the most reactive, your experiment varies the carbonate used and measures the volume of gas collected within 10s. What you need to state in your conclusion is that XCO3 decomposed to release/form the greatest volume of H2 gas among the carbonates. While … decomposed to form the least …. … (State the other end of the experiment.) Then conclude by explaining using your concept, linking back to your aim.
I hope this helped some of you guys out there. 加油！